Most aquariums are decorated with various stones, snags, pieces of various stony rocks, castles or artificial caves. At first glance, such objects are elements of decor and serve only as an ornament to an aquarium, but their use is conditioned by the need to create natural conditions for the fish to dwell.
They can serve as a place of laying caviar, and the subject of hiding various pipes and mechanisms to ensure the life of the aquarium from the eyes of others, and also help bring living conditions closer to wildlife.
Before placing any items in the aquarium, be it a stone or a plastic lock, it is necessary to sterilize it. The same applies to the mixture used to cover the bottom of the aquarium.
Before placing in the aquarium stones should be washed under running water, and then pour them with boiling water. A polished piece the size of a fist, sedimentary or volcanic rock, such as granite, quartz, basalt or silicon, looks most natural in the tank.
In aquariums, where you will keep fish that do not tolerate hard water too well, you should not place the following types of rocks: marble, sandstone, dolomite, limestone, stalactite. Such stones will increase water hardness.
To create a beautiful design, stylized as a natural water landscape, stones of rounded or angular shape are best suited. In addition, all stones placed in the aquarium should be ground and can not have sharp ends.
The use of sharp stones can cause injury and death to fish.
Looks great various designs of stones or purchased locks, which are lined up at the bottom of the aquarium. Such constructions will serve not only as an ornament, but also as a place for laying eggs and shelter for small fish.
For greater stability, you should tie all the stones into a single structure, because strong and large fish have a habit of rummaging through the sand in search of food, and can destroy all the beauty you create.
Large pieces of rock that form underwater cliffs and reefs must be carefully secured. To do this, you can use silicone-based glue, with which the breed is glued to the bottom of the aquarium.
You can also use special cement, but it must be kept for several weeks, with constant replacement of running water, because only then all harmful substances and toxins will be removed from it.
If you are building a cave, the elements must be placed on top of each other at a certain distance. It is recommended that all large and heavy structures be placed on the bottom of the aquarium. You should not lay stones on the bottom in aquariums in which active species of fish live, as they often poke around in the sand and can be crushed by such a stone.
It is possible to build caves and grottoes outside the aquarium, simply by gluing together all parts of the structure with silicone glue. The more points of contact between the parts, the greater will be their stability.
When placing stones near the reservoir wall, it is necessary to put a stone either tightly to the wall, or leave a passage for the fish, so that in an attempt to escape, the fish will not be stuck between the stones.
Many people are often used to create grottoes and caves, shards of flower pots or coconut shells. If this option does not suit you, in any pet store you can purchase a set of polished stones, with which you can create any design you need.
At the same time, such stones have no analogues in real nature, and you will not be able to meet such forms at the bottom of the sea. The structures created from such stones have high strength, and for their destruction the fish will have to put a lot of effort.
Recently, large pieces of porous breed, which are sold in all pet stores, have become very popular among amateurs. Of these stones, you can lay down a variety of buildings, while they will look quite natural, and the fish will feel comfortable.
It is important to remember that such pieces of rock weigh a lot and just can not put them on the bottom. Be sure to use a cushioning pad. Otherwise, the point effect of the weight of the stone may exceed the strength of the glass, and the bottom will crack.
Also, these stones increase the hardness of the water, and therefore not suitable for all aquariums.
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