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How to choose an aquarium – Size, Shape, Material

The impression that the aquarium will produce largely depends not only on its size and shape, but also on proportions. A small volume of the aquarium is suitable for installation in the office, in the kitchen or as a gift.

Large aquatic systems are installed by aquarists seeking to hit the viewer’s imagination with the scale of the internal composition.

Having caught fire with the idea to establish an aquarium, beginner aquarists are guided by one of two fundamentally different reasons.

Thus, the accents when choosing an aquarium are placed depending on the purpose of its acquisition. In the first case, the emphasis is on the choice of fish, equipment and other important elements to create favorable conditions in the aquarium.

When buying in the second case, more attention is paid to its appearance, shape, finish. The population of the aquarium is a matter of secondary importance.

If you are guided by both reasons, you will have to make compromises when choosing an aquarium, although in reality one of the approaches will still be of higher priority.

Regardless of the purpose for which you acquire an aquarium, there are general criteria that must be given priority attention.

The size of the aquarium depends on the available space in your house and on the number of fish that it is planned to settle in it and their size. As for the care, it is easier to maintain a clean and stable ecosystem in a large aquarium.

The second point is the choice of proportions of the aquarium. It is advisable to select the proportions of the aquarium, taking into account the landscape suitable for the fish that are planned for settlement.

Some species require snags or stones for comfortable conditions, while others require dense thickets of aquarium plants.

Another factor in choosing an aquarium is the number of residents you plan to maintain. Too many fish – overcrowding – this means the filtration system will be overloaded and serious water quality problems may occur.

When overpopulated, fish experience stress, which can lead to their diseases.

In other words, to determine the shape and size of the aquarium, first you need to think about what fish will live in it, what plants and equipment they will need. An important criterion for choosing an aquarium is ease of maintenance and care.

Zooindustry now offers an incredible number of aquariums, from the usual rectangular to aquariums for individual orders.

– rectangular – “classic”;
– hemispherical rectangular – aquarium with a curved front glass or “TV”;
– having beveled corners – “panorama”;
– hemispherical corner – “sector”;
– angled, having beveled corners – “delta”;
– square – a cube-shaped aquarium;
– cylindrical;
– round;
– in the form of six and octahedrons – “many-sided”.

Place a soft styrofoam mat under the tank to help distribute the weight / pressure more evenly. If the aquarium is installed unevenly, there will be an uneven load on the seams, which can eventually lead to leakage.

When choosing a form, you should take into account certain nuances. Round aquariums that do not have vertical walls, often need to be cleaned, as debris accumulates faster on inclined surfaces.

An aquarium of too bizarre shape is more difficult to install so that it is in harmony with the rest of the interior and it is more difficult to maintain.

Aquariums can be made of glass or acrylic / plexiglass.

Another important question that should be asked when choosing an aquarium is what to choose glass or acrylic. Glass aquariums are generally less expensive and more scratch resistant.

Conversely, acrylic aquariums are less scratch-resistant, but they are considered to be stronger than glass and scratches on acrylic can be sanded, although it is laborious. Also should take into account your aesthetic wishes; acrylic is a more ductile material, so aquariums from it can have more interesting / diverse shapes.

The choice of the size of the home pond is a matter of taste, but one should not forget about the possible difficulties that the choice in favor of a small aquarium entails, especially for beginners. Without sufficient experience and knowledge, novice aquarists find a small aquarium less labor-intensive and inexpensive.

In fact, the opposite is true.

The ecosystem of a small reservoir is very unstable, it is difficult to keep it in balance, and aquariums of large volumes opposite are more stable in this regard.

Small and / or nano-aquariums “Tough” for experienced aquarists, and for a beginner it’s better to stay at the average aquarium, which will be much easier to take care of.

The maintenance and design of a mini-pond requires compliance with some rules:

– the inner composition must be carefully thought out and consist of a minimum number of small plants;

– plant plants with miniature leaves. In a mini-aquarium, leaves and their combinations attract the most attention;

– use slow-growing plants, otherwise you will have to cut stalks several times a week;

– special attention requires cleanliness of the aquarium and the appearance of plants. Any damage or discoloration of the leaves sticking out of the ground roots immediately noticeable and spoil the aesthetic appeal of the reservoir;

– as decorations, you can use a pair of medium-sized stones or a small band;

– small fish and / or shrimp that do not damage the plants should be the inhabitants of a small aquarium. For beginners who do not have a large aquarium practice, undemanding species are suitable: small labyrinth species, chicken, guppy or cherry shrimp;

Separate and careful planning requires aquarium equipment. A small volume can prevent the installation of an internal filter and heater inside the aquarium, so it is better to purchase an aquarium with already built-in equipment.

Otherwise, it is possible to use a cascade filter and a plastic heater, which is smaller than its glass counterpart.

Lighting has a direct impact on the eco-balance of the aquarium, and on its appearance. Neither a desk lamp, nor natural lighting are suitable.

In the first case, the light will not be enough (you can disagree with this), and the plants will wither, and in the second they will turn to the sun and a completely unattractive picture will appear on the screen.

Medium aquariums, compared to the tiny ones, much easier to care for. Their ecosystem is fairly stable, and the size of the reservoir almost does not limit the choice of a plant either by type or size.

The difficulty arises when creating a harmonious beautiful composition. Small details like in mini-aquariums are no longer visible, and the creation of a full-fledged landscape like in large aquariums is not yet available.

Still, the size of a medium aquarium allows you to experiment with many plants, the shape of their leaves and color, with one exception: do not plant plants with very large leaves. In some cases, it is possible to place one such plant in a pond as a separate focus to attract attention.

Inexperienced aquarists often let the proportions of an aquarium out of sight, being guided by their own preferences. However, this criterion affects both the stability of the biological balance of the aquarium and the livelihoods of all living things in it, and the perception of the viewer.

The larger the surface area of ​​your tank, the more space there is for gas exchange on the surface. More oxygen will be released into the water, and toxic gases such as carbon dioxide out of the water.

Normal plant development is possible only with a reservoir height of maximum 50 cm. The optimum height is 40 cm. High aquariums are popular due to the small amount of space occupied, but it is impossible to provide the right amount of light in such a reservoir and, therefore, to grow any vegetation in it too.

An important point: the height of the aquarium should allow you to reach out to the bottom with your hand.

Human perception is arranged so that the reservoirs seem harmonious with proportions 3: 2, length to width, respectively. A pronounced violation of these proportions in aquariums leads to the fact that they seem to be gross and disharmonious.

The width of the tank should not be very small, such aquariums, when viewed, seem to be flat, lose volume and thus limit the choice of plants and fish.

Whichever aquarium you choose, you must be sure that the cap is included. The lid will reduce evaporation and reduce the chances that fish will jump.

Large aquariums
, the length of which is more than 1.5 meters is perceived in a completely different way, and for the aquarium to make the right impression it is important to correctly enter it into the surrounding interior.

Among the large aquariums can be divided into 6 types of placement in the interior:

1. Aquariums with one viewing side, that is, the review opens only through the front glass. Such aquariums often range from wall to wall.

This design of the aquarium is simple and convenient, allows you to plant a lot of plants, create landscape compositions, and without interference, consider all their fragments.

2. Aquariums with several viewing walls are usually placed on a protruding corner or wall. You can look at it from different sides and at the same time the compositions and plants opening to the eye look different.

3. Aquarium installed in the wall and / or separating the room. Conceived as an unusual element of the interior, such aquariums do not quite justify their purpose. Through the glass you can see another room, it reflects all the objects around.

Fishes seem faded, care and installation of equipment, in particular lighting, is very difficult.

4. Aquariums, all of which are survey walls. Such aquariums are installed in large rooms, sometimes in the form of columns.

Such a reservoir is more successful than the previous one: it is possible to install lighting and other equipment, it is visually perceived much better.

5. Aquarium installed in the inner corner. The shape of the reservoir is a trapezium or a triangle.

The review opens only through one front glass. The aquarium gives the impression of being very spacious.

This is his advantage and disadvantage. Good visual effect, but limited in the creation of compositions.

6. Panoramic aquariums are much less common and can be located within several walls. Such grand reservoirs are mainly used in public aquariums.

The scale of such a composition produces an indelible visual effect.

A large aquarium gives much more space for creativity and imagination. In it, you can experiment with terraces, stones, various plants, snags, to the maximum using the bottom area.

In such an aquarium there is a place for plants and fish of all kinds and sizes.

When you buy a “wrong” aquarium, perhaps the smallest and least expensive, it can only lead to either purchasing the “right” later. Or, even worse, will disappoint you and you will not become a real fan of Aquarism.

The result in both cases is logical – a waste of money.

Tip: When choosing an aquarium, choose the largest that you can afford.

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