maintenance, care, compatibility
The site aquarists.ru allows you to calculate the soil for the aquarium with 100% accuracy. You just need to enter the width and length of your tank in the appropriate fields, and the program will give the answer.
Unlike others, the service aquarists.ru is universal, because it gives an answer in kilograms.
Note! If you are afraid of acquiring extra soil, measure all the parameters on the inside of the aquarium several times.
Sooner or later, many aquarists visit the idea of replacing their home pond with a more spacious one, or a more interesting and original one. There may be several options here: buy ready-made, order from a professional master or do it yourself. For those who like to experiment and “work with their hands,” it is very important to think over everything in advance and calculate that the self-made aquarium will last a long time, and not fall apart every other day, creating a lot of problems for the owner.
To help the craftsmen was created aquarium calculator. Let’s understand what it is and why it is needed.
Calculators are called electronic computing devices, replacing mechanical and performing operations on numbers and algebraic formulas.
Among them are specialized, performing calculations in one very narrow sphere. This is also an aquarium calculator. What can be calculated with it:
- glass thickness;
- water volume;
- soil volume and mass;
- amount of fertilizer;
- lighting power;
- heater power;
- carbon dioxide content;
- fish landing density.
There are calculators for rectangular, cubic, angular, panoramic, cylinder aquariums.
How to calculate the thickness of the glass for the aquarium
Calculation of glass thickness for aquarium: a table that can help
How to calculate aquarium volume :: aquarium volume calculator :: Equipment and accessories
An aquarium in a house is not only very beautiful. It has been proven that observing the underwater life calms the nerves, improves mood and puts thoughts in order.
But in order that the underwater life not only looks harmonious, but also does not cause inconvenience to underwater inhabitants, it is necessary to create comfortable conditions for them, namely, to choose the right size. aquarium.
- calculator or the ability to count in the mind, aquarium scenery and soil, fish
1. First, think carefully about which fish you plan to place in the aquarium. It should not be very closely, otherwise internal wars are inevitable and, as a result, the death of tenants. And this is not what you want to put the aquarium.
Therefore, it is necessary to know how much internal space this or that individual requires. As a rule, a peaceful small fish of medium size (5-8 cm) requires 10-15 liters. Accordingly, the larger the fish and the more aggressive it is, the more space it needs to get along peacefully with its neighbors.
2. Decide which interior decorations you want to place, which plants in which soil you plant.
We must not forget that the scenery, plants and soil occupy a certain amount of internal space of the aquarium. The thickness of the soil layer depends on the size of its particles and ranges from 3 to 8 centimeters.
That is, the larger the particles, the thicker the soil should be in the aquarium. The background can also be voluminous (although more often it is not), so do not forget to take this into account.
3. Taking into account all the selected positions, calculate the volume of aquarium you need. As a rule, the volume is already indicated in the stores, and with the purchase you will know for sure whether this or that aquarium will suit you.
But if you do not know exactly the volume of this particular aquarium, it can be calculated by the formula. To do this, multiply the length, depth and height of the aquarium in centimeters.
We get the volume in centimeters cubic. This value must be multiplied by 0.001 to get liters.
By choosing the right aquarium, you can create a beautiful corner in your own home and ensure a joyful happy life for its inhabitants.
If you want to achieve perfect accuracy in calculations, it is worth remembering that the proportion of basalt crumb, quartz, river sand is different.
In the network there are a large number of links to various aquarium calculators online. They allow you to calculate the volume of your aquarium and the weight of the soil necessary for its proper functioning.
What are the functions of the soil?
Soil for the aquarium has two main functions:
- Serves as the basis for rooting algae.
- Performs a decorative function.
Do you need soil in the aquarium, is it a necessary condition for the successful existence of fish?
If the aquarium does not imply any decoration or algae, then the ground is not necessary. In industrial conditions, when breeding fish, the soil is not used, but in domestic conditions it performs mainly a decorative function.
Is it possible to create a soil for the aquarium with your own hands?
Can. For a “homemade” soil, you will need to take clay, soak it in water to a slurry state, mix the solution with gravel.
The resulting mixture serves as the basis, the first layer on which the nutrient soil is laid.
Nutritious soil prepares from peat and gravel. Balls of clay and charcoal are added to the mixture, which will absorb the products of the decomposition process and prevent water staining.
The third layer is decorative. Usually use gravel.
It hides the nutrient layer and serves as an additional protective layer that prevents staining of water.
Laying the soil in the aquarium also occurs “in layers”: first, the first layer is laid, at some distance from the walls of the aquarium, on top of the second. The decorative layer is laid last, they also fill the gaps between the first two layers and the walls of the aquarium – in this case, the entire layered “cake” of the soil will not be visible to prying eyes.
Homemade soil is not as balanced as purchased, so launching the first fish into an aquarium with this soil is only in the third or fourth week, after the colored water is replaced, and the rapid growth of plants caused by the ingress of large amounts of nutrients into the water stops.
How to prepare the purchase of soil for the aquarium?
Purchased primer must be washed until the water becomes clear. It is also advised to boil the soil for additional cleaning in order to kill all sorts of bacteria.
But boiling is not suitable for every type of soil, so its need for a particular soil is better to consult with the seller.
Attention! Nutrient soil is not washed, but immediately placed in the aquarium!
How much soil do you need in an aquarium?
The amount of soil can be calculated using the formula below:
a, b is the length and width of the aquarium in cm, h is the height of the soil layer in cm, m is the mass of the soil.
The general rule is this: if the plants in the aquarium are in insignificant quantities, the soil layer should not exceed 2 cm. If you plan to arrange a real “seabed” in the aquarium, then the soil layer should be at least 5 cm.
Too thick a layer of soil can lead to acidification of water, therefore, to accurately determine the height of the soil should use the formula.
How to clean the soil in the aquarium?
The first month of the soil should not be cleaned. After the first month, when the fish have time to settle down, the soil is cleaned once a month: food remains and waste are removed.
Determining exactly when to clean the soil is easy enough: you need to turn it around with your hand and smell the bubbles rising from the bottom. If the smell is sour, then it’s time to clean the soil.
It is very convenient to use siphon for cleaning. The process of cleaning with the help of a siphon is quite simple and is combined with a partial replacement of water in the aquarium, while you do not need to plant fish.
The funnel cylinder is siphoned into a certain piece of soil. It is necessary to stir up the ground to the very foundation, while it rises and then slowly settles. At this time, you need to siphon pull the particles out of the water.
Heavy soil (pebbles) quickly sinks to the bottom, does not have time to siphon down, and dirt particles go through the tube into the drain. Cleaning the soil ends when the water in the tip becomes clean.
Thus, each section of the soil is processed.