maintenance, care, compatibility
This issue has been considered repeatedly in the forums, in the reference literature, and it would seem that it does not make sense to discuss anew how much to defend and how to fill in the water during the next substitution. In most cases, the arguments of opponents are as follows: “the longer, the better the water,” “let all the muck disappear,” “a week is needed for everything to work out.”
In this case, the aquarists are not in a hurry to justify these arguments, and water changes should be carried out regularly. Consider in detail the time interval for the preparation of water.
The main reason for this is harmful impurities that can harm the inhabitants of our aquarium. After settling, solids sometimes appear in the sediment.
Initially clear water after a while can grow turbid.
Many aquarists leave the water for substitution to breathe for a few days, and so that all harmful suspensions evaporate for a week. This assumption is partly true, but it cannot guarantee the quality of the prepared water.
Before we do something, we always know why we need to do it. By keeping tap water outside the pipeline, we are trying to improve its performance so that it does not harm our fish.
In other words, when defending water, we get rid of most of the malicious components.
Conditionally harmful substances in the water can be divided into:
- solid (precipitates to the bottom);
- gaseous (volatilized from water to the environment);
- liquid (initially dissolved and remaining in water).
The process of settling can affect only solid and gaseous mixtures, and it does not affect liquid substances in any way.
This type of substance evaporates through the surface of the water. Here one can consider the quantitative and qualitative compositions of dissolved gases in water.
Gaseous substances in natural water enter into chemical reactions with other dissolved elements, due to diffusion they constantly circulate through the water mirror and are harmless and harmless to fish.
The method of water disinfection for your area can be found in the local water utility, this information will not be superfluous. At new water treatment plants, ozone and ultraviolet cleaning is applied, and such water can be added without fear (it is pointless to defend against oxygen and photons).
The outdated chlorine cleaning method is gradually becoming a thing of the past, but is still in use. Chlorine and its derivatives are poisons.
They allow the destruction of both harmful bacteria and beneficial ones, as well as depending on the concentration of large animals and even humans.
If you pour fresh water from the tap, then you can observe a certain amount of bubbles on the walls of the tank. They are formed due to the presence of excess gases dissolved in water.
When refilling fresh water directly into the aquarium, gas compounds appear on the plants, the skin of the fish, and the aquarium.
If the fish gets an excess of gas, then bubbles form in the circulatory system, which leads to blockage of blood vessels, gas emboli and, as a result, to death.
This can happen if the aquarium fish, bringing home, immediately settle into a container with fresh water. Beginners aquarists are always warned that it is impossible to do so!
Also, the appearance of bubbles can be caused by the method of pumping water into the water supply system. Cold water pumped into the pipes under high pressure loses it sharply at the exit, and the gases evaporate into the atmosphere.
If you type this water in a glass, it will be covered in bubbles that pop up along the walls to the surface. It is necessary to defend a little.
With regular water changes in the aquarium, most likely, there will be no bubbles. Fresh and clean water does not greatly increase the number of gas-containing mixtures in the total volume, so you can not be afraid of the appearance of single bubbles on the fins of the fish.
From all of the above for gas mixtures it can be noted that:
- chlorine poses the greatest danger;
- upholding spend more than a day does not make sense;
- in order to speed up the process of settling, it is necessary to provide strong aeration in the water tank (even simple mixing with a pump will significantly shorten the time for gas mixtures to exit);
- For the use of fresh water (without upholding), you can add special components to it, which are very large in the sale, and after 10-15 minutes the liquid is suitable for adding to the aquarium.
Having bought such a long-awaited aquarium and admiring fish that are floating slowly, each of the lucky owners of such a treasure sooner or later have a question about how much to defend the water for the aquarium and why? This question is not only incredibly important, but the life of the tiny inhabitants of the vessel depends on the correctness of the fulfillment of these conditions.
What should be done to reduce the time of settling water?
As already mentioned, the quality of moisture directly affects both the environment of the aquarium and the level of comfort of its inhabitants, namely the fish. That is why it is necessary to clearly understand that the water flowing in the tap is completely unsuitable for replacement without prior preparation.
And first of all we check the quality of the water that flows in the tap. If it does not have an unpleasant odor and visually does not show signs of rust, then it is allowed into the vessel for the bay.
But even here one should be careful and use only cold, but not hot water, in order to avoid chlorine and other conditionally harmful elements in the aquarium. So, they include:
- Solid, precipitated to the bottom.
- Gaseous type with the ability to evaporate into the environment.
- Liquid, dissolving in water and continuing to remain in it.
That is why you need to defend the water, so as not to give the slightest chance to affect the harmful bacteria on the life of fish in the aquarium.
The process of settling water is recommended to be held once every seven days. But the replacement is best done not all of the liquid, but only only 1/5 parts. But besides upholding, there is another way to support a beneficial environment in an aquarium.
And it lies in the filtration of water. Today there are several types of filtering. So, it happens:
- Mechanical plan
Based on all of the above, it becomes clear why it is necessary to carry out water sedimentation. But in order not to disturb the existing balance of the environment inside the aquarium, there are a few nuances to keep in mind.
So, in the first place, the replacement of water in no case should not be carried out too harshly, thus risking to cause the strongest stress among the tiny inhabitants of the vessel, which can even lead to the most deplorable results. The replacement process itself must be carried out in parts and only after the complete purification of the soil.
Also, in the absence of a coating in an aquarium, after a while a thin film appears on it. Therefore, when it is detected, it must also be removed with a clean sheet of paper, the size of which should correspond to the size of the aquarium. To do this, gently put a sheet of paper in the water and lift it, holding the edges.
If necessary, the procedure is repeated several times.
And most importantly, it should be understood that the cleaning procedure should be carried out without the use of any chemical agents and without making sudden and rapid movements, so as not to frighten the fish in any way.
Water change in the aquarium, what kind of water is needed for the aquarium?
Let’s talk about the questions asked in order:
In order for chlorine to evaporate and a 24-hour excess of dissolved oxygen will be enough to keep the tap water. The maximum water for the aquarium defend 14 days.
This should be done in a bowl with a wide neck.
I note that in pet stores sold a large number of specials. preparations for adaptation of tap water (for example, AquaSafe from the Tetra series, etc.). In addition, these drugs have additional additives that improve the quality of aquarium water.
I strongly recommend using them.
Frequently asked questions: About changing aquarium water, for example, is it possible to replace aquarium water (1/4 volume) with undisturbed tap water?
– Nothing bad can happen (one thing, but: it should be about the same temperature as in the aquarium, do not pour ice water from the tap). But still, if you are a caring owner or fish are expensive … Do not be lazy to defend the water.
When changing aquarium water, always remember that old water is always better than fresh water. In many sources, they talk about the need to replace the weekly aquarium water to fresh.
Personally, I disagree with that. Since the older the aquarium water, the better it is configured biological balance. I replace the aquarium water in my aquariums about once a month and I think that this is quite enough.
For ten years aquarium management complaints from aquarium fish on this issue have been reported.
Making conclusions and summing up, I emphasize:
– Frequent change of aquarium water is not needed!
– The frequency of changing the aquarium water to fresh depends on the volume of your aquarium. The larger the aquarium, the less need to replace the aquarium water.
– The change of aquarium water can be done with undisturbed water (up to 1/5 parts). But not desirable. )))
– The clouding of aquarium water after a fresh substitution is a direct evidence of an imbalance in the aquarium. (clouding will pass by itself, in 3-5 days).
– Answering the question what kind of water is needed for an aquarium and fish? I will say – better than old than new.
If the water is green, dirty or muddy – use aquarium coal and other specials. drugs. In addition, consider the specifics of your fish.
For example, discus – very picky to the conditions of detention and require frequent replacement of new super high-quality water and high temperature.
– Carrying out a complete change of aquarium water (restarting the aquarium), pour into the container and leave at least 1/3 of the old water. Exception, disease and quarantine aquarium!
– Changing the aquarium water should follow the cleaning of the aquarium, and not vice versa.
I recommend also to read the article. AQUARIUM WATER from which you will learn about the qualitative components of aquarium water and methods for balancing them in the home.
Video about changing the water in the aquarium:
Aquarium for beginners
Aquarium water temperature
Boiled thawed or distilled water for aquarium. Category: Aquarium Articles / EQUIPMENT AND FACILITY AQUARIUM | Views: 34 618 | Date: 5-03-2013, 10:11 | Comments (2) We also recommend reading:
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How to defend water for an aquarium :: Settling water for an aquarium :: Care and nurture
Water is the cradle of life. We are all familiar with this statement, but in the course of our evolution we learned to use such water, which is able to kill some living things – such as aquarium fish. In principle, any drinking water can be used for aquariums, but by no means mineral water.
However, only after preliminary preparation and settling. How to defend water for aquarium, so that the fish in it safely live and breed?
There are some simple rules.
The question “How does a little girl retrain to go to the tray (she is 4 months old)? “- 3 answers
1. The first thing to remember is that any fresh water — from a tap, a well, or a fish well — is not suitable. Tap water most often has a large proportion of impurities, including a large amount of chlorine.
Water from a well or well is too hard. And in any case – fresh water is always not the temperature that is necessary for the life of fish. In principle, a small amount of water, if it is not chlorinated in your area, can be poured into the aquarium without prior preparation.
However, it will be better to defend it.
2. What else water, except tap, can you use for aquariums? If you take a lake or river to fill in the aquarium water, then before use it must be heated to a temperature of +70 degrees in order to destroy unwanted microorganisms.
City rain or snow is not suitable for aquariums, as it contains a large amount of harmful impurities. The application of rain or snow water from the countryside is possible, but it should be filtered.
3. How to defend water? Pour water for aquarium in a large container with a wide neck and top with gauze.
Defend water within a few days to two weeks. The time of settling depends on the quality of water in the region where you live. During this period, the harmful impurities in the water will decompose or evaporate.
If you have just purchased an aquarium, then for the first time water can defend it. And besides that you get defended water, you also ensure that the aquarium is not leaking.
4. How to determine that the water has settled down sufficiently? First try to replace not all water in the aquarium at once, but only one third. If the fish after such a replacement feel normal – try to replace water wholly.
Watch the fish. Some aquarists go to the trick and change water first run inexpensive fish.
And only in the case of their well-being – let the rest.
5. And finally, the last piece of advice, how to determine that water is settling well: smell water functioning dwelling for small fishes. If it smells nice freshness – everything is fine. If the smell is unpleasant – it means something in the aquarium is wrong.
Among the reasons for the unpleasant smell, except for water, which was incorrectly defended, non-compliance with the rules of care for the aquarium and dirty soil.