maintenance, care, compatibility
Aquariums: how to change the water in the aquarium? How much to defend the water for the aquarium
How to change the water in the aquarium two or three months after the launch of the first fish? The hydrobiological environment is still quite young. But already on the ground and glasses may accumulate some deposits.
Every two weeks with a special siphon drain 10% of the liquid. If you do not have such an opportunity, it is permissible to change the water once a month, but then it is necessary to update 20% of the filling capacity. During this procedure, do not forget to clean the primer and glass.
Also remove faded leaves of algae. Even if you have launched catfish and snails in an aquarium, there is no guarantee that they will fully cope with their task of cleaning the bottom sediments and sticking to the walls.
The question arises how to clean the soil if the water is not completely drained. We will return to this issue.
How to change the water in the aquarium during this period and when will the biological balance be completely in it? This happens about six months after the installation of the aquarium. Moreover, the greater its volume, the more difficult it is to shake this achieved balance.
Therefore, newcomers are advised to start large aquariums (per 100 liters), so that they, by their inept actions, do not disturb the aquatic habitat. During this period of maturity, which lasts up to a year, we only do that we change 20 percent of the liquid every month, removing garbage from the ground and cleaning the mucus from the glasses.
However, you need to carefully monitor that the water does not “bloom” (not green). With regular cleaning it will be a long time to enjoy the crystal clear eye of the aquarium and the agility of the fish that inhabit it.
So, we have considered the proportions that must be adhered to so that the fluid update does not damage the biological balance of the living environment. But how to change the water?
Pet stores sell special siphons (with a manual blower for pumping air or working on batteries), but these devices also have a more budgetary alternative. Take a regular straw.
It is better not to use a rubber hose – rubber emits harmful substances. The transparent PVC tube will be optimal. Wrap one end of it with a piece of gauze.
Prepare a bucket – set it below the level of the aquarium. Dip the tip of the tube with gauze into the water, and take the second in the mouth.
Begin to draw in air until the liquid is suitable. After that, with a quick movement, lower the tip of the tube into the bucket.
Water under the laws of the pouring of the tank into the tank. You just have to control its quantity.
And with the tip of the tube with gauze, drive along the walls and the ground to remove the adhering dirt.
The amount of fluid added is not the only indicator that is important for the health of the inhabitants. The quality characteristics – temperature, salinity (for marine fish) and water hardness in the aquarium – are also of great importance.
Sharp change of any indicator is a shock for the inhabitants. For tropical fish, topped up water should be heated to a temperature of 1-2 degrees higher than that in the aquarium. The marine biosystem also needs the liquid to have the right ppm.
To do this, in distilled or reverse osmosis water for three days dissolve salts NaCI, MgSOfourx7H20, KBr, SrCl2x7H20, MgCl2x6H2O, Na2CO3, KCI, CaCl2, H3BO3, NaF and NaHCO3.
It is not a secret for anyone that not fresh spring water flows from our taps, but a liquid in which almost the entire periodic table is dissolved. It is easy to notice by conducting a simple experiment. Take a can of water and see what happens to it over the course of a few hours.
First, gaseous impurities. It would be good if it was oxygen. Although an overabundance is unhealthy for fish.
The bubbles through the gill slit penetrate the bloodstream and can provoke thrombosis. But ozone, which in some cities is used to disinfect water, is poison.
The same undesirable elements are chlorine and its compounds. It is good that the gases come out of the liquid quickly – it takes an hour. But the limescale and rust accumulated from old water pipes, settles at the bottom of the can after 12 hours.
Dissolved impurities can be neutralized with special conditioners (for example, Sera Toxivec). Here is the answer to the question.
It makes no sense to defend water for more than a day. Everything that could precipitate or evaporate has already done so.
And then the water is just beginning to fade, harmful microorganisms start in it and dust rushes in.
In what situations should be carried out a complete replacement of water
Only emergency cases – the massive death of the inhabitants or the global “bloom” of water – can cause the entire aquarium to be emptied, disinfected and started all over again. But if the liquid still does not emit a sharp unpleasant smell, it is fixable without a complete replacement. To remedy the situation, you should understand the reason why the water in the aquarium turns green.
Perhaps the whole thing in the wrong light. Then the situation will be corrected simply by rearranging the aquarium into a more obscured corner of the room. If the reason was the reproduction of primitive floating alga euglena, then you can buy live daphnids – this is cleaning green scum and feeding for fish.
Somiki, pecilia, mollies, snails are also happy to devour euglena. In pet stores you can buy special chemicals from the rapid flowering of water.
In a pressing and always relevant question for aquarists, how much to defend water for an aquarium, opinions differ considerably. Some insist that the water must be defended to a few weeks, others – that the maximum day.
Let’s try to understand the problem in more detail.
Let’s start with a consideration of why defend water for an aquarium.
Water is the source of life and habitat of all marine and freshwater creatures. Under natural conditions, animals feel comfortable mostly in clean water. In such water, they can grow and multiply.
At home, everything is different. Many people prefer to start aquarium fish, but not all care about the proper quality of water for the aquarium.
The use of ordinary tap water can be detrimental to its inhabitants. Therefore, there are several simple rules for preparing water for an aquarium.
What kind of water to pour into the aquarium?
Fish and other inhabitants of the aquarium should not be run in fresh water. It is fraught with diseases in animals. Various chemical compounds that are in the usual for us water, are detrimental to the inhabitants of the aquarium.
Chlorine is especially dangerous. Water, without fail, must be separated.
How much to defend the water for the aquarium?
To finally get rid of all the harmful substances contained in the water, it must be defended for 1-2 weeks. For the backlog of water is better to use a large bucket or basin. Also, when buying a new aquarium, leave water in it and drain it at least once.
At the same time, this way you can check if the aquarium is leaking. Some pet stores sell special products that neutralize chemical compounds in water.
But experts recommend not to neglect the settling of water, even using these drugs.
Aquarium water temperature
The most suitable temperature for aquarium water is room – 23-26 degrees. In winter, the aquarium should not be carried out on the balcony, nor is it recommended to place it near the radiator or heater.
Water hardness in the aquarium
Stiffness is an important parameter of water in an aquarium. This parameter is determined by the total amount of calcium and magnesium salts that are dissolved in water.
The range of water hardness is very wide. Under natural conditions, this indicator depends on climate, soil and season.
Fish can live in water of different hardness, but they are extremely necessary for magnesium and calcium salts – they play an important role in the growth and reproduction of animals.
In an aquarium, the hardness of the water is constantly changing, it becomes softer – the fish digest the salts that are in the water. Therefore, the water in the aquarium should be periodically changed.
Aquarium water purification
The easiest way to clean is a complete change of water in the aquarium. But in some cases this task is difficult and unnecessary.
Water is much easier to clean. As a rule, simple filters based on activated carbon are used to purify turbid water in an aquarium.
Water filters in the aquarium can be made independently or purchased at a pet store.
Aeration of water in the aquarium
This parameter is regulated by temperature, plants and the presence of living things in the aquarium. By aeration, oxygen is monitored in the aquarium.
Aeration can be performed using special devices – compressors that saturate water with oxygen. Also, there are filters for water treatment with built-in compressors.
Water parameters in the aquarium play an important role in the normal functioning of fish. It is important that any of the parameters be changed very smoothly, excluding sudden temperature fluctuations.
By following these simple rules, each owner of the aquarium provides fish with conditions as close as possible to the natural ones. And this, in turn, is the key to the health and long life of pets.