maintenance, care, compatibility
How to calculate how much soil you need in an aquarium? You can fool around with formulas for a long time, double-check calculations and rely on the experience of sellers.
And you can find out in 2 minutes using the service aquarists.ru.
The site aquarists.ru allows you to calculate the soil for the aquarium with 100% accuracy. You just need to enter the width and length of your tank in the appropriate fields, and the program will give the answer.
Unlike others, the service aquarists.ru is universal, because it gives an answer in kilograms.
Note! If you are afraid of acquiring extra soil, measure all the parameters on the inside of the aquarium several times.
Now, when you know how much soil you need to take to the aquarium, you can think about how it will be. Aquarists divide the soil material into primary and secondary.
The main can be attributed to sand, laterite, gravel and the like, and to the additional – peat. Extra soil is lined up first if plantation of live plants is planned.
Many aquarists plowed gravel is recognized as the best soil. It lies in a dense layer, therefore it does not let in food particles, but it is permeable to water, therefore it does not rot.
Note! The purchased gravel should not contain carbonates of calcium, magnetite, pyrite and other metal compounds!
If the first simply increases the hardness of the water, then metal compounds can kill the inhabitants of the aquarium.
Now you know how much soil you need in an aquarium and how to choose it, so you will make not only a beautiful, but also a safe composition. Use other services aquarists.ru, make aquarium simple and interesting for you.
Soil in the aquarium plays an important role. Therefore, aquarists should approach the choice of ground with the same responsibility as choosing the aquarium itself, the equipment for it, the plants and the fish that will inhabit it.
As a rule, aquarists make their choice in favor of small pebbles with rounded edges or coarse sand, or acquire aquarium soils on the markets in pet stores. What should be the ground for an aquarium depends on the type of the aquarium itself, as well as on the wishes and requirements of the aquarist himself. What to look for
Soil – natural biofilter. In addition, depending on the material of the soil, the chemical parameters of water can change – its hardness and acidity.
Particle size (fraction). All soils are divided into fine-grained, coarse-grained, mixed. The decorative function of the ground also should not be ignored.
Most of the fish and plants most favorably look at the background of the soil, the shade of which lies in the range from dark gray to black.
Here it is worth considering also the scattering ability of the soil of light colors – the lighter the soil, the greater the number of rays it reflects, therefore – the white soil warms up worse. This means that the difference in water temperature in the aquarium and on the surface of the soil can be quite significant.
Layer thickness How much soil in the aquarium should be depends on the aquarium and the aesthetic demands of the owner.
If the aquarium is exclusively vegetable, the soil is selected in accordance with the conditions necessary for the growth of plants. Each species needs a certain composition of the soil.
As a rule, the minimum layer of soil poured to the bottom of the aquarium is 3.5-7 cm.
The amount of soil is determined by the design decision of the owner of the aquarium. Usually, the soil is poured with a slope from the back wall to the front – or it is placed on terraces, reinforcing them with plexiglass strips.
Questions that are most often asked about the soil in the aquarium
How to wash the soil before putting it in the aquarium?
But for some soils, this method may not be suitable if they are very composed of a very small fraction and float away. Then you can simply fill the bucket to the edge, allow time for the heavy particles to sink to the bottom, and drain the water with the light dirt particles.
Note, you cannot wash lateritic primers. Laterite is a soil that forms in the tropics, at high temperature and humidity.
It contains a large amount of iron and gives good food for plants in the first year of aquarium life.
Neutral is a soil that does not contain significant amounts of mineral substances and does not give them into the water. Mel, marble chips and other types are far from neutral. Check is very simple – you can drip vinegar on the ground, if there is no foam, then the ground is neutral.
Naturally, it is better to use classic soils – sand, gravel, basalt, since in addition to changing the parameters of water, unpopular soils can contain a lot of dangerous things.
The question is more complicated than it may seem at first glance. The soil is sold by weight or by volume, but for the aquarist, the soil layer in the aquarium is important, and it is difficult to calculate it by weight.
For sand, the layer is usually 2.5-3 cm, and for gravel it is more than about 5-7 cm.
The weight of a liter of dry soil ranges from 2 kg for sand, to 1 kg for clay dry soils. In order to calculate how much you need, just count the volume you need and multiply by the weight of the soil you need.
I added bright gravel to the aquarium and my pH has grown, why?
Many bright soils are made of white dolomite. This natural mineral is rich in calcium and magnesium, and its colorless species are sold for use in saltwater aquariums and aquariums with African cichlids in order to increase water hardness.
If you have hard water in the aquarium, or you keep fish that do not pay special attention to the water parameters, then you have nothing to worry about. But for fish that need soft water, this kind of soil will be a real disaster.
The easiest way is to regularly siphon the soil. How is the part? With every water change, ideally.
Now there are various fashionable siphon options – whole aquarium vacuum cleaners. But in order to properly clean the soil in your tank, you need the simplest siphon, consisting of a hose and pipe.
In a good way, you can make it yourself out of scrap materials. But it is easier to buy, since it costs quite a bit, and in use it is simple and reliable.
Siphon is designed to remove dirt and soil during partial water changes in your tank. That is, you are not easy to drain the water, and at the same time clean the soil.
In the work of the siphon for the soil, the force of gravity is used – a stream of water is created, which carries away light particles with it, and the heavy elements of the soil remain in the aquarium.
Thus, with a partial water change, you clean most of the soil, drain the old water and add fresh, settled.
To create a stream of water, you can use the easiest and most common way – suck water with your mouth. Some siphons have a special device that pumps water.
The space between the soil particles depends directly on the size of the particles themselves. The larger the size, the more the soil will be ventilated and the less chance it will sour.
For example, gravel can pass into itself a much larger amount of water, and, accordingly, oxygen with nutrients than the same sand. If I had been offered a choice, I would stop on gravel or basalt with a fraction of 3-5 mm.
If you like sand – do not worry, just try to take coarse-grained, for example, small river and can be compressed to the state of concrete.
Also note that some fish like to rummage or even dig in the ground, and they need sand or very fine gravel. For example, akantoftalmus, corridors, tarakatum, various loaches.
The easiest way to remove old soil is to use the same siphon. But you will need a larger size of both the hose and the siphon pipe than the standard one, so that you can create a powerful stream of water that will carry not only dirt, but also heavy particles.
Then you can gently add a new soil, and pour fresh water instead of the one that you leaked. The disadvantage of the method is that sometimes you need to drain too much water in the siphon process to remove all the soil.
In this case, you can do it in several passes. Or choose the soil using a plastic container, but the dirt will be much more.
Or even easier, use a net made of thick fabric.
No, unless you want to increase the rigidity and acidity in your tank. It contains a large amount of lime, and you can use coral sand in case you keep fish who like hard water, for example, African cichlids.
It can also be used if you have very soft water in the region and you need to increase the hardness for the normal maintenance of aquarium fish.
What is the thickness of the ground to put in the aquarium?
For sand 2.5-3 cm is enough in most cases, for gravel about 5-7 cm. But much still depends on the plants that you intend to keep in the aquarium.