maintenance, care, compatibility
Choose plants in the nano aquarium should be depending on the power of lighting and whether the supply of carbon dioxide is organized. If the light is bright, the soil is specialized, containing organic matter and CO2, then you can plant any medium-sized plants, here only the preferences of the owner play a role.
In a more modestly equipped aquarium, plants are limited to unpretentious and slow-growing plants.
Lileopsis is a Brazilian cube, hemianthus of cube, and marcilia are used as ground cover. Japanese Blix, which is considered a groundcover in large aquariums, looks like a bush in small volumes.
In addition, different types of Anubias, cryptocoryne, Pogostemons, Rotal, ferns are grown. For decorating snags, stones and items of equipment use mosses.
Often you can meet the cladofor balls. In short, there is room for creativity almost like in a large aquarium.
When choosing inhabitants for a small aquarium, first of all, of course, one should pay attention to their size. Fish should not be more than 3-4 cm long, and if the aquarium is completely “nano”, up to 15 liters more than 2-3 cm. In addition, the fish need peaceful, not too voracious, not territorial and rather unpretentious, at least if this is your first experience in nano aquariums.
Well and, of course, they must be brightly and diversely colored and active, so that it would be interesting to watch them.
Under these conditions is quite a large number of fish. The most honorable place in nano aquariums is occupied by carp representatives – zebrafish, micro-assemblies, boraras.
The micro-collection of the galaxy with its amazing color is truly the queen of small volumes.
It is possible to lodge neon and tetra amanda from charicine fishes in such an aquarium, from guppies and petillia from viviparous. In addition, you can make small catfish, for example, the corridor-pygmy or otozinclus.
Feel good in a small volume of the cockerel.
Fish is better to take flocks of 3-4 pieces (of course, except for pugnacious cockerels), so they will feel more comfortable. The density of planting small fish should be about 1 individual per 2 liters of water.
In addition to fish, different types of shrimp live in a nano aquarium, dwarf crayfish (they are incompatible with shrimps), frogs hymeno-viruses.
You can decorate a nano aquarium in a different style. Iwagumi styles are popular among aqua-designers – different types of stone decoration forms, ryubekuka – decoration with snags, wabikusa – in the form of a hummock with plants.
But here the taste and preferences of the owner are crucial. For example, if an aquarium is in a child’s room, it is appropriate to place a mermaid’s castle or a sunken ship and toy scuba divers into it. The main thing is that the scenery should not take up too much space (as a general rule, not more than a quarter of the bottom surface and half the height), hide the aquarium equipment and leave room for plants and fish.
In addition, if there are shrimps in the aquarium, it must be borne in mind that any objects protruding from the water may contribute to their escape from the aquarium.
Soil in small aquariums usually use a two-layer one: the bottom layer is a nutrient substrate, the top one is gravel, the total thickness of the layer should be 3-4 cm.
Small recognized aquarium less than 50 liters. So, even in a 10 liter miniature pond you can settle the fish.
However, it is worth calculating your efforts, the smaller the liters, the more often you need to do the cleaning, monitor the quality of water and aeration. If you plan to keep tropical rocks in a small aquarium, then you will have to maintain an optimal temperature for their maintenance, about 26-27 degrees. In Akavirumah with a volume of less than 10 liters, this is very difficult to do, since the instruments have large scales that will not fit physically there.
Ignore these conditions, too, will not work. Without them, the fish for which you gave more than $ 100 will die.
It is often found advice to choose the number of fish, starting from the volume or number of liters of tank in which they will live. The following is usually taken as an axiom: for one fish, the optimal amount is 5 liters of water. Accordingly, in a 100-liter aquarium, you can put 20 fish, etc.
Or even more interesting: 1 liter (or gallon) of water should be 1 cm (or inch) the length of the fish. One of the professional aquarists was conducted speculative experiment, which completely refuted the correctness of this formula.
He mentally picked up a 100-liter classic aquarium and began to try on different fish.
- First, neon (3 cm) – it turned out that 33 pieces will be too small, they will have to look for in such a volume.
- Then there was a golden fish (10 cm). From ten individuals of this breed there will be so much waste, that it is necessary to “rake them with a shovel”, and even powerful filters will have a hard time dealing with this problem.
- Further there was an astronotus (25 cm). According to the formula, we can contain four giants in 100 liters, but in real life it is unrealistic to grow even two in such conditions.
- And finally there was a protopterus (1 m). You can, of course, try to “shove” it into a vessel of a given volume, but will such an existence be comfortable? Unlikely.
So such simplified tips and advice are more harmful than useful. For they absolutely do not take into account neither the size nor the characteristics of specific fish.
And from them, unfortunately, you do not know that schooling fish can be settled in more compact groups, that “loners” need space, and fighting breeds are better kept separate. They do not say anything about repackaging a particular layer of water, and each fish prefers its own layer of water (upper, middle or lower). And about much more.
What do you need to consider to make the right calculations?
How and how much to change the water in the aquarium, the frequency of water changes
How to change the water in the aquarium?
In this article we will discuss a fairly simple, but at the same time, a difficult question regarding the change of water in the aquarium. It is simple because there is no need to replace water in the aquarium.
However, there are a lot of nuances and certain specifics that you need to know on this issue. The matter is further complicated by the lack of complete, comprehensive information on the Internet.
As a rule, information about the change of water in an aquarium is either compressed, or one-sided, or only a certain part is covered.
No exception was our site. Here, for example, article Boiled, melted or distilled water for aquarium.
It seems the article is good, but narrow and concise.
So let’s fix this defect. We will consider the question “How to change the water in an aquarium?” As fully as possible and that, in turn, will enable us to make changing water as simple and effective as possible.
For convenience, let’s break down the article into the following sections:
1. WHY DO I NEED TO CHANGE WATER IN THE AQUARIUM, DO I NEED TO DO IT AT ALL?
2. WHY FOR DEFINING AQUARIUM WATER?
3. HOW IS THE CORRECT AND HOW MUCH ON TIME DO I NEED TO LEAVE WATER FOR THE AQUARIUM?
4. WHAT TO DO IF A BIGGER NUMBER OF AQUARIUM WATER IS NECESSARY TO DECLINE? OTHER WAYS OF PREPARING WATER FOR THE AQUARIUM?
5. HOW OFTEN AND IN WHAT VOLUME DO I NEED TO REPLACE AQUARIUM WATER WITH FRESH?
6. THE RIGHT ORDER IS THE PROCESS OF CHANGING AQUARIUM WATER.
WHY DO I NEED TO CHANGE WATER IN THE AQUARIUM, DO I NEED TO DO IT AT ALL?
Many novice aquarists are faced with different opinions about the need to change the aquarium water. Often on the forums or from friends you can hear the phrase: “That I do not change the water at all and …. all OK “or” I rarely, rarely … and also all OK. ” Here that, at the beginner and there is a stupor!
How so? I’ve decorated the entire balcony with buckets, how do I carry a water carrier from the bathroom to the aquarium, but it turns out that this is “monkey labor” !? Without tormenting for a long time, I will answer you – do not listen to these “uncles and aunts”!
They mislead you. AQUARIUM WATER MUST BE CHANGED!
And the thing is this! In the process of vital activity of all aquatic aquatic organisms (inhabitants), the aquarium itself, or rather, the water becomes clogged. For example, an excess of food, fish feces, dead leaves of plants and other organic matter.
All this “dirt” turns into the most terrible poison – ammonia, which is destructive for all living things in an aquarium. Further, nitrifying bacteria that are in the water, the filter and the soil “decompose” ammonia to nitrite (poison), then nitrates (“weak” poison), and then the remains turn into a gaseous state and leave the water.
So, no matter how many useful nitrifying bacteria are in the aquarium of colonies, no matter how many live plants are in the aquarium, which also partially absorb ammonia, no matter how powerful the filters are … no matter, the above poisons tend to accumulate. And you can bring them ONLY REGULAR REPLACEMENT OF WATER TO CLEAN.
What happens in an aquarium for those who do not change the water for a long time? Many aquarium fish tend to adapt and live in the worst conditions – get used to the poisons.
However, this function of “survival in any conditions” is not eternal. In fish, irreversible changes occur in the internal organs, mucous membranes and gills.
Fish weaken, their immunity falls. And the “Doomsday” comes when an outbreak of a bacterial, fungal or infusorian attack occurs … not many survive!
In total, the change of aquarium water is one of the most important ways to maintain “health in the aquarium”, one cannot do without it. Laziness in this matter is a fatal mistake!
WHY DRAIN AQUARIUM WATER?
HOW IS IT CORRECT TO DO IT?
There is such a non-contagious sore in fish, called Gas embolism. In a nutshell – this is the entry of small air bubbles into the blood vessels and blood of fish.
As a result, there is a blockage of blood vessels. Fishes begin to swim sideways, the behavior becomes alarming, fearful. The fins and the whole body begin to tremble convulsively.
The movement of the gill covers slows down, and then completely stops … further death!
A frequent cause of gas emboli is inadequate settled water for an aquarium. The fact is that tap water (tap water) is excessively saturated with air bubbles that are so small that they are not even visible to the human eye.
Just imagine how much water “poured through the pipes” until it reached your tap!
Thus, filling the tap water in an aquarium with fish – YOU ARE VERY RISK. Yes, in practice, everything can do, but this is a game of Russian roulette.
What happens to water, if it is defended? What happens is that small bubbles gradually merge and come out of the water.
Water saturation by air decreases, the risks are reduced to zero.
In addition, it is worth noting that in the process of settling water for the aquarium, heavy and harmful compounds, for example, chlorine as sediment at the bottom of the container and film on the surface of the water, settle.
HOW IS THE CORRECT AND HOW MUCH ON TIME DO I NEED TO LEAVE WATER FOR THE AQUARIUM?
Everything is simple and should not cause much difficulty. The water in the aquarium should settle in a container with a wide neck: a bucket, a basin, an enamel saucepan.
You understand that in a bottle with a narrow neck, excess air goes out poorly. Container for sludge should not be metallic, rusty or made of toxic substances or paints.
Plastic buckets, perhaps the best and easiest option for defending aquarium water.
About the time. The longer the water settles, the better! I personally defend the water for 7 days – this is convenient and coincides with my Sunday schedule for changing the water in the aquarium.
In general, such terms of water settling 1-14 days roam the Internet.
WHAT TO DO IF A LARGE AMOUNT OF WATER IS NECESSARY TO DECLINE? OTHER WAYS OF PREPARING WATER FOR THE AQUARIUM?
But this is really a problematic issue for owners of large aquariums and not large apartments! How to defend 50, and then 100 liters of water?
If this is a new aquarium and the first launch of the aquarium is made, you can immediately fill in the aquarium with tap water, defend it and at the same time add air conditioners to improve the quality of water.
If water is needed for replacement, then our first glance is the only rational option is to purchase construction containers (plastic buckets for mixing mixtures) for 50, 100 liters.
Other ways to prepare aquarium water in the first place include: boiling, freezing water, as well as its purchase of water in the store. See more about this. HERE.
Also, aquarium water can be prepared using special air conditioners such as: Tetra AquaSafe, AMMO-LOC, Sera aqutan and others.
Here is a video about one of them:
HOW OFTEN AND IN WHAT VOLUME DO I NEED TO REPLACE WATER IN THE AQUARIUM?
Almost in all books, on all sites, they write standardly what needs to be changed weekly? part of the water from the total volume of the aquarium. This is a generally accepted norm, BUT NOT DOGMA.
Here, look, please statistics of the survey, which is conducted on our site.
How often do you change the aquarium water to fresh?
As you can see, everyone changes the water in different ways and the weekly replacement of aquarium water is not a dogma! Why? It’s very simple – everyone has different aquariums, different fish, plants, and so on.
For example, there are fish that love the “old” water and the frequent change of water only annoys them (the family of labyrinth fish). The abundance of living plants, also reduces pollution in the aquarium.
In the end, someone has a large aquarium, someone has a small, someone has a big fish, and someone has a small one.
All this individual specificity of the content of fish excludes the concept dogma number and frequency of substitution of aquarium water. And there is only one advice – you should adapt yourself and you should come to the conclusion about how often and how much water you need to change in your aquarium.
In this case, you must take into account the volume of the reservoir, the population of the aquarium, the individual characteristics of the fish, the presence or number of plants, the filter power, the presence of ion exchange resins in the filter, and so on.
THE RIGHT ORDER OF CHANGING AQUARIUM WATER
Finally, I want to give attention to the beginner aquarists, that it is only necessary to change the aquarium water after cleaning the aquarium, and not before.
That is, first we:
– clean the filter and other equipment;
– wipe the walls of the aquarium;
– we thin and cut the plants;
– siphon soil;
– perform other manipulations and permutations;
– and only then we replace part of the water with fresh one;
If you have any questions, any comments on the article, please leave them in the comments – we will discuss.
Cockerel fish: capricious and beautiful inhabitant of your aquarium
What can not perform actions:
- direct sunlight should not fall on the aquarium;
- Do not allow excessively sudden changes in temperature and drafts when cleaning water;
- do not use natural shells, corals, shells as decorations, do not decorate the aquarium with other objects made of natural materials;
- do not put objects with sharp edges or, for example, with protrusions in the aquarium;
- cover the aquarium with the lid, as the fish themselves, and even the young Siamese males can jump out of the tank;
- Do not fill the aquarium with bottled water, it is not recommended to be used for maintenance.
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Probably, many have heard that cockerels live beautifully alone. The reason is that the fish has a peculiar behavior: it is often aggressively tuned to any neighborhood, and even to relatives.
Some sources indicate that males and females live normally only in an aquarium with a volume of 40 liters or more; with other fish live peacefully, if they are contained in a container of more than 15 liters.
In many ways, behavior is a decisive factor, and lovers give the cock a desired solitude. In this case, his behavior does not harm anyone.
You can even have a cockerel kept alone in a small aquarium. How much should the volume of the aquarium?
For one cock, we recall, the suitable capacity of 4-5 liters.
If the cockerel is contained in a mini-aquarium, then taking care of him is even easier:
- the air supply is not needed, the fish will breathe atmospheric air as much as it needs, taking it from the surface;
- no light is needed either, cockerels live well without him;
- Do not be afraid of the appearance of foam, because it is a sure sign that the cockerel has settled down and even began to build a nest;
- Want to see the fry, without changing the aquarium, pick up a larger container for breeding.
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Breeding cockerels – not an easy task, but quite doable. You need to know a few rules to see rooster fry.
Aquarium cockerels reach sexual maturity at the age of 3-4 months. During this period, reproduction becomes possible. In order to get healthy offspring, both the female and the male should not have diseases.
Therefore, if the condition of the fish is in doubt, do not select it for placement in a separate aquarium.
Tip: Breeding will be successful, and the offspring will be more viable if before spawning to actively include moth females in the diet. How does this affect the breeding of cockerels? The fact is that the crank contains nutrients, thanks to which the eggs soften.
And soft eggs will more easily go out of the abdomen. But do not overdo it, if you give moth large portions, then the water becomes cloudy at times faster.
For spawning aquarium cockerels need to be transplanted into another aquarium, and its capacity should be not less than 7 liters.
Advice: It is important that the female has the opportunity to hide from the male in the new aquarium: for this, plants (Javanese moss, Anubiasas) are placed in the tank, grottoes are made. This is done to ensure that the male, who at this time becomes overly aggressive, does not attack the female continuer of the genus.
To prevent possible clashes, you can first introduce the male and female. How to do it?
Place the fish in transparent containers that should be located opposite each other. Fishes will see each other, and hostility will evaporate.
Breeding will be better.
Male males are not only aggressive, but also active: reproduction, as a rule, is taken under control. They collect small algae in order to build a nest, collect eggs during the spawn, hide them in the nest. Moreover, after the breeding is over, the spawn has passed, the male even drives off the female and protects the eggs, carefully and attentively.
The male protects each fry, if the little cock swims away from the nest, the father will certainly return the fry back.
It is precisely because of such activity of the male cockerel immediately after spawning, when the breeding is over, that the female should be removed. If you do not, then the war can not be avoided.
But the male rooster can not always protect the fry. How much should you keep it with the fry?
After that, when all the little cockerels hatch, the male is sent to a common aquarium.
Tip: If everything is done according to the rules, and breeding does not occur, then spawning can be stimulated: change the water, it is not essential to increase the water temperature by 3 degrees.
In general, follow the rules, and breeding will be possible even at home!
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It is important to know with whom the fish gets on, and with whom the aquarium cockerels live poorly. As noted, the behavior of the fish is peculiar, they live well and alone, and therefore are particularly demanding on their neighbors.
Aquarian males do not get along with the following fish (compatible non-existent): makropody, discus, tsihlazomy chernopolosaya, Akari julidochromis, tetraodon, tilapia, kupanus, Astronotus, various types melanohromis, ktenopoma, pseudotropheus, parrot, julidochromis, piranha, lineatus and other fish .
But able to live in one aquarium and even friends with these fish: Algae, neon Donaciinae, platies, befortiya, Ancistrus, akantoftalmus, mollies black swordsman, gourami nagging, ornatus, ototsinklyus, pulhripinnis, Minor (all kinds), rasbora, rubrostigma, ternets, congos, botsia, brocade catfish, tarakatum, oturisom, platydoras, loricaria, siamese gastromizon, speckled catfish, other fish.
There are also some species of fish with which males often get along, but there may be fights or ragged fins. And these are guppies, neon, danios, macrognatus, labo, cardinal, lyalius, all types of scalar, ctenobrikon, spotted gouramis, barbs, gourami marble, pearl gouram and other fish.
The compatibility of the males with them is not rated very high. And in general, it is better not to put cockerels with them in one aquarium.
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Caring for cockerels involves the prevention of diseases and injuries. The cockerel is a fighting fish, and therefore often remains without fins. But this is not a sign of a disease, but of a recent skirmish.
There is no need to isolate the fish or try to treat it: it is enough to feed it correctly so that the regeneration process proceeds quickly.
If there are signs indicating a disease, then the fish should be planted out of the general aquarium. And in a quarantine aquarium you need to start its treatment.
Quite often, the fish may feel bad because of dirty or not fresh water, and therefore do not forget to change it.
Now you know what the life span of a rooster is, what to feed him, how much food to give, what kind of care he needs, whether they get along with other species in the aquarium and other useful information. One thing remains – to put everything into practice. The behavior of the fish can not be called perfect, but the more interesting to watch it.
In general, good luck!