maintenance, care, compatibility
HECKERS – AQUARIUM FISHES.
Swordsmen know everything, even those who have never encountered the aquarium world. The Sword bearers gained such fame due to their wide distribution (one can say that they were part of the set of every young aquarist of the former USSR), as well as thanks to a special sign – the tail fin in the form of a sword.
Actually, it was for this tail that the Swordtails got their name.
Contain Swordsmanin in aquariums it is easy enough because of their unpretentiousness to the composition and volume of water. One pair must be at least 6 liters of water.
Aquarium needs a long, with a lid (can jump out of the water).
Optimum water parameters: temperature 22-24 ° С, dH 5-20 °, pH 7.0-8.0. Requires strong aeration and filtration.
Once a week it is necessary to replace water by 1/3 of the volume. It is recommended to add sea or table salt to water: 1 tbsp. 10 liters of water.
Thick thickets of small-leaved plants (for example, notched elodea, cabomba, wallisneria) are perfect for an aquarium with swordtails. But free space for swimming fish must also be present.
On the surface of the water, you can let ricci.
As neighbors fit any peaceful fish. There are conflicts in the group between males of swordtails, so it is necessary that there are more females than males.
In this case, the males must be either one or more than three individuals – aggression is sprayed, and not directed directly at each other between the two males.
Swordtails belong to the family of viviparous. The female at a time is able to give life from 15 to 100 fry, and even more.
The number of juveniles born into the world depends on the age and size of the mother, as well as on the conditions of her life. For successful breeding, the pregnant female is deposited in a separate aquarium before birth. So that the fry born to avoid the teeth of an adult female, small-leaved aquatic plants should also be placed there to create life-saving algae thickets in a small pond where it is so good to hide from danger.
Breeding will not require any special care from the aquarist.
It will be enough just to isolate the female for the time of childbirth from the rest of the aquarium, and after the childbirth return it to the familiar environment, leaving the sword children to develop on their own. By the time of birth, fry are completely formed for the beginning of independent life. As soon as they were born, they immediately begin to tirelessly master the space of the aquarium and actively feed.
Kids are almost omnivorous, but it is preferable to give them daphnia and cyclops. With proper feeding, the fry grow rapidly, by 3-4 months they already acquire a “sword”, and puberty occurs in 4-6 months.
COMPATIBILITY OF AQUARIUM FISHES
Swordtails are not aggressive, peaceful fish. They are compatible with all similar fish: tetras, neons, minors, terntions, danios, all petilium fish: guppies (can bite), mollies, etc.
They are compatible with almost all aquarium catfish – corridoratus (speckled catfish), akantoftalmusy, platidor, antsistrusy, baggy-tailed catfish, etc. Moreover, the swordtails get along very well with peaceful and not large cichlids, for example, with scalars.
It is not recommended to push them to the “veil” fish – they are slow and swordtails can “pinch” them for beautiful, large fins. Not compatible with aggressive and large fish, for example, cichlids: Akara, astronotus, diamond tsikhlazomy
DISEASES OF SURFACERS
Swordtails belong to the family of viviparous, carp-toothed. The body is elongated, flattened laterally.
The natural background color of the males is light brownish-olive, on the back with a green tint. A red two-millimeter strip runs along the sides, and two narrower red stripes below and above it.
The long lower ray of the tail fin (sword) has a black clear edging. The color of the female is much paler, the body with a silvery sheen, the middle of the body is occupied by a wide strip, and below and above this strip pass two more narrow strips 0.5 mm wide.
As a result of breeding, the Sword-bearers have not only various forms of fins, but also different colors of their body colors: black, red, olive, orange, yellow, and their combinations (for example, yellow body and black fins). Sword-bearers with two swords are also drawn at the bottom and the top of the tail.
The body of a male (without a sword) can grow up to 8 cm, and females up to 12 cm.
Swordtails live up to three to five years.
HUPPY ENDLER CONTENTS REPRODUCTION PHOTO COMPATIBILITY DESCRIPTION VIDEO.
Each aquarist wonders how many aquarium fish live. Everyone needs to know this. If you are not sure that you want to keep the aquarium for a long time, get fish with a short lifespan.
For experienced breeders, the number of years is important to count the spawning that the fish will have time to implement.
Several things can affect the lifespan of aquarium dwellers:
- The size;
- Water temperature;
- Conditions of detention;
The main criterion is the size of the fish. By this indicator, you can judge how long you can admire your pet in the aquarium. The smallest inhabitants have the lowest border, whose dimensions do not exceed 5 centimeters.
For example, neon, guppy, swordman. They live from one to five years.
Record small sizes were found in South American small fish – zinolebias. The length of her life depended on the rainy season, as soon as a drought occurred – zinolebias was dying. The only thing that saved the fish from extinction – the timely throwing of caviar.
During the period of high water, she managed to appear, grow, spawn, and die.
Fish, whose dimensions are defined as medium, can live up to 15 years, and some representatives over 25, for example, piranhas. Therefore, starting such pets, be prepared for a long neighborhood.
Interesting fact, males live significantly longer than females. Sometimes, the difference reaches almost two years.
Breeds are known where the female dies after the birth of fry. Of course, no one is immune from the unsuccessful throwing of caviar or a number of diseases, but most often this is observed in sword bearers and gupeshek.
The temperature of the water in the aquarium affects the lifetime. Cold-blooded animals can not control the temperature of their body on their own, so water sets the rhythm for most processes in the body. The body temperature of the fish is equal to degrees of water.
Thus, the higher the score, the more intense the metabolic processes in the fish’s body, and, therefore, life expectancy is reduced. Sometimes this figure reaches several years.
It is proved that if you rarely change the aquarium water, the concentration of harmful substances in the water will be above the norm, which would entail a reduction in the life of the inhabitants. Use distilled water whose chlorine content is close to the permissible value.
Bad water can lead to dysfunction of the respiratory organs and diseases of the digestive organs.
For breeding fish swordtails need to use special spawners of glass. In the same place fry of the swordtail can grow and develop.
To look after them in such a reservoir will not be easy even for a beginner aquarist. Swordsman fry are born immediately ready for a full life.
After giving birth, they fall to the bottom of the aquarium, then rise to the surface to take the first breath. In one spawning, a female swordtail can bring about 50-200 cubs into the world, depending on the age and type of fish.
After the first spawning of fry will be 30-50, in the next – 70-100 and more.
After the end of childbirth, the female needs to be transplanted into the general aquarium so that it does not harm the fry. The female and male of the swordtail do not provide care for their offspring.
Also, the female can be transferred to the bailout, feeding her with food so that she gain strength.
See how to breed Swordsmen.
If you plan to breed Swordsmen in the general aquarium, plant in the aquarium plants with small leaves that can form dense thickets. In them the fry will hide from the attack of adult fish.
The following types of plants will be suitable for shelter: elodea cogwort, cabomba, myriofillum, aponogeton, valisneria, izoztis.
After the birth of the fry in the general aquarium, they can be planted using a net with small cells. If there are few places in the tank for shelters, adult swordtails will hunt the brood by eating it.
As a result, few young cubs will remain alive. Newborn fish are already formed, have a bright color, so they are easy to notice, which simplifies the care of them.
How many live aquarium fish who prefer salt water? Despite the narrow distribution in domestic nurseries and the complexity of the content, yet some lovers are trying to provide them with all possible living conditions. A balanced level of salt in the water, proper nutrition and an appropriate volume of the aquarium can prolong life.
Most marine fish live in public aquariums, where they live in the best conditions. Many marine fish suffer from diseases at the beginning of life due to poor care.
Some species that live in brackish water live from 2 to 4 years. Among them: butterfly fish, mandarin duck, Moorish idol, bullheads, sea dogs, Napoleon, monodactylus (swallow fish), triggerfish, surgeon fish, degu.
Most small tropical seahorses live in aquariums for 3-4 years. Larger seahorses can live longer, but are rarely available for a home aquarium.
More hardy marine species can live in captivity for 10 years or more: they are lion fish, clown fish, eels and sea bass. There are many varieties of angelfish that live long in brackish water.
Sea fish angels can live more than 20 years, and grow to impressive size.
Admire the sea species of aquarium fish.