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How many live soma in the aquarium

maintenance, care, compatibility

Ancistrus: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review of catfish suckers, adhesives

Antsistrusy – this is the most popular catfish of the aquarium world! They are known and contain everything, both beginners and pros.

The ancistrus deserved such attention due to its qualities: they are referred to as “aquarium attendants”, they are unpretentious in content, are uncommon in behavior, and, of course, the structure of the mouth-sucker markedly distinguishes them among many other som-like fish.

At the same time, these fish can hardly be called handsome! A strange mouth, some warty growths on the face, dark coloring, and, as a rule, they often hide in snags and grottoes … like twilight! What is so attracted to aquariums around the world to these fish?

I think the answer will give a full story about them! So, the Latin name: Ancistrus dolichopterus (Ancistrus ordinary); Russian name: Ancistrus, catfish stuck, catfish sucker, catfish cleaner, antsitrus;
Order, suborder, family: capes, cat-shaped, chain-mail or Loricariid catfish (Cypriniformes, Siluroidei, Loricariidae). Given the fact that many are confused in the classification of fish, and on the Internet you can often find unreliable information, it should be said that Loricaria and Mail – It is the same.

The family of Mail Som in Latin will be Loricariidae – these are antsistrusy, pterigoplichty, loricaria, sturisomes, farlovellas, hypoptomes, ototsinklyusy and others. It is often written that the ancistrus is an armored soma, but this is not true.

Crabfish Callichthyidae are corridors, dinemas, brochises, thoracatums, etc.
Comfortable water temperature: 20-28 ° С (for manufacturers 20-26 ° С);
Ph acidity: 6-7,5 (for manufacturers up to 10 °, KN up to 2 °);
Stiffness dH: up to 20 ° (for manufacturers 6-7,3);
Aggressiveness: relatively non-aggressive (20%);
The complexity of the content of antsistrusov: easy;

Antsistrus compatibility: These catfish can be maintained with virtually all types of aquarium fish, in fact they are peaceful inhabitants of the aquarium bottom. However, to say that antsistrus absolutely harmless fish can not be!

Yes, everywhere – in the articles of the Runet they write that these somas behave like “God’s dandelions”, but on aqua. The forums can often find information that antsistrusy chase fish, stick to them and even spoil the skin … And it’s true! Therefore, it is undesirable to keep them with slow and cumbersome fish, for example, with the family of Goldfish. Also, from personal experience, I can say that it is impossible to keep them with scaleless fish, for example, with bag-tailed catfish, such fish, antsistrusy can inflict serious wounds with their “passionate kisses”.

Not compatible with: large, aggressive and territorial cichlids, especially during the spawning period. Read more about fish compatibility. HERE!
How many live: with proper maintenance can live more than 7 years. Find out how much other fish live HERE!

The minimum volume of aquarium for antsistrusov: 80l is considered a normal aquarium for a pair of antsistrus, but many keep them in 50, and 30, and even 20l. aquariums. It is not correct, alas, in such conditions the fish will not live for a long time, will “drain” and die.

About how much you can keep fish in the X aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes). Requirements for care and maintenance: Antsistrusy unpretentious fish. Elementary adherence to the recommended parameters of water – the key to success in their content and even dilution.

These catfish suckers do not need personal and excessive attention, the only desirable element in the aquarium should be shelters: grottoes, caves, and especially snags or hemp. Aeration, filtration, weekly water change for fresh – are required.

In addition, in the aquarium it is desirable to set up correctly and sufficiently active flow of water, which will mimic the natural habitat of catfish.
Feeding and diet: Antsistrtsov, however, as well as other representatives of Loricaria are referred to phytophages, that is, to fish that feed on plant food. It is this feature of the catfish sucker that makes it an indispensable aquarium actor in the fight against algal fouling of the walls of the aquarium and decor.

Due to its unique structure of the mouth, ancistrus scrape / scrape off any small plant formations. Thus, we can say that antsistrusy are unpretentious in the diet and can get food on their own. However, this does not mean that an aquarist should not feed them.

The diet of antsistrus should be 70-80% vegetable feed and 20-30% protein foods. For complete feeding of catfish cleaners, you can buy special branded feed for loricarine catfish, as a rule, these are green tablets falling to the bottom. Also, many weekly feed their suckers with scalded fresh cucumber, lettuce, spinach, green peas, pumpkin and cabbage leaves.

Some aquarists, especially for Ancistrus, richly decorate the aquarium with snags and stumps, the Ancistrus gladly “gnaw” the slugs and constantly hang on them. And in the stumps, with good conditions of detention, they can even spontaneously and independently multiply.
Photo feeding antsistrusov

Feeding any aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.

Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.

In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.

Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

In nature, live: Ancistrus habitat is the central and northern part of South America. Their biotope – rivers and streams with a fast current, lakes of tropical forests, swamps and ditches, some species inhabit mountain streams.
Description of Ancistrus:
Soma body elongated, head and front of the body flattened. From the dorsal fin the body is covered with bone plates, except the abdomen.
Ancistrus mouth – These are suckers with horny scrapers, with which they scrape food from the surface.
Dorsal large, flag-shaped, often pressed fish to the body. Thoracic, ventral and dorsal fin wide.

Cultivation and reproduction of acystrus

Antsitrus, male and female in the photo and their laying in coconut shell It is not any difficulty. Often it, under optimal conditions, can occur independently in the general aquarium.
For purposeful breeding of steam, the producers will be deposited in a shallow spawning aquarium – 40 l., Or if the spawning is a large 100-150 l. You can plant one male and two females. The spawning incentive is frequent water changes, abundant feeding, an increase in the amount of protein, live food, and an increase in water temperature.
To distinguish a male from a female is easy! Males on the head and along the edges have branched, developed leathery processes – tentacles, in the people they are called “antennae”.

In females, the antennae are located only at the edges of the head, poorly developed or not at all.

Producers must be the same size or the female must be larger than the male. Cases of killing of smaller females by male are noted.
The aquarium is equipped with pipes or long stumps, only in them the female will lay eggs. However, there have been cases when caviar is deposited in pots and just on a snag.

Nevertheless, plastic pipes are considered to be the best spawning substrate.
Spawning aquarium is filtered and aerated.
After the female has laid a laying of 30-100 eggs in the tube, the male takes all the care of the offspring. He expels the female and during the entire incubation period of ripening caviar fanning her with fins, creating a stream of water and oxygen access to the clutch, besides the male removes dead eggs.

It is not worth disturbing the male during this period, otherwise he may eat caviar in a “panic”. photo laying antsistrusov caviar

After about five days, little larvae emerge, which the caring male protects for a couple of days.


The hatched larvae hang and the actual does not move. They feed independently during this period – with the reserves of the yolk bladder, due to the exhaustion of which the larvae become fry and from this period they must be fed.

The aquarists feed the fry differently, who gives spirulina, who pushes the branded loricarium tablets, who immediately begins to give crushed cucumbers. The main thing in this matter is the small fraction of feed (dust) and the access of fry to it.

see also Antsistrus breeding – Forum aquarists.
Interesting about antsistrusah:
– it is completely unknown why male suckers need “whiskers” on the face. Ichthyologists suggested that the mustache is an imitation of larvae and juveniles.

Thus, the male shows the female, they say, see what kind of “I’m a good dad.” It is noticed that females prefer males with large whiskers)))
– when launching antsistrus into a good herbalist, you should always remember that when there is a lack of vegetable food, catfish can begin to feed on the leaves of plants and damage them. For prof.travnika better to use otsinklyusov and Siamese algae.
– There are an insane number of species of ancistrus, their classification is rather confused and complicated by the presence of breeding breeding forms. The most popular types of antsistrus are considered to be: gold, voilean (voilean leopard and other subspecies), red, dark, brown, pink, star-shaped, albino.

But what only cost numbered L-catfish, their number is simply amazing.

There are a lot of varieties of antsistrusov! Below is a description of the most popular species of this loricaric catfish.

Pterigoplicht brocade catfish: content, compatibility, photo-video review

Prerigoplicht is a popular representative of chain mail (Loricarii) catfish. The conditions of its maintenance are simple and virtually identical with the content of all the catfish of this family, for example, antsistrusom. There is only one caveat – pterigoplicht large fish!

Often, beginning aquarists take them to their small aquariums, and then two years later, they do not know where to put this “log”. And these are not empty words!

Very often on our the forum, Yes, and on other aquarium resources, beginners are trying to solve this problem and attach a grown-up “Nile crocodile.”

We hope that this article will help the reader to make a balanced choice in relation to this aquarium inhabitant, let’s take a closer look at it.

Latin name: Pterygoplichthys gibbiceps;

Comfortable water temperature: 23-27 ° C;

Ph acidity: 6.5-7.5;

Stiffness dH: up to 15 °;

Aggressiveness: not aggressive;

The complexity of the content: easy;

Compatibility: Pterigoplichtov can be attributed to the peaceful fish. However, one should always take into account its impressive dimensions and parameters of water for its content.

It is not necessary to contain pterigoplichts with slow fish (for example, the family of goldfish) or scaleless fish (for example, bag-tailed catfish). Pterigoplicht can injure them by clinging to them.

It is also worth noting that pterigoplicht has intraspecific aggression.

How many live: with proper maintenance can live more than 15 years. Find out how much other fish live HERE!

Comfortable aquarium volume for pterigoplicht: 400 liters per pair. Often on the forums you can hear the phrase: “My pterik perfectly lives in 100 liters … and everything is fine.”

However, there is nothing normal in this. In small volumes, the fish can exist, but it does not grow, it diminishes, in fact, gradually turns into rickets – a disabled person.

The further fate of such a fish is obvious – it is difficult to live with such pathologies for a long time.

Description and some history

Habitat pterigopliht brocade – shoals of the river systems of the Amazon and Orinoco, in rivers with a slow current, as well as on flooded lands in the rainy season.

For the first time, the Austrian zoologist and ichthyologist Kner made a scientific description of this species in 1845 and named it Ancistrus gibbiceps. Later, in 1980, this species was included in the genus Pterygoplichtov – Pterygoplichthys gibbiceps, and then in the genus of glyptoperichts – Glyptoperichthys gibbiceps, in 2003.

When sending samples for export, this species received such defined L-numbers as L083 and L165, respectively. Additionally, see the material: Numbered L-Soma.

Etymology – Translation from Latin Pastegoplichthys gibbiceps very clearly reflects the essence of the fish: Punterygos – wings, keel; pleion – more, ichthys – fish, gibbiceps – with a hump on his head.

Video in which pterigoplicht is shown in all its glory

Characteristic features of the brocade pterigoplicht are protruding nostrils, a crest in front of the dorsal fin, a large dorsal fin with 12-13 rays. The length of the first beam is equal to the length of the head.

The body of the catfish is elongated, dark, the head is large. The body is covered with bony plates, except the abdomen, which is smooth. Small eyes are located high on the head.

A distinctive feature is a high and beautiful dorsal fin, which can be up to 15 cm long.

Body color: large brown spots, separated by yellowish streaks.

The body size of an adult individual is more than 50 centimeters.

Care requirements

and conditions of detention pterigoplichta

The impressive size of pterigopliht and its habitat determine the conditions of its content. The aquarium should be spacious, it is desirable that the environment should be slightly acidic (pH 6.5), the aquarium should be equipped with a high-quality filtration system, which will allow to level the waste products of the fish and avoid excessive concentration nitrogen compounds. The aquarium must fit snags, because Soma needs cellulose for normal digestion.

Aeration and high-quality water change are required.

Feeding and diet pterigoplichta

Brocade pterigoplicht, like all loricariid catfish, can be attributed to phytophages – their diet should include plant food 75% and only 25% protein.

Aquarists usually enter scalded lettuce, spinach, zucchini, and cucumber leaves into the diet of a pterigoplicht. Catfish are excellent for spirulina and nori, as well as homemade or branded feeds based on them.

Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.

Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.

In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.

Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Cultivation and reproduction of pterigoplichtov

Puberty som sexual maturity comes to 3 years of age. However, the features of spawning do not allow mastering the breeding of pterigoplihts in aquariums. In nature, the female places her eggs in very deep holes in the riverbank.

It is difficult to create such conditions in an aquarium, and besides in captivity, fish often do not grow to the size necessary for breeding.

Breeding brocade pterigoplichta is successfully carried out in earthen ponds on commercial farms in Southeast Asia, Australia and the USA.

In the photo, caviar and whitebait pterigoplichta

Catfish spawn at night. The female lays 120-500 eggs in the burrow, the male will be guarding them later.

Hatching fry have a gray-gray color with black dots. After resorption of the yolk sacs, the young are fed with special food additives.

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