maintenance, care, compatibility
CHOCOLATE HURAMES DESCRIPTION REPLENISHMENT FEEDING COMPATIBILITY PHOTO CONTENT.
Dwarf gurami CONTENTS DESCRIPTION REPLENISHMENT COMPATIBILITY PHOTO.
For beginners in aquarium business, guppies, cardinals, swordtails or catfish are considered the most suitable. All these fish, of course, cute and unpretentious, but they do not cause much enthusiasm.
If you want a bigger fish, but the colors are more original, pay attention to gourami. Despite their size and unusual appearance, it is easy to care for these fish, they eat almost everything and have a very pleasant friendly character.
Naturally, at home, gourami live longer than in nature – the situation has. Life expectancy of gourami is 5-7 years, with very good care and favorable conditions of their maintenance can live up to 10 years.
The life span of marble gourami, which is more capricious in breeding, can reach 8 years – this is a strong fish, rarely gets sick and can withstand a drop in temperature, unlike its fellows. The behavior of gourami during illness or before death is expressed in the fact that the fish folds their fins and floats sluggishly along the bottom of the aquarium.
To live your fish for a long time, you need to follow a few rules:
- the presence of a small aquarium with a water level of not more than 35 cm;
- clean water, which must be often and gradually changed;
- compliance with the temperature regime – not all species can withstand temperature fluctuations;
- bright but not hot lighting;
- feeding regime – you can not overfeed fish, you need to feed them in a variety of ways, but gradually, 2-3 times a day;
- dark soil, snags, the presence of plants in the aquarium;
- Neighbors with a similar character and similar in size.
Reproduction and nutrition gourami
For reproduction in gourami male is responsible. He builds a nest of foam and plants, cares for the female and squeezes the eggs from her, fertilizes her, makes sure that the eggs fall into the nest and stay in it until the fry leave. The female is capable of sweeping several thousand eggs.
Caviar gourami looks the same as in other aquarium fish – the fry look like a thread with eyes and a tail.
Gourami and others
Gourami are animal-eating fish, that is, they can be called predators. In nature, they feed on invertebrates and mosquito larvae. At home, they adapted more to veggie food, but with pleasure they eat daphnia, bloodworms, and pipe-makers.
Gourami can eat a neighbor who wants to seize their territory or, if they are angry, they can destroy their fry, but this is typical of many fish. Gourami are calm fish, only males can be pugnacious.
Predators with a big stretch, gourami get along well with other fish, including those who can quietly get along with sklyariy and barbs. Do not make friends with gourami with goldfish and viviparous fish, but not because of their nature, but because of the difference in the desired water temperature.
Type of: Chord;
Class: Ray fish;
International scientific name: Trichogaster Blochet Schneider, 1801;
Other names: Gourami, Trichogaster, Colisa, Sphaerichthys, Sferichtis, Colise, Khelostomy, Trichogaster, Nitenos.
Gurash are one of the popular inhabitants of our aquariums, despite their size, admires the gurash with its plasticity, it is especially interesting to look at them when they rise up, from the bottom of the aquarium and down, from the top of the luminous lamp also the race for the female is another sight can be infinite.
Gurashi have labyrinth breathing, that is, they can breathe atmospheric air through the gill labyrinth, so they do not have to supply oxygen. The body reaches 10 to 12 cm in length and looks pretty impressive, these fish are not picky in feeding, they include almost all food, live, dry and vegetable, eaten both from the top of the aquarium and from the bottom, soma is shocked.
Two weeks without food, it’s not a problem at all for them, they endure a hunger strike with a bang in my opinion. They need at least 100 liters to complete the joy of life, but the individual is still quite large, as for compatibility, then gurashs are generally peaceful but during spawning they become aggressive, driving other inhabitants of the aquarium into a corner, but it does not come to the slaughter.
Well, that’s the most interesting reproduction of gurash ,in general, an aquarium from 30 to 40 liters is recommended for these purposes, well, I have 12 liters spawning perfectly in the spawning .. In general, they often say one thing, but you see something else, I even tried it in the bucket, but the female refused to give a cut so that the male chased her.
Distinguish female from male gourami can be on the upper fin, the male, he is longer and longer. The male and female do not differ in size, closer to spawning in females is a more rounded belly, and so the breeding process.
We set up an aquarium, we place a male in it, then we feed the female a little bit with a very bloodworm, after a day the male will build a nest of small bubbles, the temperature in the aquarium is 28 degrees, then a spawn will happen next day and the spawn will be seen, the female should In any case, it is necessary to remove it as soon as the first fry appear, all this time it will carefully watch the caviar.
Gourami marble – aquarium fish obtained by crossing the spotted and blue gourami. Its color resembles polished marble. The fish is large, calm and peaceful.
Her majestic slow movements calm and pacify the observer, no matter how stormy his past day may be.
The view is unpretentious. Does not need constant aeration of water, which makes it suitable for keeping in an aquarium located in the bedroom, as there is no noise from the compressor. A peaceful disposition makes it possible to contain it with many other species.
And the endurance and unpretentiousness of the marble pets allow recommending it to budding lovers. A couple of gourai fishes can be kept in a container for 15-20 liters about 40 centimeters long. But it is better to keep in an oblong aquarium with a capacity of 50 liters or more. In this capacity you can keep 6 – 7 fish.
The aquarium must be covered with a lid, or at least glass. The distance from the surface of the water to the glass is about 5 to 8 centimeters. This is necessary because the fish breathe atmospheric air.
And if the air in the room has a temperature much lower than water, then picking up this cold air, they can catch a cold.
As the soil, you can use small pebbles, granite chips, coarse river sand and even quarry seeding. It is desirable that the soil was a dark shade on which the color of the fish will greatly benefit.
At the bottom it is advisable to arrange a small shelter of large stones or shards of pottery flower pots.
Plants should form fairly dense thickets along the rear and side windows. You can use cryptocoryne, peristolistviknik, rogolniknik, elodeyu, vallisneriya.
On the surface should float plants such as reach, duckweed, pistia.
You can feed gourami with almost any kind of live, dry and frozen feed. Bloodworm, shaker, scrape meat, scalded chopped lettuce and dandelion leaves.
A hungry pet, like many other types of labyrinth fish, is very quickly able to deal with parasites that have entered the aquarium with food, such as hydras, planarians. Just as quickly they will reduce the population of snails.
He will cope with this no worse than the macropod, but he will not have to plant fish.
When breeding gurashi, one should keep in mind that interspecific crossing occurs relatively easily. However, the color of hybrids, as a rule, is worse than that of pure lines.
Therefore, it is advisable not to allow crossing, for example, marble with goosesticks with pearl.
Reproduction gourami: what should I look for?
Males gourami monogamous, so each of them in the aquarium should have about 2-3 females. The ideal is a flock of 12-15 individuals, which from time to time need to be transplanted into a separate aquarium.
This is done so that the female can calmly spawn, and the male – to fertilize her. Of course, gourami are quite unpretentious and can breed in the general aquarium, but there are cases when females refuse to spawn and die in the end.
Therefore, it is best to transplant a couple in a separate aquarium, long and shallow. It is important that its bottom is densely planted with low algae. However, they should not grow chaotically, but by “beds”, between which it will be most convenient for females to spawn.
Pottery shards and various decorative items should also be placed in an artificial breeding ground. They can be an excellent refuge for the female, which, during the period of spawning, can be attacked by a male, often showing aggression.
In gourami, the head of the family is rightfully considered to be a male, therefore after that. As the eggs are swept away, the female must be returned to the general aquarium.
The male remains to look after the future offspring and does so with special care. From the moment of spawning until the appearance of fry, no more than 48 hours pass, and during this period the male should be provided with the most comfortable conditions.
The aquarium should be well lit, water – at the level of + 24-25 degrees.
These requirements must be met, as the fastidious papa-gourami can easily destroy the fertilized eggs, if he feels that the created conditions are not particularly favorable for the little ones. After the appearance of fry, the male gourami should also be returned to the general aquarium, since it can show aggression towards the offspring.
Fry are fattened by infusoria, which can be purchased at any specialty store. After about 2 months, the fry will grow up sufficiently to join the “adult” family of gourami.
Gourami – small freshwater fish of the Macropod family, suborder Labyrinth fish. Natural habitat – Southeast Asia and adjacent islands.
Species pearl gourami found in the Malay Archipelago, on Sumatra and Borneo. Sometimes it is caught on the island of Java, in Bangkok, but here they appeared because of the carelessness of aquarium lovers.
Lunar gourami lives in the waters of Cambodia and Thailand, serpentine gourami – in the territory of southern Vietnam, Thailand and Cambodia.
The spotted gourami is found in the freshwater rivers of India and the Malay Archipelago, and the blue gouras inhabit Sumatra. Some species of these fish were mistakenly recorded in freshwater bodies of other continents – North and South America.
Small fishes like standing waters, with a slow current, therefore they search for small rivers, small streams for living. Gourami brown mastered estuaries with brackish water.
Nowadays, the maintenance of these species is possible in the home aquarium.
The maximum body size of gourami in their natural environment is 60 cm in length, but in conditions of captivity the length of the body reaches no more than 15 cm. The character of the fish is unpretentious, friendly, with special features in each species.
For example, kissing gourami may take a position that resembles kisses, and be in it for some time.
Keeping and caring for a fish will not create a hassle even for a beginner aquarist. It is pleasant to watch these pets – each has its own color, manner of behavior.
They are mobile and easily breed in domestic spawning. To create good living conditions in an artificial reservoir, you need to make the maximum amount of effort.
Then they will reward the owner with a beautiful appearance and a long lifespan of 5 to 10 years or more.
Quality maintenance and care is impossible without proper feeding. All macropods in food are unpretentious, but the diet should be varied. In the aquarium, they can be fed live food, artificial food, frozen food.
Sometimes it is allowed to feed curd, oatmeal. The main food is daphnia, bloodworm, tubule, mosquito larvae, earthworms, shrimp meat. They have a very small mouth, so food must be crushed.
Feeding – 1-2 times a day, in small portions.
When the fish are going to spawn, they are transferred to a protein-rich food. However, overfeeding is not worth it, it is harmful to health.
They suffer hunger more easily than overeating, can live without food for 2 to 10 days, which in some cases makes it easier to care for them. Occasionally, you can put on a diet, but do not overdo it.
Like all pets, love treats in the form of special feed, which can be found in the pet store.
Look at the biotope aquarium with gourami.
Although labyrinths differ in exemplary behavior in the general aquarium, they can perceive small fish as food. Shrimps and other crustaceans are also incompatible with them.
Sometimes they come into conflicts with each other, if the aquarium is not spacious, there are few shelters in it. Do not settle gourami with predatory and large representatives of the underwater world, because they carry a threat to life.
The best neighbors are: angelfish, rasbor, catfish corridor, minor, zebrafish, combat, mollies, petilia, iris, plexostomy, labo, tetra.
It is not allowed to keep with active and aggressive fish: some species of barbs, with males, large African and South American cichlids, goldfish, astronotus, koi carp. Macropods have such a feature: pelvic fins are long, thread-like. With their help, they feel the space, touching both plants and fish.
At first, the neighbors may not like it, but later they will get used to it.
Simply put – you can not put in a 150 liter aquarium 50cm long. 60 Danes are pink, as well as 60 spotted soms on an area of 0.5 sq. M.
To find out how much, you can put in the aquarium and those and other fish, you just need to calculate their percentage for a specific volume of the aquarium.
10 guppies = 100%
6 Swordsmen = 100%
5 guppies + 3 messengers = 100%
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If gourami males begin to build a nest of foam, then they are ready for reproduction. Usually, this happens at the age of a year.
The male can and should be helped. Firstly, the water level in the aquarium during this period should not exceed 15 cm.
Secondly, it needs building materials – it is therefore advisable to put small floating plants in the spawning ground. They will also help the female to hide from the annoying grooming of the male after spawning.
Breeding gourami can and in the general aquarium. But if this does not happen, then reproduction must begin with the “moving” of the male from the main aquarium to the spawning ground.
In a spawn of 15–20 l, there should be standing water so that the constructed nest does not collapse, the water temperature is heated to 28–29 ° C.
The male spends all his time around the nest, whose diameter reaches 7 cm. This is the future place for posterity.
When the male has already acquired such a place, the female is transplanted to it.
Pregnant gourami looks like other pregnant fish – it has a rounded belly. And the male sees it. If the female is ready to spawn, then he immediately begins to care for her in every possible way, changes color and becomes especially beautiful.
If the female is not ready, she can drive to the loss of her tail and fins or even to death. Before spawning, growers feed hard.
After spawning, it is better to immediately remove the female, otherwise an angry father, protecting his nest and offspring, can throw out his aggression on her. The male gourami is actually engaged in the cultivation of fry.
Eggs not bad keep in a foam nest, but if suddenly they sink, the male immediately reacts and returns them back. A day or two fry hatch.
The incubation time depends on the temperature of the water, for which you need to constantly monitor: if the male feels wrong, he can stop taking care of the fry and destroy them. Also during this period he is not given any food.
Father is left in the aquarium until until the offspring learn to calmly spread around the aquarium. The hungry dad “moves” back to the general aquarium, the nest without it begins to collapse, but it is no longer needed by the small gurus.
Feed the fry gourami should be infusoria and zooplankton.
Breeding pearl gourami, one of the most beautiful species, is a little more difficult. It is recommended during the spawning period to be very sensitive to what is happening in spawning, in any case not to disturb the fish.
The reproduction of other varieties – gourami marble, blue, honey, etc. passes under the same scenario.