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How many live cichlids in the aquarium

maintenance, care, compatibility

Labidochromis Yellow – yellow cichlid fish: content, compatibility, photo-video review

Aquarium water temperature 24-28 С;

The acidity of water (pH) 7.2 -8.8;

Water hardness (dH) 10-20;

These yellow cichlids are often called the most peaceful, dwarf cichlids of Africa. Well, you can agree with this opinion, labidochromis really get along well with their own kind. We can say that they are even slightly shy – hiding like mice on burrows during sudden movements or knocks near the aquarium.

However, one should not forget “the norm of any cichlid”. They categorically can not contain any goldfish, haratsinovym, labyrinth, viviparous fish.

Firstly, it is unnatural – fish from different habitats, secondly, the conditions of maintenance and parameters of water differ and thirdly, labidochromis will show aggression to more peaceful inhabitants of the aquarium, especially during the spawning season.

Good neighbors to the yellow labidochromis will be the same “quiet” cichlids, for example, pseudotrophyses and blue dolphins. Somopodous fish (armored and loricariid families) get along well with the fish thoracatum, corridor, ancistrus, L-soma.

The minimum volume of the aquarium should be 100 liters. Three or four females and one male can be planted in such an aquarium. It is worth noting that such volumes of the aquarium are very, very small, you will see all the charm and playfulness of these fish only in an aquarium from 200-300l.

In such volumes you can have a whole flock of yellow, you can clearly see their hierarchy, habits and courtship!

Making an aquarium for a labidochromis yellow, in our opinion, should be as natural as possible and imitate the habitat of the fish. The aquarium is decorated with heaps of stones, grottoes, creates a landscape of gorges, grottoes.

Yellow keep the bottom of the aquarium, shelter their house, this is their patrimony and subject for territorial fights.

Though in the lake. Malawi is not particularly snag and vegetation, however, mangrove snags or snags of grapes look very beautiful in an aquarium with labidochromis.

Often there is the opinion that in an aquarium with labidochromis you need to plant Vallisnenriu, supposedly it is beautiful and serves as an additional diet for fish. But let me disagree!

Firstly, Wallisneria is America, it is more suitable for decoration of aquariums with South American cichlids (angelfish, discus). Secondly, the gastronomic preferences of the yellow tree simply will not allow the vallisneria to grow and grow, no matter how much you plant it, even if you make it overgrowth, in a month, these two yellow features will mow down the roots.

The most successful group of plants for labidochromis jelly and for cichlids in general is cryptocorynes and Anubiasas. These plants do not touch cichlids, the plants themselves are unpretentious: they do not require strong lighting and special conditions of detention.

As an alternative decor, you can also use coconut shells.

In the photo, the sex differences of the male and female labidohromis yellow

Cichlid, how much of this sound!

Cichlids in an aquarium, a dream or a reality

As a rule, the first inhabitants in the new aquarium are unpretentious and small aquarium fish. But, the appetite comes with eating.

And after a while, many people already want to see in their pond not a big-bellied small fry, but a stately beautiful fish. So a dream is born – I want a tsikhlidnik!

Well, let’s talk about it. Let’s talk about the features of the content of cichlids. Let’s debunk some myths and legends.

Let’s talk about the compatibility of cichlids with other species of fish. In general, about everything that concerns cichlids in an aquarium.

Before you start, you should make a reservation and say that, how many people have so many opinions. And this is not surprising, because the specificity of the content of cichlids is different for everyone. Everyone has their own experience.

Therefore, without pretending to the laurels of the “Tsikhlovod”, I ask the cichlid experts to respond and express their opinion. After all, the truth is born in the discussion.

So what is a cichlid? If you give a literal definition – it is an aquarium that contains only fish: the order Perciformes (Perciformes), the suborder Occine (Percoidei), the family Cichlidae (Cichlidae). That is, it is either a specific aquarium, an aquarium that contains only fish of one species, for example, only Discus, or a geographical aquarium, an aquarium that contains cichlids from one region – habitat, for example, African cichlids, or it is a mixed aquarium – common, but only with cichlids.

But, you can keep cichlids with other types of fish. Which is no less interesting.

CICHLIDES AND OTHERS

Having defined the slang word “cichlid”, you and I came to the first myth about cichlids in a dense way – it is very difficult to keep cichlids with other types of fish, they can’t be kept with peaceful and small fish. It is not true!

Can.

Some members of the cichlid family are not so harsh and aggressive towards their neighbors. For example, at this moment, I personally have two adults swimming together, large scalars, along with swordtails, patzili and radishes, terntions and danios pink.

Nobody offends anyone.

Anyone who has been supported by an angelfish will confirm my words that these sailing warriors are chasing each other more than a bipod floating around. And there are many such examples!

The conclusion suggests itself – cichlids can and should be combined with other types of fish. To do this, of course, you need to competently and competently, first of all, follow the rules of the “hostel” and not violate the volumes of aquarium provided for each fish. In addition, it is best to plant cichlids by young, and other fish by adult individuals.

If you settle at once all together, they are called “take root”. And on the contrary, it is better for adults who already have existing cichlids not to plant small fish, there is a high probability that the fry will go to feed.

The forum FanFishka.ru has already discussed the question of what kind of cichlids have a peaceful and calm disposition. This is the forum thread Peace Cichlids.

Therefore, here we simply list them: Chromis butterfly, Parrots Pelmatohromis, Labidochromis Yellow, Scalaria, some of them may also be attached here. This list is not exhaustive and is not a 100% guarantee of a successful outcome! You should always remember that cichlids are wayward, territorial predators.

Just the above fish are noted by many as the popular “peaceful cichlids.”

For a seed, let me give an example from my aquarium experience, five years ago I was able successfully to combine the following fish in a common aquarium: Tsikhlaz diamonds, black-tsiklazom, “Elyou”, leopard nimbochromis with blue gourami, marble gourami, fights, labo, mystus, ternesii, girinohailusami, thoracatum and other catfish. The aquarium just sparked with flowers.

All cichlids were planted with young and kept in a spacious aquarium. This aquarium existed for 2 years, then I “pereklinilo” on goldfish and the “cichlid” had to be disbanded. So the final conclusions, taking into account the growth of fish, I can not do.

But, still this experience can be called successful.

At the time of this writing, I received a letter in the mail asking me to highlight the question of the joint content of cichlids and barbs. Therefore, I can not leave this request without attention.

Reading the forums and the opinions of others on this issue develops a double feeling, someone says it is possible, who says it is impossible. Nevertheless, people give examples of successful content of cichlids and barbs together. And I, perhaps, agree with this.

If you follow all the rules, it should work.

Regarding the barbs, one should always remember that these are small but gregarious and bold fish. They can easily bite even a large neighbor, goldfish, for sure. Therefore, it seems to me that the veil scalar, and even more so the discus is not the best company for the barbarian.

I think that the “peaceful cichlids” listed above, with the exception of chromis butterflies, will be more acceptable neighbors. The people also especially notes the successful content of barbs with “eloy” and black-striped tsikhlazomy.

Thus, you can try to combine barbs with medium-sized, tolerant cichlids. Under the condition of a spacious aquarium, zoning of the reservoir and under the condition of no overcrowding.

Concluding this section of the article, let us once again emphasize the rules and nuances of the successful keeping of cichlids and other species of fish:

1. We focus on the compatibility aspects of aquarium fish.

2. It is best to combine juvenile cichlids with other species of fish – “take root”.

3. Particular attention is paid to the zoning of the aquarium and the distribution of fish in the water layers. That is, you need to do so that each type of fish has its own aquarium “snaps” – the territory and still need to try to distribute all the fish so that they float in different layers of water, and not “drowned”, for example, all in the middle or at the bottom .

4. It is better to combine other small fish with small or medium cichlids. Ideally, “non-cichlids” should be of similar size or larger.

5. A huge mistake for novice cichlid fans is to buy a whole “cichlobalt” at once. Cichlids grow and they need good volumes of the aquarium. It is impossible in 150l. an aquarium to take five tiny angelfish, and even fill themselves up, that they will get along with other neighbors.

Angelfish are sweeping cichlids, an adult can have a wingspan of 15 to 15 centimeters!

Be patient, in a year your couple of cichlids will grow up. And watching the growth of fish is no less pleasant than to immediately plant a huge fish.

And it is better to wait a bit than “treat the aquarium” from the unknown step.

6. It is not necessary to combine cichlids with frankly small and sluggish fish: guppies, neons, goldfish. For medium and large cichlids – this is food. I managed to combine the danios and the scalar, and most likely the secret of success lies in the brisk and superficial swimming of the danios, as well as in the dimension of the scalar.

But, it seems to me that no hustle will help tribute when living together with the same diamond tsikhlazoy.

IMPROVEMENT AND DECORATION OF AQUARIUM WITH CYCLIDES

Among aquarists there is a perception that a cichlid is a bare stone desert with artificial plants. In part, this opinion is true.

After all, cichlids are really indifferent to living aquarium plants, and as a substrate for their spawning, as a rule, serve flat stones and broken amphoras.

But, first, cichlid cichlid strife. And secondly, it all depends on the desire and attention of the aquarist.

It is possible to make an underwater garden with cichlids.

Maybe not the best example, but in the article on the compatibility of aquarium fish, you can see a lot of plants in my aquarium with scalars. This photo is already 3 months old, now the plants have finally grown, and every week I have to squeeze bundles of vallisneria and daughter cryptocorin with a creak in my heart.

So a cichlid aquarium can be not only a bare desert, but also a flowering garden. Moreover, with the help of plants you can well zone an aquarium.

The zoning of an aquarium for cichlids is the distribution of plants, grottoes, stones, snags and other decorations so that separate areas form in the aquarium, let’s call them “patrimonies”. Each individual cichlid species needs its own “fiefdom” – which it guards, guards, where marriage games and cute parental cares of the offspring take place.

Even if you do not plan on breeding cichlids, cichlids should have their own territory.

I probably already tired you with my scalars, but for me this is a topical example. Many people know that the angelfish often fight among themselves and in order to minimize these skirmishes, it is necessary to competently divide the aquarium in the territory. I achieved this with the help of Vallisneria, which I landed at different edges of the aquarium.

When Wallisneria expanded, it created a curtain-screen, dividing the aquarium into three rooms (two individual, and the middle, common for conscientious swimming).

In addition, the valisneria created an imitation of the natural habitats of the angelfish, because these South American cichlids live in water bodies with dense vegetation. Actually, therefore, they are so flat.

You can also zone an aquarium using any decorations. For example, you can slightly raise the cobblestone on the bottom or you can cut off the territory with an aquarium snag, mass variations.

What else you need to pay attention to when setting up a cichlid:

– aeration, filtration, weekly water changes are required.

– cichlids are not whimsical to the ground, the choice of fraction and color depends on your desires, as well as the characteristics of a particular type of cichlids.

– The aquarium is equipped with a multitude of caves and shelters, for retiring weaker fish and females.

– Aquarium lighting is moderate.

– selecting live plants for the tsikhlidnik, it is better to focus on hard-leaved aquarium plants with a powerful root system, as well as on fast-growing plants. Not bad, it would be to feed cichlid duckweed.

Plants are planted either in pots, or well pressed down with stones or decor.

MYTHS AND LEGENDS OF FEEDING CYCLID

Until now, among aquarists there are fierce debates about the diet of cichlids. Personally, I always adhere to the golden rule – the nutrition of any kind of fish should be balanced.

Cichlids are predators. In addition to dry food, live food (bloodworm, artemia, etc.) and frosts, they are happy to eat “food from our table.”

Many aquarists recommend feeding cichlids (especially large troglodytes) with shrimp, squid, chicken, lean meat, bullish heart, fish, and even expensive cat food! However, it is appropriate to note that other aquarists that such foods are not very well absorbed by fish and ultimately lead to cirrhosis of the liver (this is especially true for meat and bovine hearts).

In addition, aquarists note that the protein content in the crank is an order of magnitude greater than in muscular meat.

With such arguments, you involuntarily agree. After all, nobody throws veal, much less cat food, into the African rivers Tanganyika and Nyasa!

The conclusion here can be made one, cichlids can be fed with the above-listed “meat” feeds, but as a delicacy it is rational (for example, twice a week). It is not necessary even to transfer the largest cichlid exclusively for minced meat.

In addition, do not forget about the plant feeding, which many cichlids also respect.

On the Internet there are many recipes for “homemade mixes” for cichlids, which includes protein and vegetable food, and other necessary elements. Perhaps this is the best option feeding “from our table.”

As for plant food for cichlids, then everything is much easier. It is best to feed them not expensive aquarium plants or specially, separately to grow duckweed.

You can also give scalded lettuce, spinach, green peas and more.

Toward the close of the article, I will give a list of small, small cichlids.

Just ask you, before making a decision, read the information about them and weigh everything.

South American Cichlids:
Apistogramma
About 65 species. Size – up to 12cm.
Apistogrammoides
Size – up to 4cm.
Biotoecus
Size – up to 8cm.
Biotodoma
Size – up to 12cm.
Cleithracara
Size – up to 8cm.
Crenicara
Size – up to 12cm.
Dicrossus
Size – up to 6cm.
Guianacara
Size – up to 12cm.
Laetacara
Size – up to 10cm.
Mazarunia
Size – up to 6cm.
Mikrogeophagus
Size – up to 8cm.
Nannacara
Size – up to 8cm.
Taeniacara
Size – up to 4cm.
Tahuantinsuyoa
Size – up to 12cm.
Teleocichla
Size – up to 7cm.

From Africa:
Anomalochromis
Size – up to 6cm.
Benitochromis
Size – up to 12cm.
Chromidotilapia
Size – up to 12cm.
Divandu
Size – up to 12cm.
Etia
Size – up to 14cm.
Gobiocichla
Size – up to 8cm.
Limbochromis
Size – up to 8cm.
Nanochromis
Size – up to 7cm.
Parananochromis
Size – up to 11cm.
Pelmatochromis
Size – up to 14cm.
Pelvicachromis
Size – up to 12cm.
Steatocranus
Size – up to 11cm.
Teleogramma
Size – up to 10cm.
Thysochromis
Size – up to 9 cm.

Well, how could I have tried to lift the veil of secrecy about the cichlids. I hope that the article turned out to be interesting. Although I understand that you can’t say it all.

The best knowledge is experience.

Cichlids are beautiful fish, interesting, smart fish! Do not be afraid of them.

Start with small “peaceful cichlids”, look around, and there you see, in a year or two you will have both Akaras and astronotuses!

Video about aquarium cichlids and tsikhlidnik

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So, today we will talk about how much tsikhlazomy live.

In general, they, like other cichlids, live in nature for a long time – about twenty years. Since the fish are adapted to life in the South American channels and in the basins of Central America, they need appropriate conditions for longevity, which are close to natural ones.

These attractive fish, famous for their appeasable disposition and calm behavior, omnivorous and beautiful coloring, now live in aquariums. They feel great in aquas – especially if the owner pays them proper attention and care.

But how many years can ideally live tsikhlazomy at home? And how to extend their aquarium age?

Astronotus: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review

Astronotus very aggressive fish. Their temperament, their burrows does not allow keeping them with other fishes.

Moreover, they have intraspecific aggression. Therefore, the correct recommendation would be – the content of a pair of astronotus in a separate species aquarium.

Maybe someone will argue: “How so? I have five asters living with other cichlids, and even with pterigoplicht !? ”

Yes, of course, to the astronotus can be hooked big brothers in the family or other fish that do not give themselves to hurt. But in this case, you must be prepared for the fact that one fine day the fight will begin.

As a rule, such a moment occurs during puberty and spawning.

Certainly astronotuses are not compatible with small and medium fish. Goldfish they perceive as a snack on the aperitif.

Speaking of compatibility, it should also be said that the content of astronotus, even with the most hard-leaved plants, is problematic. As a recommendation, you can advise to decorate the aquarium anubias, cryptocoryne, ekhinodorusami.

Many novice aquarists can again object to our opinion, however, the recommended volume for a pair of astronotus is an aquarium from 500 liters. Such a volume will be comfortable for them.

Of course, astronotus can be found in aquariums of 250 liters or less, but this is not the norm! Such volumes lead to the “tightening” of fish, to disease and early death.

In addition, we must not forget that the astronotus is a big fish that emit a lot of waste products. The content of astronotus in small volumes leads to the accumulation and high concentration of poisons: ammonia, nitrite and nitrate.

How to distinguish male from female astronotus? Sexual dimorphism is poorly developed.

The sex of an adult astronotus can be accurately determined only by the primary sexual characteristics that appear during spawning.

Below are some signs by which you can try to distinguish an adult male from an astronotus female:

1. For females of astronotus is characterized by a more rounded belly.

2. The distance between the eyes of males is usually greater than that of females.

3. The back of the female in the anal fin region is a pear-shaped, while, as in males, it is most often even, with no noticeable bulges.

4. It is believed that males are larger than females, but this item can only be used if your fish lived in the same aquarium. And to choose a female or male in the store, especially if they are different in age, is almost impossible.

5. The abdominal fins in males are slightly longer and more pointed at the ends than in females.

6. The frontal part of the male body may be more convex than that of the female.

These signs are relative and can only be used as a hypothesis about the field of a particular astronotus.

The main problem in the breeding of astronotus is the formation of a pair. For this, razvodchiki usually take a flock of astronotus fry, up to 15 tails, place them in an aquarium from 300 liters and feed them abundantly for a year (until puberty).

When this happens, the fish are divided into pairs and occupy a separate area in the aquarium. The territory starts to be guarded, all trespassers get cuffs.

From this point on, fish are transferred to moderate feeding.

Next, the selected, formed pair is deposited separately in the spawning tank and stimulate spawning – raising the temperature to 30 degrees and water changes.

For a couple of hours before spawning, the female has an egg-deposit, and the male has a seed tube. At this time, the pair is brightly colored.

Carefully cleaning the bottom of the aquarium or stone, a couple of manufacturers lays from 500 to 1500 large eggs, beige.

Angelfish: content, compatibility, care, breeding, species, photo-video review

SCALARIES content, compatibility, care, reproduction, species, photo-video review In my opinion, Angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare) are among the most beautiful aquarium fish.
These South American cichlids simply fascinate with their elegance and beauty of sailing fins, which, like the wings of an angel, support it in dimensional weightlessness. Actually not for nothing foreign these fish are called angels.
Their mannerism and affinity with the elite Discus, give an aristocratic polish that is unique to them. Aquarists have known these aquarium fishes for more than 100 years and during this time they have earned recognition and respect.

In addition to these advantages, scalarians have well-developed intellect, are not capricious in content, and are caring parents.

Latin name: Pterophyllum scalare.
Order, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), cichlids, cichlids (Cichlidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 22-27 ° C.
Ph acidity: 6-7.5.
Stiffness dH: up to 10 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 30%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Compatible scalar: although the scalars are cichlids, they are not aggressive.
Favorable attitude even to small, peaceful fish and even to vivipartes. As neighbors we can recommend: the Red Sword-bearers (they look great with black sklyarias), terntions and other tetras, danios, all soma, gourami and lyaliusi, parrots and apistograms, other non-aggressive chichlades.
Not compatible with: neon, guppies (they will be eaten sooner or later), goldfish (they are pigs, they have a different feeding regime, nervous goldfish and scalars are chasing and plucking them), discus, too, though relatives, but in my opinion not the best neighbors – discus Dear, love warm water, they grow into large fish, capricious. In general, I am in favor of keeping the discus separately in a species aquarium.

See the article – compatibility of aquarium fish.
How many live:
Angelfish are long-lived aquarium and can live for more than 10 years. Find out how much other fish live HERE!

angelfish in the aquarium black and white photo beautiful

From 100 l., In such an aquarium, you can put one, maximum two scalar. Under good conditions, they grow into fish of impressive size, and given their wide fins, it is better to buy an aquarium from 250 liters for them.

About how much you can keep fish in X liters of aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).

The above process is a reference example of breeding scalar. Often, because of the neighborhood with other fish in the general aquarium, producers stress and fry too.

Of course, this does not lead to anything good. There have even been cases where parents, under stress from their neighbors, ate their offspring.

In addition, due to the fact that in the commercial breeding of the angelfish, they use the method of jigging of caviar, it is now difficult to find a bona fide pair of producers who would be able to independently produce offspring. This is considered a miracle.
With this in mind, usually immediately after spawning, the angelfish, with the leaf on which it is located, are transplanted into another aquarium of 10–20 l. In this case, all parent functions are shifted to your shoulders.

Protecting eggs from fungal diseases, methylene blue is added to the water, whitish dead eggs are regularly removed with a pipette, and a sprayer with a very very weak aerated water stream is placed under the leaf.
Interesting about scalar
Fashionable trend today Glofish not passed and scalar
here is an example of a photo of fluorescent scalar


Recommended literature and books about scalars

A. N. Gurzhiy “Skalyarii” 2009

Kochetov Sergey “Skalyarii” 2005

In nature, scalars live in northern South America

Breeding, reproduction and sexual characteristics of scalar

Each aquarist wonders how many aquarium fish live. Everyone needs to know this.

If you are not sure that you want to keep the aquarium for a long time, get fish with a short lifespan. For experienced breeders, the number of years is important to count the spawning that the fish will have time to implement.

Several things can affect the lifespan of aquarium dwellers:

  • The size;
  • Water temperature;
  • Overfeeding;
  • Undernourishment;
  • Conditions of detention;
  • Neighborhood.

The main criterion is the size of the fish. By this indicator, you can judge how long you can admire your pet in the aquarium. The smallest inhabitants have the lowest border, whose dimensions do not exceed 5 centimeters.

For example, neon, guppy, swordman. They live from one to five years.

Record small sizes were found in South American small fish – zinolebias. The length of her life depended on the rainy season, as soon as a drought occurred – zinolebias was dying.

The only thing that saved the fish from extinction – the timely throwing of caviar. During the period of high water, she managed to appear, grow, spawn, and die.

Fish, whose dimensions are defined as medium, can live up to 15 years, and some representatives over 25, for example, piranhas. Therefore, starting such pets, be prepared for a long neighborhood.

Interesting fact, males live significantly longer than females. Sometimes, the difference reaches almost two years. Breeds are known where the female dies after the birth of fry.

Of course, no one is immune from the unsuccessful throwing of caviar or a number of diseases, but most often this is observed in sword bearers and gupeshek.

The temperature of the water in the aquarium affects the lifetime. Cold-blooded animals can not control the temperature of their body on their own, so water sets the rhythm for most processes in the body. The body temperature of the fish is equal to degrees of water.

Thus, the higher the score, the more intense the metabolic processes in the fish’s body, and, therefore, life expectancy is reduced. Sometimes this figure reaches several years.

It is proved that if you rarely change the aquarium water, the concentration of harmful substances in the water will be above the norm, which would entail a reduction in the life of the inhabitants. Use distilled water whose chlorine content is close to the permissible value.

Bad water can lead to dysfunction of the respiratory organs and diseases of the digestive organs.

It is difficult to answer this question with one phrase, since the professional term “cichlid” includes a whole range of techniques and methods for keeping cichlids – a large family of ornamental fish.

It should be immediately clarified that for fans of vegetable aqua design, loving to combine several types of bright representatives of aquatic flora, this solution is unlikely to work.

The term itself is derived from the name of a fairly extensive family of fish that live in the warm river waters of Africa, South and Central Americas. Cichlids, as a rule, have a bad temper, they get along badly with their neighbors in the reservoir and with each other.

In aquarium conditions, they are also aggressive and very sensitive to the state of the environment. Keep these fish is not easy.

It is because of this that professional aquarists have introduced the term “cichlid”, which means an aquarium, where the optimal combination of a restless fish team, vegetation, environmental conditions and decorative elements is thoughtfully and competently maintained.

The creation and launch of such a unique aquarium is based on the habits of its inhabitants, as well as on the knowledge and skills of their owner to accurately take into account all the subtleties of the peculiar behavior of decorative predatory fish.

Figuratively speaking, if there is a fish feng shui, then this is exactly the case.

Cichlid can also be called a species aquarium, as it contains, as a rule, fish of one species or one habitat of natural habitat.

They relate mainly to the problems of breeding offspring. Making your own tsikhlidnik, it is strongly recommended to take into account this period of life of the fish.

A few examples. Angelfish lay their eggs on the leaves of underwater plants.

Therefore, in the case of the South American cichlid, it would be appropriate to plant cryptocorynes or echinodoruses that have hard, large leaves.

The vast majority of African Cichlidae spawn either in the ground or on flat stones. This means that such stones should be placed in their habitat zone.

Thus, when equipping a specialized aquarium, it is necessary to know the features of spawning of one or another type of cichlids and to provide a place for breeding and subsequent growth of offspring.

These tips on creating a tsikhlidnika can be useful for novice aquarists. Of course, the practice of maintaining such unique aquariums allows you to identify other important features, and the design of the internal space depends entirely on the imagination and aesthetic taste of the aqua designer.

It is important to remember that cichlids are rather capricious fish that require special attention!

Science refers them to the order Perciformes (Okunevoobraznye), suborder Okunevidnyh, the family Cichlidae (Tsichlovye). This is a very large group of tropical aquatic vertebrates, which includes about 1900 species.

What makes them so attractive to aquarists? First, the fish are very bright, with the original color.

And secondly, their behavior can be very extravagant, which inevitably attracts attention.

The diversity of this type causes significant differences in size, color, behavior, method of reproduction of individuals.

An interesting fact: both scientists and aquarists most often describe these fish depending on their habitat and are divided into cichlids:

  • Central America;
  • South America;
  • Madagascar;
  • Of Africa.

Sometimes in the special literature, South American and Amazonian representatives of the family are considered separately, and African cichlids living in the lakes Nyasa and Tanganyika are distinguished as a special group.

There are commercial species. For example, tilapia sold in fish stores is a typical representative of large cychloids. And such fish as the Oscars, the discus, the scalar have long since become decorative inhabitants of aquariums.

A common feature of representatives of this family is a flat, laterally compressed body.

First of all, you need to decide which fish will live in the species akvadome. This is very important, especially for the organization of internal zoning.

There is a general rule: a cichlid should be big. The fact is that each species of fish must have its own habitat zone, its own nook, where other residents of the water hostel will not swim.

Therefore, the minimum volume of the aquarium should be 120 liters, and it is better if its shape is rectangular, with a length of at least 90 cm. Moreover, this size can is suitable for quieter African cichlids (yulidohromis, striped parrot, chromis-handsome and others).

For their American and especially Amazonian brethren (herothilapias, archocetres, discus, scalars, Sedgik’s cichlosomes, and others), an aquarium with a larger volume of at least 200 liters is needed. The length of the artificial reservoir for the maintenance of large individuals can be up to 2 meters.

Not every house can be equipped with such a cichlid!

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