maintenance, care, compatibility
Angelfish: content, compatibility, care, breeding, species, photo-video review
angelfish in the aquarium black and white photo beautiful
From 100 l., In such an aquarium, you can put one, maximum two scalar. Under good conditions, they grow into fish of impressive size, and given their wide fins, it is better to buy an aquarium from 250 liters for them.
About how much you can keep fish in X liters of aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).
The above process is a reference example of breeding scalar. Often, because of the neighborhood with other fish in the general aquarium, producers stress and fry too.
Of course, this does not lead to anything good. There have even been cases where parents, under stress from their neighbors, ate their offspring.
In addition, due to the fact that in the commercial breeding of the angelfish, they use the method of jigging of caviar, it is now difficult to find a bona fide pair of producers who would be able to independently produce offspring. This is considered a miracle.
With this in mind, usually immediately after spawning, the angelfish, with the leaf on which it is located, are transplanted into another aquarium of 10–20 l. In this case, all parent functions are shifted to your shoulders.
Protecting eggs from fungal diseases, methylene blue is added to the water, whitish dead eggs are regularly removed with a pipette, and a sprayer with a very very weak aerated water stream is placed under the leaf.
Interesting about scalar
Fashionable trend today Glofish not passed and scalar
here is an example of a photo of fluorescent scalar
Recommended literature and books about scalars
A. N. Gurzhiy “Skalyarii” 2009
Kochetov Sergey “Skalyarii” 2005
In nature, scalars live in northern South America
Breeding, reproduction and sexual characteristics of scalar
In Europe, the little angelfish was called “angel”, while also becoming quite popular as an inhabitant of aquariums among Europeans. Such fame of these fish is explained not only by the exotic shape and color. It is known that most aquarium fish do not live long: no more than two years, however, an angelfish is considered to be a long-lived, living in aquariums up to 10 years (with special care this period can last up to 20 years).
The life span of an angelfish directly depends on the aquarist and his professionalism. Despite the fact that this fish belongs to non-hazardous species, it also requires proper care and a qualified approach to creating habitat conditions. Aquarists should not forget that this exotic baby comes from the southern continent and is used to living in an environment with dense vegetation.
Therefore, the first condition contributing to an increase in the life span of the angelfish in an aquarium is their content in a properly organized habitat.
It is easy to care for these fish, the main thing is to observe a number of conditions for their comfortable stay in the aquarium:
- saturation of the underwater environment with the necessary flora to create conditions close to natural ones;
- organization of proper nutrition in compliance with the basic principles and dosage regimen;
- the optimal neighborhood of a small scalar with other inhabitants of the aquarium world.
How many other representatives in the aquarium will depend on the volume of the water basin.
The scalar feels perfectly in the dense thickets of underwater flora, as its flat body allows it to easily move between plants. However, we should not forget that the empty space of this motley baby is vital, especially if the owner wants to grow a scalar of a larger size. Under normal conditions, this aquarium fish grows in length up to 15 centimeters, while maintaining the potential to achieve a 26-centimeter length.
Those who are interested in large scalars should take care that the aquarium is large enough – up to 100 liters. At the same time, the height of this water house should be about 50 centimeters.
An important role in creating comfort for the angelfish has a water temperature in the aquarium. In principle, it is considered acceptable within a considerable range, however, for a comfortable state, the scalars need a water temperature of 22 to 26 degrees.
At the same time, experienced aquarists are confident that these fish feel good when the temperature in the aquarium drops to 18 degrees, and even for some time they live without problems in an aquatic environment with such a temperature index.
The maintenance of such fish provides not only the creation of habitat, timely care and cleaning of the aquarium itself, but also the organization of proper nutrition of fish.
Angelfish has the glory of undemanding and unpretentious fish. Besides the fact that it does not impose excessive demands on the creation of habitat on its owner, it is also completely picky in nutrition. The solution to the problem, than to feed the scalar, as a rule, does not cause difficulties: this fish willingly eats both dry food and live food.
In order to correctly determine the appropriate feed for scalar, it is worth remembering the specifics of the body of the fish. Since her body has a flat shape, it is difficult for her to get food from the bottom, therefore, the most suitable for scalar is such a food that stays on the surface of the water for a long time. Approaches to the choice of live food are standard – this fish eats without damage to the health and bloodworms, and the pipe worker, and any other live food.
Some experts prefer to feed these fish crushed seafood: shrimp, mussel meat.
It is recommended to observe the feeding regime of the angelfish the same as for most other aquarium fish: 2-3 times a day. At the same time, proper care of the fish in the aquarium provides one unloading day per week: on this day, the fish are not fed.
It is not recommended to give feed to scalars more than three times a day, as this will inevitably lead to obesity. Feed should be given as much as the fish eat, without increasing the dosage, as not eaten feed will pollute the water in the aquarium.
It is believed that the scalar reach readiness for reproduction by 10 years. Keeping these fish in the same tank in preparation for spawning can create a number of problems.
Both male and female will do everything possible to protect the territory with deferred caviar, which will lead to conflicts between the inhabitants of the aquarium.
It is worthwhile to watch the scalars, as they spend a fairly visual and difficult period of preparation for spawning. Vigilant care of the aquarium will allow you not to miss this important period and in time to send the fish to another temporary dwelling of up to 80 liters. The water in it should be warm, the aquarium can be equipped with large-leaved plants to create optimal conditions for spawning.
A few days later the fry appear in the water, after which the parents should be sent out from the babies. Little angelfish live in a separate aquatic environment until they grow up and get stronger, feed on ciliates or “living dust”.
It is recommended to feed babies as much as adults feed: up to 3 times a day.
Among experienced aquarists there is a perception that the angelfish is quite a peaceable inhabitant of the aquarium. However, her love of peace has boundaries: getting on with other inhabitants is that the scalar occupies a certain area in the aquarium and tries to chase away the rest of the aquatic inhabitants. For this colorful fish, it is advisable to organize in the aquarium several special zones:
- In different corners of the aquarium is to plant several plants with wide leaves. Such a technique will significantly reduce the level of conflict in the water monastery.
- The interior of the aquarium is complemented by mini-caves, large stones, and snags. This will allow the scalars to find shelter without harming the other inhabitants.
- The central part of the aquarium should be left as free as possible to create conditions for the free movement of fish.
- Colorful fish are quite shy: they are frightened by bright light, sharp flashes, therefore it is advisable to distribute the plants floating on the surface through the aquarium. This will create an additional blackout effect, making the fish content more comfortable.
Most often, the angelfish takes a place near the trough, and therefore drives away from her all the fish that are smaller in size, and can even eat very small ones. The angelfish and big fish live together quite peacefully, as the motley baby cannot drive them away from the feeder, and therefore does not conflict with them.
It is advisable to breed a lot of angelfish in one aquarium, which very quickly break up into pairs and begin to “redistribute” the area near the feeder. While they are “dividing the territory”, the rest of the inhabitants of the aquarium have unhindered access to the feeder.
The floating crescent, winged leaf, or angelfish rightly takes the place of one of the favorite fish of many breeders, perhaps due to its unusual body shape and soft, but diverse and beautiful colors, and possibly due to its active behavior and livable character. This fish is quite capricious and demanding to the conditions of detention, especially with regard to the purity of water and the quality of food.
Therefore, if you decide to settle it in your pond, then you need to thoroughly prepare for it.
In their natural habitat, small rivers in South America were chosen for life with a weak current and abundant plants, quiet reed-covered bays, coastal waters, tributaries of the Amazon and Orinoco.
These cichlids have a high (up to 26 cm) and short (up to 15 cm) disk-like body. The dorsal and anal fins are very elongated, so that the body of the fish resembles a crescent.
Pectoral fins filiform. They, like the tail ones, are sharpened to the ends.
Males are less fat than females and have a large forehead.
The traditional coloring scalar silver with black vertical stripes. As a rule, there are four of them: the first passes through the eye, the last through the caudal stem, and the two intermediate ones pass through the body. The spine is darker than the belly.
Due to intensive breeding work, the color of the fish can not only vary from greenish-gray to silvery-olive, but also be black, marble, golden, smoky, green, two- and even three-colored. The voile forms of these perciformes are popular.
Modern crescents have three main varieties:
- Pterophyllum scalare.
- Pterophyllum altum is a large (up to 20 cm) and high (up to 40 cm) fish.
- Pterophyllum leopoldi, or humpbacked scalar. Its length in captivity does not exceed 10 cm.
Aquarium. Since some individuals can grow quite large, then the aquarium will need a lot. For example, for two pairs of medium-sized fish, it is better to take a 60-liter container, no less.
Moreover, the width of the vessel does not play a big role, but the height of the aquarium should not be less than 45 cm.
Temperature. Some sources indicate that scalar can live successfully in the temperature range from 16 to 35 degrees. However, we would not advise you to experiment like this, it is a big risk to undermine the health of your pets.
The optimum temperature is 23-26 ° C. Acidity should be maintained at 6.5-7.4, and the rigidity – 18.
Water. Prerequisite – clean water.
To ensure it, you need to install a good (bottom or canister) filter, replace a fifth of the water weekly and wash the aquarium itself at least once every 2 months. We add that the filter should be without a violent ejection of water, as the angelfish do not like a strong flow.
Lighting should be bright, but without a sharp change of day and night.
Vegetation. It is recommended to plant aquarium densely with plants, providing space for swimming.
Superficial plants can also be used. They will dim excessive lighting and create a sense of security in fish.
Priming. As the soil is good to use coarse sand, fine gravel.
Angelfish do not have the habit of digging it up.
Registration. Housing can be decorated with snags, decorative rocks and stone gorges. Caves and shaded areas will serve as shelters.
The main principle of selection is safety. There should be no sharp corners.
There are no special requirements here, as long as the food is of high quality. These cichlids eagerly eat live bloodworms, cortex, and daphnia. You can give dry, granulated feed and flakes.
They love to eat algae and pieces of leaves of underwater plants. The menu can be diversified due to minced seafood, ground mussels and shrimp.
It is advisable to equip the feeding place with a special feeder, since, due to the shape of the body, the scalar cannot take food from the bottom.
These fish are prone to overeating, so you need to control portion sizes. Here is the rule: it is better to underfeed than to feed.
Sometimes you can observe a gratuitous refusal of food, but you should not worry. After a maximum of a week, everything will return to normal.
In general, the angelfish are amazing fish in both appearance and behavior. And the one who decides to start this beautiful crescent should know: the main thing is to prepare for this event, and then the content of the fish will not disappoint you!
How many live fish?
How many live aquarium fish – this question that worries many novice aquarists. In fact, the life of aquarium fish, like any other living creature, depends on the type, habitat comfort and proper care.
In addition, the life expectancy of fish, significantly depends on the population of the aquarium. If you make a “hostel” from the aquarium, then the life expectancy of the aquarium fish will dramatically decrease. It should be remembered about the compatibility of aquarium fish: the wrong choice of fish – do not live long.
It should also be remembered that the fish are cool – their body temperature is equal to the water temperature. The higher the temperature of the water in the aquarium, the faster the metabolic processes in the body of the fish occur, and their life goes faster.
BELOW LIST OF LIFE DURATION OF SOME AQUARIUM FISHES:
How many live SHARK BALU – 10 years;
How many live APISTOGRAMS – 3-5 years;
How many lives FISH ANGEL PIEMELODUS – 8 years;
How many live ASTRONOTUS – 10-18 years old;
How many live BARBUS – 5-10 years;
How many lives VIENNA ORDINARY – 10 years;
How many live Botsii – 10-15 years;
How many live SOM BUNGIO – 7-15 years;
How many live TARAKATUM – more than 10 years;
How many live COTTAGE SOMES – 8 years;
How many live TETS – 5-6 years;
How many live TsLKHLAMOZY BLACK-STONE 10-18 years;
How many live FRONTOSE – 8-15 years;
How many live CRIMLERS – 10-15 years;
How many live CHORNY MORULIS – 4-10 years;
How many live TETRADOES – 5 years;
How many live STURISMS – more than 10 years;
How many lives SMOKER FISH – 5 years;
How many live WEDGEBOARDS – 5 years;
How many live Rainbow – 3-5 years;
How many live PANAKIA – more than 10 years.