Good day, friends. Today I want to talk to you on the topic: How is growing in aquariums.
The fact is that novice aquarists repeatedly think about why a particular plant develops normally, and the second languishes, even though there was no disturbance of biological equilibrium and pH and dH levels did not change for a long time. Today I will try to cover this topic.
By the way, who has not read my last post about Alterner sit, read. Maybe one of you has this aquarium plant and how to take care of it you still do not know.
And so, let’s get started.
What and how grows in an aquarium? Far from idle question. Most of the aquarists who are just getting out on this difficult path are bought by regular hydrophytes and at the same time they don’t know what these plants need and what conditions need to be created for them so that your money does not go down the toilet.
In most cases, when a novice aquarist tries to understand important points with trial and error, it often ends in a disastrous result.
I want to start with the fact that many plant lovers may accidentally purchase a plant from a natural pond or pull a plant that is simply not fit to live in warm water. Those aquatic plants that we used to see in natural waters when swimming or fishing are very beautiful, and sometimes it is difficult to say whether they are inferior in beauty to some tropical counterparts or not.
BUT. There is one important point – all these plants are seasonal and they can hardly live in a tropical home aquarium.
By winter, most hydrophytes from our reservoir will drop the leaves and only the rhizome will remain.
What plants can be immersed in our aquarium, albeit temporarily? From our domestic reservoirs you can take yellow pod, chastuhu, fontinalis, dark green hornfoot, all kinds of clumps, trifol, shoots of aloevid teleloresis and many others, do not list all. If you put these plants in your tank, they will grow great throughout the summer.
When it comes to autumn, these hydrophytes significantly slow down their growth, and in October-November they simply die. It is very rare when a plant taken from a natural pond in a home aquarium forms wintering buds. If you still want to save one or another plant, put it in a small container for wintering and put it in a dark room in which the temperature should be 8-12 degrees.
You can also save the rhizomes of some cold-loving plants in the raw sand, just pre-clean them on old roots.
With the onset of April, place the buds of the overwintered plant into the aquarium and turn on a bright light. Roots that hibernate in the sand rinse thoroughly and trim the rotted parts of the roots. Disinfect the roots in a weakly pink solution of potassium permanganate and transfer them to a jar where the water temperature should be 20-22 degrees.
Just pre-add to the ground, where you will plant a plant, a little charcoal. Thus, you prevent organic decay and souring.
Also in a lot of plants for the aquarium can be taken in our swamps. In marsh plants, the root system is under water, and the main part grows in the open air.
These plants survive flooding and can grow for a long time, albeit rather slowly. Such plants include: calla, alisma (Chastuha), foil. Under water, these plants can stay more than a month.
Planting is considered more correct when the roots are immersed in flooded soil and the leaves must remain above the water surface.
Looks very beautiful in the spring in the aquarium aloevidny telorez. Due to the shape of its leaves, the plant looks very attractive in aqua. Variations of leaf coloring can vary from red to light green.
In nature, telorez forms dense thickets, but if it grows in shallow water, it can bloom and lose all its qualities as an ornamental plant. In the home aquarium, you can also make the aloevid teleresis bloom.
To do this you will need a high-level aquarium.
In addition to the teloreza, the key moss, or fontinalis, looks very good in the aquarium. If you need it green and in winter, then keep the water temperature in the aquarium 16-18 degrees and run a powerful aeration. The fact is that Fontinalis loves clean running water.
Key moss tolerates fouling of algae, so in an aquarium where you grow a fountain, you never make bright lighting. It will be enough to moderate light with a duration of daylight hours 10.
In the middle lane, one can very often meet all sorts of types of destinations and potamogones. These plants are suitable only for cold water aquariums.
In the home aquarium where the conditions of the tropics were recreated, these plants, as a rule, simply die off for the winter. But this does not mean that it is necessary to save it, wait a little before the summer and take a new plant into the pond.
If you need to design an Aquarium aquarium, use the best tropical options.
I would like to mention the magnificent decorative qualities of the yellow capsule. Its curly light green leaves create a fabulous landscape.
This plant can be placed in a tropical aquarium, along with aquarium plants from the tropical belt, where the capsule will successfully grow from April to October. If you decide to plant a yellow egg jug in your home aquarium, here is my advice, take the seedlings of the year-old that you can get into the shallow water. These seedlings should take root in a tropical aquarium.
When you get yourself a bowl for the aquarium, remember that this aquatic plant is listed in the Red Book, and therefore it is forbidden to touch its old roots.
To save the capsule, transfer the rhizome into a special container where the water temperature will be 8-12 degrees. What is it for?
The fact is that if the rhizome of the plant did not get rest in winter, then in the aquarium it starts to grow slowly from October — November, and in the second year it will completely die. And if you took the roots gave them to rest in cold water in the winter, then next year you can plant a yellow capsule in your home aquarium.
If you do not have a suitable container, you can glue the aquarium with a small volume with your own hands.
In general, it is possible to grow hydrophytes from our natural reservoirs in a home aquarium, but only for experiments and various observations. However, if you want to create a beautiful design in your aquarium, aquarium plants from tropical regions of the globe serve for this purpose.
Most of these plants grow and develop well and air. If we talk about tropical plants that we used to see in our aquariums, I would note that among a large variety of plants, very few of them are constantly immersed in water.
The aquatic variety of a tropical plant will differ significantly from its unearthly fellow. Most amphibian plants will develop much faster in air than in water.
Under these conditions, they usually bloom.
For example, cryptocorynes are very demanding and quite capricious in an aquarium, but they will grow superbly in a paludarium or in a wet greenhouse where conditions are somewhat more modest. Cryptocorynes usually bloom in greenhouses. There are still not less popular amphibian plants, echinodorus.
These aquatic plants are grown in greenhouses more successfully than in home aquariums. If you transfer echinodus from water to air, then it will change its shape and begin to grow faster.
Echinodorus ground forms more abundantly bloom and form a large number of stepsons, which are formed on arrows, which are produced by the main plant.
A large number of long-trailers, such as Ludwigia, Bacopas, alternanters, hygrophilis and rotals, when the first opportunity to form air shoots appears, they will do it immediately. Moreover, the air shoots will grow significantly better than water. These aquarium plants, I believe, can rightly be attributed to the marsh land, which withstand long-term flooding.
Only in their case the water forms of the dlinnoshebel will be prettier than their terrestrial counterparts.
Let’s summarize what has been said and decide what is best to keep in home aquariums. A great variety of plants can be contained in domestic aqua, but as practice has shown, for an aquarium in which water is heated, constant aeration and filtration occur, the plants of their subtropics and tropics are best suited.
If, nevertheless, you decided to add plants from a natural reservoir of medium latitudes to your collection, get ready for the fact that the requirements of tropical plants and plants of natural reservoirs do not coincide, so be prepared for some difficulties.