maintenance, care, compatibility
What to do to breed fish? Where to begin?
How to make the first launch of the aquarium at home? What are the most unpretentious fish? Do I need seashells in the aquarium?
What kind of ground to choose? These and many other questions arise for beginning aquarists when they decide to buy a home aquarium and breed fish.
Of course, experienced aquarists already know many secrets and nuances in this difficult hobby of fish. And what should newcomers do in this case?
And in today’s article we will dwell in detail not only on what aquarium for beginners is, but also on what to do in order to create a real work of art at home.
Aquaria – a very delicate matter. If you buy aquariums for beginners, it is best to focus on their equipment and only then think about starting. After all, everything requires maintenance and care, and the aquarium is no exception to the rules.
In the new aquarium, the water needs to be changed not immediately, but only after several months. And the basic rules for the care of an artificial reservoir – is the replacement of water, but partial.
You also need to look for algae. Do not forget to change the filter, clean the soil. Do not forget to also check the readings of the thermometer.
And remember, you need to disturb the aquatic inhabitants as little as possible. Fish do not like it.
The third rule – conditions for fish: what should they be?
The fourth condition is the right equipment.
The fifth rule – the filter must be washed in the aquarium water
The seventh rule – the launch of a new fish spend slowly!
The tenth rule – aquarism is my hobby!
The most important thing in aquarism is to fish with great enthusiasm, but without forcing yourself. Make it so that it brings pleasure and enjoyment. After all, this is a real vacation at home.
Near the artificial reservoir can spend a lot of time watching the behavior of fish.
In addition, scientists have proven that running and monitoring fish leads to normal blood pressure and calms the nervous system. And if there are small children at home, then this is also a very good educational moment.
After all, since childhood, caring for fish will teach them to care and attention. After all, probably, very few people want to see that the first experience with the aquarium is bitter and ends with the death of the fish.
After all, it often happens that novice aquarists, who have not coped with the problems, put an end to their dream.
Do not leave immediately, and after a while there will come a period when an experienced aquarist grows from an inexperienced beginner who will help the same beginners, like him, who buy aquariums for beginners himself just a few weeks or months ago. Believe it is not difficult!
Tips for beginners to care for aquarium and fish
Breeding and caring for fish and an aquarium at home is of great interest to both amateurs and professionals. The army of aquarium fans is constantly replenishing its ranks: beginners are attracted by the aesthetic satisfaction of contemplating the picture of the water world. Creating your own underwater garden in miniature seems to be an easy and fun process, because the specifics and fish care for beginners is often a secret behind seven seals.
In order not to suffer a fiasco, it is worth exploring some tips. Then the creation and maintenance of beauty, care for aquarium fish will be a favorite hobby that brings pleasure with minimal financial and time costs.
Size matters! It is worth paying attention to the model of average parameters from 50 to 100 liters.
Small aquarium requires, surprisingly, more care: it is more difficult to maintain the optimum chemical composition of water, and it is more difficult for fish to grow, multiply, grow. For the same reasons, it is better not to choose rounded shapes.
Before “starting” the tank is washed with salt, soda, laundry soap, washed thoroughly.
The location of the aquarium, of course, depends on the taste, possibilities and home interior, however, in this matter it is necessary to adhere to some rules. First, it is desirable to avoid direct sunlight, so the corner of the room is ideal.
Secondly, all kinds of equipment is powered by electricity, which means that the outlet must be located at a distance equal to the length of the cable. Thirdly, the stand under the aquarium should be sufficiently stable to prevent fluctuations in water that will disturb its population.
To this end, you can not place it at the door and you need to think about the location of the aquarium in advance before its arrangement and filling.
Decor and algae carry not only aesthetic value, because they provide the necessary places for shelter and breeding inhabitants. On the stands of pet stores there are all sorts of products that correspond to any taste preferences, in a wide price range. Grottoes, ladders, columns, ships, shards, houses, a bridge and much more will wake up interior designers in you.
The main thing to sterilize them before placing in an aquarium. Subsequently, wash the décor in an individual dish every month when replacing water.
With great caution you need to treat the bizarre form korsyams assembled on the street – they need to be boiled for a long time and cleaned of high-quality dirt from dirt in order to prevent fish diseases. The tree is short-lived in water, so even with careful processing it will eventually turn into a source of not very useful bacteria.
The plant world is also diverse. Beginners should buy colorful artificial models – they need the same care as the decor.
Living with algae is a little more difficult: they need to be planted periodically, and bacteria bought from unscrupulous sellers can carry them. Nevertheless, they are more useful because release oxygen and absorb waste products. Attention is important to stop on undemanding plants and plant tall specimens on the back wall (Indian fern, Bacopa).
Low-growing cryptocoryne, Anubias placed in the foreground. To heighten the effect of using floating plants.
The main rule of maintenance – algae should not occupy more than a third of the underwater world.
See how to plant aquarium plants.
The equipment necessary for operation includes the already known heater, as well as a device for measuring temperature, a filter and an aerator. Filters are chosen in accordance with the volumes of the home “pool”. Filters require care, so once every three weeks they are washed outside with water and they pull out the sponge of the internal filter and clean it of dirt.
There are coal (it is replaced every month), or primary cleaning (white material is replaced every two weeks).
Lighting is usually mounted in a protective top cover. If it was not sold along with the aquarium, be sure to pick up the lid so that the water does not evaporate and the particularly frisky fish will not jump out. The lamp should be chosen in proportion to the size of the tank, at the rate of 0.5W per liter.
Usually the lights are turned off at night, although there are some types of fish that need additional lighting at this time of day.
Soil plays an important role in the formation of the aquarium ecosystem – all biochemical processes occur. You can buy ready-made options in the pet store, you can use sand, pebbles, glass beads. In the second case, thorough disinfection and boiling are required, and in the first case, abundant washing is sufficient.
Get a siphon to handle the soil in your “pond”.
See how to clean the aquarium yourself.
The water must be separated: the required amount is poured into a clean tank, left for a couple of days, and then it is filled with an aquarium. For water, parameters such as hardness, acidity, temperature are important, which are determined for each species separately and are constantly maintained either by heating devices or special products that can be purchased along with fish. Caring for aquarium fish requires constant water changes.
Do it either manually or with a special pump.
Fish for beginners better to choose from unpretentious species. Perfectly suitable small schooling species (scalarii, guppies, barbs, danios), catfish.
The choice depends on compatibility (it is impossible to settle even one predatory specimen together with peace-loving, for example, gourami). The inhabitants of the aquarium should also combine the same preferences in acidity and water hardness.
In feeding, they follow a strict regimen: once a day, just as much as they can eat in 5-10 minutes. Fish do not feel the measures in food, therefore they are prone to overeating, which means – to the pollution of the aquatic environment. Caring for aquarium fish involves monitoring their condition.
If they become lethargic, change their color, then they are probably sick.
These basic tips for beginners in the maintenance of an aquarium will help you to equip it with love, so that it becomes an ornament of your apartment, a picture from which it is impossible to look away!
Basic rules for the selection and arrangement of aquarium for beginners
Where to begin? Of course, it is important to determine the aquarium.
And here you cannot just say: “I want this one”. The choice must be conscious. Often the rule about the connection of the aquarium and fish for beginners becomes fundamental.
And this rule consists in the following: one centimeter of fish length should account for one liter of water. At first glance it seems that the rule is quite simple. But an experienced aquarist knows that this rule is not bad for calculating the optimal size of the aquarium, but without reservation it cannot be applied.
What are these reservations?
First, the length of an aquarium fish is an indicator by which it is impossible to assess and determine the effect of a fish on a closed aquarium system. For example, some have a round body and, consequently, a greater mass, while having the same length as others, smaller in mass.
So it turns out that a home aquarium can comply with the stated principle, but in fact be overpopulated.
Secondly, the rule does not take into account such a characteristic as the surface area of the water in the aquarium. But it is the square that is the real deterrent. Aquarium residents need oxygen, they emit carbon dioxide while breathing.
The amount of oxygen dissolved in water largely determines how many fish can live in it, fully developing. Oxygen comes from the air, carbon dioxide, on the contrary, goes into the air.
From this we can conclude: the larger the surface area of the aquarium, the more intense the replacement of carbon dioxide with oxygen.
Thus, to choose the size of the aquarium, you need to pay attention not only to the length of the body of the fish, but also their weight, the surface area of the aquarium. The following rule is taken into account: one centimeter of the body of a fish, not taking into account the tail, must have at least 12 square centimeters of area.
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When all the preparatory activities behind, it’s time to start acting. The aquarium is put into operation gradually:
- The first day is a launch. Under it understand the installation of the filter and heater after filling the aquarium with water. On the heater immediately set the required temperature. As a rule, it is 25 degrees. Then the filter and heater are turned on;
- second day – plants. Novice aquarists are advised to start using inexpensive hardy plants, for example, vallisneria or rovolnik. They will easily adapt to the new environment and help establish a biological balance in the aquarium. Later they can be replaced by other plants. Biological equilibrium will help restore a special bacterial starter, for example, Sera Bio Nitrivec;
- a week passed – the first inhabitants. After a week, it is already possible to launch the first inhabitants of the aquarium – the first Amano shrimp or Ampularia snails;
- Two weeks passed – fish. Here comes the long-awaited moment, what you have been waiting for: you can run fish into the aquarium.
If you do everything right, if you take into account all the tips and can avoid the most common mistakes, then soon you will be enjoying your aquarium. And it is quite possible that the matter is not limited to only one underwater world.
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Once we have indicated that the most important thing to start with is an aquarium, then we will determine its shape in order to make the choice easier. What are the forms? So:
- usual sizes – used for various small fishes;
- elongated in height – designed to observe the inhabitants of the aquarium. They have a large height, which provides a fairly large area of the front glass. At the same time, such aquariums have a small width.
- elongated – perfect for small schooling fish.
In turn, elongated aquariums or elongated in length can be, for example, hexagonal or even octagonal. If you are going to choose an aquarium of a specific shape, you need to remember that a hexagonal aquarium has a smaller surface area than a regular one.
In general, you should not stop the choice on too wide or narrow aquariums. This ratio does not fit any fish for a comfortable stay.
The choice between beauty and convenience for fish, of course, is yours.