maintenance, care, compatibility
Aquarium plants are all for beginners with photos and video
And finally, a few words about artificial aquarium plants. Once they are sold, once I buy them, it means they have a place to be in our reservoirs. No trouble with them at all – I buried a plastic bush and admire!
The benefits of such plants are zero, moreover, they grow well harmful algae. And over time, plastic breaks down and becomes brittle!
They cost more than living plants. Nevertheless, such plastic aquarium plants, as an element of decor, look very much even in a pond.
Video – Webinar All the secrets of growing aquarium plants
Start video from 54:43 minutes and further,
Plants are an established aquarium biosystem, no harmful substances in the water, no algae.
Everything is simple! Aquarium plants are the primary indicator of the status of your aquarium.
If the plants “wither”, turn yellow and rot – this is a sure sign of the poor condition of the aquarium and conversely lush, beautiful spreads – this is a 100% indicator of the excellent state of the aquarium world.
Aquarian plants are a natural interior and “maternity hospital” for fish, fry, shrimps, snails, etc.
Plants are an additional food for aquarium inhabitants.
By the way, about the question of the correct planting
Every aquarist wants his home aquarium to be a real decoration in the room. To create the correct biological balance inside a closed reservoir, we need special instruments, decorations and plants.
Which aquarium plants are suitable for beginner aquarists?
The most popular and unpretentious plant for an aquarium is Javanese moss. Outwardly, it resembles ornate, tangled green threads. Moss tolerates shade and bright light; it is easy to grow.
It does not need to be planted in the ground, because there is no root system. Java moss can grow on the scenery, even independently attached to them.
It does not bloom, but reproduces by spores. You can also plant moss in a different way – by separating a fragment of a plant, and transplanting it to another area (on the ground, snags, stones).
To prevent the current from moving it, Javanese moss can be secured to the surface with a fishing line or synthetic thread.
A popular plant species among beginners is the Thai fern. It does not have a root system, it does not need to be planted in the soil.
But thanks to the rhizoids, it is easily fixed on the solid surfaces of the aquarium. With it, you can create unsurpassed aquascape compositions.
Admire the thick Thai fern.
Good plants for beginners – elodey. Elodea of 4 genera are on sale: Egeria, Lagarosifon, Hydrilla, and, actually, Elodea.
In an aquarium, elodeas create lush green thickets in which fish and their fry can hide. These plants were imported from America, and well adapted to our latitudes.
Another useful plant for the aquarium – rogolotniki. They are known to all – grow in freshwater bodies of our latitudes.
The stem is thin, harsh to the touch, whorled leaves. Cormorants can live submerged, and bloom under water.
There are no rhizoids, therefore it is not necessary to plant in the ground. Can be mounted on the decorations of the aquarium, at its walls.
Plants nayas, or naiads – nayas Guadalupe and nayas Indian. A great choice for beginners aquarists. Grow only under water.
Characterized by a dark green shade of leaf plates, small stalks thin and branching, the leaves are covered with small spikes. Nayas bloom, but in conditions of captivity, this rarely happens.
It is recommended to contain in water hard or medium hardness. In soft water, nayas literally dissolve. The root system is powerful.
You can plant in the ground, and over time you will see how the openwork bush was formed. Nayas can develop if it is let through the water, and not planted in the soil.
An aquarium with live plants is a very thin system, easily visible, requiring careful maintenance and at the same time has a stable structure.
Herbalist is a broad concept where you can include:
- and ordinary home pond with lively vegetation without conceptual and geometric delights;
- and the Dutch-type body of water is a real underwater park in which the plants are grouped according to the shape and color;
- and aquascape – an artificially created fragment of the underwater landscape in accordance with the requirements of a particular style according to certain rules.
Common to all varieties of herbalist is the dominant position in it of the underwater flora over the fauna.
How to properly organize a grass aquarium, pick up plant species that can live in a common container, with similar environmental conditions of growth will be discussed further.
It is necessary to create the best conditions for the existence of underwater plants, and this implies the following:
Correct tank selection. The height of the tank should not be more than 60 cm, exceeding is fraught with inconveniences in the care of plants.
Soil selection (substrate). You can use bare soil with a nutritional substrate, or you can grow an underwater garden on ready-made nutrient soils, which will significantly ease the process, will allow you to gently adjust the parameters of the aquarium water.
Lighting creation. There are no trifles here: the color of the lighting is important (for example, blue is needed for flowering plants, and red and yellow accelerates their growth), as well as its power.
A competent combination of lamps of optimal power with a blue and yellow-red glow will create the best conditions for the development of plants.
CO2 supply to tank. To create a beautiful bright underwater garden, carbon dioxide in the reservoir is absolutely necessary.
It is the main carbon source for plants.
Water osmosis. Through it are provided the correct parameters of water in the tank: pH – 6.4, GH – 5, KH – 3.
Fertilization. The use of mineral supplements in the organization of the underwater garden is the main condition for success.
There are special mineral complexes for a variety of underwater plants that do not contain (important!) Phosphorus and necessarily contain ferrous iron.
Dutch herbalist – the most popular freshwater biotope
What plant species are suitable for grass pond?
The greatest difficulty in planting herbalist is creating the foreground of an aquarium. With a successful design of this sector, the remaining part of the reservoir will not be difficult to fill.
Usually, foreground made out of stunted (no more than 10 cm) plant species. This allows you to create an underwater landscape where all its space is clearly visible.
On the background, accordingly, large plants are placed, the height of which, however, should not be more than half the height of the tank.
Between front and rear plants plan a good idea to plant species of medium size, they themselves create a contrast, separating groups of similar plant foreground species.
If you specify all of the above, then to design the foreground of a home herbalist you can use:
- echinodorus gentle (Echinodorus tenellus);
- lyleopsis, dividing hemianthus micrantemoides (Hemianthus micrantemoides);
- purple lobelia (Lobelia cardinalis);
- and other plants of red shade to provide greater contrast.
There are not so many plants suitable for the foreground design that do not require special care and at the same time are fast-growing. Here, in addition to the already mentioned Echinodorus tenellus and some types of lyleopsis, should be called:
- Ekhinodorus chetyrekhrebornogo (E. quadricostatus);
- styloid arrowhead (Sagittaria subulata);
- Sintyagu is tiny;
- Thistle Mutovchaty.
These underwater species, even without sufficient lighting, in a short time form dense thickets.
For aquariums of large sizes (200 liters and more), plants of medium height will fit to the forefront, making such a size of capacity is much simpler, since the choice of plants here is wider.
When decorating your reservoir, you need to remember that, in addition to the shape and shade of the plant species, their lighting needs should be taken into account.
So, shade-tolerant plants (for example, Anubias) will be comfortable at the edges of a reservoir or in the shade of higher species (for example, tapeworms).
Photo-loving representatives of the underwater flora, to please you with bright greens, you must be placed in the bright areas of the aquarium.
Growing a submarine garden in a home pond is time consuming and expensive. An impressive type of herbalist can be grown only by thoroughly examining the issue, going through a losing streak and gaining in this difficult business of much-needed experience.
Often you can see how a newly-built aquarist, faced with obstacles in the form of uncontrollable propagating algae, the need to constantly monitor the lighting, the composition of the water in the reservoir, fertilize, control the level of carbon dioxide supply, part with the dream of having a home aquarium.
Hopefully, this article will help you cope with difficulties and competently organize a harmonious home herbal reservoir.