maintenance, care, compatibility
Having a home aquarium is very useful. According to psychologists, watching the fish, a person calms down, relaxes.
Yes, and the kind of colorful, beautiful fish, quickly moving around the aquarium, always happy!
Today, the pet market is quite diverse. Therefore, beginner fish breeders most often acquire a ready-made aquarium. But aquarists with experience, as a rule, prefer to do them on their own.
After all, this is the way to achieve the desired size and volume.
In order to self-glue the aquarium, it is necessary, first of all, to prepare the necessary materials.
It is better to order glasses in the workshop, because the machine performs cutting there (cutting accuracy in this case is higher). When ordering, be sure to clarify that it is necessary glass for the aquarium.
It should be silicate, only the highest grade and 8-10 mm thick, since the thinner may not be strong enough and can not withstand the pressure of water.
All glasses are divided into 2 groups – window and polished. The former have a more affordable price, but for the manufacture of aquariums can not be used. The characteristic waviness and greenish tint will have a negative impact on the appearance of the finished product.
In polished glass there are no such disadvantages, it provides a perfectly flat surface.
The work is carried out in several stages:
- To protect the glass from contamination, glue it over with masking tape. From each edge leave a distance equal to the thickness of the glass.
- All surfaces are degreased – rubbed with an acetone containing agent or alcohol.
- The glue joint should be made as smooth as possible. To do this, put on the end of a little silicone. After hardening, cut it off with a blade, leaving a small ledge above the glass. It will help to make a uniform seam.
- Gluing is carried out on a solid and flat surface, covered with polyethylene. First, the glass is glued, which will be located in front, then – the side and all the other parts. Excess glue for the aquarium from the glass should be removed with a cloth previously moistened with a solution of water and vinegar.
- After about an hour, the seams need to be smeared with silicone and leave the product to dry. Aquarium is ready to use.
If you carefully examine any rectangular aquarium, you can understand its simple design. In principle, this is an ordinary container made of pieces of glass.
Make such a capacity is quite capable of a person who knows how to handle household tools. There are, however, some rules and subtleties that need to be known before work begins.
Acquisition of a finished aquarium of almost any form does not pose a problem: in pet stores their choice is quite large. At the same time, there are quite a lot of aquarists who independently make containers for ornamental fish at home.
There are various reasons for this. For example, a fish owner lives in a rural area, and transporting a large glass structure from the nearest city pet store can be quite problematic. Someone makes glued houses for aquatic life for sale.
But most often the meaning of self-production of this item is the joy of creativity and the desire to save money the family budget.
Particular attention should be paid to the quality and thickness of glass. In working condition, the bottom and walls of the banks are under considerable water pressure.
Consequently, with increasing capacity, glass thickness should also increase.
For example, for a small aquarium with a length of 50 cm and a height of 30 cm, you should choose a glass with a thickness of at least 5 millimeters. And when you need to glue a large jar (1 m to 0.6 m, for example), you need a 10-mm glass.
If organic glass is chosen as the material for the walls, then the same calculations should be followed. However, master aquarists rarely work with Plexiglas, so it quickly becomes cloudy, and when cleaning the walls from algae visible scratches appear on it.
There is a requirement for the grade of glass. In our case, it is necessary to choose the material of the highest grade M1, without impurities and microscopic air bubbles inside.
Glass of this brand is usually used in shop windows.
When choosing the appropriate adhesive, preference is given to a special silicone sealant for aquariums. You need to make sure that it is harmless to living organisms. Save on silicone should not be.
Many aquarists recommend KNAUF 881 German sealant or Soudal Silirub Aquarium.
It is impossible to make a round aquarium on your own without special professional equipment, but almost every home artist can make a rectangular jar.
After careful measurement, glass for the bottom, front and back sides, end walls are cut out. The edges of the glass need not be ground to ensure better adhesion to the sealant.
It is recommended to plan in advance so that the bottom of the aquarium is inside the vertical walls. The fact is that silicone sealant works very well for stretching.
All the glass parts around the places where the gluing will be done are glued on both sides with strips of painting tape, the edge of which should retreat 5-6 mm from the edge of the wall or bottom.
It is necessary that the glass does not get dirty in the process of applying sealant. Future docking sites should be degreased with acetone or white spirit.
The material for this important element can serve as plexiglass, simple silicate glass, plastic. It all depends on the size of the tank.
With the advent of new building materials, home craftsmen began to abandon heavy Plexiglas and began to use foamed polyvinyl chloride to create an aquarium cover, or more simply PVC panels.
An interesting way to fasten the sides to the top of the can was invented by craftsmen: using PVC cable channel.
On both sides of the cable channel has grooves, which are inserted into the walls of the aquarium, and segments of the bead, so it should immediately be chosen under the appropriate thickness of glass. All joints should be smeared with silicone.
Hinges are attached to the tailgate to lift the lid. They can either be glued or bolted together.
In the plastic surface of the roof is a square slot for its capture and lifting. Fish feed is also fed through this hole.
If the plastic bends, then from the inside along the entire length it should be reinforced with a light aluminum corner. This corner will be at the same time fastening for lamps.