maintenance, care, compatibility
Aquarium frogs: care, species, content with fish
Consider the two most common types of frogs, which are kept together with aquarium fish. The main emphasis, of course, needs to be made on the conditions of detention and to reveal the pros and cons of living together with the fish.
Spur Frog (Xenopus laevis)
Albino Spur Frog
More common view
In general, we can say that they are unpretentious in all respects, except for food. Yes, and feeding is not a heavy burden. This view is enough 10 liters per individual.
Comfortable water temperature 18-22 degrees. You can keep at 24-26 degrees, but the life expectancy at the same time is reduced.
The maximum body size is 8 cm, so, in any case, the handbook writes. In practice, the owners of these slippery creatures proudly present to the public 16 inches.
To equip a Spurts frog house, a filter is needed that is powerful enough to cope with the volume of dirt produced by these quicksands. But at the same time, the filter should not produce strong streams, as in their natural habitat, these frogs live in stagnant shallow water bodies.
And of course the aquarium should be closed with a special lid or glass with a gap for air intake, otherwise the whole house will become the frog’s house, they can easily get out into the wild.
The frog’s diet consists mainly of animal feed, such as small bloodworm, daphnia, small earthworms, and rags of lean meat. But the most important feeding rule is not to overfeed. Frogs are very voracious.
Obesity is one of the most common problems of this type. It is enough to feed an adult frog 2 times a week, younger individuals eat more often, 4-5 times a week, in small portions. What is remarkable these frogs are eating with their hands.
Quickly turning over the paws, they push the food to the mouth.
And although the frog is a predator, it peacefully coexists with fish, which will be comfortable with the conditions prescribed by the Sporez frog. We divide the idea of keeping a frog in an aquarium into pros and cons.
– looks very interesting in the aquarium;
– eats small fish. Such species of fish as neons or guppies will not live long in the aquarium with the Spitz frog.
– dirty. Besides the fact that they openly and a lot of shit, the Spurs frogs themselves are very actively digging up the ground, lifting from the bottom all that others have covertly spoiled.
The situation can be saved by abundant filtration and frequent use of a vacuum cleaner.
– tear out, break and bite the plants. For them, only hard-leaved plants planted in pots, and not in the ground.
If the plant is planted in the ground, then they dig it out and gnaw the roots. Just out of harm, because in general they are not interested in plant foods.
– in the mating season they “sing serenades”
A less common type of frog, compared with the famous Shportseva, but rather attractive. These are miniature reptiles, the adult individual of which reaches a maximum of 6 cm. In length, it grows up to 4 cm.
Externally quite different from the Shportsevs. Hymenohirus in this comparison can be called “slim.”
They have thinner legs, a body that is less rounded and less puffy in shape, and a pointed cute face.
In their natural habitat, these frogs live practically in puddles. From here their preferences in content are added. They naturally do not require a large aquarium, they can live comfortably in a five-liter jar.
Aeration, as in the case of the Shportsevoy frog, is not required. Filtration may be present, but not powerful and does not create water flows (preferably with the release of water through a waterfall).
In any case, the stagnant angle in the aquarium should be, especially for her. Comfortable water temperature of 24-26 degrees, these are thermophilic frogs.
Water changes are not recommended. And frequent substitution can ruin the hymeno-virus in all.
To feed the frog you need a crank, daphnia, pipemaker. But it is worth noting that to teach them to eat a fixed frozen food is quite difficult, since they are predators and react to the movement of food.
The frequency of serving food – every other day.
Like spider frogs, hymeno-virus is a bandit on parts of plants and soil. But, yet this species is not so polluting, because they are much smaller.
They are also slower and shy, in a tank you need a secluded place where they can hide.
With unpretentious fish can live and live. Every year they are becoming more popular in common aquariums.
But, all the same, there are downsides and pros. Pros: – Midyllic and cute;
– ATbetter suited for a lazy aquarist;
Minuses: – HThe required water quality. This frog species likes to live in a creative mess.
You can not strongly filter, you can not change the water, and these conditions are necessary for the maintenance of the majority of aquarium fish. And just like Shportsevaya, Hymeno-Virus loves to dig up the ground, lifting high-high all the secrets hidden there by more shy and ambitious inhabitants of the aquarium. – EIf there is a fish in your aquarium that is smaller than the mouth of this frog, then from the moment you have a Hymenorus, you can assume that you do not have such a fish. This is also a predator. –UhThat is not a very active frog.
Most of the day they spend without moving, then sitting at the bottom, then hanging in the water. Having seen enough of the people who are wildly floating in the pet store, the buyer probably dreams of a frog show in his aquarium.
But, this is deceptive. Hymenochoruses move so fast because there are a lot of them and it scares them. In a calm atmosphere, they are quiet.
Can move quickly when feeding.
FINDINGS: Frogs are quite frequent neighbors of aquarium fish. They can live together.
But the same can be said about a person, if he is hooked, for example, to an ass, or vice versa. They will be able to live together, but whether they will be comfortable, convenient, pleasant … It is unlikely.
If you are seriously thinking about buying a frog with an already existing fish tank, think carefully, and can your fish live comfortably with infrequent water changes? Will it be enough for them to filter with intensive pollution? Someone might say: “Well, the Spur Frog lives with a filter that should work like a rabid to cope with its disorder.”
But, ask other questions: Will the fish like the lack of water flow in the aquarium? Will a huge frog fit in your abode of underwater beauty?
If so, great!
In view of the above, we can recommend a certain family of aquarium fish that will best survive with the frogs – THIS IS LABYRINTH. These include:
Habitat of the above fish (except for Ktenop), are rice fields of Asia, which are poorly enriched with oxygen, the water on such fields is standing and dirty. That is why the labyrinths have learned to breathe atmospheric air and they like
WHAT IS THE SAME – YOUR CHOICE?
the author of the article – Jan Terekhov,
for the provided material and cooperation!
There are several rules for keeping aquarium frogs.
- Water and soil. Frogs love to hide in the ground and play, so water can pollute faster than with fish. Buy a powerful filter or change the water frequently – this will prevent silting and bad smell. Do not use self-collected soil and sand – they can disrupt biological balance, and the water will be constantly muddy. Purchase a special mix from the store.
- Plants. For the maintenance of ornamental aquarium frogs, select large plants with large leaves, thick stems and strong roots. The frog will definitely want to undermine the plant, and a powerful root system will keep it in the ground. Well suited cryptocoryne, echinodorus, nymphaeus plants. Strengthen the stem with large stones so that the frog does not damage it during the game. Not too much in the aquarium will be snags and ceramic shards, as the frogs need a secluded shelter.
- Aquarium Neighbors. Frogs are quite voracious, so it’s best not to hook them up to small fish. Exclude neons, guppies and all fry. Pick fish that are guaranteed not fit in the mouth of a voracious frog.
- What to feed aquarium frogs. Favorite delicacy for the frog – bloodworm. In addition, they with obvious pleasure will eat earthworm, tadpole and daphnia. Experts do not recommend the use of a pipe worker, as it accumulates toxins and leads to liver disease. Eats a frog and finely chopped meat and fish.
- Protection. Aquarium with a water frog must be closed with glass, as it can jump out and die. The glass should be equipped with a sufficient number of holes: the frog breathes, swallowing air on the surface of the water.
Aquarium frog content grooming compatibility breeding description.
Both types are not too demanding on the conditions of detention. Spur frogs need an aquarium of 20–30 liters per pair, and at the same time fill it with water by half or a third. The tank should be covered with a lid or net.
Ground – pebbles. The aquarium is equipped with a compressor or a small internal filter, you can use a waterfall filter, but there should not be a strong flow.
In bright light is not necessary.
The water temperature is about 22-25 ° C, the xenopuses are almost indifferent to the chemical indicators of water. An exception is the content of chlorine and fluorine in the water, so it is recommended to defend it before adding to the aquarium for at least 2-3 days.
They change water once or twice a week at 20–25%, a number of authors recommend changing it less often as it grows turbid.
Plants can only be planted hard-leaved, always in pots, otherwise they will be dug up immediately. Some lovers of these animals do the following: put a pot with a houseplant with hanging outlets next to an aquarium and place these shoots in an aquarium.
In this case, the aquarium will be greened out and the roots of the plant will remain intact.
For hymeno-viruses, the volume of the aquarium may be even smaller; 1-2 liters of water for such a frog is enough.
Mandatory cover – hymeno-viruses, especially those caught in nature, often strive to escape.
Water temperature for them is needed not lower than 24 ° C. A filter or compressor is desirable, but it should not be too powerful, so that in the aquarium there remain areas with still, standing water.
At the bottom it is necessary to equip small shelters under which these quivering creatures can hide. Plants are very desirable, well, if they sometimes form dense thickets.
Planting them is also better in pots. In the aquarium, you need to equip the lighting, because hymeno-viruses like to sometimes rise among the undergrowth to the surface and bask under the lamp, sticking the head and upper part of the body out of the water.
Types of aquarium frogs
Currently, aquariums contain two types of frogs: a smooth spur frog – xenopus (Xenopus laevis), which has been bred in captivity for many years, and a dwarf frog – hymeno-virus (Hymenochirus boettgeri), which has become popular not long ago. Adult frogs of these species vary greatly in their size, appearance, behavior, and peculiarities of their content.
Frog in pet stores are often kept in the same tank and when selling do not always focus on their species.
So, if the aquarium frogs are white or pinkish, with red eyes, then regardless of the size it is sportive. The albino spore frog was bred artificially at the Moscow Institute of Development Biology for laboratory experiments.
If a small frog is grayish, brownish or olive in color with dark spots, then to determine the type, one should pay attention to the length and thickness of its limbs, the presence of membranes between the toes of the front paws and the pointedness of the muzzle. Spurs of wild-colored frogs are more dense, they have thicker legs with bandages, like babies, a rounded muzzle, and there are no membranes on the fingers.
The hymeno-virus, on the contrary, has membranes, legs are long and slender, the muzzle is pointed. The size of an adult hymeno-virus, as a rule, does not exceed 4 cm, while the common frog grows to 10–12 cm.
Decorative aquarium frogs – both xenopus and hymeno-viruses – prefer live food.
For shporetsyh it can be flour and earthworms, crickets, large bloodworms, fry and tadpoles. You can give pieces of liver, meat, fish, shrimp from tweezers.