Good day, friends. Since you are still Andrei Selitsky, the author of this aquarium blog. As I promised last time, today I want to publish the first part of the article, in which we will determine who are friends of aquarium plants.
The post should be great, so I ask you to be patient and read it to the end. For experienced aquarists, this article will not carry any useful information, so you probably have no reason to read it.
The purpose of this article – help to those people who just want to start an aquarium, plant plants in it and run fish, and they still don’t understand anything at all. Last time, if you remember, I helped my reader about pearl gouras. Ivan asked me to tell in detail about how to properly maintain and grow it.
Well, okay, something cried, let’s get down to business.
When people start an aquarium, almost no one thinks in advance about who will live in it, what plants he will plant there. Basically, novice aquarists pick up hydrobionts in one fell swoop, tobezh spontaneously: they went to the market or to the pet store and bought everything they wanted in their jar.
In the bank of novice aquarists, it is very often possible to meet goldfish, large catfish, neons, gouras, mastacymbelus, and much more. But all of the above fish require different temperature conditions and chemical indicators of water. Of course, with the exception of neons and gourams, they get along normally in the general aquarium, tested on themselves.
About the compatibility of aquarium fish can read here.
The condition of aquarium plants depends not only on water quality, its chemical properties, and so on. You can read about aquarium water here and here. In most cases, the condition of aquarium plants depends on the representatives of the animal world living in this aquarium.
There are fish that will all the time help the aquarist maintain a marafet in the aquarium, the so-called sweepers.
These include: antsistrusy, girinohaylusy, otsotsinklyusy, Siamese algae, and even other types of fish, including live bears. I think you understood about whom I just said: these are mollies, swordtails and guppies. Why do these fish deserve such fame?
All because of the structure of their oral apparatus. The lower jaw of these fish is excellently developed, which allows, in turn, to use it as a scraper, brushing various fouling from stones and glasses.
Which live beetles are the most simple in content you ask? The answer is simple – Guppy. Yes, it is these fish.
They breed like rabbits, they are not demanding to the state of aquarium water. There are, of course, breeding forms of guppies, they are not often seen, but they are also more demanding of the conditions of detention.
And if they are very demanding, then they are not worth as cleaners.
But the wild forms of guppies, which are from natural forms, here they are just what you need. This fish can suffer a rather sharp jump in water temperature, they can live in almost any water and they can stay hungry for a week or more.
When guppies are transferred to a hungry ration, they then perform their functions of cleaner even better, more actively absorbing all sorts of algae and fouling.
Sword bearers as well as guppes are very often found in craft aquariums. Unlike previous relatives, these fish will be more capricious, but this does not prevent them from being used as an addition to other aquatic organisms.
Swordtails are also viviparous. Just want to say, the offspring at a time they throw a lot.
It is even difficult to keep track of how many fry the female sketched. If the situation with mollies is easier, then with the swordsmen it is somewhat more problematic.
When my sword-shed female throws fry, they slyly try to hide the cryptocoryne in the bushes at the bottom, so it is very difficult to catch them with the help of a net and flush the toilet. I have already talked about the necessary equipment for the aquarium on the blog, so I will not return to this topic.
You can also hold the Sword bearers for some time hungry, so that they can more actively begin to eat fouling on stones, snags, soil and glasses of the aquarium.
Pecilia, like guppies and swordtails, also belongs to the order of viviparous and is also an excellent nurse of the aquarium. At the moment, you can purchase a huge number of species of patsilias, but the best thing with the tasks of cleaning the aquarium is the three-colored petsilia that has recommended itself. Fish grows not very big, but quite mobile.
Tri-color petilia mainly specializes in collecting fouling from higher plants. But, unlike the above types, the partillias do not like soft water and prefer cooler water.
Well, since we have already spoken about representatives of the family of live-bearers, it would have been blasphemy not to recall mollines. Mollies has a beautiful black and velvet color, which attracts the eye of the aquarist. In comparison with swords and guppies, mollies ideally clean the aquas from all sorts of algae and fouling, whether on the leaves or on the walls of the aquarium.
However, these fish are more demanding on the chemical composition of water (hardness preferably about 8 and the temperature is not lower than 24 degrees Celsius).
In addition, mollies perfectly feel the presence in the aquarium water of various chemicals. For this reason, black mollies are not as common in aquariums. But I want to add myself: in my aquarium both swords and mollies feel great.
My temperature is 25 degrees, so they do not suffer. All fish are active if hungry, not against algae and eat
In addition to live beetles, as I said above, it is very often possible to meet antsistrusov, or so-called armored catfish, in amateur aquariums. They have one interesting feature – antsistrus does not have a swim bladder.
Oh how! Due to the structure of the oral apparatus, the aquarium fish can be attached to the walls of the aquas, stones and bark.
The process of movement on the surface is carried out with the help of the horny jaws, with which the ancistrus scrapes organic plaque.
In nature, the ancistrus eat mostly what they can scrape off the stones in fast rivers. How many antsistrusov need to take, so that they maintain cleanliness in your aquarium? It is believed that a pair of adult aquarium up to 300 liters can serve.
However, as you probably guessed that in the aquarium they will not have enough natural food, so you need to feed the fish further. As a fertilizer, you can use bloodworms and I throw special herbal tablets to the gyrinoheyls, which they simply adore.
In addition, you can add white cabbage, lettuce leaves and dandelion leaves to the Antsik diet, just do not forget to boil them with boiling water. When fish are prepared for breeding, they need to be fed abundantly and with various feeds.
If you keep antsikov in an aquarium with a large number of aquatic plants, then the fish just sometimes feed. The fact is that if you feed them regularly, they will become lazy and will not clean your jar.
In addition, you can not leave them hungry. Adult large fish can subchlohvosti plants with delicate leaves, as ampulyaria did to me with an ambulia.
Especially fish hungry after spawning, mostly males. If the feed is not enough for these orderlies, then with their mouth, antsiki can even halve the leaves of aponogeton ulvovidnogo.
With this I finish the first part of the article. With the second part of the friends of aquarium plants, you can get acquainted in the coming days. Better to subscribe to the blog to be among the first and get acquainted with the new material.
On this I have everything today, until we meet again on the pages of the blog.