Hello, friends! Starting today, I am launching a new category – frequent aquarium questions. In this category, I will collect the most common questions about aquarism and immediately answer in one article.
I think this will be a good help for beginners who do not know how to act in any given situation. So let’s go
The aquarium should be installed near the opposite wall from the window, or against a wall that fits the window at a right angle. In the reflected light, fish look much better than if the light is of a passing nature.
If your aquarium is installed on the window or near it, the fish will be more fearful and the thermoregulation in the bank will be disturbed, which is especially fraught with aquariums that do not have a thermostat. In addition, if the direct sunlight falls on the aquarium, the algae will simply finish you off and the aquas will just bloom.
Question number 2 – Is it possible to put a small jar near the TV?
The fish will not like your choice, since they will only dream of peace. In addition, if you push the jar and pour water on the TV, you will spoil two things at once.
And besides, this is a violation of fire safety.
Question number 3 – I want to install an aquarium in the kitchen, can I do this?
It is strictly forbidden to install aquariums in the kitchen, because in the immediate vicinity there is a gas stove. The products of combustion of natural gas will poison the water and your fish may die.
Question number 4 – I want a small globular aquarium, is it possible to keep fish in it?
Fish can be kept in any aquarium, but the spherical banks, as a rule, have modest volumes and contain small fish that easily carry modest dwellings. It can be swordtails, guppies, live-bearing tooth-tooth, haracin and labyrinth. If you start yourself such an aquarium, it is better to stop your choice on neon, ternitse, guppy, macropods, because it is extremely difficult to use a water heater in globular aquariums.
If you like nimble schooling fish, such an aquarium does not suit them.
Unfortunately, the ball aquarium allows you to create conditions for life for only a few small individuals. If neons or guppies are planned, there should be no more than a dozen of them, petsyli or swordsmen – 3-5 pieces.
If the fish are not overfed, then the fish can easily live without aeration. The main drawback of a ball aquarium is that the curvature of the glass greatly distorts the internal space.
Question number 5 – Is it possible to contain gold fish in a ball aquarium?
To keep in a ball aquarium such fish as cichlids and goldfish, I advise you to immediately abandon this venture. The scrofula spoils the water and crawls in the ground, and their sizes for such containers are large enough.
But if you still managed to buy a voilehtail or a telescope, then you will have to constantly clean and change the water in it.
The choice of design depends on what kind of fish you use. If there are medium and small kinds of fish in the bank, then the bank can be arranged like this.
Plant a ceratopteris bush in the center of the aqua, and plant several bushes of a spiral wallisneria near the back wall. She will help you organize beautiful green thickets.
You can also use other not very sprawling plants, and on the surface several pisti or riccia bushes can float.
It is also possible to put a large stone or a beautiful snag in the center of the aqua, and plant a beautiful large plant near them, for example, an echinodorus, a lyudvigiyu, a sagittory or a hygrophilic polyperelle.
Question number 7 – What aquarium soil is best to use?
Coarse-grained river sand with a grain size of 3 to 4 mm or fine gravel is considered the optimal soil for most aquatic plants. With such a substrate, the optimal number of aquarium fish, balanced lighting and adequate temperature, almost all types of aquarium plants will feel more than good.
I advise you to abandon the use of fine sand, as in it the roots of aquatic plants will begin to rot and such a substrate will soon sour. I also do not recommend taking sand from the quarries, because it may contain impurities of iron.
White quartz sand is also not suitable, its fraction size is very small.
Question number 8 – Is the expanded clay suitable as a substrate?
Of course it is suitable and the ideal option would be to use a fine fraction with a particle size of from 2 to 3 mm. If you take a larger fraction, the remnants of feed can fall between them.
Before you make claydite into the aquarium, you need to rinse it thoroughly and soak for a while, so that all the air comes out of the pores. In the aquarium it is best to use exactly those particles that have sunk to the bottom during soaking.
Question number 9 – We installed an aquarium, put the soil and poured water, and she soon became dim. Why is that?
Most likely, you have not washed the soil well. Remember, before you lay the soil in the aquarium, it must be a long time and very thoroughly washed.
The first sign that the soil is clean is the absence of turbidity as a result of its mixing in a container with water. When the washed soil is already laid in the aquarium and plants are planted in it, water should be poured into the jar in a thin stream on a saucer.
So you will not raise the remaining turbidity, which could not be removed.
Question number 10 – What types of wood are suitable for aquariums as snags?
To decorate your aquarium, you can use the following tree species: ash, alder, willow, elm, maple, oak, pear. That is, those that will not release into the aquarium water harmful to the aquatic inhabitants of the substance.
Softwoods, aspen and poplar are not suitable for an aquarium.
The main cause of white blotch on a snag is its poor preparation. There are several ways to prepare snags.
It is best to use trees that have been in the water for a long time, that is, snag. You can simply rinse it well, clean it with a brush and rinse with boiling water.
It is also possible to use wood from peat mining, but such wood should be free from rotten areas.
In all other cases, the snag is thoroughly cleaned of bark and various growths, thoroughly washed and boiled for several hours in a strong salt solution, and then kept for about two weeks in cold, often replaced water. Alternatively, you can use the toilet bowl.
Only after these manipulations the snag is suitable for placement in an aquarium.
Some aquarists do the following: they cut a branch of maple, elm, alder or willow, which has recently fallen into the water, clean it and soak it in running or frequently replaced water. Then it is dried, treated with sandpaper and calcined until a uniform dark layer appears on its surface.
After that, the snag is put back into frequently replaced water for several days and every day they wipe the top charred layer and soot with a rag.
Question number 12 – Is bamboo suitable for decorating an aquarium?
Of course you can, just need to cook it in the same way, as I described a little higher. First, the bamboo stem is boiled in a saturated salt solution.
Salt do not regret, it should not be dissolved with stirring in cold water. When you boil wood, then it must be washed for about 10-14 days in running water.
But unfortunately, no one will give you a guarantee that the bamboo will not rot as a result of a long stay in the water.
Question number 13 – How to ensure biological balance?
To begin, you must properly equip your aquarium and at least once a week to replace the water and siphon the soil from the remnants of undernourished food and excrement. It is also necessary to regularly remove dead leaves of aquatic plants, because, decomposing, they increase the amount of organic compounds.
And this is a direct road to the fight against algae, which is sometimes very difficult to get rid of.
Also, special attention should be paid to feeding fish. It is better to give food live and well washed.
If you feed a pipe worker, it must first be kept for more than a week in frequently replaced water. You need to feed so much that the fish eat it for 15-20 minutes.
This rule applies to both fry and adult fish.
It is also very important to properly organize the temperature and light modes. The light should be suitable for all plants and fish that live in your aquarium. If there is an excess of light in the bank, the water will start to bloom and a green patina will appear on the walls of the water.
With a lack of lighting, the plants will begin to shed their leaves and they will turn yellow. In large aquariums, it is much easier to establish a biobalance than in small ones – proved by a long practice.
Therefore, I always tell beginners to start better from 80-100 liter cans than from 25-liter jars.
The reasons for the turbidity of the water in the aquarium can be several. If biological balance has not yet been established in your recently launched aquarium, and you have already fed your pets, this may cause turbidity in the water due to the rapid development of various microorganisms.
If the biobalance in your tank is precarious, then you need to keep a close eye on the amount of feed given, and you will need to collect all that the fish are undernourished. But do not think that an excess of fish food can not cause turbidity in the aquarium, where biological balance has already been established. Often, bacterial cloudiness appears in poorly prepared jars, especially where the aquarium soil was poorly washed.
You can get rid of it only if you find the cause of all the troubles. A 3-4-day unloading period for fish may help clear the water, at this time do not feed at all.
Just do not forget to remove the leftover food from the bottom of the can.
Question number 15 – Is it true that it is better to turn on aeration at night?
Yes, this is especially true of aquariums, where a large number of aquatic plants and fish. At night, the plants do not emit oxygen, and consume along with the fish. Because of this, the fish can suffer from a lack of oxygen at night.
Some newcomers turn off aeration for the night, complaining of noise. But this is better not to do, because the fish can simply die from banal suffocation, especially this often happens in summer, when the water temperature in the aquarium rises significantly.
And with increasing water temperature, the amount of dissolved oxygen is significantly reduced.
Question number 16 – Launched an aquarium, planted plants and fish in it. The fishes suddenly became blistered and after a couple of days they all died.
Most likely, you poured water straight into the aquarium from the aqueduct, not allowing it to stand for several days. Before pouring tap water into an aquarium with fish, it must be allowed to stand for several days at room temperature so that toxic chlorine evaporates from the water. It is better to defend water in a glass, enamel or plastic container.
Zinc, aluminum and other similar metals will poison the water.
Question number 17 – All my fish died due to illness. How and what do I need to process the aquarium so that this does not happen again?
To disinfect the aquarium, it must be washed with one of the following solutions: a dark pink solution of potassium permanganate, baking soda, table salt, or a 3 percent solution of chloramine. After that, wash the thorough jar several times with plain water.
Question number 18 – Is it possible to use water taken from wells?
If such water is used by people for drinking, then of course you can. But you should know what impurities are contained in this water, what is its hardness and other nuances. Basically, water taken from wells has high hardness, and tropical fish and plants love soft water.
In such sources, water may contain impurities of iron salts, table salt, and other metals, which have nothing to do in an aquarium.
Question number 19 – Can the old soil be used in a new aquarium?
This primer can be used, but it must be rinsed well. The quality of your work can be checked very easily – when you mix the substrate with your hand in any vessel, it should not exude dregs.
But if you took the substrate and the aquarium, where there was an outbreak of any disease, such a primer must be calcined or boiled.
Question number 20 – How to prepare an aquarium before starting?
First, wash the aquarium with soda and running water well. Then lay on the bottom of the treated aquarium soil with a slope to the front wall.
When planting plants, they must first be rinsed, hold for 10 minutes in a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate, and then remove the dead leaves. During planting, make sure that the roots were spread in the ground.
Then, as the plants are planted, we pour the carefully defended water with a saucer or plate so that the turbidity does not rise from the ground. Voila, it remains only to cover the jar with a cover glass, a lid with a lamp, install a water heater, filter, compressor, and install an installation for supplying CO2.
Remember, the right start of the aquarium is half the battle, the second half is the right care for it.
I have it all, stay tuned to the blog and do not miss the next issue of frequently asked questions!