maintenance, care, compatibility
As a rule, thinking about acquiring an aquarium is the first thing that focuses attention on – of course, on the fish. And how could it be otherwise, if, by visiting, for example, visiting a friend or visiting some institution and seeing there these beautiful inhabitants of the water depths swimming in an aquarium, a huge desire settles in the soul to create such beauty at home.
The next desire, appearing after the purchase or installation of an artificial reservoir, is in the design of its bottom with various decorations or even the arrangement of a plastic castle. But behind all these troubles, another important and no less important aspect, which not only aesthetic appearance of the aquarium, but also its microclimate, largely depends on the background.
As you might have guessed, we are talking about plants.
It is also worth emphasizing right away that aquarium plants are not algae, which they are often called by most, both ordinary people and beginner aquarists. Algae are microorganisms that actively multiply in favorable conditions for them, which include, for example, the presence of bright and intense light or irregular care.
Multiplying, they are located on the glass and other decorative elements, completely covering them with them. In addition, algae can cause the death of fish, clogging the filter and consuming oxygen.
Plants, however, require a special approach for their development. They also not only serve as an excellent decoration in an aquarium, but also do no harm to the fish at all. And this is not to mention their other useful properties.
But among all their types, foreground cover plants occupy a special place.
Ground cover plants are small aquarium plants that have rhizomes, whiskers, shoots, with the help of which they grow horizontally, and cover themselves with soil or some other substrate (pebbles, stones), which is used in the aquarium as soil.
It is very difficult to determine the difference between ground cover plants for an aquarium and simply undersized ones – they have no kinship, they are united only by the fact that both these groups are of short stature and are ideal for planting in the foreground of the aquarium.
Some types of ground cover aquarium plants
One of the most unpretentious ground cover plants for an aquarium are considered Sitnyag is tiny and needle needle, they look quite peculiar, do not have leaves. These plants grow well in shallow aquariums at a water temperature of 15 to 25 degrees.
The plant grows to 10-15 cm, covering completely the bottom in the aquarium.
Create a spectacular and lush carpet in an aquarium with a very tiny and attractive plant. chemyanthus cube, but to grow it is not a simple matter, good lighting and soil are required, as well as the presence of various macro and microelements in the water. The optimum temperature for this plant is 22-26 degrees, rapid growth occurs when a large amount of carbon dioxide is present in the water.
A ground cover plant planted in the foreground, the most common, is Glossostigma warrior. This plant has a long stem and, as a rule, grows upwards, but with a large amount of light, nutritious soil and an increased amount of carbon dioxide, it is able to crawl along the bottom of the aquarium in the form of a carpet, the height of which does not exceed 2-3 cm.
This plant is quite unpretentious.
Dutch herbalist – the most popular freshwater biotope
What plant species are suitable for grass pond?
The greatest difficulty in planting herbalist is creating the foreground of an aquarium. With a successful design of this sector, the remaining part of the reservoir will not be difficult to fill.
Usually, foreground made out of stunted (no more than 10 cm) plant species. This allows you to create an underwater landscape where all its space is clearly visible.
On the background, accordingly, large plants are placed, the height of which, however, should not be more than half the height of the tank.
Between front and rear plants plan a good idea to plant species of medium size, they themselves create a contrast, separating groups of similar plant foreground species.
If you specify all of the above, then to design the foreground of a home herbalist you can use:
- echinodorus gentle (Echinodorus tenellus);
- lyleopsis, dividing hemianthus micrantemoides (Hemianthus micrantemoides);
- purple lobelia (Lobelia cardinalis);
- and other plants of red shade to provide greater contrast.
There are not so many plants suitable for the foreground design that do not require special care and at the same time are fast-growing. Here, in addition to the already mentioned Echinodorus tenellus and some types of lyleopsis, should be called:
- Ekhinodorus chetyrekhrebornogo (E. quadricostatus);
- styloid arrowhead (Sagittaria subulata);
- Sintyagu is tiny;
- Thistle Mutovchaty.
These underwater species, even without sufficient lighting, in a short time form dense thickets.
For aquariums of large sizes (200 liters and more), plants of medium height will fit to the forefront, making such a size of capacity is much simpler, since the choice of plants here is wider.
When decorating your reservoir, you need to remember that, in addition to the shape and shade of the plant species, their lighting needs should be taken into account.
So, shade-tolerant plants (for example, Anubias) will be comfortable at the edges of a reservoir or in the shade of higher species (for example, tapeworms).
Photo-loving representatives of the underwater flora, to please you with bright greens, you must be placed in the bright areas of the aquarium.
Growing a submarine garden in a home pond is time consuming and expensive. An impressive type of herbalist can be grown only by thoroughly examining the issue, going through a losing streak and gaining in this difficult business of much-needed experience.
Often you can see how a newly-built aquarist, faced with obstacles in the form of uncontrollable propagating algae, the need to constantly monitor the lighting, the composition of the water in the reservoir, fertilize, control the level of carbon dioxide supply, part with the dream of having a home aquarium.
Hopefully, this article will help you cope with difficulties and competently organize a harmonious home herbal reservoir.
Microcartem Montemalo: Content, Care, Photo-Video Review
Mikrantemum Monte Carlo
This plant was found in fast-flowing reservoirs of Argentina in 2010, near the city of Monte-Carlo, in whose honor it was named. In aquariums, the plant appeared in 2012.
This is a relatively new plant, very similar to Hemianthus Cuba, but having a number of advantages over it.
A Monte Carlo micrantemum has longer roots, it grows firmly into the ground and does not float to the surface even if the mat is 10 cm thick.
This ability reduces the number of mows of a Monte Carlo rug, while the Chemantian Kub rug emerges when it is already 3 centimeters thick.
Monte Carlo micrantemus has larger leaves than Cuba, their diameter
3 mm, which allows for a smooth transition to plants with large leaves and makes the overall look of the aquarium more natural and natural.
This plant can certainly be attributed to the foreground cover plants.
With regard to the conditions of detention, the Monte Carlo micrantemus also has a number of advantages. The plant is not necessarily intense lighting. For growing a dense green mat, 0.5 watt / l of power is sufficient (approximately, depending on the conditions of maintenance and size of the aquarium).
Secondly, it does not require a high concentration of fertilizers: CO2, macro and microelements. Enough 5-10 mg / l carbon dioxide in water.
A wide range of pH water in the aquarium: 6-7.5, dH 5-15.
Besides the fact that the plant can form a dense mat, it is well rooted on snags and stones. This ability of a plant can be used to recreate the hanging “Gardens of Babylon”.
This trick is well demonstrated in the work that won first place in the competition IAPLC 2015, the plant as it forms a bump on a snag and hangs down.
NOTE: Here is what the aquarist of meristem aquarium plants, the Akvaryumka company, writes about the Monte Carlo micrantemum:
Rarely on sale, very interesting and relatively simple groundcover with small pale-green leaves. Micrantenum Monte Carlo is similar in appearance and growth to Hemianthus Calitrichoides. Differs in larger leaves, 5-10 mm in size and significantly more modest requirements for conditions of detention.
Micranthemum Monte-Carlo quickly creates a neat bright carpet in the foreground.
This plant was first found on the banks of a river in the province of Misiones in northern Argentina, and is named after this place: Micranthemum sp. “Monte Carlo”. This plant is also known as “New Large Pearl Grass”, and in South America, as “Bacopita”.
Growth rate: average.
Mikrantenum Monta Carlo can grow in light shade, but lighting from moderate to strong and CO2 supply will achieve the best results in the cultivation of this interesting aquarium plant.
Recommended cultivation options:
PH value: 6.5 – 7.5.
Temperature: 22 – 28 ° C.
Carbonate hardness: 4 – 12 ° DKH.
For more information on meristem aquarium plants, see article – here.
Monte Carlo Microrantemum Video