Главная 7 Aquarium 7 Fillers for aquarium filters: varieties and photos

Fillers for aquarium filters: varieties and photos

Hello dear readers. Each aquarist strives to ensure that high-quality water filtration is organized in his aquarium.

On the blog, you have already read articles about types of filters and types of water filtration, but so far we have not yet spoken to you about what kind of fillers for aquarium filters are. In this article we consider the most basic and most frequently used.

The most popular and most common filtering material for aquarium filters are foam sponges. Foam rubber has a standing structure, which allows it to not pollute so often, in contrast to the padding polyester. In addition to mechanical filtration, foam rubber also contributes to biological filtration of aquarium water.

The sponge is colonized by colonies of beneficial bacteria that neutralize nitrates and nitrites.

This kind of sponge is used in almost every filter, whether external or internal. I recommend that you not often wash sponges, try to keep them in the filter a little longer. But there is one catch.

On the one hand, the long-term presence of the sponge in the filter favorably affects the biological environment of the aquarium. But on the other hand, the sponge can become clogged and the flow of water through the filter will decrease, respectively, this will adversely affect the quality of filtration. The best option would be once every two weeks when you have to get a filter and clean it.

It is not recommended to wash out the sponges under running water, since you will wash off all the bacteria, which completely eliminates the biofiltration process for a certain time.

Every less experienced aquarist knows about three types of filtration of aquarium water: chemical, mechanical and biological. So ceramic fillers (in the form of rings) carry out biological filtration.

The porosity of the structure of ceramic fillers allows the development of a large number of colonies of nitrifying bacteria that are involved in the nitrogen cycle of the aquarium.

Novice aquarists should not disdain this kind of fillers for their filters, since ceramics is an excellent tool for establishing biological balance in an aquarium. This filler does not need to be washed, it is enough to rinse occasionally in aquarium water.

As a rule, ceramics are used in external filters, but you can put them in the internal one, but only if its design allows it.

To date, in pet stores you can find a great variety of different fillers of different quality performance. The most popular and proven in action is the products of the German company Tetra.

It has been used for many years in both freshwater and reef aquariums. As an analogue, you can use the ceramic rings of the Italian company Hydor.

Sintepon is used to improve the mechanical water purification in the aquarium. “Vata” has a high density, which allows filtering even small particles of suspension through the filter. If a padding pad is placed in your filter, then in a couple of hours after cleaning the aquarium, this filter material is able to trap almost all the dust and cloudiness that has risen after the siphon of the aquarium soil or grass weeding.

The only significant drawback of such a filler is that it clogs extremely quickly. In just a week of work, “wool” you will stick together and turn into a dirty lump, and as a result, it will lose its absorbing properties.

You can reuse it, but only after you have thoroughly washed it under running water. Considering such a short service life of the padding material, it is best to use it only in emergency cases when you need to remove a huge amount of mechanical suspension.

In the daily life of an aquarium, such a filler can not be called practical.

Zeolite is an ion exchange resin, which performs the function of chemical purification of aquarium water. Zeolite tends to absorb all sorts of chemicals and exchange cations.

To put it in simple human language, the zeolite removes ammonia (ammonia) itself from ammonium decomposition products from the water. This filler completely neutralizes the existing poisons in the water. But when using zeolite, keep in mind that it lowers the pH in the aquarium and reduces phosphate levels.

The highest quality zeolite can be considered the products of Hydor.

The main characteristic of a biofilter material is its surface area and the ability to not be contaminated by mechanical suspensions. But heavy metals, silicates and phosphates can be found in expanded clay and volcanic lava.

Therefore, these filter media must be thoroughly washed before using in an aquarium. They become clogged extremely slowly, but during washing they can give a strong turbidity.

Due to the absorbing properties of activated carbon, various high molecular weight compounds of an organic nature can be removed from the water. But coal cannot be called a biological filtering material, since it will absorb soluble and insoluble substances.

It is never used constantly, because it has a limited lifespan. As a rule, activated carbon in external filters is used in conjunction with other fillers, when the water in the aquarium is particularly turbid, or it is necessary to filter the water well after treating the fish in the general aquarium. Unfortunately, the exact life of coal in an aquarium cannot be called, since it depends on the filtration system and the tasks assigned to it.

But on average, 2 weeks of using coal gives its fruits and water is purified during this time.

Peat in an aquarium is used for a very long time, but as a filtering material only in rare cases. We all know that peat enriches water with tannins and humic acids.

But peat water is not suitable for every hydrobiont. In addition, peat lowers the level of kH and pH, which helps to create suitable conditions for fish and plants that prefer soft water.

Sometimes it is used in spawning.

О admin


Check Also

How to choose an aquarium – Size, Shape, Material

The impression that the aquarium will produce largely depends not only on its size and ...

Round Aquarium – Content Features

Round Aquariums do not lose popularity for many years. This is due to their compactness, ...

Aquarium Heater

Heater or heater for aquarium For the normal functioning of the ecosystem of the aquarium ...

Aquarium Decoration – Terraces

Terraces in the Aquarium Aquarium terraces are one of the popular decorative elements. The terrace ...

Aquarium Water Quality – Nitrogen Cycle, Filtration

In the amateur hobbyist circle, the term “water quality” means the amount of water polluting ...

Equipment for the aquarium – 1 part

In recent years, the quantity and range of aquarium equipment, commercially available, grew exponentially. Therefore, ...

Choosing and buying fish for an aquarium – part 1

Some scientists believe that the total number of fish species in the world’s waters is ...

How to run a nano-aquarium?

Nano aquarium – This is the newest direction of aquarism, rapidly gaining momentum. Nano-aquariums combine ...

Aquarium decoration

We have already discussed in the previous article how important it is to properly understand ...

Starter Feed for Fry – Infusorian Slipper

Ciliates-slipper refers to the type of ciliates (Infusoria), which has more than 7 thousand species. ...

Breeding aquarium fish – breeding methods

Breeding aquarium fish (general) For breeding fish in an aquarium, you need to have the ...

Reproduction of aquarium plants – Types and methods

Plants in an aquarium not only give it a unique look and personality, but also ...

Aquarium where to start – what kind of fish to get

You have decided to become an aquarist, or at least dream about it. You may ...

Algae in the aquarium and what may be due to their problems

Hello dear colleagues, I am glad to welcome you again on my blog reading articles ...

Create an aquarium design for cichlids in the home pond

Hello, dear colleagues. I am glad to welcome you again on my blog and today ...

What is Paludarium and how to equip it at home

Hello, dear subscribers and readers Aquablog. The topic of today’s article will be called “Paludarium”. ...

Algae in the pond: prevention and how to get rid of them

Good day, dear colleagues. In today’s article I would like to touch upon the topic ...

How is the catch of aquarium fish in the Amazon

Good day, dear readers! Today we will not talk about aquarium fish, plants and other ...

FAQ on aquarium water and biochemistry in an aquarium

Good day, dear colleagues. We continue to fill the heading of frequently asked questions about ...

Aquarium fish as a barometer for a fisherman

An experienced fisherman always remembers the truths associated with fishing. Pros of the business – ...

How to make an aquarium with silicate glass

I welcome you, dear readers on the pages of the blog aqua-blog.com.ua and as you ...

Frequently asked questions about aquarism – Part 3

Hello, dear readers. We continue to fill in the “Aquarium Habit” rubric and I have ...

Frequently asked questions about aquarism – part 1

Hello, friends! Starting today, I am launching a new category – frequent aquarium questions. In ...

Frequently asked questions about aquarism: light and temperature

Good day, dear readers! We continue to get acquainted with the Frequently Asked Questions section ...