Food plants in the aquarium, depending on their type can be obtained through the roots in the soil and leaves. To ensure the qualitative growth of plants in the aquarium, it is necessary not only to provide them with the necessary lighting, but also to additionally feed them with the help of special fertilizers.
In the event that you grow aquarium plants with a developed root system, you need to take care of the use of nutrient soil. It is this kind of soil that will provide the necessary nutrition for your plants.
Ideally, the plants in the aquarium should receive the macronutrients they need from the waste products of the fish. Whereas the trace elements enter the aquarium with fresh, fresh water.
However, in most cases in the aquarium there is a shortage of nutrients, which leads to slower growth of plants and the loss of their appearance by them. To solve this problem you need to use aquarium fertilizers containing various micro and macro elements.
It should be remembered that in this case special formulations are used, therefore, it is strictly forbidden to add usual fertilizers for indoor plants to the aquarium.
Using ready-made branded aquarium fertilizers, we recommend starting feeding plants with small doses, which will ensure full digestibility of nutrients. This will save you from the danger of the appearance of algae, which can increase their mass with an excess of nutrient organics.
The most widely used aquarium fertilizers are:
- Solid fertilizer – A variety of fertilizer that is introduced into the soil and slowly seeps from the soil into the water. It is made in the form of balls, small granules and tablets. The advantage of using this type of fertilizer is the simultaneous possibility of optimal plant nutrition. But if you buried such a pill and instead of the desired plant growth you had an algae outbreak, then you will hardly be able to quickly reduce the concentration of organic matter.
- Liquid fertilizer – fertilizers that are applied directly to the aquarium water in the appropriate concentration. In this case, the absorption of beneficial elements occurs by plants through the leaves. You can control the concentration of micronutrients necessary for the growth of microelements by changing water.
Problems with plant growth often arise from a lack of iron or potassium. In this case, there may be a significant whitening of the leaves, which occurs as a result of violation of photosynthesis.
How to make fertilizer for aquarium plants with your own hands
- Iron Based Fertilizer.
To prepare iron-based fertilizer, you will need 1.3 milliliters of citric acid and about 0.8 grams of vitriol. Dissolve the components in 0.33 liters of water, which will ensure the optimal concentration of iron in the fertilizer. It is possible to store the prepared solution for no more than two weeks, so it is not necessary to make a large amount of fertilizer immediately.
- Potassium sulfate based fertilizer.
If there are obvious problems with potassium in the aquarium, the following fertilizer should be prepared. Dissolve 80 grams of potassium sulphate in one liter of water and add 30 milliliters of water for one hundred liters of aquarium volume when changing.
The remaining trace elements of the plant can be obtained from the waste products of fish. Do not forget only about the need for regular substitution of a small amount of water for fresh tap.