maintenance, care, compatibility
Most of those who have just begun their acquaintance with the underwater kingdom, try to plant the elodea. This plant was brought to us from Canada and America back in the nineteenth century quite by accident, and since then it has become very popular among aquarium owners.
Elodieus freshwater plant, or anaccharis, is quite unpretentious, it grows quickly under any conditions. For this it is called water plague.
Able to survive even in the inept hands of novice aquarists.
As mentioned earlier, this plant does not cause much trouble. It must be remembered that it is freshwater, and if you put an elodea in an aquarium with sea or salted water, it will die.
It is best to multiply anaccharis, if you maintain the water temperature in the range of 20-25 ° C. If it increases, the growth of all its types (except for gear) will slow down or stop completely.
The condition of this representative of the underwater world water hardness does not have a big impact. About it you need to think only in the case of transplanting plants from soft water to a more rigid.
As a result, the stems can be significantly reduced.
Of the external factors, elodeia is most affected by lighting. It should be equally good in all corners of the aquarium.
If in some part of it, for example, at the bottom, light does not reach the plant, then the leaves will begin to rot and fall.
In winter, the water plague almost ceases to grow and may die altogether due to a decrease in the intensity of natural lighting. To avoid this, it is important to create the necessary conditions using artificial light sources for the cold season.
Despite the simplicity, it is necessary to periodically filter the water. The fact is that the elodea itself acts as a filter.
On its stems and leaves settles dregs from the water of the aquarium. This is good for all inhabitants of the reservoir, except for the plant itself.
Its appearance may deteriorate significantly. Therefore, you need to install a filter pump or periodically flush the stalks of elodea independently under running water.
In addition to feed this type of aquatic plants is not necessary. It uses waste products of other living organisms for processing them into nutrients for themselves substances.
Elodea aquarium plant: content, photo-video review
Elodea (Elodea) is an aquatic plant belonging to the genus Vodokrasovye. This is the most common representative of the underwater flora in the world.
The plant is ubiquitous (in ponds, lakes and stakes), often referred to as elodiey prudowik.
Elodea is a frequent guest of the aquarium world, a wonderful plant for beginning aquarists. Along with a plant like comminum, Elodiea is an uncomplicated plant, unpretentious in its content, it multiplies very quickly, and it is for this that it received such an incongruous name as “water plague”.
Homeland plants is North America. Elodee structure: The stems are long, branched, cord-shaped, fragile, growing extremely fast and covered with leaf whorls. Stems strongly branched, and often reaching lengths of more than two meters.
The leaves are bright green, transparent, oblong or linear-lanceolate, slightly curly, up to 1 in length and 0.5 cm wide, finely toothed, sharp, which are arranged in rather thick whorls, with three leaves in each. In the crown parts of the stem, leaves are always lighter in color than in the lower ones. Stems spread along the bottom of the reservoir and strongly branch, giving numerous vertical shoots, which leads to the formation of powerful thickets.
In the autumn-winter period, with a lack of lighting and low temperature, it sinks to the ground, preserving the growth buds. In the conditions of the aquarium, while maintaining favorable conditions, the plant grows evenly well throughout the year.
The most common type of elodea in an aquarium is Canadian Elodea. This species is most suitable for a cold-water and moderately warm aquarium. It grows well at a temperature of 16-24 ° C, tolerates a prolonged decrease in temperature to 12 ° C.
In a tropical aquarium, at temperatures above 24 ° C, the plant grows poorly. Stiffness and pH for elodey do not matter, it grows in very soft and hard water.
However, when transferring a plant from one aquarium to another, it is necessary to take into account the conditions in which it was kept prior to transplantation.
When a plant is transferred from very soft water to hard water, it dies quickly, its branches literally dissolve. Moving to softer water for elodea is painless.
Elodea does not like the admixture of salt in water in such water quickly perishes. Therefore, for example, in salt treatment of such a common disease of fish as ichthythyriosis better to remove elodeyu.
Elodiea does not need a “personalized” CO2 supply, one thing, of course, with a sufficient amount of it, the plant will grow better and faster. Lighting Elodea needs a standard, about 0.5 watts / liter, but it can withstand moderate shading.
The stalks of the Canadian Elodea rooted easily at the base and bear long, white roots.
It grows also, can freely swim in the water column. On the branches thrown into the aquarium, new shoots are rapidly developing, which in a short time become independent plants. Stems are long, form dense matted thickets.
The bright green, with a metallic sheen of twigs, the elodea cover the bottom and, rising to the very surface of the aquarium, form a dense emerald net in the water, which makes the elodey adorn the underwater world. In summer, the elodea grows rapidly and takes up a lot of space, so from time to time it must be partially removed from the aquarium.
In stagnant water (without filtration and water flow), growth was significantly slowed, because in still water, due to breathing and assimilation, a shell of weak carbon dioxide was formed around the plant, which slows down growth. At the same time, the movement of water should be strong just enough so that no carbon dioxide shell forms around the plant.
In the aquarium with muddy water The elodea becomes an excellent filter, collecting dregs on itself, the water is made crystal clear. Due to its very fast growth, it assimilates products nitrogen cycle, accumulating in the water of the aquarium, which also contributes to its cleaning. Winters badly.
In the autumn-winter period, with a lack of lighting and low temperature, the elodea sinks to the ground, preserving the growth buds. With the improvement of conditions, it again begins to grow rapidly.
While maintaining a satisfactory water temperature and sufficient illumination elodie decorates the aquarium all year round.
It is necessary to remove the overgrown elodea from the aquarium and it is necessary to prune it very carefully, since the sap of the plant is poisonous and, if it enters the water, it can cause the death of the fry of the fish settling in the thickets. In addition, elodea juice has an inhibiting effect on the growth of many delicate plants.
Therefore, before pruning, the plant should be removed from the aquarium and pruned in a separate container.
Elodea leafy – Habitat Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina and Uruguay. This aquarian plant has stringy, long and branched stems. The root system is underdeveloped.
The leaves are whorlaceous, from 4 to 6 large, twisted leaves of a linear shape, light green or bright green, up to 5 cm long, up to 0.6 cm wide. The size of the leaves and the color of the plant depends on the conditions of the plant in the aquarium.
It blooms in white flowers. In height helode reaches 70 cm.
Elodea leafy blooms in summer. Flowers with three large white petals.
At home, in some areas the plant is known as a dioecious plant, while in others both male and female flowers can appear on the same plant specimen. In Europe, plants grow with staminate flowers, and specimens with pistillate flowers are not found.
Elodea leafy unpretentious plant. Feels best in cold and moderately warm aquariums.
Water parameters for the content of leafy elodea: hardness 8-20 °, pH 6.0-8.0, temperature 15-26 ° C.
Lighting for elodey should be bright enough, only in this case, the plant gives off oxygen well. The power of the illuminators is selected individually depending on the height of the water column and other factors. Also useful for her is direct natural light.
In the aquarium, the plant grows well throughout the year. The plant is propagated by cuttings.
Often on sale under the name of elodeya, you can meet representatives of other botanical genera: egeria, lagarosiphon and hydrilla.
Beautiful photos with elodeya
Interesting video about elodey