maintenance, care, compatibility
The genus Echinodorus of the family Alismataceae (Chastuhovye) occupies a special niche in diverse tropical vegetation, since it is very numerous. Fifty years ago, the Czech naturalist and hydro-botanist Karel Ratai described 47 species of plants belonging to this genus, which are spread over vast American territory: from the central states of the United States to Argentina.
Previously, some African and Asian plants were also considered ekhinodorusami, but then only Americans were referred to them. But on this classification adventure is not over. In the 1990s, botanists clarified the system and determined that the genus Echinodorus consists of 26 species and several subspecies.
It seems, however, that the scientific world has not stopped on this since new, hybrid species appear.
Despite the fact that representatives of this vegetation are combined into one genus, they can be of various sizes: from 10 cm to 1 m. All of them feel good with significant fluctuations in temperature (from 15 to 25 degrees) and grow best in sandy soil with the presence of silt. Constantly found in the marshes, along the banks of rivers and lakes.
The only thing that almost all echinodorus cannot stand is poor lighting. In the shade, their growth usually stops, with too little light the vegetation degrades.
Popular decorative echinodorus: features of the content
For those who do not want to bother to create a system of intensive lighting Echinodorus bleheri (Ekhinodorus blekhera) fits perfectly. Grass with wide, light green leaves of ellipsoidal shape tolerates even long-term shading and can do without artificial light if the aquarium is located near the window.
Natural daylight lasting 6-8 hours a day is enough for her. Unpretentious vegetation develops well in a wide range of temperatures (20-30 degrees above zero), and the degree of silting of the soil does not play a special role.
Echinodorus bleheri satisfactorily tolerates both a weakly acidic and weakly alkaline environment, and its hardness may also vary widely. Perhaps the only requirement is frequent water changes (20% of the total volume at least once every two weeks).
This type is convenient for self-breeding. When new plants appear on the arrows, 3-4 leaves wait for thin roots to appear, and then small processes are carefully separated and planted into the ground.
Young shoots, it is desirable to provide dressing in the form of pieces of clay. It should be noted that the appearance of daughter processes does not at all worsen the condition of the mother bush.
In recent decades, professional hydrobotanics have derived several hybrid species of Echinodorus, which do not exist under natural conditions. This fact testifies to the great popularity of this perennial aquatic grass that has come to our home aquariums from the distant American continent.
On how to properly care for echinodorus gentle, look at the video:
Echinodorus (lat. Echinodorus) is a genus of plants of the same name of the Chastukhov family. Natural habitat – North and South America.
Many species were cultivated in home aquariums. There are annual and perennial plants growing above water or under water. Echinodorus can grow in water with different parameters, well adapted to acidic and weakly acidic water.
All aquarium plants love bright lighting, which allows them to become saturated with pigment and grow upwards.
The maintenance of the plant echinodorus is very simple, with the exception of some demanding species. Heat-loving, prefer a temperature of 19-30 degrees Celsius, water acidity from 5.0 to 8.0 pH, medium hardness 4 dH. In soft water they become weak, the leaves wither and fall.
Also for planting requires clean soil, with a fine-grained substrate (pebbles or sand). Ground siphon is allowed for cleaning of accumulated organic matter.
The plant loves clear water, muddy water does not allow light rays to pass through. Filtration and aeration are mandatory, as is water renewal at least once a week for fresh water.
It is desirable to saturate the water with CO2. Some species take fertilizer and fertilizer with iron as fertilizer, with other organics and chemical fertilizers should be careful, they are used only with strong growth of the bush.
In a new soil for Echinodorus make feeding from clay or boiled peat.
Admire the echinodorus small-color aquarium, the Red Flame, the heart-shaped Marble Queen and other aquarium plants.
The genus was first described at the end of the 19th century, exactly 100 years later, he was given a detailed description, dividing into species and subspecies. Most ekhinodorusov grow on the territory of South America in the basins of freshwater rivers or in swampy areas. Rarely found on the dried areas, where species with strong and long roots take root.
Few species are able to live under water all year round, they need land and growth in the world. Propagated by seed or vegetatively due to rhizome.
There are a number of hybrid species that are difficult to distinguish from South American endemics.
Echinodorus narrow-leaved – received a description in 1975. Natural habitat – Mato Grosso, Brazil. Differs in endurance and thermophilic.
It has a simple appearance, the leaves are long and pointed up, green. Under abusive conditions, leaf plates may turn yellow. It is recommended to land behind the middle and background.
The bush grows 50-60 cm high, the leaf width is 4 mm. In an aquarium, it can take root in water slightly acidic and hard. Heat-loving look, the required temperature of the content: 20-30 degrees Celsius.
Suitable as a shelter for small fish. For rapid growth, the amount of daylight required is 10-12 hours, in the case of LB light with 0.4 W lamps per 1 liter of water.
Landing narrow-leaved Echinodorus is better in a spacious aquarium, as it grows heavily.
Echinodorus oziris – the plant was first described in 1970, the natural environment of distribution is southern Brazil, areas of the Orinoco river. Leaves elliptical, wide.
The color of the leaf plate is green or light brown. An adult plant reaches a length of 40-50 cm, so it is initially recommended to plant it in a spacious aquarium with clean water.
If you land in nutrient sand with soil, you will grow a thick bush. In bright light, the leaves become orange-red. The plant is preferably planted in the foreground.
A number of requirements for maintenance in an aquarium: water temperature 18-29 degrees, acidity 6.0-7.5 pH, hardness – no more than 4 dH.
Echinodorus yarrow – described in 1970, a very popular ornamental plant. Also loves lighting and clear water.
Forms a wide bush for 10-20 whorls, the color of the leaf plates from light green to dark green. The plant grows up to 60 cm in height. The leaves are long, elliptical in shape.
Requires fine-grained soil for planting, without impurities. Water should be slightly acidic, hard. Allowable temperature content in the water – 22-28 degrees.
Planted better in the foreground or background.
Watch a video about Echinodus milfoil.
Echinodorus small-color (black amazon) – unpretentious aquarium plant. Habitat in nature – freshwater reservoirs of Bolivia and Peru.
Stem shortened, bush height 40 cm. The shape and length of the leaf directly depend on the length of daylight.
The color of the leaf plate is bright green with brown streaks. Recommended content in a tropical aquarium with relatively warm water. A number of requirements for water parameters: temperature 21-28 degrees, acidity 6.0-8.0 pH, hardness 2-15o.
Weekly it is recommended to update 25% of water for fresh, prefers not turbid water, without organic impurities. It is better to plant in the back of the tank.
Growing year round. The soil should be silted and nutritious.
Echinodorus Mercedes (Mercedes) is a very popular hybrid plant of Czech selection. Forms a rosette of 5-6 stems and broad leaves of elliptical shape. The color of the leaf plate is olive-yellow, with a purple edging.
The height of the leaves is 30-35 cm, width is 5-7 cm, the width of the bush is up to 30 cm. In an environment saturated with iron, a Mercedes may acquire a dark brown, purple color.
Plants also love warm water, growing in the world, it is better to use for this lamp LB with a capacity of 0.3 W per liter. It takes root in water at a temperature of 20-27 degrees, with a hardness of 4-9 dH, acidity pH 6.0-7.0.
Flower arrows throws out several times a year. As the soil suitable sand granular without impurities.
Vegetatively propagated, with the help of lateral shoots on peduncles.
Echinodorus ruby is a popular ornamental plant of bright color. In contrast to the collections of natural origin, it is very hardy even in acidic and soft water, does not impose special requirements on the content. Unwashed sand is suitable as a substrate for planting, where it feels comfortable.
It grows to a height of 60 cm, the leaves are oblong, purple-red, 8-10 whorls in one outlet. Allowable temperature in the aquarium: from 22 to 30 degrees.
Echinodorus rose – a small hybrid with light pink leaves. The height of the bush is 15-25 cm, width is 20-35 cm. In the socket of 8-9 leaves of elliptical shape, the width of the leaf plate is 3-5 cm.
The plant is planted in the central or rear part of the aquarium. Loves lighting, 0.4 watts per 1 liter. Required to land in nutrient soil with silt.
The temperature of the aquatic environment in the aquarium is 22-30 degrees, it does not grow very quickly.
Popular decorative echinodorus: features of the content
ALTERNANTER REINECA (ALTERNANTHERA REINECKII, ALTERNANTHERA ROSAEFOLIA)
Experienced aquarists give preference to even the most difficult to maintain aquarium plants. And this is not surprising, because if a person knows everything about plants, he is able to provide them with good living conditions that are optimally close to natural.
One of the most beautiful plants are forming a bush. And especially well looked bushy aquarium plants. Echinodorus is no exception, it has large leaves, against which the other inhabitants of the aquarium look just great.
Its leaves are tightly collected in the outlet. Differs plant unpretentiousness, which is why it is very popular among aquarists.
The optimum temperature for the content is 24-28C. The water is preferably moderately hard, with a neutral or slightly alkaline medium.
Echinodorus gentle, Echinodorus herbaceous (lat. Echinodorus tenellus) is an excellent plant of the cetachid family.
Looks great in the foreground of the aquarium thanks to its dense leaves. First appeared in the Japanese aquascape Amano as an ornamental plant.
This is the only plant found in tropical and subtropical latitudes of North and South America. Due to the simplicity of maintenance and ease of care, can grow to a large bush.
Echinodorus herbaceous grows on the shores of large reservoirs. On the Rio Gvapor in Brazil, it was found on dried soil, which is not typical of sight. On the sun-dried soil, due to the high humidity of the lower layers of soil, mini rosettes 3 cm high with a large number of inflorescences were formed.
They settled the shady and sunny terrain. In August 1987, the underwater populations of this species almost never met.
B. Stack conducted a study in August 1991, which revealed that the dense and flowering plantations of Echinodorus affectionate can sprinkle shores both on sunny areas with moist ground and on shady areas. At that time, the Mandiore canal (territory of Brazil and Bolivia) had the following water parameters: temperature 25 degrees Celsius, acidity 7.6 pH, water hardness 4 dH.
At the same time, in the northeast of Venezuela, on the shores of large freshwater lakes, meadows of echinodoruses appeared, growing both under water and on the ground under the sun.
You can keep Echinodorus tender in wide temperature ranges, because in nature it is distributed in different climatic zones, and adapts to water with different parameters. It is better to keep in a 20-80-liter aquarium at a temperature of 23-29 degrees Celsius, but not higher than 30 degrees. Permissible hardness of the aquatic environment: 3-4o, acidity of water pH 5.0-7.5.
In soft water begins to rot, then the leaves spoil and fall. Neutral and weakly alkaline water is the best environment for it. A regular water change of 25% once a week is necessary.
Filtration is also necessary, as turbid water does not let the light through.
Echinodorus gentle as a tropical plant, prefers bright lighting, which allows you to grow and find bright color leaves. Light day can fluctuate within 10-14 hours depending on the power of lighting. Even a small amount of light provokes the growth of the plant, its leaves will be pulled to the upper layers of water.
For lighting it is recommended to use fluorescent lamps with a power of 0.4-0.5 W. It is important that in the aquarium there are no floating and tall plants that would create a shadow.
- Powerful illumination from 1 W per liter to Echinodorus gentle acquires a red, even purple color. The primary medium with an acidity above 7 pH acts on it as intense light. Without the supply of the necessary amount of light and carbon dioxide, the leaves of the plant also turn red.
To bush well developed, should be planted in a fine-grained soil with silt. Sand or gravel is suitable as a substrate.
Il is suitable for fertilizer. The minimum layer of substrate for planting 2-3 cm. Fertilizers with minerals can be used if the plants are tightly planted in the aquarium.
It is important that fertilizers do not harm other plants and animals.
See how to plant Echinodorus gentle.
Rules for the maintenance of decorative echinodorus Bleher
Echinodorus Blecher is an aquarium plant, the bushes of which reach up to half a meter high, rather thick, with bright green leaves elongated in length, growing on cuttings and forming a dense shadow. That is why you should not plant other plants under it.
Yes, and other amenities of the aquarium economy easily overshadowed by its gorgeous foliage. He can no doubt be called a resident of large aquariums, where there is space, so necessary for echinodorus.
The content of this plant does not cause much difficulty. Caring for him is pretty simple. However, as with any plant, there are nuances in cultivation.
It is better to do this in an aquarium with a temperature of water that fluctuates between 20 and 28 degrees. But for one or two months it is necessary to lower it to 20-22 degrees annually, arranging something like the winter months.
Since it is quite difficult in the general aquarium, the plant for this period is deposited in another place.
Neutrality and low alkali reaction of water is the best fit for echinodorus bleacher. Also, its content requires a partial replacement of water every three months: about one fifth of the volume of the aquarium. This plant can grow in low light conditions of the vessel, both in natural light and in artificial light.
But the lighting is necessary for 8-12 hours a day.
Soil can serve as a medium-sized light-grained pebble, or other material of identical size. If you pour a little bit of food in the sludge or peat, the echoenic bleuer starts up in active growth.