maintenance, care, compatibility
In countries of equatorial Africa (Zaire, Nigeria, Congo, Cameroon), in small silted waters and slow-flowing rivers, the dwarf frog of the species Hymenochirus boettgeri lives.
Pygmy Frog, or Hymenochirus boettgeri
This baby is very attractive, although her beauty is not striking: the body is elongated, the limbs are thin, the complete absence of the eyelids. The forelegs have membranes between the fingers.
This feature gave the name: the word Hymenochirus translates as “skin-leather”.
Bettger hymeno-virus, they are also called African dwarf frogs, because of its small size – the largest up to 3.5 cm, and the smallest – up to 2.5-3 cm.
This tiny amphibian is very common in aquariums, but it is quite difficult to buy it in stores.
If the male quietly chirps, and his girlfriend’s sides become rounded, then the pair is ready for breeding. In the male, you can see small white-pink glands under the front paws. And females have “tails” between the hind legs.
But to accurately determine the sex of the dwarf frog is quite difficult.
Once in spawning, dwarf frogs begin their mating dance: the male, clasping the female, begins to move in a circle. Closer to the surface, it throws up to 750 eggs that float in water or attach to plants. To the frogs did not eat caviar, manufacturers are transplanted into a separate container.
After a couple of days, tiny larvae appear and stick to the glass for five days. Emerging tadpoles already know how to swim and eat on their own.
Kids are happy to absorb ciliates, artemia, Cyclops and daphnia, pieces of shrimp.
Growing up, the aquatic frog lives about 8 years.
- Unacceptable content with aggressive cichlids, large crayfish, turtles. Some of these species may take the baby frog for food and swallow it.
- Cleaning in the terrarium, you can not use soap. Porous skin of frogs may react to chemicals.
- Their skin is thin and delicate, therefore, in order not to damage it, it is better not to touch them with your hands.
The African frog is a undemanding and funny animal. Observing and caring for her, a person receives positive emotions. And also acquires the skills of keeping animals.
This will come in handy in the future, because it is with the frogs that everything begins.
Aquarium frog content grooming compatibility breeding description.
Both types are not too demanding on the conditions of detention. Spur frogs need an aquarium of 20–30 liters per pair, and at the same time fill it with water by half or a third.
The tank should be covered with a lid or net. Ground – pebbles.
The aquarium is equipped with a compressor or a small internal filter, you can use a waterfall filter, but there should not be a strong flow. In bright light is not necessary.
The water temperature is about 22-25 ° C, the xenopuses are almost indifferent to the chemical indicators of water. An exception is the content of chlorine and fluorine in the water, so it is recommended to defend it before adding to the aquarium for at least 2-3 days.
They change water once or twice a week at 20–25%, a number of authors recommend changing it less often as it grows turbid.
Plants can only be planted hard-leaved, always in pots, otherwise they will be dug up immediately. Some lovers of these animals do the following: put a pot with a houseplant with hanging outlets next to an aquarium and place these shoots in an aquarium.
In this case, the aquarium will be greened out and the roots of the plant will remain intact.
For hymeno-viruses, the volume of the aquarium may be even smaller; 1-2 liters of water for such a frog is enough.
Mandatory cover – hymeno-viruses, especially those caught in nature, often strive to escape.
Water temperature for them is needed not lower than 24 ° C. A filter or compressor is desirable, but it should not be too powerful, so that in the aquarium there remain areas with still, standing water.
At the bottom it is necessary to equip small shelters under which these quivering creatures can hide. Plants are very desirable, well, if they sometimes form dense thickets.
Planting them is also better in pots. In the aquarium, you need to equip the lighting, because hymeno-viruses like to sometimes rise among the undergrowth to the surface and bask under the lamp, sticking the head and upper part of the body out of the water.
Types of aquarium frogs
Currently, aquariums contain two types of frogs: a smooth spur frog – xenopus (Xenopus laevis), which has been bred in captivity for many years, and a dwarf frog – hymeno-virus (Hymenochirus boettgeri), which has become popular not long ago. Adult frogs of these species vary greatly in their size, appearance, behavior, and peculiarities of their content.
Frog in pet stores are often kept in the same tank and when selling do not always focus on their species.
So, if the aquarium frogs are white or pinkish, with red eyes, then regardless of the size it is sportive. The albino spore frog was bred artificially at the Moscow Institute of Development Biology for laboratory experiments.
If a small frog is grayish, brownish or olive in color with dark spots, then to determine the type, one should pay attention to the length and thickness of its limbs, the presence of membranes between the toes of the front paws and the pointedness of the muzzle. Spurs of wild-colored frogs are more dense, they have thicker legs with bandages, like babies, a rounded muzzle, and there are no membranes on the fingers.
The hymeno-virus, on the contrary, has membranes, legs are long and slender, the muzzle is pointed. The size of an adult hymeno-virus, as a rule, does not exceed 4 cm, while the common frog grows to 10–12 cm.
Decorative aquarium frogs – both xenopus and hymeno-viruses – prefer live food.
For shporetsyh it can be flour and earthworms, crickets, large bloodworms, fry and tadpoles. You can give pieces of liver, meat, fish, shrimp from tweezers.
And now let’s see if it is possible to make frogs with fish.
As for the spur-winged frog, knowing the peculiarities of its behavior, one can answer unequivocally – there is nothing for it to do in the aquarium with fish.
She will swallow anyone who fits in her mouth, will wipe out most of the plants, dig up the soil, lift the dregs, and move the carefully set decorations.
In addition, she does not like fresh water with a good flow, and most fish do not like her usual marsh.
The only advantage of living together fish and spur frogs is that the skin mucus of frogs contains antimicrobial substances that can have a therapeutic effect on diseased fish. But with the current level of development of aquarium pharmacology, this can hardly be considered a serious argument.
If you really want to do without chemistry, it is much easier to put the sick fish in a small container, where a frog had been for some time before that.
Some aquarists advise keeping xenopus along with labyrinth fishes, as they feel well in the old water and breathe atmospheric air. But why do this?
A separate small aquarium with frogs will take up very little space, and all will be well as a result.
With hymeno-viruses, it’s not so scary. It is believed that they get along well with calm, not too large, non-predatory fish.
The beauty of the aquarium, they also will not break. However, in a large aquarium, hymeno-viruses spend a lot of time in shelters, so they can hardly be watched, and it is quite difficult to control their feeding process.
And finally, some interesting facts about the sporean frogs:
SHPORT FROG CONTENT CARE BREEDING COMPATIBILITY PHOTO.
How to keep them and breed aquarium frogs :: aquarium frogs content :: Aquarium fish
Aquatic frogs perform several functions – it is an original decoration and a means for disinfecting water. There are special varieties of frogs, intended for keeping and breeding in aquariums, but ordinary river toads can take root at home.
The question “opened a pet store. Business is not going. What to do? “- 2 answers
Most aquarium frogs are unpretentious and do not require special conditions of detention. Even in a small aquarium, you can keep 2-3 individuals at a time.
The main thing you should pay attention to is the ground and the selection of special water plants.
The best options for filling the aquarium are river gravel or granite chips. The fact is that frogs like to dig holes and hide in them, so the use of other types of soil for the aquarium can lead to significant water pollution.
Such species, for example, include river sand, which is strongly recommended not to be applied. In an aquarium, frogs can live up to 15 years.
The main condition for maintenance is the care and proper feeding of aquatic inhabitants.
Plants for the aquarium in which the frog lives should be chosen with special attention. Green vegetation should have fairly large leaves and a developed root system.
Otherwise, the nimble inhabitants of the aquarium can undermine the plants. The grounds of all vegetation should be covered with large pebbles.
Aquatic frogs do not treat temperature differences very well, so when changing water, try to make it slightly different from the old one. In addition, to fill the aquarium, it is recommended to use only settled liquid.
Do not forget that frogs are amphibious creatures, so the air for them is no less important than water. In aquariums with frogs, several pieces of foam should be placed on the surface of the water so that, if desired, the reptile can take a break from the water element.
The most favorite food for aquarium frogs is bloodworms, carreter and worms. This species of amphibians are predators, therefore, periodically, you can treat frogs with pieces of fish or chicken meat.
It is impossible to overfeed aquarium frogs in any case. From constant supersaturation they develop serious liver disease, which can lead to death. Particular caution must be exercised with this kind of feed, as the shredder.
It is recommended to give this feed several times a week, and such worms are not suitable for daily consumption.
Some species of aquarium frogs, such as pips, can eat the fish living with them in the neighborhood. That is why these types of frogs are best kept in separate aquariums.
Other species of these amphibians show absolutely no interest in those aquatic inhabitants who live with them.
Reproduction of frogs in an aquarium does not cause unnecessary difficulties. Reptile females lay their eggs, which is fertilized for several days. During the mating period, bright black stripes appear on the male’s paws.
In this case, the frogs begin to make sounds that resemble the ticking of the hands on the clock.
Tadpoles may differ in their behavior and appearance. They can swim upside down, spend most of their time on the surface of the water, and not at the bottom of the aquarium.
In some of them you can see rather long antennae. Small creatures feed mainly on algae, but it is recommended to additionally feed them with chopped spinach and lettuce leaves.
Gradually tadpoles turn into small frogs, but with a tail. During this time period, the reptile food changes.
Frogs begin to eat food intended for fish, and also show a particular interest in daphnia, which become their favorite food.
The desire of an aquarist to diversify his underwater kingdom with exotic inhabitants is fully justified and explicable. For these purposes, crabs, and shrimps, and snails are added to aquarium fish …
And more recently, a wave of popularity has covered the frogs, which feel great in an artificially created reservoir and do not create serious problems for the owner. In addition, these aquatic inhabitants not only perform an aesthetic function, but also benefit by emitting an antibacterial substance and thereby disinfecting the water around them.
The most common types of aquarium frogs today are smooth spur, pipa Corvalho and hymenohyrius. All of these frogs belong to the pip family, however, despite their close relationship, they behave quite differently in aquariums.
A smooth spur frog is an unpretentious creature that can live and breed in small amounts of water. But it looks unassuming.
So a true lover of the exotic is unlikely to be interested in a gray-brown frog, growing to twelve centimeters.
Quite another thing – hymenochirius. This is an unusual frog, distinguished from other pip’s by the presence of membranes on the paws.
Hymenochirius grows up to only four centimeters, and in the home aquarium such an inhabitant looks very exotic. However, it should be noted that hymenochirius are much more demanding to care than other aquarium frogs.
The maintenance of these animals is a lot of work, including the creation of appropriate conditions for them, maintaining the water temperature not lower than 250 C in an aquarium with a volume of one hundred liters.
Pipa Corvalho also has membranes, only it has them located on its hind legs, unlike hymenohyrius. The content of Korvalo is not particularly capricious, and the small size of this dwarf frog makes it possible to place several pairs of peep in an aquarium with a volume of fifty liters.
All frogs prefer food of animal origin. Excellent bloodworm, pieces of fish and seafood.
The main condition for the maintenance of these amphibians – tightly closed aquarium cover!
The maintenance of these amphibians requires an aquarium with a small floating raft or a horizontal aquaterrarium with soil rising and forming a stretch of shore. The volume of aquaterrarium for different species can be from 20 to 50 liters per couple of individuals.
The soil is gravel without sharp edges or small pebbles. In the water must be installed filter. The presence of both in the water and on the land part of living plants is very desirable.
The species can be any, because these animals behave very intelligently in the aquarium and do not spoil the greenery, but some of the aquarium plants should be with small soft leaves – newts wrap their eggs in such leaves.
In the water and on the shore you need to equip shelters. Coconut shells, clay shards, pieces of wood bark will do.
The container with tritons must surely close securely, as they calmly climb up the vertical glass and love to run away from the aquarium. The smallest of them can crawl into any slot at all, so in the container with them it is better to glue even the holes for the wires (my red breasts managed to escape through them twice).
The most important and difficult requirement for these animals is that they need a stable low temperature of air and water, for most species within 18-21 ° C. In warmer water, metabolism is accelerated in tritons, they get sick more often and die faster.
To keep the temperature low, use computer coolers that can cool water a couple of degrees, ice bottles that are constantly changing. Of course, the ideal option is to use a special cooling system for aquariums (a very expensive thing!), As well as to place tanks with amphibians in an uninhabited room with a constantly working air conditioner or in a cool basement.
For two species – the needle and the Chinese dwarf – the temperature is acceptable up to 24-25 ° C. They are the most popular (and indeed the only frequent newts) among Russian lovers.
In general, the types of newts contained in captivity, quite a lot.
These species for the maintenance of sufficient aquarium with a small floating island.
Spanish (spiky, ribbed) newt (Pleurodeles waltli). Size up to 30 cm, plain color with gray, black and yellow-orange tones.
The content is undemanding, suitable for beginners. For a couple, it is enough to have an aquarium of 50 liters, desirable (though not necessary) soil (gravel or small pebbles) and live plants.
The land plot is optional, as the triton can lead a fully aquatic lifestyle.
The only species of newts in the Russian zootorgovle, whose young appear and grow in captivity (almost all representatives of other species are caught in nature). It is most adapted to the conditions of the aquarium.
Red-bellied (Chinese, dwarf) newt (Cynops orientalis). The smallest and simplest content triton, therefore one of the most common.
Externally, it is distinguished by a bright orange or cinnamon-red belly with dark spots and a tail rounded off at the end. Tolerates high temperature and moderate water pollution, non-aggressive, undisguised.
It breeds well in captivity without creating special conditions. Alternating water and terrestrial lifestyles, so an island in the water is needed necessarily.
Despite the fact that this species reproduces easily in conditions of captivity, most of the dwarf newts in Russian pet stores are wild individuals caught in the reservoirs of China.
Relatives of the Chinese Red-Belly:
- Japanese fireburn (Cynops pyrrhogaster);
- Okinawan or swordtail (Synops ensicauda);
- Blue-tailed Flame-tailed (Cynops cyanurus).
These species are similar to the Chinese red-bellied (sometimes sold under this name), but larger, differ in the nuances of coloring, the shape of the head and tail, the smoothness of the skin. Extremely rarely found on sale in Russia, there are only in the collections of amateurs. The content is more demanding.
Short-legged red-bellied newt, pachitriton (Pachytriton labiatus). Sometimes found on sale under the name of a giant stone salamander. It lives exclusively in water, it is not necessary to equip it for land.
Demanding conditions: the water temperature is strictly 18-20 ° C, it must be very clean with a low level of nitrogen compounds. Tritons are aggressive and can damage each other in fights, so it is recommended to keep them individually or in a large shelter-equipped aquarium.