There are two main directions in the aqua design associated with the design of the aquarium plants, this is a natural aquarium and a Dutch aquarium. These areas are very different, the design of the Dutch aquarium is similar to the design of flower beds, park.
If the design of a natural aquarium focuses on stones or snags, then in a natural aquarium only objects can be such objects.
A Dutch aquarium will give unusualness and beauty to any interior in which it is located. At the same time, it is worth paying attention to such elements as the cabinet of the aquarium, it should be made in accordance with the general color scheme and style of the interior, should not stand out and differ from it. In some classic aquariums, not only the rear window, but also the side windows from the inside with a volumetric background, and the outside with a decorative trim, close the background.
It is possible to cover with decorative inserts even the lower part of the Dutch aquarium with the ground, and the upper part in such a way that the surface of the water could not be seen.
A Dutch aquarium is usually densely planted with plants in accordance with the planned layout. As if on a garden bed in a Dutchman, various types of plants are planted in groups, and they can produce one or two large plants.
When planting plants in the Dutch, it is necessary to beat their location, size, color, as well as texture, all of this, together, should be beautifully combined with each other. For the correct perception of design without distortion, Dutch aquariums are strictly rectangular in shape.
Planning is the most important step in the design of a Dutch aquarium. At this stage, you mark future “glades” for different types of plants on a piece of paper or in the aquarium with the ground. It is necessary to take into account the size of plants, their color.
To create the main emphasis, you can choose the brightest or largest plants and emphasize them with other plant species.
One of the basic rules when planning both Dutch and other herbalists – always try to avoid symmetry. Symmetry looks unnatural and ridiculous.
Plants on which attention should focus should be off center.
First of all, look at the plants that you can purchase in your region, subdivide them into front, middle and background. Pay attention to the bright views and feel free to start planning.
If the choice of plants you are unlimited, then it is necessary to take into account such factors as the growth rate. If it is significantly different then you will occasionally have to cut them, which will also take considerable time.
The main criteria for the Dutchman are a large bottom area, due to the fact that in such an aquarium the “depth” should be clearly felt there are some criteria for the width of the aquarium, usually it is chosen not less than 40 centimeters and not more than 70 centimeters. The maximum width of 70 centimeters is due to ease of maintenance, if the aquarium is wider, access to the far corners is difficult, and the Dutch aquarium requires frequent maintenance.
There is no clear reference to the length of the aquarium, but it is better to purchase the longest aquarium that you can afford. When choosing a medium-length aquarium, you should be attached to the size of fluorescent lamps that you plan to install in it.
This will allow the most qualitative and efficient distribution of light from the lamps over the entire area of the aquarium.
Dutch aquariums differ in small height, on average it should not exceed 50 centimeters, this is connected with the convenience of access to it, and with the penetration of light through a layer of water. Many types of Dutch aquariums have a width greater than the height.
Volumes of cans are usually from 200 liters, but there are exceptions. If you want to try your hand at creating a Dutch aquarium, you can use the jar at hand.
From the first time you will hardly succeed in creating a masterpiece, but you will certainly gain invaluable experience.
Since the Dutch aquarium is densely planted with plants, then the lighting it requires decent. We know from practice that plants in an aquarium require 35-50 lumens of light per liter of water for good and intensive growth. In the process of growth of his plants, they will begin to shade each other, so it is better to make a calculation for 50 lumens per liter, so that was enough with a margin.
Duration of lighting is 10-12 hours.
In some cases, aquarists do not want their plants to grow and develop too quickly, because This will change the original look of the Dutch aquarium and will spoil the whole design idea, therefore purposefully reducing the power of lighting and the length of daylight.
Use lamps for the Dutch aquarium as for any herbalist, preferably specialized, branded, for aquariums and plants.
The soil is used in conjunction with the nutrient substrate. Nutritional substrate contains a lot of macro and micronutrients for good plant growth. Without a nutritional substrate, the herbalist will not develop.
Liquid fertilizers will certainly save, but together with the substrate they will give a quick start to growth.
As the upper base layer of the soil can be used sand fraction of 1-3 mm or dark soil fraction of 4 mm.
The Dutch Aquarium is one of the most demanding freshwater aquarium equipment. In addition to high-quality lighting and nutrient soil, it needs a CO2 supply system to the aquarium.
Densely planted plants will experience starvation of carbon dioxide without additional supply.
The heater regularly maintaining temperature not below 25 degrees.
A high-quality filter, it is better to use an external one, otherwise the internal filter will simply not fit into the intended design, and it is difficult to disguise it.
A set of liquid fertilizers for continuous feeding of growing plants.
Background, most often in the Dutch, the usual background film of black color is used, thanks to it the contrast of plants is enhanced. Volumetric and embossed backgrounds will not be appropriate, since they will hardly be visible in overgrown aquariums.
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