maintenance, care, compatibility
In a closed pond, an ecosystem can be modeled in several ways. The most popular design in natural and Dutch styles.
The latter implies the arrangement of an aquarium in the form of a miniature flower bed, park or winter garden. As a rule, it contains only plants, including rare, expensive and even collectible.
There are no fish at all or very few of them. To the Dutch aquarium served as interior decoration, you need to make a lot of effort.
About how to arrange it and then take care of it and will be discussed in this article.
Dutch style aquarium provides the correct ratio of the size of the tank, where the optimal proportions are: length: height: width – 3: 1: 1. To create an aquarium with your own hands, the following data is usually used: length is from 100 to 240 cm, height is not more than 60 cm, and width is not less than height.
With such parameters the conditions for proper gas exchange, important for plant life, will be provided.
The most suitable design is considered to be a frameless aquarium, which allows you to focus on the beauty of the aqua-landscape.
Principles of construction of the composition of the Dutch aquarium
There are several basic principles and techniques that must be taken into account when planning the composition and launching a Dutch aquarium.
- The geometric center of the aquarium is a “dead zone”. The effect of the lens, which always manifests itself in a container filled with water, is extremely strong in this area, which makes it difficult to observe the plants here. Better leave this place empty.
- Do not use more than one type of plant for every 10 centimeters any of the lines of planting plants. Thus, the plants will not grow excessively and shade each other. Small space should be left between groups of plants. It is desirable that during the development of plants it visually disappeared, but the plants still did not oppress the “neighbors”.
- Zone a dutch aquarium space. Most often, when constructing a composition, three basic zones are distinguished, two of which have their own tapeworm (an element that attracts attention). In the role of tapeworm used flashy red plants, snags, stones. In no case should the tapeworm be placed in the “dead zone”.
- In order to create a volume effect in an aquarium, “Leiden streets”. To do this, small plants and mosses are planted tapering strip, passing along the line of sight from the front wall of the aquarium to the rear. As a rule, Leydenskaya Street is located on a layer of soil that is thickening towards the back wall. This element is present in the vast majority of floral corners.
- A pleasant visual effect is achieved thanks to terracing. The terrace can be formed by planting plants directly on stones or snags, or it can be formed using a base made of organic glass placed under the ground.
- If you plan to fish in an aquarium, then remember that you should select them so that the fish are evenly occupied all layers of water. Fish living in an aquarium should not have the habit of digging up the soil and not perceive the plants as food. Neon, danios, tetras, terntions, and black ornatus will work well.
- Fantasize. Remember that a Dutch aquarium is a manifestation of your personality.
Dutch aquarium or dutch style aquarium decoration.
Recently, a lot of controversial issues have arisen to fill the aquarium in the Dutch style. In the modern world of aquarium husbandry there is often the opinion that the Dutch aquarium is an aquarium — a garden or a herbalist.
If you look at this opinion from the point of view of aquascaping (aquascap), then most likely this is the right conclusion, since aquascap is a rather new trend in the design of aquariums, which naturally uses the traditions of aquariums’ management in classical styles acquired over the years. Many elements of the composition were also borrowed from the Dutch aquarium. Naturally, time does not stand still, and the classic filling of a Dutch-style aquarium also underwent some changes.
Therefore, today there are two styles of the Dutch aquarium – classical and modern. The main difference between these two styles is related to the filling of the aquarium with underwater flora and fauna.
It flowed concretely, first from one slot, then almost from all slots. It was glued. I remember I hung up a bunch of pots, but it flowed and flowed. Of course, we were shocked for a few days. Eugene was at work, waiting for his days off. Already it was clear that we will have to completely disassemble it, plants in basins and buckets of water covered with wet gauze, fish in two small aquariums, gravel (soil) in buckets, washed very well with running water. Then the aquarium itself was drained. It looked miserable.
In 2007, we still had a rack with aquariums, then we already made reinforced shelves and also put aquariums only on the shelves. And the acoustics were still modest, and now the Wings on Accutons. The aquarium was still to be washed well, very well dried.
Of course, we took it off, took the wash to the bathroom, then dried it in the room. And I put various decorations on the aquarium place, so that it was not so depressing. The restoration of the aquarium was not fast, it took 2.5 weeks, that’s for sure, or even more.
They sealed the walls with glass sealant. Previously, of course, they removed the old sealant, degreased it and glued it later.
Lamps then we had daylight lamps of 6 pieces of 18 W each with electromagnetic chokes, of which there were also 6 pieces and they buzzed unpleasantly. We moved them into a small room and placed them between the window frames. That’s what the choke looks like for a fluorescent lamp
And the connection behind the aquarium for the lamps that were in the top box of the aquarium lid, all this was fixed on the wall of the rack. Each wire is signed so as not to be confused when connected.
That’s how these lamps look connected in a still empty aquarium. The background behind the aquarium is black, on the dvp panel, we just put it behind the aquarium.
Here are the lamps in the lid of the aquarium as they are located. The aquarium is already ready for water, we have a hose from the bathroom and we will fill it now.
This is how the aquarium is filled with a hose with a nozzle at the end (it is for cleaning the aquarium).
And now we have energy-saving lamps,
And we even buy lamps red, blue and green. The bead curtain temporarily weighs, something was sculpted and hung, and I took it off, I liked the picture. There is a red energy-saving lamp and a green one in the right side of the aquarium.
Spin just in the cartridge, got rid of the chokes.
All in order. I will continue.
Here, the aquarium is already filled and will be settled for about another week. On the bottom and top of the walls of the aquarium, we stuck plastic corners under the tree, wide. They decorated the frame nicely. and better light recoil.
We really liked the Dutch aquarium and we dreamed of making it, here is a case and moved us to this sculpturing. And now we have laid out Dutch street with flat stones and sealed the stones with sealant (and we would have to use cement glue for the pool) and in this Holland street Anobius was planted, at the end of the street was red Nymphaea Lotos and Lemongrass bush, on the right — Ekhinodorus, on the left — bushes with narrow Cryptocarina leaves. Above, the curly-haired beauty Guigrofila still swims. TSNAs and closer to the front-angustifolia cryptocoryne.
The water is still turbid, but it was already possible to populate the fish. Pay attention, we also stuck the plastic plastic corners under the tree on the corners of the aquarium frame. The aquarium immediately became decorated and became much more beautiful, its transparency did not go away, because the corner is narrow. Labio floated to the foreground. Another plant was bought as a herringbone. We love these plants very much, but we actively eat them.
Mostly the plants are gentle like Guigrofila and like a herringbone, they were eaten and devoured by the gangsters Barbusy. We kept them for many years, we adore these fish. They are cheerful, always cheerful, beautiful. But. burst tender plants, even pinworms plucked pretty.
Now we have a large flock of black scalar, 25 small fish. These pictures were recently taken when we were altering a small aquarium, but this is in the next post about our aquariums.
Anobius sprawled luxuriously on his Holland street.
Recently bought a pink-red Ludwigia, a bush in the foreground can be seen.
They also bought Echinodorus giant 5 months ago with rounded and reddish leaves. We bought it small, and he became a big red handsome in the left corner of the aquarium.
Our favorite bush narrow-leaved Cryptocarina. Her fish do not eat. It grows wonderfully, not very high, it also bushy and red leaves from the bottom. Just lovely and not a plant. We adore it.
And Angelfish grew up and began to actively eat our beautiful plants like Guigrofila and Lemongrass. Look at Lemongrass, it is all nibbled, all the leaves are ground off with Scalarius. We feed them with the best food. Just they have such an essence. So we decided not to give them, let them eat, rescued a small bush Hygrophil and Lemongrass and sent them to a small aquarium.
We love peace-loving fish that do not eat up plants, swim in the middle, not aggressive. And this is of course Ternécia. Apparently, we will soon establish a flock of Ternétius and no one else.
Ludwig was put in pots and hung with bushes over Nymphea Lotus
and to the left corner above the round-leaved Ekhinodorus. We love the plants in the aquarium very much, so we don’t want to be picked at fish.
They made a Dutch aquarium, but it also assumes calm fish, such as a school of Cardinals.
They secured the pot to a thick copper wire, made a hook at the end of the wire and fixed it to the edge of the aquarium of the back wall. One bush of red Ludvigia was divided into two bushes, one below in the foreground on the right side of the aquarium,
Ludwig’s second type is also curly-headed, with small round pure green leaves, hung in a pot over Echinadorus in the left corner.
We also always have a beautiful Nymphea Lotus growing, nobody eats her either.
Molliesia is also a suitable fish, when there are a lot of them it is very funny to watch them. And they give birth to beautiful black live fry.
Echinodorus green narrow-leaved large, in the right corner of the aquarium, also remains intact, there are no attempts on it.
Mollies fry swim and grow too.
We had not only scalar cichlids, but also such or type of such, but very similar.
We were so excited at first. but then the young red Sword-bearers began to disappear. And the ground began to be dug. They began to dig in, everyone built a shelter for themselves from the ground. The water became muddy, many plants were devoured by them. we saw them tearing apart the Neons, the Swordsmen. Of course, we were shocked. And they were fed well, but this is the essence of this fish. Only we saw aggression, but this does not suit us, and Feng Shui is bad from such aggressors.
We couldn’t catch them with a net, very smart fish. Much finite, but we don’t need such happiness. We had to catch them for the winter bait (I put it this way, Eugene was rolling around).
This is such a short fishing pole.
For fishing from the hole.
And we miraculously quickly and easily managed to catch them and give them to the school aquarium of the Orthodox school, where they also feel themselves in great value.
Anobius also does not eat fish, as well.
In the meantime, we admire the growing Scalyarias, which are peaceful cichlids, but actively pluck and eat the beautiful plants of our Dutch aquarium.
This is the story of our large aquarium, with its inhabitants and plants, in which we made Gollansky Street.
Some shots are taken from Google pictures on request, but mostly all mine. The last shots were taken with a Nikon D-90 camera, and the first ones were made in 2007 with a Nikon Coolpix 8400.