Whatever the healthy, beautiful and unpretentious fish, poor living conditions created in an aquarium, can spoil them. To begin work on the equipment of the water kingdom should be determined by its size.
For this it is useful to know how to calculate the volume of the aquarium. The knowledge of its exact value depends on:
- what kind of flora can be planted;
- what types of fish and in what quantities you can stop;
- what size to choose design gadgets.
There are two sides to the problem:
- The choice of the volume of the aquarium under the available fish.
- The choice of fish under the existing aquarium.
In both cases calculate The volume of water is important correctly.
Small and non-aggressive fish, often living in flocks, are always active and fast. They rarely lie in wait and watch others.
They need space. In this case, a couple will need an average of 6-8-liter aquarium.
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Larger individuals will require 10 – 15 liters per pair. At the same time, they also swim fast, but more often they carry out “research” works, traveling in caves and grottoes.
Large fish swim importantly and slowly, often “hovering” in one place. For them, there is little even 30 liters per individual.
A special conversation about the fish leading to the bottom life. Individuals prone to undermining algae, rummaging in the ground for the purpose of obtaining food, can create so much turbidity, especially in low aquariums, that visibility is almost absent.
Using artificial algae for decoration, the calculation of the required amount of water can not bother.
The state of natural greens on the volume of the aquarium depends directly. Few species are content with limited quantities.
In addition, the more water, the larger the leaves, the higher the trunk and the brighter the flowers (for example, alternanthera, echinodorus, anubias).
For stable and active growth of plants of medium size, at least 20 liters of water is necessary, provided that it is regularly replaced and aerated.
Flowering plant species will demonstrate all their beauty in a volume not less than 100 liters, just such sizes must be located when landing a giant or Crinum Thai Vallisneria.
Many aquaria sites offer an electronic calculator. By entering the requested parameters into the program, you can get the volume of water, the amount of soil needed, Volume in liters can be obtained by a simple mathematical formula for converting m3 to l. The volume in m3 is calculated by multiplying the width, height and length of the glass aquarium.
In this case, remember: correctly calculate aquarium volume You can by subtracting their resulting figures of about 3-4 m3 (the place occupied by the design elements, plants, soil, the glass vessel itself). About a liter of water will not be topped up due to those placed inside the pump, filter, heater, aerator and other equipment to improve water quality.
If measurements were taken along the outer perimeter, you need to remember that a part of the volume will be occupied by the “skeleton” of the aquarium itself. To calculate its exact size, you need to calculate the volume of each wall (multiply the length, width and height) and add.
At first sight, calculate aquarium volume so definitely not so important. But, given that the summing figure can sometimes reach 5 or more, this should be taken into account and, perhaps, bought one smaller fish or the shrubs planted less frequently.
Aquarium should not look too crammed with a jar. The aesthetics of the aquarium business requires a free body of water, easy movement of the fish and free movement of elegant shrubs.