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DIY background for aquarium

Quite often, aquarists, having carefully thought out the internal design of their aquarium, picking up flora and fauna, still consider their home water body to be completely unfinished. This happens due to the fact that one important detail is being lowered – the background. To make it unusual and harmonious, it takes a lot of effort and time.

But if you have patience and diligence, you can beautifully arrange the back wall of your aquarium.

The background is considered an important detail in the design of the aquarium. Its main role is to hide unnecessary elements and shortcomings from the view: the surface of the walls in the room, protruding wires inside, the equipment in the tank, for example, the lighting filter.

In addition, the background allows you to create a general impression of the organization of a living corner.

As a rule, in itself, it remains almost imperceptible, but introduces a certain highlight of the composition, which is inside the entire aquarium. The pinnacle of craftsmanship is considered the case when the background wall and other decorations form a spatial perspective, the overall picture, gradually flowing into each other.

The background view of the aquarium will depend on the level of fantasy and the ability of the aquarist. However, the main varieties include:

  1. External background. It is the external background that can be seen in most aquariums, as they are characterized by low cost and the largest range. In addition, this species is not able to become worse over time due to fouling with aquatic plants.
  2. Interior. This type of background is considered more natural in its external characteristics, but after installation there are a number of some nuances that need to be taken into account. All materials used must be completely non-toxic and do not adversely affect the composition of the liquid inside the tank. Such a background is set inwards before filling with water; it must also be securely fastened to the glass surface in order to avoid its fall or falling of the small inhabitants of the aquarium behind it.

It is easy to build both types of background for aquarium with your own hands at home.

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You can, of course, not to do the back wall of the aquarium with your own hands, and buy it already in finished form. The background can be monophonic or with different images, for example, landscapes, with a view of the seabed, algae and other pictures. There is a voluminous background for the aquarium, which looks very effective.

Also in the sale of photo phones are divided into film and relief. The advantages of the first are:

  • low cost;
  • diversity;
  • easy replacement;
  • ease of establishment.

This back wall can be installed with glycerin, but this installation method is very complicated. Much easier, but no worse at the same time, you can use a soap solution for fixing. First you need to measure the film, it should be slightly smaller than the surface of the glass.

The wall of the aquarium should be wiped, spray the soap solution on it, separate the film and squeeze out the water. The best option is to use special glue.

There are also backgrounds of this kind, but with volumetric images. Most often, as a supplement to such rear walls, various groups, mountains, and caves are acquired, which should be installed inside the tank.

Quite comfortable and beautiful is considered a sheet background on the basis of PVC film. Pictures are as diverse as in the case of three-dimensional images.

Basically, such a background is attached to the back wall with a special tape. But again experienced aquarists recommend using special glue.

The main disadvantages are the lack of originality and the difficulty of giving volume to the space and creating perspectives.

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There is also a so-called embossed background, the manufacturers of which promise non-toxic materials. There are various options for mounting such a back wall to aquarium surface:

  1. Using the silicone glue included.
  2. By pressing a layer of soil or stones to the back surface of the aquarium.

It is worth noting that such a design of your home water corner has a high cost, and it often looks too academic. As a rule, the background has a standard width and length. If, for some reason, the container does not correspond to such parameters, for example, if it was made independently at home, then it will not be easy to select a background for it.

Such a moment can be attributed to the negative moments of the embossed background.

The main advantage is the ease of installation. The embossed background has the ability to add some volume to the contents of the aquarium.

The simplest and most inexpensive option to create an aquarium background with your own hands is coloring. For this, the wall of the container is painted. Shades are recommended for this purpose to select monochromatic, preferably dark, for example, brown, black, green, blue.

Paint is recommended to use oil or spray to paint the surface of the car.

The main advantages of this method of creating a background are the absence of toxicity, since the painted wall does not come into contact with the liquid. The disadvantages include the fact that such a design can be done only before installing the aquarium, after which it will be impossible to replace it.

Another way to design the background is to glue film photocompositions. The film can be selected in various widths, most often they are sold by the meter. Acquire such material is recommended with a margin, and then customized to fit the size of the glass surface.

The work should be done very carefully, as it will be quite difficult to correct errors, especially if the container is located next to the wall.

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If you stick this film over the entire surface, then the aquarium will become clearer. It is possible to fix the material both from inside the container and from the outside.

If the film is located inside, then apply a special sealant. It is also necessary to ensure that there are no air bubbles and crevices between the film and the glass surface. During installation, inexperienced in this case most often allow following errors:

  1. Tack the background only at the edges with scotch tape. Air and water can penetrate under the film, after which the material will stick or lag in some places. It will look very ugly.
  2. Apply for bonding petroleum jelly, sugar syrup or soap. After some time, the background attached in a similar way is peeled off, especially in those places that were slightly smeared.
  3. Select the wrong consistency of adhesives. Because of this, it is quite difficult to remove all available air from under the material. The formation of bubbles, which further spoil the entire appearance of the aquarium.

To prevent such errors, it is best to use special glue. The glass must be pre-cleaned and dried, and then apply adhesive composition with snake-like movements, distributing it with a spatula. After that, you only need to attach and level the film background.

Particular attention should be paid to the edges. It is mandatory to remove all the air from there.

From the edges of the glue can be cleaned with a simple sponge. At the end of the mounting film is fixed on all sides with adhesive tape.

Background, made by this method, in the future can be optionally replaced by another.

With your own hands at home you can make a volumetric background for an aquarium of foam. This unusual back wall will imitate the natural scenery: stones, sand, pieces of logs, water plants, much more.

It is necessary to use for this purpose polymeric components that are non-toxic, which natural materials cannot boast. They are not able to adversely affect the quality and composition of the liquid in the aquarium.

In addition, they differ in small mass.

Install a similar background along the back wall of the container. However, often such a composition is placed on the bottom of the aquarium, sprinkled with soil on top, and algae are planted in the recess. The main disadvantages of this background consist in:

  1. The difficulty of cleaning and washing. Behind the background, there is the likelihood of liquid stagnation and decay of organic matter, which will adversely affect the health of the inhabitants of the aquarium. In this case, it is necessary to fix the composition very tightly or to take care of the presence of a constant circulation of water in the tank, as well as regularly remove and wash the design.
  2. Algae fouling potential.
  3. Taking a big place in the aquarium.
  4. The cause of injury and death of fish. The inhabitants of the aquarium can swim between the glass surface and the background. To prevent this, it is necessary to process all openings and holes with silicone glue.

To unusual and beautifully decorate the back of your aquarium using various aquatic plants, you will need a metal or plastic mesh, the size of which should be 2 times the size of the glass wall. Also needed for mounting the suction cup to attach it to the surface of the tank, moss and sturdy colorless fishing line.

The half of the net is evenly covered with a layer of moss, the second half of the net is covered on top, after which the finished structure is attached to the glass surface with the help of suction cups. You should pay attention to the fact that the moss grows in water, so it must be cut periodically.

As a result of this work, you get a lively background in the form of a green wall.

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