maintenance, care, compatibility
I must say that the functions of this pump are not limited to mechanical driving of water. In particular, his work helps to maintain a uniform temperature throughout the water column.
By supplying water to the filtration system, it also turns out to be useful in cleaning the aquarium. Finally, a water pump can also have decorative functions: it depends on the imagination of the aquarist whether it will decorate the aquarium design, whether the bubbles or the waterfall that it spews forms.
From the point of view of its location relative to the aquarium, the water pump can be submersible (deep) and external (external); for a modest-sized aquarium, the second option is better. It is clear that in each of the options there will be its own attachment, however, the power of the water pump does not affect the way it is attached.
Water pump for the aquarium can do it yourself. For example, for the manufacture of a simple external pump, a plastic box will be required as a base: on the lower surface of the pump it is necessary to make two holes for the hose, and a larger hole in the lid, into which a thin rubber membrane will enter.
By gluing silicone petals into the holes made at the bottom of the box, you can use a crank to connect a membrane with a small motor (for example, from a toy car), which will then be connected to a power source. Upon completion of all this, a hose is connected to the assembled structure.
Water pump for aquarium ready.
Each aquarium should have a filtration system that will purify the water, ensuring the health of the fish and plants. As it is known, wastes that are left behind by the inhabitants of the reservoir, as well as the remnants of food, suspended particles of soil are very harmful for fish.
Not eaten feed is oxidized, turning into toxic ammonia. In order for the water to pass through all the steps of cleaning in a timely manner, it is better to make an external filter for the aquarium with your own hands.
It will prevent the appearance of harmful substances that can poison living beings.
Depending on the location of the pump in the aquarium, its functions may be different. The pumps differ from each other according to the installation method and are of three types:
The internal pump is installed in the aquarium, and it can only be used while being submerged, and the external pumps are attached outside the water tank. But most often, pumps make universal, they can be installed both inside and outside the tank with water.
For fixing the pump both inside and outside, various devices are used, for example, suction cups, special clamps and so on.
To choose the right pump, you must first know the volume of the aquarium, and also decide what the pump will be used for. If it is used to supply water to an aquarium and to create a flow in a small tank, then a low-power pump will be sufficient.
But for an aquarium with a volume of more than 250 liters you need a more powerful pump. There are pumps that are designed for both freshwater and marine aquariums.
And there are some pumps that are used only in one specific type of aquarium. Therefore, when buying a pump, you should clarify its type, for which aquarium it is needed, as well as the manufacturer of the pump. Some Russian pumps are not inferior in terms of workmanship and durability of foreign ones.
Buying a pump for the aquarium should not be saved, because the pump is one of the main life support systems for aquarium inhabitants.
In today’s market, buyers often come across devices from manufacturers such as Eheim, Aquael, Aquarium, etc. At Eheim, a water pump for an aquarium successfully copes with increased circulation of water, while the slider allows you to control the intensity of the generated water flow.
The main line produced by the company – This is Eheim Universal, Eheim Compact and Eheim Compact +. Most Eheim models are attached using suction cups and are considered versatile, as they can be attached both in the aquarium and on its outer wall. Their capacity is from 270 to 2280 l / h.
It will be possible to buy a submersible pump for an aquarium both for 1000 rubles (which capacity is 120-380 l / hour) and for 14,000 rubles with a capacity (2400 l / hour). The features of Eheim pumps can be considered: Small size; Suction mount; The possibility of complete immersion in water; Adjustment of pump power; Possibility of use in both salty and fresh water;
Protection of the inhabitants of the aquarium with a tread (intake grille); Stylish appearance; Built-in multifunctional filters. It is with such powerful systems that talented designers create a huge underwater realm, where air bubbles “draw” intricate shapes.
For small aquariums, where there is no need for expensive and powerful pumps, you can use cheaper pumps.
Everywhere common device under the brand name Hailea. Each pump for the aquarium of this brand is equipped with a water flow regulator, an innovative sump valve and a rubber suction cup.
Compared with expensive models from Eheim, they are less attractive in appearance, but at the same time, pumps of this brand successfully cope with their work, and therefore are actively bought up by people.
You can buy a water pump for an aquarium from this manufacturer already for 400-500 rubles, with a capacity of 180 l / hour. If you need the most powerful device – for 6000 rubles you can buy a device with a capacity of 7800 l / h.
Also known model brand Aquael. This is another representative of the budget class – prices for devices start at around 300 rubles.
For this amount you can buy a model Aquael Circulator 350, capable of pumping up to 350 liters per hour, with a power of only 4.5 watts. This is the “weakest” model – there are devices in the assortment of the manufacturer, marked as Aquael Circulator 500, 650, 1000, 1500, 2000 and 2600.
The number in the label, of course, indicates the performance.
The price of the most powerful device is within 4500 rubles. Another well-known representative is Resun. Models of this brand also belong to the budget – it is often chosen by amateurs who have small aquariums at home.
The manufacturer has a huge range of devices – in the presence of more than two dozen items. The weakest and cheapest is the Resun SP 500.
It can pump up to 200 liters per hour, at a power of 5 watts.
Such a device costs only 300 rubles – one of the minimum indicators in its segment. Already for 600 rubles, this brand offers to buy a device with a capacity of 1380 liters. The most powerful option – 12000 l / h: Resun Eco-Power EP-12000.
There is such a device in the region of 6000 rubles. Among the obvious shortcomings of the equipment of this brand should be the absence of a regulator – which is not very convenient.