maintenance, care, compatibility
As a rule, aquarists are very enthusiastic people who, for their silent pets, are ready to do anything, including creating an exclusive decorative design for a water house. Decorating an aquarium is a creative process, entirely dependent on the aesthetic taste of its owner, and each person is particularly proud if the unique decorations are made with their own hands.
Wanting to decorate your aquarium, creating a unique atmosphere in it, an aquarist can use individual elements and parts sold in stores, as well as natural items and materials. Scenery can be both the most simple and complex. For example, it can be models of ancient buildings of ancient times or knightly castles, a simple hill of neatly folded stones, or a fancy cave with several entrances.
It all depends on the person. Of course, these or other decorations must necessarily correspond to the character and habits of the aquarium inhabitants.
It is clear that ornamental fish do not care what this background will be like. However, for people the background that creates a water perspective or, for example, an imitation of rock, is a very attractive detail.
Properly and beautifully decorated back wall of the aquarium with proper illumination gives a three-dimensional view of the whole composition, emphasizes the characteristic features of the internal elements of the water world.
Some make the background absolutely black, seeking the visual depth of space and imitation of the ocean water environment. And someone makes a bright blue background, more like a lake illuminated by the sun.
How many people, so many options.
One of the options – painting the outer part of the back wall or drawing some patterns on it. But many create a similar background with a self-adhesive film, which comes in a variety of colors. For example, cast polyvinyl chloride film ORACAL allows you to make a background with any pattern.
It is only necessary to make a sketch, and the employees of the advertising firm will print the idea on film for a small fee.
The most important thing is to securely attach the finished film to the back wall of the aquarium. To do this, the glass surface should be carefully degreased, otherwise the film will quickly fall off.
Then the defatted surface is moistened with clean water from a spray bottle and the film is applied evenly. After that, carefully squeeze out from under her water and air bubbles with a special tool.
However, for this you can use a regular plastic card.
Another way – creation of volumetric background using a sheet of foam. In principle, it will not be a background, but a screen, which can be removed at any time.
Such a screen is made as follows: first you need to cut a sheet of foam to the size of the rear window, then lightly burn one side on the fire until bubbles appear, and then apply a thin layer of cement to the burned side. After it dries, it turns out a relief gray surface resembling a section of rock.
By attaching the decorated side of the foam to the glass with scotch tape, you can end up with a fancy background.
The tree looks very natural in the aquarium. From this material, you can even make a grotto, which will become a natural refuge for fish and a place for their rest.
However, not every tree is suitable for home artificial pond.
For example, oak cannot be used in any way, as it releases into the water so-called tannins – organic acids of a phenolic nature.
Conifers are not recommended due to the high resin content.
A wooden grotto is not at all difficult. It is necessary to choose a suitable stump, rinse it thoroughly, and remove bark.
Then boil the workpiece in brackish water for 30 minutes.
In the side surface of the hemp cut holes or one large hole, the edges of which burn. Stump once again cleaned from the remnants of the bark, which were peeled off after cooking.
It will be better to hold the finished wooden product for a week in ordinary cold water, changing it daily.
After all these procedures, the wooden grotto can be fixed at the bottom of the aquarium with the help of special silicone or pressed with stones.
In the same way, the snags that are treated in an artificial home pond are treated very effectively.
The most important thing is not to use rotting wood, as rotting products can spread throughout the aquatic environment.
This material is present in almost every aquarium. The ease of use, ample opportunities for creating decorative figures – this is what makes it indispensable when designing the internal space.
Flat stones of rocks are well suited for the manufacture of hills, grottoes, caves. The same decorative structures made of smooth pebbles look very nice.
In this case, the stones should be glued to each other with special aquarium silicone.
Before placing stone elements in an aquarium, they, like wood, must always be prepared.
Stones are thoroughly cleaned of dirt and then boiled in water for at least 10 minutes.
Crafts from those stones that emit a lot of alkali should be avoided, as this drastically changes the chemical balance of water, which can lead to the creation of conditions unsuitable for pets.
By the way, it is very easy to check pebbles for alkalinity: it is enough to drop a few drops of vinegar on their surface. If sizzling bubbles appear, an alkaline reaction occurs.
Consequently, these stones contain limestone and cannot be used.
The same applies to shells and corals, which can be used when the inhabitants of the aquarium are some of the African cichlids living in natural conditions in weak alkaline water.
For all other cases, ideal rocks such as basalt, granite, sandstone, sea pebbles. You should only avoid decorating the interior with stones with sharp edges and edges.
No matter how much you want to decorate your aquarium with various crafts, do not overly clutter up the interior space. It must be remembered that its inhabitants need more space for swimming.
It is recommended to place home-made decorations in the background or on the sides, since the basis of any aquarium is its inhabitants, not crafts. In addition, such an arrangement will help to hide technical devices from the eyes to ensure the vital activity of the fish (filter, aerator, thermometer).
In the central part of the aquarium composition it is desirable to leave only low decorative elements.
In pet stores you can easily buy almost everything you need to design a house for fish. But only well-hand-made decorations can serve as the object of pride of any aquarist and give the internal space a unique look and beauty.
Aquarium: do-it-yourself design. Styles and design options aquarium
Nowadays, a beautiful and fashionable design of an aquarium for a person engaged in keeping and breeding fish is not just entertainment, but a matter of prestige and simply aesthetic pleasure from contemplating the results of his labors.
Psychologists say that an aquarium with fish in an apartment can calm nerves and normalize a person’s mental state. To do this, simply organize a recreation area with an aquarium and watch the fish for at least 30-60 minutes. in a day.
The most fascinating and laborious task for all of us in the process of installing and filling the aquarium tank is its correct and beautiful design in the same style with the design of the room.
To date, there are a huge number of accessories that can be placed in the aquarium. Making your own hands will allow you to recreate as precisely as possible the exact setting that you want to see there. Just do not forget that the main inhabitants of the aquarium are fish.
And they need the maximum amount of free space in order to be able to swim freely.
The main components that allow for the design of the aquarium (200 liters and all others) are:
- natural and artificial algae;
- various wooden elements;
- artificial decorative elements such as locks, chests, etc.
When designing an aquarium with the help of decorative elements, it is necessary to remember that they must be environmentally friendly and have no harmful impurities, and in no case can they be supersaturated with an aquarium.
You can use both purchased and self-made decor.
How is the design of the aquarium stones and grottoes? These parts selected for decoration should be made only from natural, natural materials.
They should not contain harmful or poisonous impurities that, if released into the water, can lead to the death of the inhabitants of the aquarium.
In the case of self-collecting elements of the decor in the aquarium, the decoration with your own hands is made only after pre-processing of all previously collected material in order to disinfect and check for the absence of all elements harmful to health of the reservoir.
Stones can be processed in the same way as the soil for the bottom of the aquarium, and pre-processing of the kryag is somewhat more complicated. To do this, place the selected wooden decor in a container with water (so that the liquid completely covers it) and pour salt there until it stops dissolving, then remove the treated log and rinse it with clean water and place it in the purchased tank for fish.
Do not forget that in an aquarium in no case should there be elements of limestone, rubber, various types of metals, as well as elements having a coating of paint or enamel.
Also, do not overfill the aquarium with decor, especially with larger-sized elements, such as stones, grottoes, etc., since this leads to a decrease in the useful internal space needed by underwater inhabitants for their vital movement.
Do not forget that the decor elements of large sizes should be placed at the corners of the tank or to the background, so as not to spoil the whole look.
Aquarium decoration with the right background
Registration of an aquarium by different types of plants: live or artificial
The most simple crafts from improvised tools will help beat your aquarium. Making the scenery with your own hands, you will save money and be able to decorate the water space of your pets in the ideal key for you.
Here is another creative idea for the scenery. Intricate shapes can be crafted with foam rubber.
So, you will need foam rubber, a brush, mounting foam, scissors, toothpicks, tile glue, silicone and acrylic paint for outdoor work. Foam rubber can be easily made not only a “pile of stones”, but also various grottoes for fish.
- Cut a solid piece of foam that matches the size of the back wall of your tank. Next you have to turn on the fantasy and create the grotto you want it to be.
- When the frame is ready, its elements need to be fixed. Use foam and gun.
- When the workpiece has dried, dilute the tile adhesive to a thick cream. Apply the mixture on the frame in 3-4 layers with gentle movements of the brush, giving each of them time to dry.
- The final step – take a sponge, moisten it in an acrylic composition and apply to the scenery. This will give the design a more attractive look. Since the foam is very light, it is necessary to fix it on a rigid base. It may be a piece of glass.
Place the scenery in the water for 3 days “soak”, then you can move it directly to the fish tank in the aquarium.
Aquarium decoration cannot be imagined without such an important detail as the background. With him home water corner looks much more beautiful, neater and more alive. To choose this element of decor today is not difficult – the range in pet stores is impressive.
Here and film of all shades, which is easy and simple to glue on the aquarium, and finished bulk designs. But still, sometimes it’s impossible to find what the soul desires, and then a simple decision is made – to decorate the background for the aquarium with your own hands.
Before discussing the advantages and disadvantages of self-made backgrounds, it is useful to find out why an internal background is needed. Moreover, you should immediately make a reservation: what kind of décor you will glue on your aquarium, you need to take care in advance before you start planting trees and settling the tank.
The background has a number of positive qualities, thanks to which you can call it an integral element of the aquarium. In general, its background performs the following functions:
- Practical function. The background can be used as a completely utilitarian detail. Especially if it is a volumetric background. If you stick such a background in the aquarium, you can mask the wires and hoses from the equipment and “fill” the tank if you are experiencing a lack of decorative elements.
- Decorative function. Not only the shape of the tank, the exoticism of the plants and the brightness of the fish affect the appearance of the aquarium – it also depends on your decision – which background you decide to glue. Properly chosen decor will hide some flaws and vice versa put an emphasis on the pros, make the coloring of rare and exotic fish brighter, give your aquarium exclusivity.
Variants of making a homemade background, there are many, as well as materials that are suitable for creativity. Armed with quite affordable and simple materials, you can even make a 3d background for an aquarium with your own hands.
The background for the aquarium with your own hands can be made of the following materials:
- polyurethane foam;
- stones, snags and other natural materials.