maintenance, care, compatibility
If you decide to acquire exotic sea fish, and create at home marine underwater reefs, you need to know where to start a marine aquarium. The higher the tank capacity, the more expensive all the necessary devices will cost.
The optimum volume of the aquarium is 200-250 liters, in such a capacity it is easier to balance the aquatic ecosystem. You can also choose an 80-100 liter rectangular tank in which it will be easier to maintain lighting and other processes.
The first thing you should pay attention to when buying a water supply is that it must carry water with a high salt concentration. Before buying devices, think about what kind of pets you want to see in the home pond.
Consider their size, lifestyle, norms of water parameters for living, and only then go shopping.
From the exact organization of lighting depends on the correct life cycle of all living organisms. The power and spectral flux of light must be special for each type of plant and animal.
The minimum allowable brightness for marine aquarium with soft corals – 0.5 watts per liter of water, with hard corals: 1 watt per liter. The marine aquarium needs good lighting, because zooxanthelles live along with corals, algae that need a bright light.
In addition, rich light will give a brighter color to corals.
Animals of the Invertebrates group, who like shady places, should live in a shaded aquarium, which can be with a large number of arches or stones. The light spectrum is also affected by the light spectrum (light temperature). Soft corals need white and bright light, and deep-sea corals like low-power spectra.
If you light the aquarium with two white and two blue lamps, they will create comfort for all types of coral.
How to start lighting the tank with sea (salt) water? Lamps with the highest power – from metal and halogen with a power of 150-500 watts. They are suitable for aquariums with high walls, because light can penetrate deeply to the bottom, not scattering around its perimeter.
Some varieties of lighting devices have a regulator function of night lighting, creating an imitation of moonlight, which is important for the reproduction of plankton.
In addition to metal halide bulbs, T5 lamps for daylight can be used in an aquarium. They are characterized by compactness and high power. With their help, you can make a night light with blue LED bulbs.
One more plus of such bulbs – they imitate a dawn and a sunset during switching on and off.
Nowadays, LED lighting products that are used for a long time, consuming little power, are popular. Some of these lamps can control the light temperature, reproducing the cycle of a sunny day.
The number of daylight hours in a marine aquarium is 10-12 hours.
How does salt water filter and update?
The return pump must be installed in a special compartment sump that regulates the amount of water. A volumetric compartment is assumed here, because during an emergency power outage, it would be able to pump all the water into it, which can be drained from the reservoir. You need to know about the power of the return pump – it must pump in the event of an emergency tank volume, multiplied by 10, and in just 1 hour.
During this time, all undecomposed organic matter will be removed from the water in time.
See how to properly salt the water for the marine aquarium.
Marine aquarium is characterized by rapid evaporation of water. To resume its volume in a short time, the system of automatic topping up (autodivision) is used.
It consists of a pump, which is installed in a separate compartment of the sump as indicated in the instructions. In addition to it, in a salt water aquarium there should be special compartments that are made with your own hands, or purchased.
In the sump, you can install a water heater that regulates the temperature of the water. All sea home ponds are mini-areas of the warm, “tropical” sea.
Starting a marine aquarium is quite simple:
- Type in the tank 75% of its capacity, infused water;
- Add sea salt of company origin;
- Start the pump and the water heater, wait for the salt to dissolve in the water;
- Adjust the salinity of the water to 30-35 ppm using a refractometer;
- Measure the temperature of the water (allowable temperature – 25 ° C);
- Line the bottom with washed sand at a level of 2 cm. Install treated decorations;
- 24 hours after infusion of water, you can put live stones. Within 7 days the aquatic environment will be formed;
- First, mollusks and arthropods are launched into the tank. After seven days – unpretentious fish. Corals – even after 2 weeks. The biological balance in the marine aquarium will be established in three months.
Thanks to the unusual beauty, modern aquariums can become a real gem of any interior. The variety of styles and forms is simply amazing.
Aquariums can be suspended, floor, built-in. Aquariums-dioramas create a stunning effect in the room, their form seems to contribute to immersion in the exciting water world. The handwritten version improves well-being and improves mood.
Today, even a dry aquarium is not uncommon. The design, realized with your own hands, allows you to give yourself an unusual creative concept of the sea landscape. Many solutions can be created due to the incredible flight of creativity.
It is definitely simple and incredibly interesting!