maintenance, care, compatibility
Muddy aquarium: from what and why the water becomes cloudy, what to do
Preparations eliminating mechanical turbidity in an aquarium
After the first start of the aquarium, sometimes the water becomes cloudy, thus acquiring an uncharacteristic color. In itself, turbidity is not a terrible phenomenon, it is a signal that something is wrong in the water and there is a need to do preventive procedures to eliminate the problem.
Turbid water after launching appears due to a number of reasons, after studying which, the reservoir can be put in order.
What is the aquatic environment characteristic of new aquariums?
A few days after installation and start-up, the water in the aquarium dimmed dramatically. Why it happens?
- The fact is that in the “immature” reservoirs the biological environment has not yet formed, the beneficial bacteria have not spread enough, and are in a state of “stress.” While they multiply massively, and after a few weeks, their colonies will adapt to the new reservoir. In old aquariums, bacteria do not multiply abundantly.
- The water in the new aquarium also becomes cloudy from the light particles of soil, which rises under the influence of frequent water changes. When pouring water directly on the ground, its pellets rise sharply, floating for a long time. This process creates a visual turbidity of water. To avoid this, it is necessary to make a careful and gradual injection of fluid into the tank. After this, the sediment will “calm down” and settle to the bottom. Purchased fish are unlikely to create a “hurricane” in a new home – they are shy and often hide in shelters. Water with sand sediment is harmless to fish and plants.
Watch the video about why the water in the aquarium grows cloudy.
Recommendations for the operation of recently launched aquariums
After a new life in the aquarium wakes up, you need to do the necessary procedures so that no turbidity appears in it.
- In a new aquarium, do not partially refresh the water for 2-3 weeks until the microflora has stabilized. A complete change of water is harmful for both fish and plants.
- In order to avoid organic sediment at the bottom of the aquarium, you need to do fasting days for the fish. Give the fish as much food as they eat in 1-2 minutes. Unfinished food residues can be collected personally using a special siphon.
See how to properly feed aquarium fish.
Causes of green sediment in the tank
Cleaning the aquarium leads to raising of the particles of fodder and fish waste that have settled on the ground, and also involves scraping off the deposits from the walls of the aquarium. Naturally, after this water turns into a suspension with all these smallest particles.
Many inexperienced aquarists panic at once and do not know what to do if the water in the aquarium dims. In fact, you do not need to do anything. A filter installed in the aquarium will partially remove the solid particles floating in the water.
The rest will again settle to the bottom, and gradually the water will again become transparent. As a rule, you just need to wait 2-3 days.
What if the water in the aquarium dims after running the fish?
Natural turbidity is also caused by the launch of new fish. Since with them you start a part of the liquid, which has its own biological composition, you can observe that the water in the aquarium has become turbid.
Patience will have to be reserved, because it will take some time until the biological balance is established in the aquarium.
And in order that this balance is established as soon as possible, it is not necessary to immediately rush to change the water. Frequent change of water only delays the process of establishing balance, since everything starts from the beginning.
Microorganisms that have entered the water must undergo a process of competition; this usually takes 2-3 days. No measures need to be taken, all “extra” microorganisms self-destruct or will be destroyed by good bacteria, and the water will again become clear.
When the water grows cloudy without your intervention, that is, not after cleaning or launching new fish, this indicates violations of the aquarium content. You can determine the cause of the color of turbidity:
- greenish cloudiness suggests unicellular algae breeding;
- brown tint occurs due to tannins and humic substances present in poorly prepared soil and snags;
- whitish dregs speaks of the proliferation of bacteria due to the increased content of nitrates.
And in these situations, an immediate total cleaning of the aquarium with full water replacement and thorough cleaning of the filters is required.
Muddy water in the aquarium This is one of the most common problems that even experienced aquarists face. The reason for the violation of biological equilibrium can be a bacterial outbreak, improper feeding of fish, replacement of water in the aquarium and other factors. In some cases, it is enough to eliminate the cause, and after a few days the balance will be restored.
But sometimes the turbidity of the water in the aquarium can lead to the death of fish and plants. In any case, first of all it is necessary to establish why water grows turbid or blooms in the aquarium.
And, only on the basis of the causes of violations, will it be possible to take any action.
Why does the water grow turbid in the aquarium?
When starting the aquarium for several days, there is a bacterial outbreak caused by excessive multiplication of single-celled organisms. Therefore, it is not recommended to colonize the fish immediately after launch. It is necessary to wait until the balance is established and the water becomes transparent.
At the same time, changing water is also not worth it. A change of water will only cause it to become cloudy again.
Usually, fish are settled in 5-7 days, and in order to speed up the process of restoring biological balance, it is recommended to add water from an old aquarium.
Turbid water in the aquarium can be the result of overfeeding the fish. If the food is not eaten completely, and settles at the bottom, the water will quickly deteriorate.
Also, muddy water in the aquarium may indicate poor filtration. With a large number of fish, you need to think very well about the water purification system, otherwise very soon the fish will start poisoning with decay products, which can cause the death of the inhabitants of the aquarium.
Why is the water in the aquarium green?
The flowering of water is due to the rapid growth of microscopic algae. This may be caused by an excess of light or accumulation of organic matter at the bottom. With a lack of lighting algae begin to rot and turn brown.
If the water in the aquarium is clouded and smells, then the cause may be the reproduction of blue-green algae.
What to do if in the aquarium muddy water?
First of all, of course, you need to eliminate the cause of turbidity. If the problem lies in overpopulation of the aquarium, then you need to either increase water filtration or reduce the number of fish. If at the bottom of accumulated remnants of food, you need to reduce portions, and you can also settle the bottom fish that eat food settled on the ground.
When flowering you need to darken the aquarium, if there is an excess of lighting, or vice versa – to establish a more powerful lighting system with a lack of light. To prevent excessive algae growth, it is recommended to make fish or snails that eat excess vegetation. It is also worth paying attention to the filtering system.
The presence of good filters is a prerequisite for the maintenance of the aquarium and the preservation of biological equilibrium. Sometimes it is recommended to add special additives to the water, but most aquarists do not support this method of restoring balance. In any case, it is necessary to understand that the living water in an aquarium is the result of the interaction of many living beings, therefore, time and certain conditions are necessary to restore balance.
Incorrect actions can lead to even greater disruption, so the main task is to create conditions for stabilizing the balance.
How often do I need to change the water in the aquarium?
Proper replacement of water in an aquarium plays an important role in maintaining balance. A common mistake is to replace too often or replace large amounts of water. With a small litrazh such errors can result in the death of the fish.
Before you change the water in the aquarium, you need to check the water quality, acidity and temperature. With a large volume, it will take about 2 days to restore balance; with a small volume, water needs change very carefully.
After the launch of the aquarium water can not be changed for 2-3 months, until equilibrium is established. Subsequently, every 15-30 days replace up to 1/5 of the total volume. With a good filtration system and a small amount of fish, water is changed less frequently and to a lesser extent.
If you replace more than half of the water in the aquarium, then the whole formed environment, including fish, may die.
In order to avoid problems, it is worth taking care of the proper equipment, starting and settling the aquarium from the very beginning. If you follow all the rules, it will not be difficult to achieve and maintain biological balance, and caring for an aquarium will not cause problems.
Why aquarium is muddy :: care for a muddy aquarium :: Care and education
Novice aquarists often encounter such a problem – the water in the aquarium becomes cloudy. This may be due to several reasons, and they need to be fixed as soon as possible.
The question “How does a little girl retrain to go to the tray (she is 4 months old)? “- 3 answers
1. If you poured water from the tap into the aquarium, without letting it stand, it will become whitish and muddy the next day. This is due to the rapid multiplication of microorganisms. It will be right to let the water stand for at least 2 days, then pour it into the aquarium with the soil and plants.
Let it stand still for 5-7 days, until the eco-balance is normalized, at the very least, launch the fish and other inhabitants. The water will be clear with a slight greenish tint.
2. If you run a lot of fish at once, the water also becomes cloudy. This is due to overpopulation of the aquarium.
Since the balance is broken. Even after you add one single fish to the existing ones, the water can also become cloudy.
But if there is no overpopulation, then soon the balance will be restored, and the water will again become transparent.
3. When improperly fed water becomes cloudy. This is caused by rotting at the bottom of the remnants of feed. Therefore, follow the rule: “It is better to underfeed – than to overfeed.”
Fish should eat everything in 15 minutes. Or get somkami that pick up the remains from the bottom in minutes.
4. Improper soil – one of the causes of water turbidity. Take well-washed river sand or pebbles to the aquarium; they also need to be boiled.
And if you have bottom fish, they will raise the dregs, rummaging in the ground.
5. If the water suddenly dims, check to see if some fish have died. In a decaying environment, bacteria multiply rapidly, and this will cause water damage in the aquarium.
6. Water can not only grow cloudy, but also turn green. Most likely this is caused by the rapid reproduction of algae.
It is necessary to clean the aquarium, enhance its lighting and partially change the water.
So that the water in the aquarium does not become cloudy, once a week, change one third to the new space. Remove from the bottom of the siphon the accumulated remnants of the life of the fish.
In time, weed the plants. And keep the rate of water on one fish. For small ones, like guppies, 3 liters is enough, for large ones, like veils, take 10 liters.