maintenance, care, compatibility
Domestic turtle at home: content from A to Z
The turtle (Trachemys scripta), also called yellow-bellied, is the most common among fans of domestic turtles. Unfortunately, this popularity has the other side of the coin, a huge number of domestic red-eared turtles are doomed to death or to live in inappropriate conditions. Unscrupulous sellers often do not know or hide parts from buyers for the sake of earnings.
To make this happen less often, we will tell in detail about the content, feeding and care of the red-eared turtle.
Following the link you will quickly get to the section you need:
- Brief introductory
- Habitat in nature
- Appearance, size, life expectancy
- Sense organs
- How to determine the sex?
- Buying a turtle
- Handling a red-eared turtle
- Handling babies
- Fights and aggression
- Content of the red-eared turtle
- Heated shore for the turtle
- UV lamp for turtles
- Water in the aquarium
- Feeding red-eared turtle
- What to feed the red-eared tortoise?
- Vegetable feed
- Live feed
- How much and how often to feed?
- Health and Diseases of the Red-Eared Turtle
- Main diseases of red-eared turtles and their symptoms
For almost everyone who wants to have a turtle, the first problem is to find an adequate capacity and purchase equipment. And then they begin to understand that the content is more complex than they imagined.
And very often the owners simply do not buy what they need, and then the animal suffers and dies.
There is even such a simple thing, how to put a terrarium on can cause problems. Aquarium for a red-eared turtle from 150 liters, plus water, equipment, shore.
The output will be more than three hundred pounds, and not just a table stand it.
A more spacious aquarium will allow your aquatic turtle to remain more active and healthy. Attention! Remember – if you keep the tortoise in crush, it will not remain small!
This is a common misconception that also applies to aquarium fish and other animals. She will be sick, twisted, but not small!
So, for the maintenance you will need an aquarium or a terrarium for a red-eared turtle (or rather, an aqua-terrarium, as it needs both dry and water), from 150 to 200 liters. When you look at a little turtle, such demands seem too high, but it will grow and become much more.
There should be enough water so that the turtle could turn over freely, that is, more than the width of its shell.
You also need artificial land or an island on which the tortoise will crawl out and warm up. Such an island can be bought at a pet store, they are specially made. If you decide to do it yourself, then remember that this should be a sloping ascent, but which will be convenient for the animal to climb.
In principle, this is all that is needed from him. You can make an island with your own hands, in nature, turtles are chosen for snags, stones, old tires, any trash sticking out of the water.
But, it is easier to buy a finished product, since it must meet certain conditions: not be toxic, be stable, have a textured surface, have no sharp corners and a burr.
The shore may be
The island should occupy at least 25% of the surface of your waterfront and meet the following requirements:
heated, this is the main destination of the shore for the turtle. The temperature on it should be 10 degrees higher than in water.
Too much temperature is not good, it can lead to hyperthermia (overheating) in a turtle.
- to be submerged, at least one side must go into the water
- to be safe, so that the turtle does not get stuck between the wall of the aquarium and the shore itself
- do not release toxins when heated and in water
- be resilient, since the red-eared turtles are quite strong and can turn the coast
- have a textured surface
Example aquaterrarium with a turtle and fish:
Since the red-eared turtle is a water species, it spends most of its time in water, so monitoring its quality is very important. Turtles eat, sleep and empty into the water, so filter, change it often.
Dirty water is one of the sources of discomfort, disease and infection.
The minimum water level in the aquarium is such that the tortoise could roll over if it suddenly finds itself on its back. That is not less than the width of its shell.
However, if possible, you need to keep it higher, because the more water, the more stable it is and the cleaner it remains. When this access to the shore of a turtle should be free, it should be able at any time to climb on it and warm up.
The water must be set aside for at least 24 hours, so that chlorine leaves it and it acquires room temperature. Attention! The temperature of the water in the aquarium with a red-eared turtle should be 22-28 ° C and not fall below 20, if you have this possible, then it should be heated with a heater.
Be sure to use a thermometer, do not trust your feelings! The cleanliness of the water is very important, as the turtles eat and empty in it. Very quickly accumulate harmful substances, ammonia and nitrates, the water begins to stink.
To avoid this, the water in the aquarium with a red-ear turtle is replaced once or twice a week. You can also use an internal or external filter, however, this does not cancel the water change.
For a turtle, internal filters are too thin, and external filters are good, but are quite expensive.
How long can a turtle live without water? For a long time, it happens that they run away from the aquarium and the owners find them only after a few days, sluggish, but alive.
In general, a day or two she will live in peace, but will suffer from drying out.
Feeding the red-eared turtle with vegetable feed
After you hold the tortoise in your hands, wash them with soap! This is especially important for children, because despite the fact that the red-eared turtle is domestic, it lives in a different environment and there are other bacteria.
It is especially important to monitor the cleanliness of the aquarium and the freshness of the feed, since the red-eared turtles can tolerate salmonellosis.
Ideally, any animal in the house should not have access to the kitchen and to the places where food is prepared. Avoid washing the turtle in the kitchen sink, and do not wash the aquarium and accessories there.
If we consider the aquarium as a small pond, then red-eared turtles will show dominant behavior in relation to others. They can easily hurt others with claws or biting. Males can stalk females, and often this results in serious aggression with bites, severed tails or death.
Adding a new individual can trigger fights, especially if the turtles are already mature.
If this happens, a significant increase in space can help, although it does not guarantee success. Also reduces aggression feeding one by one (one outside the aquarium).
Barriers, plastic plants or walls can be added so that the animals can see each other.
In general, this is a wild animal by nature, and this behavior is more than normal for the American Red-Eared Turtle. If you do not want problems, you need to keep them alone.Attention!
Red-skinned turtles feel great living without a pair. Adult turtle and toddlers – fight for food:
Content of the red-eared turtle and care at home
What you need to buy for the content?
You understand that prices can vary greatly, so just list the necessary things:
- Aquarium for the Pupillary turtle 200 liters
- 100W water heater
- Filter (can be internal, but better than external)
- Ultraviolet lamp for water turtles with UVB 10%
- Heating lamp
- Land / shore / island
As you can see, the list is quite serious and the most important – all this is really necessary. Now you understand why so many domestic turtles die?
Aquatic turtles – a description of popular species, sharing with fish
Aquatic turtles – a description of popular species, sharing with fish
The relevance of this topic is raised by many newcomers to the aquarium world and not only by them.
Often, on the Internet you come across a funny video where turtles swim peacefully with fish, and on the forums you can see photos of the joint content of fish and turtles with forest reviews.
Also, the interest of friends is fueled by the interest that guppies offend their soft-bodied tortoise !?
Having watched and read all this, the aquarist thinks about it – and that’s true. Why not. After all, in the natural – natural conditions turtles, fish, frogs, snakes and other reptiles live together – in the same area!
So all this can be recreated at home?
Well, let’s take a closer look at this issue and see real examples of turtles living together with fish!
So, for a start it is worth noting that a turtle is a turtle! Therefore, we propose to consider four types of turtles that are in demand among fans of aquarium-terrarium living creatures.
Pond turtle and aquarium fish
This species of turtles is often called the sea eared red tortoise. I emphasize that this turtle has never been a marine turtle.
This is a completely freshwater resident.
Contrary to the expectations of many who want to have this kind of turtles, these individuals require a fairly wide space to move. For one or two such Tartill requires an aquarium of at least 100 liters.
Also, the aquarium should be equipped with an island for recreation, and a powerful filter. Aeration is not required, as the turtles breathe atmospheric air, crawling to the surface. In pet stores sell special islands for turtles, which are installed at the bottom of the aquarium.
70% of the island is under water. For the convenience of landfall there is a smooth rise to the surface, which has a rather rough surface with protrusions so that the legs of the tortoise have something to cling to.
It is equally important to remember that the tallest part of the island should be about 20-30 cm from the lid, depending on the size of the pet. in diameter shell. These representatives of armor-clad despite the external slowness and awkwardness very much like to arrange shoots from the paternal house, therefore, in order to avoid searching for a pet throughout the apartment, the requirement to locate the island is better observed.
Most of the day turtles spend in the water, they crawl out to the island to rest and warm up. That is why it is necessary to equip the house of the turtle with an incandescent lamp, which will be directed to the islet. At the same time, the water temperature should not exceed 26 degrees, warm water is detrimental to the turtle and entails not only poor health, but also the formation of various fungal diseases.
At lower temperatures (up to 18 degrees), the turtle feels comfortable.
It is necessary to change water in turtles no more than once a month, as they are rather clean and do not need frequent water changes, which is very convenient for their owners.
The diet of the red-eared turtle for the most part includes animal feed. They are fed with bloodworms, a pipe worker and special granules of dry food, sometimes fed with lettuce or young cabbage. Adults should be given Gamarus (water crustaceans) dry and raw.
Also, red-eared turtles like to feast on boiled fish, or shreds of chicken and beef meat.
Considering all the above, VERDICT – it’s absolutely impossible to keep this turtle together with fish! The conditions of detention and the parameters (quality) of water in almost all freshwater fish species are fundamentally different from the conditions of housing of the red-eared turtle, by almost all criteria. Cohabitation will be painful.
But the most important reason why you should never keep a bug in an aquarium with fish is because turtles are predators. Floppy, sluggish, funny and safe on land, in the water of the turtle turn into excellent swimmers with an unrivaled sense of prey.
If a young turtle is possible and will not hunt for fish, then growing up … all scaly inhabitants of the aquarium will turn into a high-class food for it.
For more doubters. Here is a marginal video (censorship) on the same topic. Marsh turtle and fish
Under the conditions of the content, the marsh turtle does not differ much from the red-eared. But this is a larger species of turtles and therefore one or two individuals require at least 150 liters.
In marsh turtles, calcium deficiency is not rarely observed; therefore, in addition to the incandescent lamp, it is necessary to equip an aquarium with an ultraviolet lamp and supplement the ration with crushed eggshell. The rest of their dining table is almost a mirror image of a red-eared turtle’s table.
The marsh turtle is even more aggressive than its red-ear relative. Here and the video is not needed.
They bite, with it, quite sensitive and an adult individual can bite through the skin of a person, so taking such a pet is not recommended.
Thus, we can conclude that this breed of turtles is even smaller than the previous one is suitable for sharing with aquarium fish.
Trionix turtle and fishTrionix is a soft-bodied turtle.
Its shell is a thick leathery cover.
Unlike the above described species of turtles, the Trionixes practically do not need an island. For them, a small building with a smooth rise, which does not necessarily have its beginning right on the bottom, may well suit.
This is a fully aquatic turtle. An elongated spout allows them to get the necessary oxygen on the surface of the water without any difficulty, and after that they do not need it for a long time.
But at the same time, the aquarium should be equipped with continuous filtration and aeration, since this species of turtles needs clean water and can receive oxygen without rising to the surface. This is a very active and fun creation.
Thrionyxes like to dig in shallow soil or sand, leaving only a small elongated face on the surface. Comfortable water temperature for them is 24-26 degrees, although experts have noticed that without harm to health, they live in temperatures ranging from 20 to 30 degrees.
The required volume of a house for Trionix should be at least 150 liters per individual.
In its natural habitat it is a strong and dangerous predator, eating fish, small crustaceans. Not infrequently, this type of shellfish loves to feast on the laying of eggs by a negligent bird, which nests not on the shore of a pond, river or lake, where these “vandals” live.
The mouth of Thronex is equipped with a teeth saw, and therefore its bites to the human hand may not like even more than the bites of a marsh turtle.
However, under the conditions of keeping this turtle is more suitable for sharing with the fish and therefore it is not rare to be found in the general aquarium. BUT! There are a few key points:
– No plants planted in the ground will not survive familiarity with Trionix. If you care for your green spreads, you will have to give up Thrionix.
Harmful tortoise pulls out plants with a root, digs up the ground wherever possible, and where it is impossible, it digs up it three times more actively. Small decorative elements also forever interfere with this type of turtles.
– This is a predator. Very fast, both in water and on land, unlike other types of turtles.
– If, however, the above written does not cool your fervor in acquiring this miracle, it is worth noting that this turtle can settle down with fish only if you take it in the most possible, young age, and follow the rich and varied food menu.
And in conclusion, it would be a crime not to say that even if you follow all the precautions, it does not guarantee that Trionix will never look to your fish. Experienced aquarists know that all fish, even of one species, have their own character.
The same can be said about turtles. There are no guarantees that the predator’s instinct embedded in this tiny creation does not emerge.
One phrase can say: “these turtles can be kept in an aquarium with fish, but only at a young” young “age.” Then you still need to seat!
Here is a video for reflection !!
The author of the video called him: “Turtle (Trionix) – Lucy frightened fish”
Double-tailed tine aquatic turtle
This species of turtles is very similar to the sea counterparts, however, it is freshwater. It can also live in slightly brackish water.
Perhaps this is the only species of turtles that can live peacefully and without incident with any fish, since for the most part this beauty is a vegetarian. Unpretentious, need a temperature of 23-27 degrees.
Filtration and aeration are naturally necessary, but they do not require any additional equipment.
They say about these turtles that they do not swim, but fly around the aquarium. Having a pretty good looks, this miracle pleases the eye.
But there are a number of significant drawbacks:
– Space. If a young turtle of this species (up to two years) can live in a volume of 200 to 500 liters, then an adult turtle needs at least 1000l.
Double-eared turtles grow up to 50 cm in diameter of the shell.
– Price. From $ 200 to $ 800, which is significantly different from the prices of the types described above.
This species is still little studied, little common for sale, but already popular with aquarists. And according to this, all the “experiments” with this turtle remain on the conscience of the owner.
So let’s summarize. For the most part, keeping together completely different aquatic inhabitants like fish and turtles is not worth it. There are lots of attractive alternatives to diversify your aquarium.
Humanity knows an incredible number of species of turtles, and so few of those that can be kept at home. And this suggests that even these few species need their own home, equipped especially for them and only for them.
You should not try the fate of their pets, checking their tails and abdomen for strength.
Finally – here is a good video about fish and turtles. But, alas, here are the comments left by the author of the video in YouTube: Eugene Karpenko 3 years ago, all the Swordtails have long been gone 🙂 but the catfish is already much more than turtles. even until recently, the barbus lived quite well. half a year somewhere. recently disappeared somewhere too 🙂 Smileys of the author, can be replaced by bitter oops)))
the author of the article – Jan Terekhov,
for the provided material and cooperation!
Red-skinned turtles living in an aquarium are often found at home. These animals are popular for their bright colors and easy care.
Red-skinned turtles grow quickly – only five years is necessary for a small turtle to reach its shell 30 cm in diameter. In this article we will try to answer the questions that most concern the owners of red-eared turtles.
How many live eared turtles?
Like most turtles, red-eared turtles live at home for a long time — about 30 years with proper care.
How to care for a red-eared turtle?
Keep a red-headed turtle in an aquarium. For young turtles of small size, almost any aquarium or terrarium will do. Terrarium for eared turtles can be purchased at the pet store.
For adults, aquariums, as a rule, are made to order – not less than 200 liters. Red-skinned turtles feel comfortable only in a spacious aquarium.
The aquarium should be covered with a lid so that turtles cannot escape from it.
Despite the fact that domestic red-eared turtles spend almost all the time in the water, there must be a small island in the aquarium, on which they can easily climb. A lamp should be placed above the island, which should warm up the surface well – up to 28-30 degrees.
In a large aquarium must be a filter for water purification. Replace all the water in a large aquarium should be as it is polluted, and in a small – once a month.
The turtle should be fed animal and plant food. Her diet must be varied, otherwise the animal may get sick.
Young turtles should be fed daily, after two years – 3 times a week is enough.
The aquatic red-eared turtle living in an aquarium does not tolerate cold very well. In winter, these animals should be warmed up with a special ultraviolet lamp 3 times a week.
In summer, the turtle needs natural sunlight. To do this, the aquarium with the animal should be placed in fresh air, but avoid direct sunlight.
In contrast to other species, eared turtles do not hibernate. Periodically they may be less active.
As a rule, this happens when daylight decreases.
How to determine the sex of red-eared turtles?
The sex of red-eared turtles is much easier to determine if there are several animals living in an aquarium. The main distinguishing feature of male turtles is a long tail, wider at the base. Female turtles are owners of short and thin tails.
Also, males are distinguished by longer claws on their front paws.
So, how to determine the sex of a young red-eared turtle is practically impossible, experts recommend doing at the age of 5-7 and, preferably, in comparison with other turtles.
Breeding red-eared turtles
At home, male turtles reach sexual maturity by 4 years, and females by 6 years. The mating period is from February to May. The female goes to the land in order to lay eggs, so the animals need to create appropriate conditions in captivity.
Small turtles are born in 105-150 days, at an ambient temperature of at least 21 degrees. The length of newborns is 3 cm.
Diseases of red-eared turtles and their treatment
Unfortunately, life in captivity, even if very comfortable, is fraught with a large number of diseases for turtles. The most common among the diseases of red-eared turtles living in an aquarium is ringworm.
Most often the disease occurs with the wrong content. The first symptom of the disease – white plaque on the horn shell. Further, in an animal, detachment of the plates of the cornea is observed, which leads to deformation of the shell.
With the timely treatment of eared turtles such consequences can be avoided. First of all, it is necessary to improve the living conditions of the animal and carefully monitor its hygiene.
If the symptoms persist, the turtle should be shown to the vet.
The common diseases of red-eared turtles are various infections, skin diseases, colds, rickets and osteoporosis. If the animal has become passive, looks bad and loses its appetite, you should sound the alarm.
Some diseases with delayed treatment can lead to the death of a turtle.
Aquaterrarium for the eared turtle – content care photo description.
A properly equipped aquarium with adequate size is necessary for keeping domesticated turtles at home. It would be more correct to call it aquaterrarium, since such a reservoir contains not only water space, but also an island of land.
Buy housing for turtles can be in the spec. stores or do it yourself.
Since the reptile is quite demanding to the place of residence, you need to know how to properly equip an aquarium for a red-eared turtle. Your pet’s home should be as close as possible to its natural habitat.
Only in this case, your ward will be healthy and happy in its own way.
Approach to the choice of an aquarium should be based on the size of your red-eared pet or (if you have a young individual) take immediately “for growth”. Keep in mind. that in a few years a tiny little turtle the size of a peach seed will turn into an adult individual the size of a saucer.
The optimal size of the aquarium, depending on the size of the turtle:
- babies from 3 to 10 cm – 50 liters;
- young turtles from 10 to 16 cm – 80 liters;
- big turtles from 17 to 25 cm – 150 liters;
- adult animals – from 150 liters.
In order to prevent the runner from escaping, the top of the aquaterrarium should be covered with a lid that allows air to pass through well.