maintenance, care, compatibility
Surely everyone who has little experience in keeping and breeding fish, or does not have it at all, wondered: “Are there any fish that are easy to care for, but which will look gorgeous in an aquarium?”. One of these options is Gouram Marble.
This is a fish with an interesting body shape and beautiful colors. They are perfect for both breeders with experience and beginners, as they are easy to maintain and breed and live long enough.
In nature, these fish you will not find. This is a completely artificial form that was bred using breeding (by crossing the blue and spotted varieties) and is contained only in the aquarium.
Marble gourami are absolutely the same in size and habits as their relatives, and differ only in color. The second name of the fish – Cosby – from the names of the American breeder Cosby, who brought them.
Blue gourami from which this breed was obtained, lives in Asia. They can be found in countries such as Indonesia, Sumatra and Thailand. They can live in the flooded lowlands, marshes, streams, irrigation canals, in rice fields and even in ditches.
The main thing is that the reservoir should be with stagnant or slow-flowing water and with abundant vegetation.
When the rainy season comes, these fish can migrate to the spill sites, and after its termination return. Their main food in the wild is bioplankton.
Can size. For fry there will be enough an aquarium of 50 liters (for 5-7 fish), and for adults you will need at least 80 liters. If there is a lid or glass on top, then they should fit snugly, as Gourami needs breathing air.
The optimal distance between the lid and the water surface is at least 5-8 cm. The difference between the water and air temperatures should not be large, so that the fishes, swallowing cold air, do not catch a cold.
Water parameters. Despite good adaptability, it is better to adhere to optimal indicators for water: the temperature is within 23-28 degrees, the acidity is from 6 to 8.8 and the hardness is from 5 to 35.
Filter it is better to set the minimum for the current, as they do not like strong fish. Aeration is optional.
Weekly recommended to replace one-fifth of the water.
Lighting better bright top, and in the morning, preferably sunny.
Priming dark is recommended, then the color of Gourami will be as bright as possible, which means the fish will appear in the most advantageous light. Fine pebbles, granite chips, coarse sand will do.
Plants better to plant thickly in groups. Do not forget about the place to swim. It is usually left in the center, and the side and the background are planted with peristophagia, elodeis, cryptocoryne, vallysneria, tuna, echinodorus, Thai fern.
Floating too should be. They will be needed to build a nest if spawning is planned in general.
On the surface, you can put duckweed, Ritchia, piste, salviniya.
Decor. In addition to the overgrowths, it is not bad to construct several shelters of clay shards and snags.
Gourami – small freshwater fish of the Macropod family, suborder Labyrinth fish. Natural habitat – Southeast Asia and adjacent islands.
Species pearl gourami found in the Malay Archipelago, on Sumatra and Borneo. Sometimes it is caught on the island of Java, in Bangkok, but here they appeared because of the carelessness of aquarium lovers.
Lunar gourami lives in the waters of Cambodia and Thailand, serpentine gourami – in the territory of southern Vietnam, Thailand and Cambodia.
The spotted gourami is found in the freshwater rivers of India and the Malay Archipelago, and the blue gouras inhabit Sumatra. Some species of these fish were mistakenly recorded in freshwater bodies of other continents – North and South America. Small fishes like standing waters, with a slow current, therefore they search for small rivers, small streams for living.
Gourami brown mastered estuaries with brackish water. Nowadays, the maintenance of these species is possible in the home aquarium.
The maximum body size of gourami in their natural environment is 60 cm in length, but in conditions of captivity the length of the body reaches no more than 15 cm. The character of the fish is unpretentious, friendly, with special features in each species.
For example, kissing gourami may take a position that resembles kisses, and be in it for some time.
Keeping and caring for a fish will not create a hassle even for a beginner aquarist. It is pleasant to watch these pets – each has its own color, manner of behavior. They are mobile and easily breed in domestic spawning.
To create good living conditions in an artificial reservoir, you need to make the maximum amount of effort. Then they will reward the owner with a beautiful appearance and a long lifespan of 5 to 10 years or more.
Quality maintenance and care is impossible without proper feeding. All macropods in food are unpretentious, but the diet should be varied. In the aquarium, they can be fed live food, artificial food, frozen food.
Sometimes it is allowed to feed curd, oatmeal. The main food is daphnia, bloodworm, tubule, mosquito larvae, earthworms, shrimp meat.
They have a very small mouth, so food must be crushed. Feeding – 1-2 times a day, in small portions.
When the fish are going to spawn, they are transferred to a protein-rich food. However, overfeeding is not worth it, it is harmful to health.
They suffer hunger more easily than overeating, can live without food for 2 to 10 days, which in some cases makes it easier to care for them. Occasionally, you can put on a diet, but do not overdo it.
Like all pets, love treats in the form of special feed, which can be found in the pet store.
Look at the biotope aquarium with gourami.
Although labyrinths differ in exemplary behavior in the general aquarium, they can perceive small fish as food. Shrimps and other crustaceans are also incompatible with them.
Sometimes they come into conflicts with each other, if the aquarium is not spacious, there are few shelters in it. Do not settle gourami with predatory and large representatives of the underwater world, because they carry a threat to life.
The best neighbors are: angelfish, rasbor, catfish corridor, minor, zebrafish, combat, mollies, petilia, iris, plexostomy, labo, tetra.
It is not allowed to keep with active and aggressive fish: some species of barbs, with males, large African and South American cichlids, goldfish, astronotus, koi carp. Macropods have such a feature: pelvic fins are long, thread-like.
With their help, they feel the space, touching both plants and fish. At first, the neighbors may not like it, but later they will get used to it.
Aquarium. To maintain this species, you must have an aquarium that can accommodate more than 50 liters.
This volume is enough for 6–7 individuals (2–3 females are needed per 1 male). If there is a cap in the aquarium, it should not fit snugly, as air must be constantly circulated.
For a layer of soil (5–6 cm) take large river sand, suitable for the structure of algae growing in the aquarium.
Vegetation. These small fish love to hide and build their nests in the undergrowth, so lush, bushy vegetation is suitable for their maintenance: hendeer, valisneria, peristolistnik.
Do not use too many plantations, leave them a place to swim.
On the surface, you can expand the duckweed, collecting it in the islands. Just watch out for its growth: it should not cover the entire surface of the water so that the fish have access to the air.
Water parameters. Gourami love heat, so be attentive to the temperature of their habitat.
It must be 24–27 ° C, otherwise the fish may get sick. Best of all, if the aquarium will be equipped with a heater with a thermostat.
Try to regularly replace the water (25% of the volume of the aquarium per week).
Compatibility. Keeping them with other species is problematic.
But it’s not about the character of the gourays, and you can’t call them fighting men. The case in the neighbors, which may attract their fins, like worms. If you still want to add other fish to them, find out if they are not aggressive or predatory, otherwise the gourami will not get along with them.
Such undesirable neighbors include swordtails, barbs, some types of cichlids and haracin.
Spawner. If you decide to breed these unusual fish, then you will first have to purchase a separate aquarium (30–40 l) so that parents do not worry about their offspring.
The water should be slightly softer (get a distillate at a pharmacy) and warmer than with their usual content (29–30 ° C). A few weeks before the start of spawning, wean the producers and give them only live food, the crank is best suited.
Be sure to prepare in advance the “shelter” – a small bunch of grass, since the male’s lovingness sometimes goes off scale and the female needs somewhere to hide from him for a while. If the female begins to gain weight, then she is ready for throwing caviar.
Gourami breeding is best practiced in late spring or early summer, when there is no shortage of live food.
House building. Gourami differ from other aquarium fish in that they build real housing for their caviar.
Only the male is engaged in the nest, using his saliva, with which he connects the air bubbles. The future father is not distracted by anything, so usually this process takes him several days. When the house is ready, he begins active actions: he shows himself and his creation in all its glory.
If the female is ready for fertilization, then she willingly follows the male to the nest, where spawning takes place.
Fry and care of them. The future father gently collects the impregnated eggs with his mouth and carries them inside the nest.
After hatching, the fry will be located and develop directly in the vesicles. One adult healthy female can sweep about 2000 eggs at a time, but only a small part will be fertilized. Both parents often take care of the offspring.
They vigilantly guard him and in case of dropping out of the nest they push him back. If the male shows aggressiveness towards the female, move her to a common aquarium.
The incubation period for gourami takes 1–2 days, and already in 3-4 days the larvae will swim freely. When they grow up and begin to spread around the aquarium, the male will be transplanted, as it may harm them or even eat.
For feeding babies You need to purchase very small feeds. Nauplii of artemia, rotifers or ciliates will do.
Try to provide the young stock with live food, since on dry most of it may die.
Features care for offspring. In addition to food, for the cultivation of healthy gourami requires very clean water. Change it regularly and remove leftover feed.
Kids are rather fast but unevenly growing, so from time to time sort them by size, as large fry will eat smaller ones. To form a labyrinth (a special organ for breathing), lower the water level in the aquarium by about 10–12 cm.
Despite some inconvenience in the maintenance of gourami, this type of aquarium fish has attracted aquarists all over the world for about 100 years. If you create optimal conditions for them, gourami will delight you with their unusual color and interesting manner of behavior.
How to breed pearl gourami, look at the video:
The aquarium can be small in size (from 40 liters) if you plan to place 3-4 individuals there. It is necessary to be guided by quantity, since gourami is a rather big fish and it is desirable to avoid crowding. At the bottom of the aquarium is better to put a dark ground.
The obligatory presence of not only benthic, but also floating plants. In order for the gourami to feel good, the conditions of detention must provide for sufficient lighting and daylight, at least in the first half of the day. These types of fish are not capricious in eating.
They use both dry and live food. Adults can easily go without food throughout the week. These fish have a very small mouth.
They can be given semolina, which must be scalded with boiling water or crushed canned peas.
Gourami are very hardy, and they do not need special care and maintenance. They do not need special parameters and water quality. Stiffness and acidity can be absolutely acceptable norms.
The only indicator that is important for comfortable maintenance of gourami is water temperature. It should not be below 20 ° C. Still, these are tropical species and they need a certain warmth.
Another advantage of these fish is the lack of need for aeration. This will give the opportunity to place the aquarium in any room, without fear that the noise of the pump will interfere with your or your child’s sleep.
If the aquarium has a large number of snails that are rapidly multiplying and can be harmful to the plants, then the gouraras will easily cope with such annoying “neighbors.” They can eat small snails and other insects that accidentally got into the aquarium with food.
By the type of behavior of gourami, peaceful and calm fish, the maintenance of which with other fish does not present any difficulties. Their neighbors can be both small and rather large species. For example: neons, skliarii, rasbora, antsistrusy, minors, apistogrammy, corridors.
It is worth avoiding the coexistence of goura with such aggressive species as: pseudotrophus, parrots, cichlids, goldfish and labidochromis. Gourami very curious fish that everyone learns with the help of their whisker threads. Therefore, new settlers may react nervously to this.
These fish can move gregariously, this is especially evident when lifting to the surface for a breath of air and the same synchronous lowering to the bottom.
A peculiarity of breeding is the fact that it is the males who build nests at the bottom of the aquarium. In this case, the distance between them may be very small. On this basis, some skirmishes may arise between males that do not lead to injuries and often end peacefully.
If you want to breed this type in quantitative composition, then you should think about the presence of a hotel home for newborn fry.
Marble gourami – beautiful, simple in maintenance and breeding.
Marble gourami is a very beautiful color form of blue gourami. This is a long-time favorite of aquarists fish with a blue body and dark spots on it, for which it received the name of marble.
He is very similar to his relatives in everything except coloring. It is the same in size and habits as other types of gourami.
Marble is also very unpretentious and great for keeping novice aquarists, but it also lives and reproduces for a long time.
Marble gourami aquarium fish can grow up to 15 cm, although usually less in an aquarium. Juveniles can be kept in a 50-liter aquarium, for adults fish already need a larger aquarium, about 80 liters.
Since some males are different pugnacious nature, it is better to keep a couple or to arrange a lot of shelters in an aquarium, for example, thick undergrowths.
Very unpretentious fish that you can safely recommend to beginners. She is undemanding to food, and can live in various conditions.
Lives well in common aquariums, but males can fight among themselves or with other types of gurus.
You can keep young in 50 liters, for adults you need an aquarium from 80 liters. Since gourami breathe atmospheric oxygen, it is important that the temperature difference between water and air in the room is as low as possible.
Gourami do not like the flow, and it is better to install the filter so that it would be minimal. Aeration for them does not matter.
It is better to plant aquarium densely with plants, since blue gourami can be pugnacious and necessary places where the fish can take shelter.
Water parameters can be very different, blue gourami well adapted to different conditions. Optimally: water temperature is 23-28 C, ph: 6.0-8.8, 5 – 35 dGH.
Like most labyrinths, in marble gourami, reproduction takes place with the help of a nest, which the male builds from foam in which the fry grow. Dilute the marble gourah is easy, but you need a spacious aquarium, with a sufficient number of plants and a spacious water mirror.
A couple of gourams are fed abundantly with live food several times a day. The female ready for spawning is considerably fattening due to the roe.
A couple is deposited in spawn, with a capacity of 50 liters. The water level in it should be 13-15 cm, and the temperature increased to 26-27C.
The male will begin to build a nest of foam, usually in the corner of the aquarium, at this time he can drive the female, and she needs to create an opportunity to take cover.
After the nest is built, the marriage games begin, the male pursues the female, straightening the fins and exposing himself in the best possible way. The ready-made female swims to the nest, the male embraces her and helps to postpone her calf, seeding her at the same time.
Caviar, like larvae, is lighter than water and floats in the nest. Usually, the female can sweep from 700 to 800 eggs.
After spawning, the female is deposited, as the male can kill her. The male remains to monitor the nest and correct it.
As soon as the fry begins to swim out of the nest, the male marble is deposited, in order to avoid eating. The fry is fed with an infusoria and a microhard until it can eat the nautilia of Artemia.
Gourami pearl is valued for its peace-loving nature. They were never seen in aggressive behavior. On the contrary, they are not rarely attacked by unkind neighbors.
The former never attack, and in the event of a conflict, they try to quickly retire to the shelter — thickets of green algae. It is not recommended to keep them in an aquarium with swordsmen and barbs.
The maintenance of the aquarium does not take a lot of time and effort. For living pearl gourami do not need a large aquarium, 40 liters is enough.
It is noticed that the dark ground in combination with bright light has a positive effect on the brightness of the color.
- Bright lighting;
- Dark ground;
- Presence of plants;
- Availability of free space for swimming;
- The water temperature is 24-28 degrees.
As you can see, it’s not difficult to provide ideal conditions for fish. Content in an aquarium with a large number of plants will make the microclimate among neighbors more friendly.
Offended can always hide in the thickets. In addition, vegetation is necessary for the male to build a nest.
Oxygen starvation does not frighten these fish, but if you do decide to provide them with additional air flow, then pay attention that there are no strong currents. This can cause significant inconvenience to fish.
Gourmet gourami pearl is also not. He is happy to eat different types of food – frozen, dry, live. Purchase feed is ideal for feeding them, just pay attention that it is not too big, otherwise the fish may choke on them.
You should not worry about their content during the departure; they are able to live without food for one or even two weeks. The life cycle of gourami about 6 years, which is not bad for aquarium inhabitants.
Gourami are small fish of the Macropod family, a suborder Labyrinth fish. Many species are endemics of Southeast Asia, prefer calm waters with a slow current. Gourami in these regions are of industrial importance, but in many aquariums in the world they are ornamental fish.
They have a peaceful and calm character, small body size, to keep them simple even for a beginner aquarist. Gourami practically do not show aggression towards their neighbors in the “house”, most often they are in conflict with each other.
To settle them in a common nursery, you must understand the peculiarities of their character.
Interspecific differences arise between them, during which they clarify the hierarchical roles or protect the territory. Aquarium gourami are practically incompatible with other members of their family.
Naturally, when representatives of one species get along, but this does not apply to this species. Here everything is much more complicated.
They constantly vie for the attention of the females, if there are few females in the aquarium for the male, he will not create a pair.
See how they fight gourami.
The fight between males can be extremely dangerous and lead to strong aggression, even worse than the attack of fish of another species. Compatibility is possible if one male and 2-3 females are placed in the tank for him. Then all the inhabitants will remain unharmed and happy.
The labyrinth fins are usually thin and long, so they are easy to capture during rivalry.
Aquarium gouras can live with other fish even better than with their closest congeners. Compatibility is possible with peaceful small fish that will swim in the middle and lower layers of water. There are also a number of representatives of the underwater world, with whom the gurus easily get along.
Compatibility is possible with neons, iris, danios, battles, swordtails, tetras, catfish, minors. Representatives of the families of cichlids and scalar also get along with gourami.
It is not recommended to settle with large predators, with fast and active fish, playful. This applies to species that can pluck fins and constantly interfere, among them: barbs, cichlids, roosters, parrots fish, astronotus, goldfish.
Compatibility is not possible with discus, shrimp, guppy, since there will be a confrontation between them, or some will be eaten by others.
The following factors may cause conflicts between gouras and unrelated fish species:
- Bright color or long, fluffy fins that attract caring neighbors. They can tear off the fins, or destroy the “handsome”;
- Disproportionate fish need space for swimming and life, if some fish swim at the upper layers, others at the bottom, this does not lead to collisions;
- Insufficient aquarium volume and lack of personal swimming space, insufficient number of plants and shelters;
- The main cause of conflict is the appearance of superiority in size, large aquarium fish immediately notice small fish, perceiving them for food.
Look at the aquarium with gourami, scalar and speckled catfish.
To understand whether compatibility between species is possible, it is necessary to become familiar with the criteria of full, partial compatibility and incompatibility. With full compatibility, you can safely observe the life of fish, with partial threats of rivalry, in the absence of compatibility as such, fish do not need to be placed in one aquarium at all.
Couples gourami and fish compatibility:
- Angelfish and gourami: fully compatible
- Barbus: partially compatible
- Petushki: incompatible
- African cichlids: incompatible
- South American cichlids: incompatible
- Corridors: fully compatible
- Danio: fully compatible
- Discusses: partially compatible
- Lost: Partially compatible
- Goldfish: incompatible
- Gourami: partially
- Guppy: Partially
- Koi carps: incompatible
- Botsii: fully
- Mollies: fully
- Astronotus: incompatible
- Percylia: fully
- Plekostomusy: fully
- The iris: fully
- Rasbory: fully
- Labeo: completely
- Swordsmen: fully
- Tetras: fully
- Acne: Partial
- Piranhas are incompatible
- Shrimp: incompatible
- Floating aquarium plants: fully
See also: How to care for chocolate gouras?
They are found in medium-sized with weak streams or standing, well-overgrown reservoirs in Asia. The body is high, oval, strongly compressed at the sides.
The dorsal fin is located in the middle of the back or slightly displaced to the tail. The length of its base is several times less than that of the anal fin. Famous threads are located closer to the chest.
More precisely, for the pectoral fins.
The side line is full. Color varied, depending on the species.
Almost all the fish of this family are small in size, up to 12 centimeters. Serpentine gourami can be up to twenty-five centimeters. In an aquarium most often grow up to ten centimeters.
Color intensity is indicative of health, but not in all cases.
The labyrinth organ is located in the suprajular cavity. In this place are very thin bone plates.
Without atmospheric air, in a tightly closed vessel, the fish die quickly.
Gourami in the aquarium as orderlies. The hydra that comes with live food is quickly eaten, it is an enemy for fish.
Hydra are dangerous for both young and adult individuals.
Spotted goura-nitopods, regardless of shape and type, must be kept in aquariums with a capacity of at least sixty liters. Temperature of water – from 24 to 28 degrees, allowed from 20 to 24.
These fish are able to withstand a short time down to sixteen. What will be the rigidity and acidity does not matter. The soil will suit dark and dense vegetation.
Aeration and filtration are not needed.
The content of pearl gouram is similar to the care of the spotted one, only water in the aquarium is advised to filter and a little aerate. This species can live with small and non-aggressive fish.
Lunar gourami contain the same, but aquariums should be more than one hundred liters. After all, as this species prefers to swim freely.
The lighting should be dim, slightly diffused. The fish are peaceful, compatible only with small and non-aggressive creatures.
In brown gourami compatibility is excellent. They get along well with other fish.
Care – the same as from the other members of the family.
The nature of dwarf gourami, like other species, is undemanding. It is important that there is no strong current.
For this species, it is desirable to place not only plants in the aquarium, but also shelters in the form of caves and grottoes. Keep better in small flocks, no more than 6 fish. To balance females should be a little more.
They do not like loud sounds, so it is better for them to take a quiet place in the house.
It is easy to create the necessary conditions, as the nitrophores are unpretentious. It is only important to adhere to the minimum requirements:
1. Movable and curious fish, they need free space. Therefore, the aquarium should be of appropriate size.
2. Gourami able to jump high enough over the water. So that they do not harm themselves, you should cover the aquarium with a cover with holes for air.
3. Tropical countries are a natural habitat for them, therefore, there is a need for bright light. To do this, the aquarium should be located next to the window or use a special additional lighting.
The better the illumination, the more saturated the color of the nitrogens.
4. It is important the presence of living algae for timid gourami. Green island is a great haven.
And the males in the right period will create nests there.
5. For gourami it is not necessary to have a filter and aeration, as they know how to breathe air. If you equip them with an aquarium, then there will be no harm from the absence of an aerator.
Only there should not be strong currents, the fish prefer standing water.
6. It is necessary once a week to change the water in the aquarium at 1/3. Do not forget to maintain the desired temperature.
Nitophores are usually quite hardy. They can get sick from sick fish or because of poor nutrition.
Patients need to be isolated from healthy.
The most common:
1. Lymphocytosis. Manifested in the form of wounds, nodules and swelling.
Dark spots and mealy patches appear.
2. Pseudomonosis. First, black spots appear, which are further transformed into ulcers.
3. Aeromonosis. Appears due to the change of the aquarium.
Signs: refusal to eat, care to the bottom, swollen and bleeding abdomen.
Nurus gourami – beautiful fish. The larger the aquarium, the larger they are. Their peculiarity is that broken pectoral fins can grow back from gourami.
Photos will help to see their attractiveness and uniqueness.
Gourami are simple in maintenance and care, beautiful and interesting in behavior. With their presence they decorate any aquatic environment, because when creating suitable conditions, they look bright and original.
And the most important thing is that even a novice aquarist can take care of them.