maintenance, care, compatibility
Pay attention to the size of the body of their cichlids. African, South American and Asian (there are several species) species are of different sizes, therefore, require different diets and different water parameters.
All tsikhlovye are prone to aggression towards a partner, if something does not suit them. In the nursery there should be enough shelters so that they can hide from each other during disagreements.
Large cichlids, such as: Oscar, astronotus, cichlasome biocellatum, parrots, meek, chemichromis bimaculatus and others 20-30 cm in size require a large space for swimming. It is not necessary to place small objects in the tank, otherwise they will knock them down and break them.
A modestly designed aquarium consisting of large stones and caves is perfect for them.
Look at the aquarium with large American cichlids.
Small cichlids, such as dwarfs, also love hiding places and hiding places where they endure stress. Fry need a lot of gorges to hide from enemies.
Cichlids from Central and South America sometimes show aggression towards their neighbors in the aquarium, therefore, settling other fish with them, build caves and grottoes in the walls of the reservoir.
Bottom layer of the aquarium should be covered with the appropriate substrate. Aquarium pebbles, medium gravel are suitable for cichlids, because they enjoy digging in the ground, “building” passes and grooves. The soil must be treated and cleaned from impurities.
The rocky substrate will also provide a kind of habitat for pets, because tsikhlovye of the wild nature live in the bottom layer of water, where there are a lot of sediment from rocks.
Choose safe décor items for a cichlid aquarium. The design should not harm the pets, so plan the design in advance, after consulting with a specialist.
You can buy an aquarium with all the elements of the decor immediately in the store. If it has small parts, remove them – the fish can swallow them.
Large plants, large snags, large caves and soil are suitable for many medium and large cichlids.
If you find untreated rocks, stones and soil, be sure to wash them with boiling water with steam. Some elements should be infused in boiled water for several days and then placed in a tank. Aquarium decoration is not allowed when water is already poured into it.
First put the product, and then poured water.
Look at the simple and spectacular design of the aquarium.
Use caution when planting aquatic plants, without which it is impossible to create the most comfortable design. Large cichlids cut off small leaves and shoots of small plants.
Make the decoration of the aquarium with the help of large hard-leaved plants, such as: Anubias nana, echinodorus, cryptocoryne, aponoheton ulvovidny, nymphs. The plants must have a strong root system.
Small tsikhlovye not so ruthless to the plants, so indifferent to them, provided the correct diet. Herbivorous cichlids eat vegetation if there is not enough fiber in the feed.
In a cichlid aquarium, be sure to place a large flat rock. It is necessary for laying caviar. The design and design of the nursery is impossible without this vital detail.
Place a stone with a smooth surface in the corner of the aquarium, where the fish usually spawn.
Novice aquarists are advised to acquire an elongated aquarium up to 120 liters in volume. Large capacity is easier to maintain, moreover, aggression of cichlids will rather dissipate in it. However, for large breeds, an aquarium of 200 liters is needed, in which you can populate up to 4 fish.
Water parameters depend on a certain type of cichl fishes. For starters, it is better to purchase less sensitive pets.
The water in the aquarium should be slightly alkaline and slightly acid 5.5-7, hardness 6-12 °. The temperature should be as close as possible to the parameters of the natural habitat of the fish. For tsikhlidnik suitable water from the tap, but given the various indicators of water in different regions, it is best to filter the water and let it stand for some time in a vessel with shells, corals and gravel.
To normalize the acidity in the aquarium often use the method of adding phosphate buffer.
You should not place an aquarium near windows or heaters. The best moderate illumination is achieved with fluorescent lamps. Experienced experts recommend replacing water every month with a quarter of the total mass.
Be sure to equip the aquarium filter, compressor and heater. Only after all the necessary requirements have been met, can the cichlid be launched.
Fish from the cichl family are divided into 3 species:
- originating from African rivers;
- originally from Central America;
- from the Amazon.
African cichlids are considered the most friendly. A pair of haplochromic multicolor, a pair of parrots and a pair of butterflies in combination with four antsistrus catfish can be placed in a 120-liter vessel.
From the American cichlids, you can choose a pair of striped cichlosis and Sedgik cichlases, placing them in the vicinity of a pair of hypostomus.
The aquarium with Amazonian cichlids should be from 200 liters. It will be able to get along with scalar akars curvyceps and maroon.
A small company of antsistrus can be planted with them.
Cichlids, or cichlids (lat. Cichlidae) are a family of fishes of the family Luciferous, detachment Perciformes. All types of cichlids differ in size and body color.
They are found both in freshwater and brackish waters. Average body size range: from 2 cm to 1 meter.
Some species have an elongated body, compressed at the sides, others differ in cylindrical or oval symmetry of the body.
Tilapia cichlid is a commercially important fish, Cichla cichlid is an object of sport fishing. The content of angelfish, discus, cancer, Oscars, dolphins, lamprologusov, parrots and many other species is possible in home aquariums.
Many cichlids from natural waters are endangered.
The Cichlovic family charges 1300 species studied, 600 more species are known that are not yet described. They live in crystal clear and soft water, and in alkaline.
Habitat – reservoirs of Africa, Asia (several species) and Latin America.
As is known, cichlids differ in the color and symmetry of the body. Many of them have an amazing ability to disguise themselves in danger.
Aquarium fish cichlids most often found bright, they are well recognizable. In the wild, cichlid males distinguish each other by their bright color, which allows them to compete. During spawning, the color of the fish changes dramatically – they become contrast in a matter of hours, spots and stripes appear on the body.
For example, apistogram females become bright yellow, nannakar females turn black, with white spots on the scales.
Admire the African cichlids.
Breeders succeeded in breeding different cichlid breeds that are descendants of natural species. Interesting color variations were obtained: cichlid yellow parrot, cichlid orange parrot.
However, some razvodchiki hide the secret of the color of scales – pink, green and purple cichlids are stained with artificial dyes that impair the health of animals. Caring for such pets is very difficult.
The maintenance and care of cichl fishes should comply with the conditions of the natural habitat. South American cichlids live in freshwater rivers with soft and acidic water.
African – live in freshwater rivers and lakes. River (nanochromis, handsome chromis, pelvic chromis) also prefer soft water with an acidic reaction.
Views from the lakes of Malawi, Victoria, Tanganyika need hard alkaline water and a special diet. The herbivorous Malawian cichlids (Mbun group) are herbivorous fish, and feeding with animal food leads to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and general weakness.
Despite the unpretentiousness to the parameters of water, all tsikhlovye must eat properly.
Cichlor fishes can cause damage to aquarium plants, and not only gnaw them, but also eat them. Also dig in the ground, forming small mounds and grooves. Cichlids can be made that do not pay attention to the vegetation and scenery, among them: angelfish, apistograms, ramiresi microgeophagus, pelvic chromis, discus.
The latter require content with heat-loving plants.
All cichlids demonstrate territorial behavior in the mills of the common aquarium. Species of herbivorous cichlids are more aggressive than predators.
Other fish, especially the smaller and more peaceful, will not be tolerated alongside themselves. You can not settle on the same territory of African, Asian and South American cichlids.