maintenance, care, compatibility
How to calculate how much soil you need in an aquarium? You can fool around with formulas for a long time, double-check calculations and rely on the experience of sellers.
And you can find out in 2 minutes using the service aquarists.ru.
The site aquarists.ru allows you to calculate the soil for the aquarium with 100% accuracy. You just need to enter the width and length of your tank in the appropriate fields, and the program will give the answer.
Unlike others, the service aquarists.ru is universal, because it gives an answer in kilograms.
Note! If you are afraid of acquiring extra soil, measure all the parameters on the inside of the aquarium several times.
How to calculate the thickness of the glass for the aquarium
Usually for making
- 5-30-liter aquariums take 4mm glass;
- 30-80-liter – 5 mm;
- 80-150-liter – 6 mm;
- 150-220-liter – 8 mm;
- 220-300-liter – 1 cm.
However, if the aquarium is non-standard (high, narrow, irregular shape), then this rule needs to be amended.
The quality of the glass is also affected. For example, you cannot use old window or display windows.
They have sags, blotches of bubbles, fatty film on the surface, and can also be damaged by welding and just age.
If you plan to make an aquarium that looks like a store, then you can simply measure the thickness of the glasses and add 1-2 mm. If there are no analogues in the store, then special formulas for calculating the strength of glasses will help.
Required data on the height, width, depth of the aquarium and the strength of the glass.
The disadvantages of these formulas are: any errors lead to strange results, and the tensile strength of the glass is often unknown.
Calculation of glass thickness for aquarium: a table that can help
It is not necessary to create difficulties for yourself from scratch. Experts have long calculated the thickness of the usual glass for the aquarium and tabulated the results in the table. Here is a well-reviewed table with many reviews, you can take note:
Stiffeners and screeds increase the strength of the aquarium. These are strips of glass about 2.5 cm wide, additionally glued from above flat to the front and rear walls, relieving tension and cleaning deflections from them.
For long aquariums, they are simply necessary.
It is not necessary to use this particular plate, there are many others, both general and separate for the bottom and walls.
The most “advanced” option is to calculate the thickness of the glasses on the aquarium calculator. It is not only very convenient, but also correct!
After all, not all ordinary aquarists can understand the accumulation of complex formulas that go beyond the average knowledge, and even calculate everything on paper, not to mention “in mind”.
The developers note that the calculation is made with substantial reserves. And if suddenly as a result you get zero, then it is recommended to contact the experts with this question.
Aquarium calculator significantly simplifies life – entered the data, pressed the button, got the result! And in conclusion we say: no matter how you use it, do not be lazy to double-check the results, because it is better to spend more time on calculations and checking than on repairs and rework.
How to calculate aquarium volume :: aquarium volume calculator :: Equipment and accessories
An aquarium in a house is not only very beautiful. It has been proven that observing the underwater life calms the nerves, improves mood and puts thoughts in order.
But in order that the underwater life not only looks harmonious, but also does not cause inconvenience to underwater inhabitants, it is necessary to create comfortable conditions for them, namely, to choose the right size. aquarium.
- calculator or the ability to count in the mind, aquarium scenery and soil, fish
1. First, think carefully about which fish you plan to place in the aquarium. It should not be very closely, otherwise internal wars are inevitable and, as a result, the death of tenants.
And this is not what you want to put the aquarium. Therefore, it is necessary to know how much internal space this or that individual requires. As a rule, a peaceful small fish of medium size (5-8 cm) requires 10-15 liters.
Accordingly, the larger the fish and the more aggressive it is, the more space it needs to get along peacefully with its neighbors.
2. Decide which interior decorations you want to place, which plants in which soil you plant.
We must not forget that the scenery, plants and soil occupy a certain amount of internal space of the aquarium. The thickness of the soil layer depends on the size of its particles and ranges from 3 to 8 centimeters. That is, the larger the particles, the thicker the soil should be in the aquarium.
The background can also be voluminous (although more often it is not), so do not forget to take this into account.
3. Taking into account all the selected positions, calculate the volume of aquarium you need. As a rule, the volume is already indicated in the stores, and with the purchase you will know for sure whether this or that aquarium will suit you. But if you do not know exactly the volume of this particular aquarium, it can be calculated by the formula.
To do this, multiply the length, depth and height of the aquarium in centimeters. We get the volume in centimeters cubic. This value must be multiplied by 0.001 to get liters.
By choosing the right aquarium, you can create a beautiful corner in your own home and ensure a joyful happy life for its inhabitants.
If you want to achieve perfect accuracy in calculations, it is worth remembering that the proportion of basalt crumb, quartz, river sand is different.
In the network there are a large number of links to various aquarium calculators online. They allow you to calculate the volume of your aquarium and the weight of the soil necessary for its proper functioning.
What soil is needed for an aquarium? It is recommended to use for a freshwater aquarium, for example, black, gray or white large river sand, building sand, small pebbles or run-in gravel.
More specifically, the size of the grains of sand should vary between 2-3 mm. Pebbles for the aquarium may be larger – 2-8 mm.
Fine sand is placed on the bottom (the size of the grains of sand is 1.5-2.5), then a layer of coarse sand (size 3-4.5 mm).
It is not advisable to make a more dense base for the aquarium, since it will provoke the accumulation of organic residues, the formation of large quantities of rotting and decomposition products, which will release hydrogen sulfide into the water. To prevent soil compaction, you need to place large pebbles on the bottom of the aquarium under the sand. Despite the fact that small grains of sand will seep down, the pebbles will improve the flow of the soil.
For the same reason, it is not recommended to use fine marine quartz sand as a primer. Washed river sand is much easier.
If your choice is pebbles, then know about the difficulties that may arise when sucking debris out of the aquarium with a hose. Small pebbles are likely to block the hose, and you will not be able to carry out the cleaning procedure.
How to avoid a similar problem? It is necessary to use a larger diameter hose or use a transparent hose.
In the first case, the pebbles will not get stuck, in the second – you will see where the traffic jam occurred. There is another way – to use a siphon with a funnel.
Before you choose and place nutritious sand, pebbles in an aquarium, you need to think carefully. To all the previously listed rules add the following:
- On the counter of the pet store you can see different varieties: black, white, color. But it is worth remembering that the best of the whole variety is not a color, but a natural nourishing soil that is not colored by anything. Colored soil, being in aquarium for a long time, loses its color, and the dye, respectively, dissolves in water. A modern manufacturer, creating colored sand, does not use toxic materials, but does not use completely harmless ones. So, red and yellow soil contains iron oxides, which can adversely affect the health of fish. Keep this in mind when purchasing the color version;
- soluble materials, such as limestone, are not used as soil;
- a full change of soil in the aquarium or its washing is carried out 1 time in 5 years;
- do not use colored river sand as a base: do not put red or yellow in the aquarium.
It is not enough to choose the right sand, it is equally important to correctly put it in the aquarium. Laying soil in an aquarium should help recreate the look of a natural reservoir. It should be laid with a slope to the front glass in the aquarium.
What’s the point of this? Thanks to this simple reception, it will be easier to remove the dirt that accumulates in the recesses of the soil.
The thickness may be different, but in the range from 3 to 8 cm. In addition, it is permissible to build a small area in the front glass in the form of plexiglass rims that will be free of soil. In this place of the aquarium, a tubule or bloodworm can burrow.
For this purpose, a transparent glass vessel can be placed in an aquarium.
Soil for aquarium with fish and plants: the rules of preparation
Nutrient soil is extremely important to put in the aquarium. How to do it?
If you collected the soil for the aquarium with your own hands, did not purchase it in the store, then you need to prepare it. How to do it? Rinse and boil.
This is the so-called ground cleaning in an aquarium before it is placed. It is necessary to prepare also sand, pebbles, bought in a pet store.
It is enough to wash and process with boiling water.
An error will be washing with the addition of domestos or other chemicals. How can this affect the constancy of the aquarium?
The fact is that sand, pebbles are well absorbed by chemical compounds, it will be very difficult to wash them after processing, which means that they will gradually be released into the water.
After the selection of soil for the aquarium, it can be placed in the aquarium with fish and plants. You can do this immediately: rinse and still wet place in the aquarium.
Black, colored, quartz, as well as a different sand needs care. How to clean the soil in the aquarium, how to monitor its cleanliness?
The soil for the aquarium, along with the plants must be periodically cleaned, in other words, siphon. Externally, the siphon is a hose in which a vacuum is created and by means of which dirt is sucked in with water.
Sand, pebbles need to be cleaned as it gets dirty.
Now you know how to choose sand, pebbles, how to prepare them, how to clean the soil in the aquarium and a lot of other useful information. One thing remains: choose the appropriate option and apply all the knowledge gained in practice.
primer for aquarium
Soil is one of the most important components of the entire aquarium biosystem. The nutrient base optimally selected in size and color for the aquarium not only improves its appearance, but also makes it possible to shade and even enhance the color intensity of its inhabitants. In addition, it is the soil that is the substrate for many tropical plants.
Here the roots are strengthened, and reproduction and nutrition take place.
For certain types of fish, black soil is a habitat. Mastocembel and macrognatus spend time, burrowing in the “ground”, with only inquisitive sharp faces sticking out.
Such curious Barbarians are so accustomed to raking the bottom, that they get sick and even die without soil. In addition, for almost all aquarium pets, the lack of soil is stress.
In the “bare” aquarium, the inhabitants become nervous, are clogged in shelters and lose their color.
The soil for the aquarium is also important in view of the fact that for many genera and species of fish in the old manner remains a reliable substrate for spawning. Putting eggs to the ground and building nests in it is a favorite occupation for them. Black or white primer – the basis of the filter layer; This is the most important part of the biosystem.
Microorganisms that produce biological water purification and processing chemical compounds (harmful to inhabitants) settle on it. Thus, the soil for the aquarium maintains eco-balance even in a closed volume.
The choice of the most suitable soil is not as easy to make as it seems: it depends on many factors. The first substrate (marble chips, building sand) is extremely forbidden for use!
There are cases when rare tropical fish died because of the owner’s amateurish approach to the choice of soil for the aquarium.
Sharp and large pieces of the substrate are dangerous for causing fatal injuries to your colorful pets, so it is recommended to use selected treated black primer, specially designed for aquariums.