Bloodworm for aquarium fish is a very nutritious and fairly versatile food that is why it is widely distributed. The crank contains 50-65% protein, 3-10% fat and up to 30% carbohydrates.
The bloodworm is a red larvae of non-blood-sucking mosquitoes of jasper and dwarfs up to two centimeters in length. Aquarists feed both large and small fish species with mowers, finely chopped moth can be given even to fry.
The nutritional value of the moth is also due to the large amount of hemoglobin in its blood, which is why the larvae have such a bright red color. Aquarium fish can be given live moth, frozen, dried or sublimated. The highest nutritional value is live and frozen bloodworm.
Currently, bloodworms can be bought at the bird market and in pet stores, and preference should be given to the latter.
Despite the high nutritional value of moths and the presence of various vitamins, you should not feed your aquarium fish only with them. With abundant feeding with bloodworms, fish may develop obesity and, as a consequence, problems with reproduction, and abundant feeding only with bloodworms causes diseases of the gastrointestinal tract due to the fact that the shell of the larva is hardly digestible.
Never overfeed your fish with bloodworms and try to diversify their menu on different days so that bloodworms in their diet make up no more than 60-80%, i.e. 1-2 days a week is better to feed them with other food.
When feeding fish with live moths, use special floating cone feeders for the moth with nets. A live moth will crawl out through the net, where it will immediately be eaten by a fish.
Dead bloodworm will remain in the trough and it can be thrown out of the aquarium.
Specialized moth feeder
The fry can be fed with bloodworms after cutting the larvae with a sharp blade into small pieces. After feeding, all uneaten moth must be taken out of the water, as its blood can badly spoil the water.
When feeding chopped bloodworm it is necessary to make regular water changes in the aquarium.
Moth dwells on the muddy bottom of reservoirs, lakes or at the bottom of slow-flowing rivers. After the eggs are laid by the female mosquito, the larvae hatch and then burrow into the mud.
The dirtier and more swampy the reservoir is, the more moth is in it, since the larvae feed on organic matter from sludge. This is associated with a high risk of contamination of aquarium fish from live moths, since many sellers in the poultry market produce moth precisely from the dirtiest reservoirs with nearby sewers, where the moth dwells in abundance.
The easiest way to catch moths with a bucket and rope. A rope is tied to the handle of the bucket, the bucket is thrown into the pond, sinks to the bottom and then is pulled along the bottom, scraping the top layer of silt.
In this upper layer of sludge, as a rule, the bloodworm lives. After the bucket has accumulated silt from the bottom, it is necessary to wash the moth out of it.
For this purpose, a sieve with small cells is taken and the sludge is thoroughly washed, and the collected bloodworm remains in the sieve. In this form, the bloodworm is not suitable for feeding aquarium fish, because it contains many parasites and pathogens, it can be used only for fishing.
A frozen bloodworm bought on the market or in a pet store can be given to aquarium fish immediately, but if you bought a live bloodworm and in the same form plan to feed them to the fish, then additional processing is desirable. First of all, a live moth must be fresh and bright in color.
When wetting the moth with water or touching it with his fingers, he should begin to actively move. If the crank has a rotten smell, then it is not suitable for feeding fish.
Flushing moth from sludge
Cleaning moth can be done as follows. It is necessary to have a fine sieve with a flat bottom through which the bloodworm can crawl, lower it into a container with water so that only the bottom of the sieve is moistened with water.
All live and active bloodworm will slip into a container of water, and the dead or weak will remain in the sieve, we will throw it away. Also for this purpose it is convenient to use a mothworm, which can be bought at a pet shop.
A live and fresh bloodworm gets out of the water with a net or is filtered through a rag. Such a washed and fresh bloodworm can be safely put on a freeze.
If you plan to feed the fish with a live bloodworm bought on a bird or caught independently, then it must be periodically washed in water for a couple of days and sifted from dead larvae as described above. During this time, their intestines should have time to get rid of silt and harmful substances.
For disinfection, you can also wash the moths in a 5% salt solution for 10 minutes.
We strongly recommend that you feed the fish only with the frozen bloodworm, which is conveniently stored in the freezer compartment of the refrigerator for quite a long time. When fed with frozen bloodworms, the risk of infection of fish by infections is noticeably reduced, while the frozen bloodworm is not much inferior to the living in its nutritional qualities.
If there are no questions at all with storing frozen moths, then storing a live moth is a rather laborious process. It is usually stored in a refrigerator at a temperature of 4 to 10 degrees, the lower the temperature the longer the moth will remain alive and fresh, but the temperature should not be allowed to drop to 1 – 0 degrees.
The second condition for keeping the moth is moisture, it is impossible to allow the larvae to dry out, otherwise they will die. The third condition is the access of oxygen, the more oxygen the larvae have, the longer they will live.
Storage of bloodworms in a wet newspaper
One of the methods of keeping a moth is wrapping it in a wet newspaper. To do this, take a sheet of newspaper, moisten one sheet and put it between two dry ones, then spread the live moth with a layer of no more than half a centimeter from above, put it on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator.
Storing live moth in the sand. In a flat shallow dish fall asleep 1-15 centimeters of sand, then pour water over 2 centimeters above the level of the sand and fall asleep in the dishes moth.
A live bloodworm is quickly buried in the sand, and a dead bloodworm is drained along with excess water. Dishes are also stored in the refrigerator.
Before feeding, moths are sifted in a net under water.
Storage in the mortar. Motyla spread on the grid and the millworm is filled with water so that it lightly touches the grid.
The live joker crawls through the net, and the dead one remains on it, the dead joker is thrown away.
On average, a live bloodworm remains in the refrigerator for no more than one week, while it must be periodically separated from the dead. When a rotten smell appears, bloodworms cannot be used to feed aquarium fish.
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