maintenance, care, compatibility
How to get rid of a black beard in an aquarium. Blackbeard in aquarium
Many aquarists face such a problem as a black beard in an aquarium. Ugly black plaque, bunches of fine hairs cover everything: plants, soil, jewelry, snags, glass. Why does the black beard aquarium strike?
How to get rid of this scourge?
What is black beard? Compsopogon coeruleus is a multicellular alga in the form of black and brown fine threads that can reach a length of 5 cm.
It usually affects higher plants, but can attach to any surface.
This alga breeds at a high rate and can cover all the plants in the aquarium. From it is very difficult to clear the snags and ornaments.
Methods of dealing with a black beard in an aquarium can be different, but it can be completely difficult to get rid of it completely.
Black beard in an aquarium usually appears after buying new plants or decorations. Therefore, it is very important to prevent the appearance of this trouble.
Spores of this algae do not spread through the air.
After buying new plants, they need to be kept in quarantine for several days. With the appearance of black bloom on the leaves to use such bushes are not worth it.
Also, new plants can be treated with solutions of bleach, potassium permanganate or hydrogen peroxide. Keeping the plants in a disinfecting solution needs only a few minutes (for delicate species, the time can be shortened), then rinse them in cool running water.
Of great importance is the condition of the aquarium. If the biofiltration is violated in the tank, the owners neglect the rules of care, do not change the water, do not siphon the soil and overfeed the fish, then the risk of the appearance of a black beard increases. In an aquarium with a balanced balance, algae will not multiply and quickly disappear on their own.
But in the problematic beard will appear again and again.
Therefore, it matters not only how to get rid of a black beard in an aquarium, but also how to prevent its recurrence.
How to get rid of a black beard in the aquarium with the help of fish? There is a version that you can do this if you have fish that feed on this type of algae.
This Siamese seaweed and antsitrus. If you run these fish into the aquarium, they will eat all the growths in a few weeks.
But not everything is so simple. Blackbeard is pretty tough and reluctant to eat it. To fish paid attention to it, they can not be fed. Make it in the general aquarium, if necessary, to give food to other inhabitants is quite problematic.
In addition, sweepers may prefer other, more delicate plants when present.
Other types of cleaners are useless for this task, since nobody eats a black beard anymore, shrimps and large snails as well.
Another method of fighting with animals is to launch into the affected aquarium a whole handful (about a hundred) of small young snails ampoules, no larger than a match head. These kids are great at algae.
After the black beard is finished, the ampoule must be harvested and removed from the aquarium before they start using healthy plants.
The nature itself can tell how to get rid of a black beard in an aquarium, because the appearance of algae in an aquarium often indicates a violation of the biological balance.
In the aquarium should be clean. Organic compounds must be periodically removed.
Weekly you need to produce a siphon of the soil, change 20-30% of the water. As part of the fight against algae, water can be changed daily at 10-15%.
Do not allow overcrowding. Fish cannot be overfed: all food must be eaten within 5 minutes. Blackbeard gets nourishment from the water, so reducing the flow will also help in dealing with the problem.
Higher plants should receive enough light and nutrients in the form of fertilizers. Their rapid growth will help get rid of algae.
So, now you know how to get rid of a black beard in an aquarium. It remains to choose the appropriate method for your conditions.
Blackbeard – black algae, consisting of numerous thin filaments. Most often it is found on higher plants, but periodically occurs on any surfaces. Worst of all, it is able to flood the entire space in the shortest possible time.
It absorbs everything in its path. Clean the snags and decor from it is very difficult.
Today, there are many methods of dealing with this disease, however, many of which are not able to finally overcome the spores of the plant.
Its appearance is often associated with new, recently brought algae and ornaments. You need to carefully monitor the condition of your tank and periodically carry out preventive actions.
Algae spores are not able to spread through the air, which greatly facilitates the process of care.
If you have just bought a new alga, then do not rush to put it in the general aquarium. Hold the new thing in quarantine for 2-3 days. To do this, the usual pot will fit the size of the plant.
If after this time a black bloom appears on them, in no case should these bushes be used without disinfection. Infected new plants must be treated with potassium permanganate, chlorine solution or hydrogen peroxide. Wiping plants is not effective, it is necessary to make an amount of solution in which you can dip the alga completely.
Soak the plant in it for a couple of minutes, if the plant has delicate leaves, one minute is enough. Rinse each leaf and stalk under running water.
Send the plant a few more days in a new jar of clean water.
Other causes of black beard:
- Disruption of biofiltration;
- Neglect of care;
- Rare water change;
- Missing soil cleaning system;
- Overfeeding dwellers.
If you are careful in caring for your pets, then the risk of a black beard in your miniature reservoir is practically reduced to zero. Otherwise, there may be numerous problems that will lead to the death of all living things.
Blackbeard in the aquarium, hydrogen peroxide.
Blackbeard can live in any aquarium, but it progresses in growth and development only with a lack of proper care. Blackbeard can grow in the wrong light, with a lack of oxygen, as well as if you are overfeeding fish.
Here are some of the main reasons why black moss can live in your tank.
- If you rarely wash an aquarium and almost do not change the water in it, you can confidently expect the appearance of a black beard in your possessions. If you decide to start a fish – pay more attention to your pets and their home.
- Blackbeard can get to your aquarium with new underwater plants. If you bought a plant, you need to lower it into the aquarium and move it from side to side. If the plant is infected with a black beard, small black hairs will visibly sway. You can not make such a plant in a healthy environment. The same applies to decorative elements, kryag.
- If you have not changed fluorescent lamps for a long time, their light gradually loses brightness. Such dim lighting is a breeding ground for a black beard.
- If you give fish a lot of food – the remnants of this food can be the cause and growth of algae in aquariums. Some fish feed on a black beard, but will not do so if you feed them with a more attractive meal.
- If you have too many fish in an aquarium, some of them need to be removed. Fish are sources of nitrates and phosphates, which stimulate the development of a black beard.
This alga does not cause any harm to the fish living in the aquarium. However, black beard harms plants, especially slow-growing plants.
This weed envelops the grass, and to remove the alga, you have to throw out the plant completely or most of it.
The main reason many aquarists struggle with a black beard is the aesthetic side of the issue. After all, who wants to see nasty growths that look like mold in the well-kept underwater world?
In this blog, I would like to share my own experience as I defeated the black beard of alga. This nasty thing came to me from the store when I bought a wonderful and very beautiful Kobomb plant. After 15 days, my plants were covered with black hair, the alga prevents the plant from developing by absorbing light, there are many ways to combat algae, but I chose 3% hydrogen peroxide .
I remember as a child in the Soviet Union, this method was quite effective. Before using peroxide, you need to reduce the diet of aquarium fish to stop feeding, do not change the water, do not add fertilizer to aquarium plants.
Reduce the light day of the watch for two, then I did the following, removed all the plants from the aquarium where I could clean the black beard using the blade, then poured 500 grams of water from the aquarium into the plastic bowl and added 20 ml of hydrogen peroxide there and the whole thing stood 20 minutes, after this not complicated procedure, I changed the water, poured it clean and for another hour
. After that I didn’t see a single beard hair. At once I would like to draw your attention to the fact that aquarium plants with soft and tender leaves can suffer from such procedures, but plants with hard leaves and resistant stems tolerate peroxide with a bang. Over the next 5 days I continued to add to the aquarium at 20 ml
I did this in a 100 liter aquarium; I took a syringe and poured it under the roots of aquarium plants. It is very important to understand that the calculation goes 20 ml per 100 liters, 10 ml per 50 liters should not be overdone, with the right dosage the fish feel great.
But it is also not superfluous to say that before you fight with algae, you must find the cause of the appearance of a black beard and only then proceed to the treatment of the aquarium.
The reasons can be a huge variety of this strong lighting or weak, bust with fertilizers, as well as a general violation of the biological balance. Yes, and get in the aquarium a couple of saetheses, they are algae.
The problem faced by many aquarium enthusiasts is the black beard algae, which is rather difficult to remove from the pond. It is an interlacing of black and green hairs up to 5 cm long, it is attached to stones, leaves, snags, on any surfaces, and becomes a real problem for the beauty of the aquarium. Algae grows quite quickly and spoils the appearance of a living corner.
It does not affect the health of fish and other plants.
The cause of the appearance of an unnecessary black beard in the aquarium can be improper care – it often appears in old-time water with an excess of organic matter. First you need to understand what was done wrong: maybe a strong or, on the contrary, poor lighting, a lot of fish or overfeeding, did not clean the aquarium for a long time. Algae appear in those cases if the optimum balance of light, carbon dioxide and organic matter was disturbed in the water.
Before removing the black beard from the aquarium, it is necessary to eliminate all possible causes of its appearance.
A radical option is a chemical one, it provides for the use of brown, boric acid or antiseptics. This method is effective, but it can bring harm to small fish and useful plants.
There are specialized anti-algae remedies, such as Aljefix. It removes algal fouling, and copes with water blooming.
For fish and plants, it is non-toxic and keeps the aquarium clean. Some aquarists are confident that the chemical method gives temporary results and it is necessary to systematically remove a black beard – to deprive it of all nutrients.
To stop the growth of unwanted algae, it is necessary to ensure that all nutrients are consumed by the plants and the beard does not get anything.
To do this, it is necessary to increase the biomass – to plant the aquarium with fast-growing plants, such as hygrophilia, nyas, lyudwigija, ricciya, hornolodnik and others. They will absorb nutrients.
To stimulate them, you can trim and plant young shoots in the ground.
One of the most effective ways to get rid of a black beard in an aquarium is to purchase nurses in the aquarium: ancistrus or a Siamese aquatic system. They will help to significantly clear the water from unwanted algae.
It is important to reduce the feeding of all the fish in half, give them food in smaller quantities, so that they completely eat the food.
It is necessary to ensure cleanliness in the aquarium, since all organic compounds are eaten by algae. It is often necessary to siphon the bottom. These methods will reduce the amount of organic matter in water.
An increase in the frequency of water changes in the aquarium will help in this – at least twice a week, 20%.
If possible, you can still seed the fish in another vessel.
In the aquarium should be reduced aeration, as the flow of water to the algae will bring useful substances.
It remains only to observe how in a month and a half the hair of a black beard will become flabby in appearance, whitish in color. A few days later they begin to fall off, and then all these algae are removed from plants, stones.
If you do everything constantly and do not interrupt the cycle of fighting with a black beard in an aquarium, you can get rid of the algae, because it will not be able to withstand such inconveniences.
In the future, to prevent infection, it is desirable to disinfect new plants in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for a few minutes before planting in an aquarium. After that, rinse the plant well with running water.
If you follow all these simple tips, you can defeat the attack from the alga, and the aquarium will become even more attractive than it was.