maintenance, care, compatibility
How to get rid of a black beard in an aquarium. Blackbeard in aquarium
Many aquarists face such a problem as a black beard in an aquarium. Ugly black plaque, bunches of fine hairs cover everything: plants, soil, jewelry, snags, glass. Why does the black beard aquarium strike?
How to get rid of this scourge?
What is black beard? Compsopogon coeruleus is a multicellular alga in the form of black and brown fine threads that can reach a length of 5 cm.
It usually affects higher plants, but can attach to any surface.
This alga breeds at a high rate and can cover all the plants in the aquarium. From it is very difficult to clear the snags and ornaments.
Methods of dealing with a black beard in an aquarium can be different, but it can be completely difficult to get rid of it completely.
Black beard in an aquarium usually appears after buying new plants or decorations. Therefore, it is very important to prevent the appearance of this trouble.
Spores of this algae do not spread through the air.
After buying new plants, they need to be kept in quarantine for several days. With the appearance of black bloom on the leaves to use such bushes are not worth it. Also, new plants can be treated with solutions of bleach, potassium permanganate or hydrogen peroxide.
Keeping the plants in a disinfecting solution needs only a few minutes (for delicate species, the time can be shortened), then rinse them in cool running water.
Of great importance is the condition of the aquarium. If the biofiltration is violated in the tank, the owners neglect the rules of care, do not change the water, do not siphon the soil and overfeed the fish, then the risk of the appearance of a black beard increases.
In an aquarium with a balanced balance, algae will not multiply and quickly disappear on their own. But in the problematic beard will appear again and again.
Therefore, it matters not only how to get rid of a black beard in an aquarium, but also how to prevent its recurrence.
How to get rid of a black beard in the aquarium with the help of fish? There is a version that you can do this if you have fish that feed on this type of algae. This Siamese seaweed and antsitrus.
If you run these fish into the aquarium, they will eat all the growths in a few weeks.
But not everything is so simple. Blackbeard is pretty tough and reluctant to eat it. To fish paid attention to it, they can not be fed. Make it in the general aquarium, if necessary, to give food to other inhabitants is quite problematic.
In addition, sweepers may prefer other, more delicate plants when present.
Other types of cleaners are useless for this task, since nobody eats a black beard anymore, shrimps and large snails as well.
Another method of fighting with animals is to launch into the affected aquarium a whole handful (about a hundred) of small young snails ampoules, no larger than a match head. These kids are great at algae.
After the black beard is finished, the ampoule must be harvested and removed from the aquarium before they start using healthy plants.
One of the popular methods of dealing with a black beard – chemical. Boric or brown acid, antibiotics are applied.
But remember that such methods can lead not only to the disappearance of the black beard, but also to the death of all plants and even fish.
If there are no live plants in the aquarium, you can try to destroy the black beard with the help of Furacilin. This antiseptic is usually rinsed throat with sore throat. This tool destroys all algae.
The drug is lethal for shrimp, snails and some fish, such as corridors. Apply a similar method can be if you have a small aquarium without plants, populated by simple fish.
The nature itself can tell how to get rid of a black beard in an aquarium, because the appearance of algae in an aquarium often indicates a violation of the biological balance.
In the aquarium should be clean. Organic compounds must be periodically removed.
Weekly you need to produce a siphon of the soil, change 20-30% of the water. As part of the fight against algae, water can be changed daily at 10-15%.
Do not allow overcrowding. Fish cannot be overfed: all food must be eaten within 5 minutes. Blackbeard gets nourishment from the water, so reducing the flow will also help in dealing with the problem.
Higher plants should receive enough light and nutrients in the form of fertilizers. Their rapid growth will help get rid of algae.
So, now you know how to get rid of a black beard in an aquarium. It remains to choose the appropriate method for your conditions.
The problem faced by many aquarium enthusiasts is the black beard algae, which is rather difficult to remove from the pond. It is an interlacing of black and green hairs up to 5 cm long, it is attached to stones, leaves, snags, on any surfaces, and becomes a real problem for the beauty of the aquarium. Algae grows quite quickly and spoils the appearance of a living corner.
It does not affect the health of fish and other plants.
The cause of the appearance of an unnecessary black beard in the aquarium can be improper care – it often appears in old-time water with an excess of organic matter. First you need to understand what was done wrong: maybe a strong or, on the contrary, poor lighting, a lot of fish or overfeeding, did not clean the aquarium for a long time. Algae appear in those cases if the optimum balance of light, carbon dioxide and organic matter was disturbed in the water.
Before removing the black beard from the aquarium, it is necessary to eliminate all possible causes of its appearance.
A radical option is a chemical one, it provides for the use of brown, boric acid or antiseptics. This method is effective, but it can bring harm to small fish and useful plants.
There are specialized anti-algae remedies, such as Aljefix. It removes algal fouling, and copes with water blooming. For fish and plants, it is non-toxic and keeps the aquarium clean.
Some aquarists are confident that the chemical method gives temporary results and it is necessary to systematically remove a black beard – to deprive it of all nutrients.
To stop the growth of unwanted algae, it is necessary to ensure that all nutrients are consumed by the plants and the beard does not get anything.
To do this, it is necessary to increase the biomass – to plant the aquarium with fast-growing plants, such as hygrophilia, nyas, lyudwigija, ricciya, hornolodnik and others. They will absorb nutrients.
To stimulate them, you can trim and plant young shoots in the ground.
One of the most effective ways to get rid of a black beard in an aquarium is to purchase nurses in the aquarium: ancistrus or a Siamese aquatic system. They will help to significantly clear the water from unwanted algae.
It is important to reduce the feeding of all the fish in half, give them food in smaller quantities, so that they completely eat the food.
It is necessary to ensure cleanliness in the aquarium, since all organic compounds are eaten by algae. It is often necessary to siphon the bottom. These methods will reduce the amount of organic matter in water.
An increase in the frequency of water changes in the aquarium will help in this – at least twice a week, 20%.
If possible, you can still seed the fish in another vessel.
In the aquarium should be reduced aeration, as the flow of water to the algae will bring useful substances.
It remains only to observe how in a month and a half the hair of a black beard will become flabby in appearance, whitish in color. A few days later they begin to fall off, and then all these algae are removed from plants, stones.
If you do everything constantly and do not interrupt the cycle of fighting with a black beard in an aquarium, you can get rid of the algae, because it will not be able to withstand such inconveniences.
In the future, to prevent infection, it is desirable to disinfect new plants in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for a few minutes before planting in an aquarium. After that, rinse the plant well with running water.
If you follow all these simple tips, you can defeat the attack from the alga, and the aquarium will become even more attractive than it was.
The most radical method is the chemical one, which provides for the use of such agents as brown and boric acid or antibiotics. The tool is effective, but it inevitably harms fish and useful plants, which can even be expressed in their death.
The next way is biological, which is to run into the aquarium of fish that feed on this alga: the black beard in the aquarium is afraid of live-bearing carpsit, antsistrusov, labo. They can significantly clear the aquarium from the thickets of harmful plants, but they will not be able to completely overcome it.
The best way to fight is to change the conditions in the aquarium.
How to get rid of black beard completely? Practice shows that the most effective means is to change the conditions of the environment in the aquarium so that it becomes extremely uncomfortable for the black beard to live in it.
- Pay attention to water hardness. Anyone who is interested in how to get rid of a black beard, you need to know that the water hardness should be reduced to at least 8 °. To do this, in the water prepared for replacement, you must add a ten percent solution of calcium chloride (2 ml of solution is taken for 1 l of water).
- Experts to combat black beard recommend to shift the PH in the aquarium to the alkaline side. To this end, add 1 g of baking soda to 5 liters of water.
- Excess organic in the aquarium is an ally of the “Vietnamese”, which is rapidly developing in such an environment. Therefore, the bottom should be cleaned more often and the fish should be given food in moderate quantities so that its particles do not float in water. In order to prevent excess organic matter, you should replace at least a quarter of the volume of water every week.
The described method gives an excellent result, but you have to wait a half to two months. In this case, note that the conditions need to be changed smoothly for about 10 days, so as not to shock the inhabitants of the aquarium.
Fighting a black beard is also possible with the following remedy. Pour a large amount of coal dust into the water and mix it thoroughly.
Coal dust will settle mainly on the “Vietnamese”, which after a few days will begin to die. To completely get rid of the “beard”, will require several such procedures.
Of course, all the fish should be planted out of the aquarium beforehand.
Other ways to deal with a black beard in an aquarium
On how to get rid of a black beard, there are many recommendations aquarists. If the above methods did not help, you should try to act differently. It happens that the aquarium is very neglected, so at first it may be necessary to change from 10 to 25% of water every day.
In the water, which is designed for an aquarium, there should be no nitrates and phosphates, which are an excellent nutrient medium for different algae, and black beard is not an exception.
There should be a sufficient number of fast-growing plants in the aquarium. So that they develop normally, you should feed them with fertilizers. Fertilizers should not contain phosphates, and the percentage of nitrates depends on the number of them in the aquarium.
In addition, potash fertilizers are essential for plant growth. They need to make a lot, but within reason – to the growth of algae, they will not lead.
You can prepare a mixture for fertilizer on your own, which allows you to perfectly match the ratio of all trace elements. It is worth paying particular attention to the percentage of nitrates – ideally, their content should be at the level of 5 mg in 1 liter of water. If there is no nitrate in the water at all, then the plants stop absorbing phosphates, which can lead to the development of a black beard in the aquarium.
To the process went faster, run into the aquarium fish that feed on algae: antsistrus, Siamese algae.