maintenance, care, compatibility
Why do plants in an aquarium acquire an unnatural appearance? If you notice a black or brown-brown coating on them, this is a signal that processes in the reservoir are undermining the ecosystem.
When the plants are covered with black bloom – immediately resort to decisive action to eliminate it.
Black scurf on plants can appear as a result of infection with the so-called “black beard”. This is a dark brown alga, which covers the leaf plates of plants, soil, glass and decorations.
Thin threads of dark shade on plants does not look aesthetically pleasing. Blackbeard can damage the plant, causing it to fade quickly.
The alga is rapidly spreading, and it is hard to fight it. Some chemical means and dimming of the light can give a partial result, but do not eliminate the root of the problem. For the destruction of the beard need to include comprehensive measures.
The first thing to do is regularly update the water, from 10 to 25% of the total volume of the aquarium. There should be no nitrates and phosphates in the water; make measurements with indicators before pouring into the aquarium.
The second procedure, which will help to eliminate black scurf in the aquarium, is to clean the soil from the remnants of food, to clean the dead leaves of plants. Next, you should increase the power of lighting up to 1 W per liter of water, turn on the light for 12 hours.
Additional help will be provided by some species of snails and fish that can clean the aquarium from algae and their livelihoods.
It is important to control the proportions of the feed: if you give the fish more food, then the non-eaten remains will dissolve, the level of ammonia in the water will increase. You can plant in the ground fast-growing plant species that absorb nutrients well. The first sign that the alga dies off – changing its color to faded.
Over time, the affected beard will disappear.
The universal remedy for aquarium black beard is on sale – it is JBL Algol. It in a few days will destroy fouling that formed on the surfaces.
To make the drug in the tank according to the instructions.
It is considered to be completely impossible to remove from the aquarium a dark bloom in the form of a black beard, but there are a number of additional measures that will help reduce its growth. The main thing is not to settle a lot of fish in a close tank.
To oppress the beard, you can use the supply of CO2 (carbon dioxide). In order to avoid infection by this pest, when buying a plant, carefully inspect its stalks and leaves.
The slightest swaying of black beard hairs and brushes when moving or submerging in water indicates that it is impossible to buy a plant.
If conservative methods of dealing with black bloom do not help, then serious measures should be taken:
- Transfer the fish to another, previously prepared aquarium.
- Pull out all the plants along with the ground.
- Rinse the soil thoroughly under water, then boil it or calcined in an oven at 300 degrees Celsius.
- The aquarium walls should be washed and wiped with cotton wool dipped in potassium permanganate solution, then washed several times with glass.
- Start the aquarium again, having examined all the plants. Affected areas of the plant can be removed. Or take their uninfected shoots, re-plant in a separate container and grow.
- It is better to plant new and healthy plants in the newly launched aquarium.
See how to get rid of black beard.
There are so-called “biological” ways of dealing with harmful algae.
- Reduce the number of fish in the tank, you can distribute them to different aquariums.
- Turn off filtration and aeration. After that, the remaining organic matter in the water gets on the black beard tassels.
- If snails live in the aquarium, they should be removed immediately. The fact is that on their shells a beard feels fine. Reinfestation of the aquarium may occur. You need to take melang from the aquarium at night, when the snails crawl and sit on the aquarium walls.
- Temporarily do not feed fish with dry feed. During the fight against parasitic alga, do not give your pets even branded feed in the form of flakes or tablets. It is advisable at this time to feed them with live, washed food (bloodworms, pipeworm, pipe worker), or frozen daphnia. Portions should be such that the fish eat them in 3-5 minutes.
Quite often, even with proper care of the fish, there is a raid on the walls of the aquarium. There are various reasons causing this phenomenon.
In addition to the fact that the aquarium itself will have to be washed, it will be necessary to try to get rid of the problem causing the plaque itself. Much can be determined by the color of the plaque itself, as well as by the place of its localization.
Important! The appearance of plaque on plants and the walls of the aquarium always indicates a clear disruption of the natural balance in an artificial ecosystem.
To eliminate any type of plaque, it is necessary to return the balance of the aquarium environment.
Such plaque can be formed not only on the walls, but also on plants and stones. Most often it appears due to the fact that water actively blooms, that is, a large amount of algae appears in it.
Most often, the green plaque appears due to the lack of proper regular care of the aquarium.
How to fix: Cleaning is carried out, water is replaced, the backlight is turned off. You can buy in the store special pills from flowering.
This is the kind of bloom in the aquarium that appears exactly on the walls. All because of excessive activity and activity of small parasites: crustaceans, hydras and others.
How to eliminate: Clean the aquarium and change the water. In the store to buy a special drug of small parasites.
Important! White plaque some confused with just clouding.
It is often associated with frequent water changes, and such a plaque itself passes after only a few days, which is not the case with the white formation due to the activity of the parasites.
If you increase the white plaque, you can see a cluster of shapeless lumps resembling worms or slugs. This is a collection of bacteria that eat organic matter, which is always in the ecosystem of the aquarium.
Often, this type of education, if left unchecked for a long time, becomes even black. The appearance of such a plaque indicates too strong or weak lighting, it is likely that the fish were overfed.
It will be problematic to find out a specific problem, but there are ways to get rid of it.
How to fix: Buy cleaner fish. For example, perfectly suited all the fish “suckers” (Antsistrus and others). They eat such a raid, especially when they are hungry.
After a couple of days from the brown formation will not remain a trace. Get rid of education will help and various means.
Black bloom appears in the form of mucus, often not only on the walls, but also on artificial or living plants. Most often, the mucus says that someone in the aquarium died in a secluded place and the owner did not notice.
It is possible that the plants began to rot.
How to eliminate: Find dead fish and remove it, replace the water, add a little methylene blue.
Important! An exceptionally black bloom often occurs because of a black beard, which could be brought into an aquarium with a live ball or new plants. To eliminate the need to pull out all the decorations, and damaged live plants to throw.
Then in two dozen liters of water to dissolve the pill of the drug “Tetra Algizid.” Put next to the filter.
After a month, repeat the cleaning procedure.
If there is a black or green, white bloom on the walls of the aquarium or on plants, the phenomenon can be eliminated with ordinary cleaning and water replacement. It is also important to buy special preparations and carry out prophylaxis so that in the future the aquarium will be pleased with its purity and freshness.
How to get rid of a black beard in an aquarium. Blackbeard in aquarium
Many aquarists face such a problem as a black beard in an aquarium. Ugly black plaque, bunches of fine hairs cover everything: plants, soil, jewelry, snags, glass.
Why does the black beard aquarium strike? How to get rid of this scourge?
What is black beard? Compsopogon coeruleus is a multicellular alga in the form of black and brown fine threads that can reach a length of 5 cm.
It usually affects higher plants, but can attach to any surface.
This alga breeds at a high rate and can cover all the plants in the aquarium. From it is very difficult to clear the snags and ornaments.
Methods of dealing with a black beard in an aquarium can be different, but it can be completely difficult to get rid of it completely.
Black beard in an aquarium usually appears after buying new plants or decorations. Therefore, it is very important to prevent the appearance of this trouble.
Spores of this algae do not spread through the air.
After buying new plants, they need to be kept in quarantine for several days. With the appearance of black bloom on the leaves to use such bushes are not worth it.
Also, new plants can be treated with solutions of bleach, potassium permanganate or hydrogen peroxide. Keeping the plants in a disinfecting solution needs only a few minutes (for delicate species, the time can be shortened), then rinse them in cool running water.
Of great importance is the condition of the aquarium. If the biofiltration is violated in the tank, the owners neglect the rules of care, do not change the water, do not siphon the soil and overfeed the fish, then the risk of the appearance of a black beard increases.
In an aquarium with a balanced balance, algae will not multiply and quickly disappear on their own. But in the problematic beard will appear again and again.
Therefore, it matters not only how to get rid of a black beard in an aquarium, but also how to prevent its recurrence.
How to get rid of algae black beard? The most radical method of dealing with a black beard is to completely restart the aquarium.
All fish need to be transplanted into a temporary container of a suitable size, provide them with filtration and aeration. Drain all the water completely, get the soil, plants, equipment and decorations.
The soil must be calcined in the oven or boil in boiling water. Jewelry and driftwood should be thoroughly cleaned from black deposits and disinfected with chlorine, potassium permanganate, peroxide or boiling water. Do the same with all the equipment.
The walls and bottom of the aquarium should be treated with boiling water, since it can be difficult to completely wash out the bleach.
Affected plants are best thrown away. If you want to save them, then tear off all the blackened leaves, process the bushes with a disinfecting solution, rinse well.
Put them in a quarantine container and make sure that the new deposit does not appear.
After everything is cleaned and disinfected, you need to perform the procedure to start the aquarium. To speed up the process, you can take water from a healthy aquarium. Restarting the aquarium is time-consuming and responsible.
Before you decide on this method, it is better to try to get rid of the problem by other methods.
In our problem will help and plants. How?
You can get rid of a black beard if you suppress simple algae with the help of competitors – higher plants. Fast growing species such as valisneria, hygrofila, lemongrass, elodea will do.
For their rapid growth need to create suitable conditions. For the violent growth of higher plants carbon dioxide is necessary.
If you do not want to buy a special installation, you can make it yourself using an ordinary plastic bottle.
Seedlings will need a lot, they need to fill a large space. You can buy green mass not only in the pet store.
At the local forum, you can ask aquarists to share plants after weeding.
As plants grow, they need to be cut and rooted cuttings obtained. Young shoots intensively absorb nutrients.
A sign of a close victory over a black beard is the acquisition of a white coloration by it. Shortly thereafter, the alga will die and begin to disappear.
Algae in the aquarium are a sign of an established biobalance. They appear on plants, stones, glass walls, and even on equipment. However, their rapid growth means that fundamental changes are taking place in the aquatic environment.
In an aquarium where there are a lot of plants, algae will not appear in large quantities. Good aeration and water filtration will stop their growth. Timely removal of food residue and dirt contributes to the purity of water.
If you notice that brown formations appear in the reservoir, it means that brown algae have settled in it. How to get rid of kelp and suspend their reproduction?
The origin of brown algae, symptoms of formation
If you notice that brown algae appeared in a newly launched aquarium, and they began to spread in large quantities, then the fight with them will be easy. Observe the correct mode of maintenance of the tank, and in 2-3 weeks the problem will be solved. Carry out regular cleaning of the aquarium, change 20-30% of water once a week.
When aquarium plants begin to grow, the algae will disappear due to the large amount of dissolved oxygen.
When an algae outbreak happened in an aquarium with “old” water, it is necessary to replace water already 2 times in 7 days, changing 30% of the volume of water. When replacing it is necessary to thoroughly clean the tank from excess food, waste products of fish.
Use a scraper to clean the glass of the aquarium, wipe the bottom, clean the decorations and plants with a toothbrush or a clean sponge.
Check the degree of contamination of the filter, if the filtration rate has decreased, then the filter is clogged. Clean the filter, but do not change its contents.
Reduce the length of daylight hours to 6 hours a day for several days, and the next 2 weeks bring it up to 10 hours gradually. If the lamps work for 1 year, it is better to replace them with new ones, but not all at once, but in turn.
Brown scurf appears in the tank in a week, and it takes almost a month to fight it.
There are chemicals that can affect diatoms. Some funds worsen the situation, delay the reproduction of beneficial microorganisms, from which the fish will suffer. Drugs that can help with the removal of brown plaque, should be used according to the instructions.
Be careful and cautious – some chemicals can harm not only parasites, but also plants with fish.
- Tetra Algetten – drug in the form of water-soluble tablets, used for the prevention and destruction of algae. It dissolves gradually over a month, the number of parasitic formations decreases gradually. After 4-7 days, the first changes will be noticeable. Dosage – 1 tablet per 10 liters of water.
- Sera Algovec – the tool destroys all types of algae in the aquarium. Dosage: 5 ml per 20 liters of water. After applying the drug, it is necessary to slice away all dead residues mechanically, there should be good aeration in the water.
Blackbeard – black algae, consisting of numerous thin filaments. Most often it is found on higher plants, but periodically occurs on any surfaces.
Worst of all, it is able to flood the entire space in the shortest possible time. It absorbs everything in its path. Clean the snags and decor from it is very difficult.
Today, there are many methods of dealing with this disease, however, many of which are not able to finally overcome the spores of the plant.
Its appearance is often associated with new, recently brought algae and ornaments. You need to carefully monitor the condition of your tank and periodically carry out preventive actions.
Algae spores are not able to spread through the air, which greatly facilitates the process of care.
If you have just bought a new alga, then do not rush to put it in the general aquarium. Hold the new thing in quarantine for 2-3 days.
To do this, the usual pot will fit the size of the plant. If after this time a black bloom appears on them, in no case should these bushes be used without disinfection. Infected new plants must be treated with potassium permanganate, chlorine solution or hydrogen peroxide.
Wiping plants is not effective, it is necessary to make an amount of solution in which you can dip the alga completely. Soak the plant in it for a couple of minutes, if the plant has delicate leaves, one minute is enough.
Rinse each leaf and stalk under running water. Send the plant a few more days in a new jar of clean water.
Other causes of black beard:
- Disruption of biofiltration;
- Neglect of care;
- Rare water change;
- Missing soil cleaning system;
- Overfeeding dwellers.
If you are careful in caring for your pets, then the risk of a black beard in your miniature reservoir is practically reduced to zero. Otherwise, there may be numerous problems that will lead to the death of all living things.
The most risky of the existing methods is chemical. Some aquarists manage to destroy an existing plant and its spores with boric, brown acid and some antibiotics.
Incorrect dosage and sensitivity of fish can lead to the fact that all living things in the aquarium will die.
The only way that medication can really cope with a black beard is to remove all the plants from the aquarium and add furatsilin, which is used as an antiseptic for sore throat. However, along with the black beard, snails, shrimps and some species of fish will disappear from the aquarium.
There are special tools that can be purchased at pet stores. Most Popular:
- Element CO2;
- Ferti Carbo and others.
Thanks to these drugs you can get rid of black beard for a week. By the way, the result will be noticeable on the third day. But here again there is a minus.
These substances are toxic to shrimp, crabs, snails. If they are not in your tank, then start to enter the tool with the minimum dose.
Read more on packages of products that help to fight black algae.
The raid in the aquarium, on the walls and stones: green, brown, brown, white, mucus in the aquarium!
All types of aquarium plaque.
Green scurf in aquarium,
white bloom in the aquarium
mucus in the aquarium.
This article is devoted to such a problem of “aquarium hygiene,” as plaque on the walls of the aquarium. So:
First of all, Plaque on the aquarium walls or glass is not formed from the good life of the aquarium world – in other words, in your aquarium, something is wrong. And to eliminate any plaque on the walls of the aquarium, you first need to restore balance of aquarium environment. This is achieved by proper and regular cleaning of the aquarium, as well as the use of necessary drugs in case of deviation from the norm.
It should be noted that excessive care: cleaning and changing aquarium water can also lead to adverse consequences. Accurate recommendations regarding this issue are difficult to give, because it all depends on: the volume of your aquarium, the types of fish, plants, the location of the aquarium, etc. In general, you should follow general recommendations – i.e. recommendations on weekly cleaning of the aquarium and cleaning equipment.
I would also recommend you to remember that old aquarium water is always better than fresh water – do not overdo it with cleaning and changing water. Remember the balance of plants and fish, never overload the aquarium, do not make him a hostel.
In your arsenal should always be the primary means of response: aquarium coal, methylene blue or malachite green.
Secondly, all types of raids – “clouding of the aquarium walls”, are caused by various factors or pests. Actually, therefore, all the attacks can be divided into color: on green raids in an aquarium (green-brown), white raids in an aquarium (whitish) or aquarium mucus.
How to deal with them. Simple enough!
Relative to green scale on the walls of the aquarium, which can also be formed and the decorations of the aquarium (artificial plants, stone). This plaque is caused by excessive “water blooming” – the formation of an uncontrolled amount of algae.
This plaque is caused by the lack of care for the aquarium and as a result of an excess of organic matter (ammonia decomposition products).
Remedy: clean the aquarium, replace the aquarium water with fresh water, turn off (do not turn on the backlight), increase the filtration and aeration of the aquarium; in the pet store you can buy tablets from flowering – from algae. I will cite as an example, one of them – TETRA tablets for algae control.
TetraAqua AlgoStop depo – These are soluble pills for controlling algae development. Effectively destroys various algae in freshwater aquariums, including black beard ” and blue-green algae, and also prevents their further growth.
Mode of application: Tablets are placed on the ground in the free flow area. The drug lasts for 6 weeks, after which the tablets are removed from the water. Tablets contain a complex of substances that are gradually released into the water.
The tablet does not dissolve completely, but retains its original shape. After 6 weeks, it ceases to release the active substances and must be removed from the water.
The slow dissolution of the drug in water allows you to use the active substances AlgoStop depot, for a long period of time. With proper use of the drug does not harm aquarium fish and plants.
Dosage:For prevention: 1 tab. on 50 l. water. For the destruction of filamentous algae: 1 tablet per 25 liters of water.
The article on other Tetra algae tablets is here!
The above preparations also cope with other types of algae with brown patina (diatoms), filament (green threads), black villi (black beard).
Aquarium: walls, decorations or equipment covered with white bloom – whitish mucus, what to do?
Algae in an aquarium, how to get rid of and fight with all their species
An algal flash is a visual indication of a violation (absence) of a biobalance in an aquarium. This is the loss of any link in the balance!
Finding out what link fell, you need to return it to its place. What a newbie to do is hard!
Here are the main reasons for the loss of the biobalance link:
– excessive amount of daylight in the aquarium or wrong aquarium lighting mode. Accordingly, it is necessary to reduce or adjust daylight hours.
Or in general, if possible, turn off the light for a couple of days, as a preventive measure.
– lack of daylight or the use of “wrong” lamps with a “wrong” spectrum. Accordingly, it is necessary to increase the light day or remove the lamps with a “bad” spectrum and you need to buy lamps for the spectrum or purchase lamps for the missing spectrum.
Read more Lighting aquarium and the choice of lamps and Lighting aquarium do it yourself.
– the presence in the aquarium of excess dead organic matter and dirt (dead plants, fish, food residues, kakul, etc.). Simply put, the aquarium does not have time to cope with so much “garbage” and the only way out of our beloved, living aquarium, is a call to help algae, who happily gobble up all this byaku.
Accordingly, it is necessary to remove all the “garbage”: siphon the bottom of the aquarium, clean the walls, decor and equipment, mechanically try to remove the algae, as well as make more frequent and more complete water changes for fresh, eventually, pour aquarium coal into the filter compartment.
– The following reason follows from the above and is a destructive continuation of the “dirt” in the aquarium. All dead organics are decomposed by beneficial bacteria and fungi, and removed from the aquarium. If this dead organic matter a lot and it accumulates, the microorganisms do not have time to process it!
In the aquarium, poisons begin to accumulate – decomposition products: ammonia, nitrites and nitrates, which leads not only to the appearance of algae, but generally ruins all life in the aquarium.
In addition to the above measures for thorough cleaning of the aquarium, you need to apply the following aquarium chemistry:
A) Zeolite. Sold in pet stores or other places.
For example, a mixture of zeolite and coal is ubiquitous. Fluval Zeo-Carb.
On a note: you need to know that aquarium coal is not effective from poisons and only ion-exchange resin – zeolite removes them. Read more …
B) Preparations of bio-starters, as well as preparations promoting the increase of colonies of beneficial bacteria. Simply put, these are drugs that contain the very bacteria that decompose poisons.
A lot of such drugs, for example, are popular: Tetra Bactozym, Tetra NitratMinus, Tetra NitrateMinus Pearls, Sera bio Nitrivec and others.
3. A large number of plants in the aquarium.
No one has scientifically proved that plants suppress algae, but the fact remains that in an aquarium with live aquarium plants (1/2, 2/3), there are no algal outbreaks, except greenish dots sometimes appear, and then from strong illumination.
Here is an example from my own experience. I had a herbalist for growth (I grew plants for the future of an aquascape), there were many different plants.
The time has come, I made my scape, spread out plants and flooded some algae (algae) in it, and this is all because the aquarium is young, the plants have not gotten stronger after transplantation, and their number has decreased. The time passed, the plants grew stronger and took over the lower ones and the thread disappeared.
Therefore, if you have the opportunity to provide plants with proper care: LIGHT, CO2, PLE – surely plant beds!
4. There are useful fish that fight – eat algae and algal plaque:
A) Siamese Algae Eaters – tireless workers of the aquarium, sometimes it seems that the only meaning of their life is the insatiable desire to kiss all the plants, suck all the stones and walk through all the aquarium decorations. They can still be found under the abbreviation SAE, which stands for Siamese Algae Eater and translates as Siamese algae. There are also KAE and IAE – Chinese and Indian algae.
Effective from algae “black beard”, “filament” and “deer horns”, etc.
B) Ototsinklyus – no less effective fish. Due to the structure of its mouth gently and well remove algae from plants, decor and walls.
Copes with green, brown (diatoms), etc.
B) Ancistrus– also helpful. But, unlike the aforementioned fish, adult antsistrus individuals are lazy.
And they say that in addition to algae, they chew and plants.
D) The whole family is also a good helper in the fight against algae. petsilievyh – guppies, swordtails, mollies, patcilia and others.
D) All possible clams. – apularias, coils, fizy, etc.
5. And finally, the aquarium chemistry will come to the rescue, the overwhelming algae. In pet stores sold a lot of these drugs, as a rule, in their name they contain the word “Algo” (alga), for example, Tetra AlgoStop Depot.
Use these drugs should be carefully, wisely and according to the instructions. I recommend Tetra products precisely because they have the mildest effect.
With proper applications – taking into account all the circumstances in the aquarium, Tetra preparations do not adversely affect the plants.
So, we have examined the main causes of the appearance of algae in the aquarium, as well as dismantled the main methods of dealing with them. Finally, it should be noted that, as a rule, “algal trouble comes in a complex”, and therefore it is necessary to deal with it in a complex, i.e. not one method, but several at once, if not all at once.
Algae in the aquarium – know the enemy in the face!
Already with this alga faced all and beginners and pros. It appears from the excess light or the wrong daylight mode.
At the same time, plant biomass does not play a role. It appears in aquariums with lush vegetation, and in the aquarium with “three rastyuchkami.”
Recommendations for combating xenococcus (the correct name is colekheta) are general: reduce, adjust daylight hours, algaecide, mechanical cleaning, fish and shellfish helpers, frequent water changes.
An aquarium with a black beard is a big problem that is not so easy to get rid of. The second name of the parasite is “Vietnamese”, the scientific name is Compsopogon coeruleus, the kingdom of Crimson. In an aquarium, a black beard can be seen when black threadlike growths 20 mm long appear that grow and resemble moss.
The parasite lives on slow-growing plants, so its destruction should take into account the parameters of water and features of the host plant.
Vietnamese algae got this name due to the fact that they were brought from Southeast Asia along with thermophilic tropical plants. It means that they love warm water, in which they actively develop. It is known that Compsopogon coeruleus is a very long-lasting algae, which penetrates the plant tissue, firmly attached to the soil substrate, to the walls and equipment of the reservoir.
From a biological point of view, it is not a parasitic species, however it causes significant damage to the plant, destroying its tissues, shading the leaves, preventing the absorption of useful substances. In the literal sense, the diseased plant is “choking”.
Fast-growing plants suspend the growth of a black beard in an aquarium. For their normal development, fertilizing with phosphate-free fertilizers and potash fertilizers is necessary. The concentration of fertilizer should be high, it will stop the growth of algae.
Using instruments, measure the amount of nitrates, nitrites in water – there should be no more than 5 mg per liter of water. If there are no nitrates in the water, the plants do not absorb phosphates, which leads to the formation of undesirable algae in the aquarium, which is then difficult to get rid of.
Black beard also appears in the aquarium when you plant new, untreated plants in it. Not only can there be parasites on them, but also Vietnamese cells. Before you put a new plant in the water, you need to disinfect it with the drug bicillin-5 or penicillin.
Some razvodchiki used to use ordinary bleaching powder, but this substance is not gentle, and is poorly washed off. Plant new plants in quarantine, disinfect them with bicillin-5 (dose 150 thousand units per 10 liters of water), or penicillin (dose 50 mg per 10 liters of water).
Disinfection should be carried out at a temperature of 25-26 ° C, depending on the type of plant. The disinfection solution is injected into the water once every 24 hours, before it is replaced by water.
The first 2 hours a vessel with water should be put in the shade, and then rearranged it in a lighted place.
Plants such as elodea, anubias, cabomba, do not tolerate bleach, so this tool does not apply to them, although the bleach solution effectively fights a black beard. Bleaching can be replaced by hydrogen peroxide (dose of 20 ml per 100 liters of water 1 time per day).
See how to get rid of a black beard in an aquarium.