Good day, dear readers. Today we will talk about the biological balance in the aquarium.
For any aquarist, it is important to be able and to control the chemical and biological processes occurring in his underwater garden. Only in this case, your bank will be unusually beautiful and clean as a tear.
Aquarium fish and aquarium plants will live and get good.
We begin, as for me, with the most important factor – aquarium water. To achieve a good regime, water must be of adequate quality. Before adding water to the aquarium, you need to defend it at least a week in order to weed out of it chlorine vapor and other garbage.
As soon as the various gases disappear from the water, the water will begin to gradually come to life and various microorganisms will be created in it.
Pay special attention water hardness. In aquarium water should not be an excess of calcium and magnesium salts.
Under normal conditions, the stiffness index can vary from 4-10 units. If you add water directly from the tap, be sure to soften it by adding decanted rainwater.
In the extreme case, and distilled.
Optimum acidity indicators of water should be around pH 7. In addition, the aquarium water should contain sufficient tannins and plant extracts.
If the medium in the aquarium is alkaline, either acid or phosphoric acid is suitable for acidifying the aquarium water. But at the same time consider the fact that there should be no other impurities in these acids.
As a rule, these acids are sold as a concentrate, so before using it it is necessary to dilute it and achieve a concentration of no more than 10 percent. Only in this case, the drip mixture is added to the aquarium.
Once the solution has been added to the water, let it stand for a while before mixing it well. After that, measure the pH level, which should not exceed the required value, otherwise you will lose plants and aquarium fish.
There is another proven way to acidify water: take peat from the top. If you don’t find one, take any of its extracts. In this case, in addition to all sorts of humic acids, tannins and plant extracts will get into the aquarium.
Ideally, of course, it is better to combine these two methods to reduce the pH.
Now let’s talk about the temperature of the water, as it is of great importance. If the aquarium is too warm or cold water, biological balance you will be hard to achieve. As a rule, the recommended temperature is at least 22 degrees Celsius, but not more than 28 degrees.
Too cold water will adversely affect the brush and the fish. In cold water, the fish will not be as mobile, they eat poorly and practically do not develop.
And most importantly – the fish living in cold aquarium water are extremely susceptible to all sorts of diseases.
At low water temperatures, aquarium plants are very lousy. And after a while they generally come pipets.
Increased temperature is also not good for both fish and plants. The fact is that water with a temperature of more than 28 degrees Celsius increases the metabolism of fish, and as a result, they age and die faster. If you have similar temperature conditions in your aquarium, you will not be able to breed fish because of the intensification of chemical and biological processes in aquarium water.
This is the most common cause of sad consequences. In fish, over time, gas exchange is disturbed, and the level of carbon dioxide in the water rises, which subsequently leads to oxygen starvation and death.
Soil for the aquarium should be selected so that all the aquarium plants feel perfectly in it. For this reason, experienced aquarists do not advise taking shallow soil, with a particle size of less than 3 millimeters.
Shallow soil (quartz sand for example) will form a very dense layer, which is not good. Access to fresh water will not be in it, the roots of the plants will begin to rot and the soil will sour with time.
In this type of soil will form hydrogen sulfide.
If you decide to choose river sand, take care to find some peat and boil it properly. It will be a wonderful fertilizer.
Also clay balls or river silt will be suitable for these purposes. In such a soil plants will feel great and actively develop. But do not forget about the compatibility of aquarium plants.
Some species of plants, such as cryptocorins, can get along well with echinodorus; aponogetones can be combined with spiral valisneria, kabomba and ludwigiya.
In order for aquarium plants to grow and develop well, the length of daylight hours should be 10-12 hours. Be sure to light should fall from above.
If the light is not enough, brown algae, which have an ugly brown color, will begin to actively develop in your tank. These algae will begin to grow on the walls of the aquarium, the leaves of plants, forming a brownish coating.
Because of this raid, plants can die.
Also in any case, do not put the aquarium in direct sunlight. Otherwise, you are provided with green algae, which will actively attack your bank.
In short, the water will bloom and turn green.
Watch your aquarium, remove the remnants of food that was not fully eaten with fish, do not allow objects from natural reservoirs that have not been processed before getting into the underwater garden and you will be happy.