maintenance, care, compatibility
The red-necked turtle spends most of its life (25-30 years) in the aquatic environment. Heat-loving, capricious representative of tropical reservoirs, so with their own hands will have to issue a quality aquarium that will serve her for many years.
The maintenance of a turtle involves the installation of an aquarium (aquaterrarium) with a volume of 150 liters per adult. In the tank, the water should be 40 cm deep, but proportional to the size of the pet – small turtles swim poorly, water can be less. It is important that it is freely located in water, and the liquid completely covers the shell.
On the aquarium there should be a cover with holes for the access of air, so that after the water swimming the reptile will go to the land to take a sip of air and warm up.
In the aquatic environment, you need to monitor the parameters of water: the water temperature is 22-28 degrees – at low temperature, the turtle will become slow-moving, lethargic, give up feed and can get sick. River representatives of this species fall asleep in the water for the winter, but it is not necessary to force the pet into a state of hibernation. The acidity and hardness of water are recommended medium, the animal can live in infused water from the tap.
For settlement of several turtles a spacious aquarium is required, not less than 200 liters, with a water surface and a coastal embankment.
Watch a video about the content of red-eared turtles.
Maintain cleanliness in the aquarium for the red-eared turtle can be either with your own hands, or with the help of an internal filter, which is often used in aquariums with fish. It is recommended to update the water 1-2 times a week, depending on the degree of water pollution. Turtles eat under water, so cloudiness, the formation of foam and silt are possible.
Harmful organic compounds are harmful to their health. With the accumulation of nitrates and ammonia in the water, it begins to produce an unpleasant odor.
New water should be the same parameters as the previous one, but in no case fresh from the tap (only infused). To illuminate the pond, you can put an ultraviolet lamp.
The longha turtle prefers not only swimming, but also swimming in the sun. Be sure to build a shore, land – with your own hands make a small ledge of pebbles (but not shallow), attaching stones to each other using aquarium sealant.
Do not install wood planks – they quickly get wet, grow moldy, parasites infest. Place a lamp above the land – due to the heat on the tortoise’s body, the parasites “die out”, it is heated.
Water is heated with a special heating device (some distributors use a tube with an integrated thermostat).
What else can you install in the aquarium with your own hands
Aquaterrarium for the eared turtle – content care photo description.
A properly equipped aquarium with adequate size is necessary for keeping domesticated turtles at home. It would be more correct to call it aquaterrarium, since such a reservoir contains not only water space, but also an island of land.
Buy housing for turtles can be in the spec. stores or do it yourself.
Since the reptile is quite demanding to the place of residence, you need to know how to properly equip an aquarium for a red-eared turtle. Your pet’s home should be as close as possible to its natural habitat.
Only in this case, your ward will be healthy and happy in its own way.
Approach to the choice of an aquarium should be based on the size of your red-eared pet or (if you have a young individual) take immediately “for growth”. Keep in mind. that in a few years a tiny little turtle the size of a peach seed will turn into an adult individual the size of a saucer.
The optimal size of the aquarium, depending on the size of the turtle:
- babies from 3 to 10 cm – 50 liters;
- young turtles from 10 to 16 cm – 80 liters;
- big turtles from 17 to 25 cm – 150 liters;
- adult animals – from 150 liters.
In order to prevent the runner from escaping, the top of the aquaterrarium should be covered with a lid that allows air to pass through well.
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There are aquariums in which red-eared turtles cannot be categorically maintained:
- Little turtles up to 50-70 liters. They can only be used for temporary housing. If a turtle lives in such a capacity for a long time, then it develops skin infectious diseases, dystrophy and softening of the shell.
- Aquariums in which the land is made of plastic.
- Aquariums in which it is impossible to set the desired temperature, as well as ultraviolet and filtration. The absence of all these conditions leads to disease and death of turtles.
Thus, the care of the red-eared turtle, as well as any other pet, requires some effort. But a terrarium in which the water is clean, the bottom is picturesque, and the animals are healthy – this is a fascinating sight that is worth the time and effort.
How to equip a terrarium for a red-eared turtle, tell the leading channel “Carousel”:
How to equip an aquarium for eared turtles :: aquarium for turtles photos :: Other pets
The red-skin turtle is a species of American freshwater turtles, which is very popular with reptile lovers all over the world. With proper maintenance, these animals can live up to 60 years.
Question “Snowy turtles.” – 3 answers
- – heater for aquarium;
- – UV lamp;
- – aquarium filter for water;
- – snags or plastic shelves to create a plot of land.
1. Get an aquarium. An adult turtle needs a reservoir of 150-200 liters.
If you want to have a pair of reptiles, the size of the aquarium should be doubled. Be sure to take care of the water heating system. Comfortable temperature for eared turtles is 25-28 ° C. Water can not be allowed to cool below 20 ° C.
2. Ponds need to bask regularly on land. It supports their immunity.
Therefore, 25-30% of the surface of the aquarium should be allocated to the land. Many aquarists have snags and other decorative elements so that they protrude above the water. You can also place a special plastic shelf at one of the walls of the aquarium, imitating the bank of the reservoir.
It is not necessary to fill it with pebbles or small gravel, because turtles will ingest this material, which may cause intestinal obstruction. Also, do not use pebbles and gravel in the design of the bottom.
3. Place a source of ultraviolet light over the improvised land to create a substitute for natural sunlight.
4. Take care of cleanliness in the aquarium. In the dirty water, pathogens that can cause various diseases in turtles actively proliferate.
The water in the aquarium should be changed 1-2 times a week. To facilitate the care of the dry eagles, you can install an electric filter with a pump.
5. Design your own aquarium. Please note that all decorative objects and plants should be safe for eared turtles.
Discard plastic algae. The turtle can bite off and swallow a piece of plastic, which in turn can lead to blockage of the intestine.
Live plants should be non-poisonous. Do not place stones with sharp edges in the aquarium to prevent the tortoise from getting hurt.
Domestic turtle at home: content from A to Z
For almost everyone who wants to have a turtle, the first problem is to find an adequate capacity and purchase equipment. And then they begin to understand that the content is more complex than they imagined.
And very often the owners simply do not buy what they need, and then the animal suffers and dies.
There is even such a simple thing, how to put a terrarium on can cause problems. Aquarium for a red-eared turtle from 150 liters, plus water, equipment, shore.
The output will be more than three hundred pounds, and not just a table stand it.
A more spacious aquarium will allow your aquatic turtle to remain more active and healthy. Attention! Remember – if you keep the tortoise in crush, it will not remain small!
This is a common misconception that also applies to aquarium fish and other animals. She will be sick, twisted, but not small!
So, for the maintenance you will need an aquarium or a terrarium for a red-eared turtle (or rather, an aqua-terrarium, as it needs both dry and water), from 150 to 200 liters. When you look at a little turtle, such demands seem too high, but it will grow and become much more.
There should be enough water so that the turtle could turn over freely, that is, more than the width of its shell.
You also need artificial land or an island on which the tortoise will crawl out and warm up. Such an island can be bought at a pet store, they are specially made.
If you decide to do it yourself, then remember that this should be a sloping ascent, but which will be convenient for the animal to climb. In principle, this is all that is needed from him.
You can make an island with your own hands, in nature, turtles are chosen for snags, stones, old tires, any trash sticking out of the water. But, it is easier to buy a finished product, since it must meet certain conditions: not be toxic, be stable, have a textured surface, have no sharp corners and a burr.
The shore may be
The island should occupy at least 25% of the surface of your waterfront and meet the following requirements:
heated, this is the main destination of the shore for the turtle. The temperature on it should be 10 degrees higher than in water.
Too much temperature is not good, it can lead to hyperthermia (overheating) in a turtle.
- to be submerged, at least one side must go into the water
- to be safe, so that the turtle does not get stuck between the wall of the aquarium and the shore itself
- do not release toxins when heated and in water
- be resilient, since the red-eared turtles are quite strong and can turn the coast
- have a textured surface
Example aquaterrarium with a turtle and fish:
Since the red-eared turtle is a water species, it spends most of its time in water, so monitoring its quality is very important. Turtles eat, sleep and empty into the water, so filter, change it often.
Dirty water is one of the sources of discomfort, disease and infection.
The minimum water level in the aquarium is such that the tortoise could roll over if it suddenly finds itself on its back. That is not less than the width of its shell.
However, if possible, you need to keep it higher, because the more water, the more stable it is and the cleaner it remains. When this access to the shore of a turtle should be free, it should be able at any time to climb on it and warm up.
The water must be set aside for at least 24 hours, so that chlorine leaves it and it acquires room temperature. Attention!
The temperature of the water in the aquarium with a red-eared turtle should be 22-28 ° C and not fall below 20, if you have this possible, then it should be heated with a heater. Be sure to use a thermometer, do not trust your feelings! The cleanliness of the water is very important, as the turtles eat and empty in it.
Very quickly accumulate harmful substances, ammonia and nitrates, the water begins to stink. To avoid this, the water in the aquarium with a red-ear turtle is replaced once or twice a week. You can also use an internal or external filter, however, this does not cancel the water change.
For a turtle, internal filters are too thin, and external filters are good, but are quite expensive.
How long can a turtle live without water? For a long time, it happens that they run away from the aquarium and the owners find them only after a few days, sluggish, but alive.
In general, a day or two she will live in peace, but will suffer from drying out.
Omnivorous, feeding on various types of food. Diversity is important because it supports the health of the turtle.
What to feed the red-eared tortoise? You can feed: artificial feed, feed for aquarium fish, vegetables, aquarium plants, insects, fish, invertebrates. In addition to diversity, it is important to give a balanced diet high in calcium.
Like all wild animals that live at home, there is a tendency to overeating.
Young turtles are mostly omnivores. But as they grow and mature, they become more and more herbivorous.
Omnivorous means that in the diet a large amount of protein, but in adult turtles, it is much less. Turtles of any age will prefer live prey or carrion, but it is necessary to feed it only occasionally.
You also need to additionally give calcium for the normal formation and growth of the shell in the turtle.
They eat almost everything, but the main food may well be artificial feed for aquatic turtles, the benefit of their many options and species. Their composition is specially selected to provide all the necessary substances for turtles.
High protein content in commercial feeds allows you to give them in small portions.
To make feeding more balanced, add calcium and vegetable feed and your turtle will be quite happy. Consider that calcium supplements most often go in commercial feeds, read the inscriptions on the packaging.
Red-skinned turtles need water for swallowing, as they do not produce saliva. They can take food on land, but will drag it into the water to eat.
You can use it for your own benefit and feed them in a separate tank, so the water in the aquarium will remain clean for a longer time.
Feeding artificial feed
Feeding the red-eared turtle with vegetable feed
An adult turtle depends on its size or not. Approximately: 2-4 years for a male and a carapace more than 10 cm and 2-5 years for a female and 12-13 cm. A sexually mature male starts the mating game (although the young can also try) with a kind of courtship.
During which he swims in front of the female, the muzzle to her and waves very quickly with his paws in front of her eyes. In nature, reproduction occurs in March and June, but domestic turtles can mate throughout the year.
When a turtle is pregnant, that is, it bears eggs, you need to prepare a special place for it where it will lay these eggs. A female red-eared turtle can carry eggs without a male, but they will not be fertilized!
You can gently grope the eggs between the carapace and its hind legs, but be careful, they are very fragile. The female will instinctively look for a place to nest and lay eggs. Masonry can contain up to 20 eggs for a large female.
If the conditions are suitable, then for the season the female lays up to 3-4 clutches.
In the home aquaterrarium, the female red-eared tortoise signals preparation for breeding by changing its behavior. She becomes very restless, imitates digging movements with the help of her hind legs and tries to get out of the aquarium. Also during this time, she spends more on land and needs calcium and UV rays.
The place where she can lay eggs is very important, if she is not there she will put them in water or even carry them further, which will cause them to harden. If you see that the turtle has laid one or two eggs, try to make her a nest.
Most likely, the rest of the clutch has not yet come out and she is still pregnant.
Attention! If the female does not lay eggs, then they will harden, they can cause infection and death of the animal. Even a properly prepared nest is not a guarantee that everything will go well, as the tortoise can be old, drawn out, sick.
If she tries to postpone the clutch but fails, it is better to take her to the vet. Possible signs of problems: decreased activity, heavy breathing, cavities or swelling near the cloaca.
If an unpleasant liquid comes out of it or there is a smell, then the eggs inside may have broken. For any health problems with the red-eared turtle, immediately contact your veterinarian!
Here are the basics to help keep your turtle healthy:
Sick turtles should be kept at a higher temperature, in most cases, 27-30 Celsius. At this temperature, the immune system works at the peak of efficiency. It is important to maintain the fluid balance in the turtle’s body so that it is not dehydrated.
To make sure that she drank and was in the water, it is more important than her food, because a sick turtle can die of dehydration, her kidneys will be denied. Even in exhausted turtles, they first restore the fluid balance, and then proceed to feeding.
The sick red-eared turtle swims poorly, swims on one side, it can even sink. Reduce the water level and make sure that it can climb ashore as it pleases.
If an infection is suspected, immediately isolate the animal, and be sure to treat your hands after contact with it.
The basis of success in treating a red-eared turtle is an appeal to a specialist. Do not treat the animal yourself, go to the vet!
Just as domestic red-eared turtles grow faster, they also become sexually mature faster. The sexually mature tortoise becomes at the age of one year, and you cannot determine with certainty the sex of the tortoise if its size is less than 10 cm. years and the size of their order of 10-15 cm
However, in the case of abundant feeding, sexually mature can become earlier.
The main differences between male and female: females are larger, and they have a shorter tail. In addition, the female cesspool is located closer to the base of the tail.
The claws on the paws can serve as an indirect sign, in males they are longer and curved. Of even more relative signs, in males the plastron is slightly concave inward, which helps it during mating.
Location of cloaca in female (right) and male (left)
After you hold the tortoise in your hands, wash them with soap! This is especially important for children, because despite the fact that the red-eared turtle is domestic, it lives in a different environment and there are other bacteria.
It is especially important to monitor the cleanliness of the aquarium and the freshness of the feed, since the red-eared turtles can tolerate salmonellosis.
Ideally, any animal in the house should not have access to the kitchen and to the places where food is prepared. Avoid washing the turtle in the kitchen sink, and do not wash the aquarium and accessories there.
If we consider the aquarium as a small pond, then red-eared turtles will show dominant behavior in relation to others. They can easily hurt others with claws or biting. Males can stalk females, and often this results in serious aggression with bites, severed tails or death.
Adding a new individual can trigger fights, especially if the turtles are already mature.
If this happens, a significant increase in space can help, although it does not guarantee success. Also reduces aggression feeding one by one (one outside the aquarium).
Barriers, plastic plants or walls can be added so that the animals can see each other.
In general, this is a wild animal by nature, and this behavior is more than normal for the American Red-Eared Turtle. If you do not want problems, you need to keep them alone.Attention!
Red-skinned turtles feel great living without a pair. Adult turtle and toddlers – fight for food:
Content of the red-eared turtle and care at home
What you need to buy for the content?
You understand that prices can vary greatly, so just list the necessary things:
- Aquarium for the Pupillary turtle 200 liters
- 100W water heater
- Filter (can be internal, but better than external)
- Ultraviolet lamp for water turtles with UVB 10%
- Heating lamp
- Land / shore / island
As you can see, the list is quite serious and the most important – all this is really necessary. Now you understand why so many domestic turtles die?
Water temperature for red-eared turtles. Plovers at home
Many dream to have a red-eared turtle, which is derived from the American freshwater species. However, before you do this, you must carefully review the basic requirements that must be met in order for the pet to feel well at home. The most important thing is the optimum water temperature for red-eared turtles, proper care and maintenance.
Now we will tell you in detail about how to create the necessary living conditions for a new pet.
When buying a turtle, be prepared for the fact that you will need to care for it for 30-40 years, because so much on average these pets live in captivity. The first thing you should take care of is the aquarium equipment.
Its volume should not be less than 100 liters for one turtle, if there are more, then the capacity should increase in direct proportion. It is necessary to acquire individuals of different sex, but of the same age. With all this it is necessary to take into account that they need both water and land, since it is there that they like to bask in the sun.
So do not forget to arrange your pets a small island of paradise. By the way, the ascent to the land should start from the very bottom of the aquarium. For proper development you will need an ordinary incandescent lamp and ultraviolet.
The second is necessary so that the tortoise does not hurt and develop properly. At first glance it may seem that the eared turtle at home can give you a lot of difficulties, but this is not quite so, you will soon get used to everything.
Optimum water temperature for eared turtles
How warm or cold water in an aquarium should be monitored very carefully. This is due to many reasons.
At a low temperature, the animal will stop eating, therefore, the immunity will fall, the turtle will become lethargic, and if it continues like this, it can completely die. If the temperature is too high, nothing good will come either. In this case, the animal will spend most of the time on land, as it will feel uncomfortable in the water.
This is fraught with the fact that growth and activity will slow down significantly. In order to avoid all this, you need to maintain a temperature in the range of 22-28 degrees Celsius.
Perhaps a slight deviation of up to 30 degrees, but no more. To do this, you must use an aquarium heater with adjustable temperature. This is one of the most important content requirements.
Do not forget that only the optimum water temperature for red-eared turtles will make the animal healthy and cheerful.
Do not forget to ensure that no harmful organic compounds are formed in the water. They appear due to pollution. For this simple reason, it is necessary to periodically change 30-40% of the water in the aquarium.
It is desirable to do this at least once a week, but it can be two. Although it is not necessary to increase this procedure, because every time the turtle suffers stress.
It is safe to say that these animals are not the most ambitious, so their environment will quickly become polluted. To slow down the process a little, install a filter, for example, one that is used when keeping aquarium fish. Since the water temperature for red-eared turtles should always be constant, then when you add a certain part (30-40%), make sure that it is the same as the one in the aquarium.
This is done so that the animal does not experience hypothermia or, conversely, excessive temperature.
Pontoon: how to care and what to follow?
We have already reviewed most of the information that, in one way or another, concerns the care of this animal. But I would like to touch on a few more important points.
First, soberly assess your capabilities. If you are not able to give at least 10-20 minutes a day to your pet, then it is possible that you do not need to start it. But if you do decide, install a thermometer on the aquarium, which will show how hot the water is.
Of course, for this there is a regulator on the heater, but one should not completely rely on electronics. What else is extremely important, try to periodically compare photos of red-eared turtles, which are considered healthy, with your pet.
It will tell you a lot. Sometimes the shell begins to harden and grow over.
Many grab a stiff brush and begin to rub the bug to shine, which is absolutely impossible to do. This will cause damage to the surface, as a result of which the animal may lose its natural protection.
So we talked about who the red-eared turtle is, how to care for a pet and what conditions need to be arranged. If everything is done correctly, the animal will not be sick. For example, the content of red-eared turtles at low water temperatures is fraught with pneumonia.
It is necessary to raise the degree to 28 or even 30 ° C. If the eyelids and eyes are puffy and turn red, then the individual must be quickly transplanted into a separate aquarium.
It would be preferable to be on land, in the water can be allowed only for a few hours a day. Again, if you are a newbie, periodically look at photos of red-eared turtles kept in optimal conditions and compare them with your pets. So you can determine if everything is in order.
But even with proper care, the shell of an animal can become soft, as a result of which it will begin to peel off. In this case, it is recommended to give more varied food.
You should also be aware that the bug should not be allowed to walk on the floor, as it can get sick from a draft.
Well, that’s all that can be said about such a pet as a red-eared turtle. Care, water temperature, its purity and other factors directly affect its health, so you need to carefully approach the content of such an unusual pet.
Red-skinned turtles living in an aquarium are often found at home. These animals are popular for their bright colors and easy care.
Red-skinned turtles grow quickly – only five years is necessary for a small turtle to reach its shell 30 cm in diameter. In this article we will try to answer the questions that most concern the owners of red-eared turtles.
How many live eared turtles?
Like most turtles, red-eared turtles live at home for a long time — about 30 years with proper care.
How to care for a red-eared turtle?
Keep a red-headed turtle in an aquarium. For young turtles of small size, almost any aquarium or terrarium will do.
Terrarium for eared turtles can be purchased at the pet store. For adults, aquariums, as a rule, are made to order – not less than 200 liters. Red-skinned turtles feel comfortable only in a spacious aquarium.
The aquarium should be covered with a lid so that turtles cannot escape from it.
Despite the fact that domestic red-eared turtles spend almost all the time in the water, there must be a small island in the aquarium, on which they can easily climb. A lamp should be placed above the island, which should warm up the surface well – up to 28-30 degrees.
In a large aquarium must be a filter for water purification. Replace all the water in a large aquarium should be as it is polluted, and in a small – once a month.
The turtle should be fed animal and plant food. Her diet must be varied, otherwise the animal may get sick.
Young turtles should be fed daily, after two years – 3 times a week is enough.
The aquatic red-eared turtle living in an aquarium does not tolerate cold very well. In winter, these animals should be warmed up with a special ultraviolet lamp 3 times a week. In summer, the turtle needs natural sunlight.
To do this, the aquarium with the animal should be placed in fresh air, but avoid direct sunlight.
In contrast to other species, eared turtles do not hibernate. Periodically they may be less active.
As a rule, this happens when daylight decreases.
How to determine the sex of red-eared turtles?
The sex of red-eared turtles is much easier to determine if there are several animals living in an aquarium. The main distinguishing feature of male turtles is a long tail, wider at the base. Female turtles are owners of short and thin tails.
Also, males are distinguished by longer claws on their front paws.
So, how to determine the sex of a young red-eared turtle is practically impossible, experts recommend doing at the age of 5-7 and, preferably, in comparison with other turtles.
Breeding red-eared turtles
At home, male turtles reach sexual maturity by 4 years, and females by 6 years. The mating period is from February to May.
The female goes to the land in order to lay eggs, so the animals need to create appropriate conditions in captivity. Small turtles are born in 105-150 days, at an ambient temperature of at least 21 degrees.
The length of newborns is 3 cm.
Diseases of red-eared turtles and their treatment
Unfortunately, life in captivity, even if very comfortable, is fraught with a large number of diseases for turtles. The most common among the diseases of red-eared turtles living in an aquarium is ringworm.
Most often the disease occurs with the wrong content. The first symptom of the disease – white plaque on the horn shell.
Further, in an animal, detachment of the plates of the cornea is observed, which leads to deformation of the shell. With the timely treatment of eared turtles such consequences can be avoided. First of all, it is necessary to improve the living conditions of the animal and carefully monitor its hygiene.
If the symptoms persist, the turtle should be shown to the vet.
The common diseases of red-eared turtles are various infections, skin diseases, colds, rickets and osteoporosis. If the animal has become passive, looks bad and loses its appetite, you should sound the alarm.
Some diseases with delayed treatment can lead to the death of a turtle.