maintenance, care, compatibility
Aquarium decoration: photos, video examples, styles and options
And so, as you know, in order for fish to appear in your house, you need a vessel and water. However, aquaria is not just a banal maintenance of fish, it is the creation of a closed ecosystem, an imitation of the natural conditions of the maintenance of aquatic organisms.
It is trite, but aquarian art begins with fish. Before you think about the design of the aquarium, first of all you need to decide on your desires and those fish that will swim in your pond.
And this is very important! Each individual fish needs its own housing conditions, its own water parameters, and other conditions. And it is for them that one needs to build an “aquarian house,” it is from this that one must make a start.
For example, if you decide to start African cichlids and at the same time want to see a garden of living aquarium plants in your aquarium … You initially doom yourself to an actually impossible task. The natural habitat of most African cichlids is the rocky shores of the r. Nyasa and r. Tangany, there are no plants, no algae – this is the “stone desert”.
If the cichlids in the aquarium put the plants, they will pull them up and destroy.
Based on the foregoing, we advise first of all, decide on the fish that will live in your aquarium, study their characteristics and habits, read and learn the conditions of their maintenance. And so after embarking and thinking about the design of the aquarium.
REGISTRATION AQUARIUM GROUND The soil is one of the most important elements of the aquarium, it is his mood. It is very important to approach the issue of his choice with particular attention, because in addition to the decorative functions, the soil plays the role of: a substrate for plants, for spawning and fish life. It is important to choose the desired fraction of soil, it is important to choose the required volume of soil, and only then the color of the soil.
On our site there is a good article about the selection and selection of the soil, we suggest to read – HERE.
Speaking about the decorative properties of the soil, it is recommended to choose the soil of darker tones, so that the bright and light colors of the aquarium bottom do not overshadow the charm and beauty of the “main heroes of the day” – fish. REGISTRATION OF THE AQUARIUM BY STONES AND GROUTES. An important technical nuance when designing an aquarium with stones, grottoes, caves, etc. is the use of non-toxic, non-toxic materials.
If stones, snags are selected and made independently, you need to do everything according to the rules and make sure that they do not emit harmful substances into the water. Certainly the decorations should not be made of limestone, rubber and metal, no paints and enamels.
Speaking about the aesthetic part of the pond, you should always remember that stones, grottoes, snags take in the aquarium “living space” – living space. The number of such decor is calculated based on the volume of the aquarium and the needs of the fish themselves.
In addition, it should be borne in mind that large decorative elements are placed on the edges of the aquarium or into the background. You should not put a huge castle in the middle.
This is equivalent to having people put a refrigerator in the middle of the kitchen, and not into a corner. Aquarium is an amphitheater of life!
REGISTRATION AQUARIUM FONOM. The background of the aquarium for the aquarium dwellers themselves is not so important. In fact, the fish can live without it.
The background is more important for a person, it can be said – these are “aquarium curtains”, which play a more aesthetic role than a technical one.
For information on what are aquarium backgrounds, how to make and attach them, see HERE.
REGISTRATION OF THE AQUARIUM OF LIVING AND ARTIFICIAL PLANTS.
Continuing to use the metaphors, we can say that if the background of the aquarium is “curtains”, then the plants are “indoor flowers on the windowsill”. From what they will be, how many they will be, depends on what your aquarium “window” will look like.
We recommend to see a wonderful article on this topic – HERE.
LIGHT REGISTRATION AQUARIUM
The power and spectrum of light is important for aquarium plants – this is their source of life. Speaking about the design of the aquarium, the color of light is important. To date, there is a huge variety of colors of aquarium lamps.
Choose to taste! Moreover, there are various bottom aquarium lights in the form of volcanoes, lanterns and LED aerators.
Here they are.
REGISTRATION OF THE AQUARIUM BY OTHER DECOR. Aquariums can be decorated with shells, locks, ships, divers, skulls, etc.
In this case, it is not necessary to buy all this in the pet store at a crazy price. Using such decorations you need to adhere to only two rules: non-toxicity and safety.
Shells should not be sharp, and figures of divers made of rubber. See also article Seashells in the aquarium.
MAIN DIRECTIONS, TYPES AND EXAMPLES OF AQUARIUM DECORATION
The classic design options for an aquarium for fish are:
Biotope – such an aquarium is made under a certain water landscape of a lake or stream.
Dutch – Aquarium, the main place in which allotted to plants. Such an aquarium is popularly called “herbalist”. The most famous Dutch aquariums creates a mega aquarist Takashi Amano, here are his works:
Geographical – such an aquarium is designed for a specific region, it contains fish from this region only.
In the vastness of our country, you can most often meet “Household aquarium” – where the above principles are not respected. In such aquariums, you can often find castles, amphoras, the same divers, skulls, etc., etc., etc.
In addition, there is a whole industry children’s aquariums. Here is an example:
There are other directions in the design of the aquarium.
As they say, so many people have so many opinions.
Next, let’s see the design options for the aquarium.
Pseudo sea aquariums Such aquariums are formed and imitate marine aquariums – the seabed. The prefix “pseudo,” says that in such a reservoir does not contain sea fish.
Only an entourage is created!
As a rule, in such an aquarium, fish of a bright color are chosen, which cichlids often possess, for example, spruce, demanosi, parrots, etc. The aquarium itself is formed by corals, artificial polyps and sea shells.
Dutch aquarium “light option” Aquarium close to the natural habitats of fish. It contains live aquarium plants, snags, stones, but “in a lightweight form.”
Such aquariums do not require special knowledge of plant life from an aquarist. Elementary care for them is the key to success and achievement of goals.
True Dutch Aquarium – Herbalist These are densely planted aquariums. Fully imitating all the beauty of freshwater bodies.
To create such an aquarium, you need knowledge of plants, you need to study the issue of feeding aquarium plants and applying the CO2 system for an aquarium.
Household, children’s, themed aquarium Such aquariums are made out under a certain idea. As a rule, it is a fiction and fantasy of man.
Futuristic Aquariums or Glo Aquariums Relatively recently, the fashion for creating Glo-reservoirs has entered the aquarist. Where everything glows with neon and plays with phosphorus.
Even exist fluorescent live fish. Such aquariums look beautiful in the evening and at night.
More about Glo-fish is here.
Saltwater aquariums These are aquariums that contain sea, saltwater fish. The aquarium is permeated with marine themes.
The disadvantage of such reservoirs is the price and the huge cost of maintenance.
Cichlid Species aquarium in which only fish of the cichl family are kept.
Watch TSIKHLIDNIK – cichlids in the aquarium
Also there are industrial and show aquariums ”
Aquarium plants are all for beginners with photos and video
Plants are an established aquarium biosystem, no harmful substances in the water, no algae.
Everything is simple! Aquarium plants are the primary indicator of the status of your aquarium.
If the plants “wither”, turn yellow and rot – this is a sure sign of the poor condition of the aquarium and conversely lush, beautiful spreads – this is a 100% indicator of the excellent state of the aquarium world.
Aquarian plants are a natural interior and “maternity hospital” for fish, fry, shrimps, snails, etc.
Plants are an additional food for aquarium inhabitants.
By the way, about the question of the correct planting
Starting the aquarium from scratch: step-by-step instructions for creating a new aquarium
From admin: About ten months ago, Irene appeared on the site FanFishka.ru Iren2321 – a girl with a kind and sympathetic heart, dreaming with all her soul about her first aquarium. It was communication with her that finally shaped my opinion then that the key to success of any site is: kindness, love for everything that you do and selfless help to your neighbor.
Now, FF is a huge circle of friends, it is a lively, interesting communication, it is an exchange of experience and emotions, AND THIS MEANS THAT THE STRATEGY OF RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IS TRUE!
The following article is a report of Irina, the result of the help of all members of the forum of FF set out in this forum thread – / forum / 4-243-1.
* * * The last 5 years, one of my most cherished wishes was to acquire an aquarium! I really wanted to see – this is a “murmuring gurgling” miracle, with bright inhabitants and beautiful design inside. Sit in the kitchen, drink tea and admire.
And so! Dreams Come True! Thanks to the forum users of our beloved FF, I decided to purchase an aquarium.
At once I will say that pleasure is not cheap, therefore, having a fairly limited budget, I tried to balance my “want” and “I can” as much as possible.
The aquarium itself can be bought cheaply, but everything, even the most necessary, equipment and accessories “will fly into a pretty penny.”
The first thing that I pushed off when choosing the shape and size of the aquarium is the place where it will stand. Based on the recommendations of Feng Shui equipment, personal preferences and maximum efficiency of space use, the only place in our small apartment that was suitable for an aquarium was only the kitchen.
It is quite large and spacious, moreover, there was a free space between two windows with a width of 70 cm.
In my opinion, quite a good option:
1. Kitchen – it is always convenient to maintain the aquarium.
2. The flow of the filter does not interfere with sleep (as a result, it turned out to be noiseless).
3. A great place to properly admire the aquarium – just opposite the dining table. The center of the aquarium is at eye level.
It turns out that you need an aquarium that would fit in the width between the windows, but was not too small to be in harmony with the interior of the kitchen.
The second thing I was thinking about for a very long time was how much I could properly equip the aquarium without having the slightest experience in aquarism.
After much deliberation, consultations with experienced aquarists, I stopped at an aquarium of an average volume of 100 liters. This is not much, but not enough. A larger aquarium will be of unacceptable size for me, and a smaller one will cause a lot of difficulties in setting up a biosystem.
The next question is the shape of the aquarium.
I liked the traditional rectangular shape of the aquarium and the lens (with a convex front glass). The decisive factor in determining the shape of the aquarium was the financial aspect. To save money, I decided to order the manufacture of an aquarium, so the choice fell on a rectangle.
He glued him not a professional (as I understood later), but simply a man who had already pasted several aquariums and had succeeded.
The size of the aquarium is 70 * 35 * 40 cm, i.e. in fact, not even 100 liters, but 90 liters.
Yes, it came out cheaper than buying an aquarium in a store, but there are still some flaws. Stiffeners were glued at the top of the aquarium with a height of 7 cm, which visually and functionally reduced its height. Self-adhesive was glued poorly and during transportation scratches were made on the glass.
All this, of course, made me very upset, but this is my FIRST aquarium. After 3 months, no problems with the quality of glued seams have arisen, which means that everything is not so bad! 🙂
Installation of an aquarium For the time being, she adapted an old Soviet book table as a pedestal for the aquarium: they removed the castors and extendable supports, put pieces of linoleum under the legs, checked both sides of the table with a level. A piece of polystyrene 5 cm high was put under the aquarium (which house they found).
Later disguised him with MDF sheets. Already 3 months is so aquarium, the table cover is not bent.
Preparing to start the aquarium Aquarium washed without diligence, i.e. without washing and cleaning, filled with water for a day to check the quality of the seams. All is well!
Lighting The question of coverage was my husband. He took out a Soviet lamp from the bins and glued it to the glass, the dimensions of which corresponded to the width of the aquarium, but less than its depth, so that there would be a gap for the wires and the possibility of feeding the fish.
To the inside of the lamp pasted mirror as reflector. The luminaire has built-in 2 LD fluorescent lamps of 20 W each (which were also available).
Equipment While I was waiting for the aquarium, I ordered the most necessary equipment in the online store:
one. Internal filter, Aquael FAN 3 Plus.
2 Thermostat Xilong AT-700, 200 watts.
3 Timer Feron TM12 – timer daily electro-mechanical compact.
four. The background is two-sided.
The filter, in my humble experience of a novice aquarist, copes well with cleaning 100 liters of water.
The timer is a necessary thing, you can buy it at an electrical appliance store, it costs 5 cu very helpful. Set the lighting time and the light turns on and off when needed.
With gluing the background did not work out. The background was pasted together with her husband in a hurry, they hurried to launch the aquarium. Husband insisted glue on the soap, he just knew how to do it.
Glued from the outside of the aquarium.
– the background never stuck.
– there were terrible soap stains, which were perfectly visible in the foreground of the aquarium.
In the end, I watched this unpleasant picture for another month, and then spat – peeled off the background, rubbed the back wall dry and glued it on the sides with adhesive tape, temporarily. It became easier for me, even if the terrible white divorces are not visible.
Conclusion: you need to glue the background correctly and from inside the aquarium. See the article on FF – here.
The choice of soil and its preparation. Errors made. Soil I chose the black basalt fines.
I needed 20 kg of soil for my volume of aquarium, which is, of course, right next to it, and a little more.
Soil I washed 3 times. Tired and decided that would be enough.
Was wrong. After she poured water into the aquarium, a terrible murk rose and settled on its walls.
Dirt had to tear off around the perimeter of the aquarium, which, in turn, settled on the equipment and plants. The spectacle is not pleasant!
. The soil must be washed until the water is completely clean.
In addition, for good plant growth, you need to fill the top dressing layer in the ground. I did not do this, which I later regretted.
Decor Though I am a novice, I did not imagine artificial decorations in my aquarium. I dream of a chic herbalist, created by hand.
Therefore, a beautiful snag, entwined with moss – the most it!
One snag, I ordered via the Internet, already ready for placement in the aquarium, and the second my husband and I decided to do it ourselves.
Since I was just delighted with somics (and later it turned out that all the other family members, too) chose a vine for this purpose. Her husband cleaned and brought me for further processing.
I boiled a snag in a solution of salt for half a day, and after two days I soaked it in water.
Selection and planting plants For me, an aquarium without live plants is not an aquarium, so I read information about plants for beginners, which were not particularly demanding in terms of water parameters and lighting, I had seen photos and descriptions of aqua design and acquired the following plants:
1.Parthorn Thailand – 2pcs.
2. Cryptocoryne (I don’t know which one) – 10 pcs. (I don’t remember exactly).
3. Moh javanese – 1 sp. Box (attached to the snag)
4. Anubias -nana – 3 pcs. (attached to snags)
5. Indian Indian – 2 pcs. (while floating on the surface)
6. Limnobium – 5pcs.
7.Pissures – 3pcs.
I filled the soil in the aquarium, as it should be – to the back wall the ground level is higher than in the foreground (to enhance the effect of the depth and volume of the aquarium). Filled the aquarium up to half defended water, with the addition of Tetra AquaSafe.
She weaved a snag with a fishing line, securing Yavan moss on it and planted the plants. Completely filled the aquarium with water.
A week later, I became the happy owner of a whole bucket of plants that our beloved admin Oleg sent me.
There were the following plants:
1. Cryptocoryne – 8 pcs.
2. Vallisneria – a lot.
3. Echinodorius – 1 pc.
4. Ludwig red.
All gladly landed.
Basic aquarium accessories After the launch of the aquarium in the next few days in the store of my city, I bought the following accessories for the aquarium, without which one can not do:
1. Thermometer – JERO sticker (the most expensive one that was in the store).
4. Magnetic brush.
The only thing I am pleased with is a net, but, strictly speaking, there are no serious technical requirements for it.
Due to my inexperience, I did the stupid thermometer – I stuck it inside the aquarium, not outside. I learned about that much later after I threw such an expensive purchase in my product category into the urn.
Placed in the water, he showed it is not clear that, one could only guess, at the same time several temperature indicators were glowing at once. Behind him was going to the dirt, which terribly annoyed me. As a result, I peeled it off, but he did not stick back … threw it out.
At the moment there is no thermometer in the aquarium. I repent, I forget to buy, I hope for the excellent work of the thermostat.
Siphon bought the only one that was in the store – the cheapest for 35 UAH., There was no choice. I am not happy with it. I plan to buy this:
From the magnetic brush, I was at first simply delighted with a calf. After she quickly cleaned all the dirt that had accumulated from the start of the aquarium, I considered it one of the most successful inventions of mankind. Then I noticed that all this mud settled on plants, soil and decor.
This sight resembled the terrain near a metallurgical plant. Fortunately, the filter did not let us down and in a few days cleared everything up.
After a while, I made this brush scratches on the inside of the glass. If even the slightest little cave, even the most imperceptible will fall between the teeth of the brush – all terrible scratches on the glass are inevitable. And to my utter disillusionment with this device, I noticed that as it was used, its cleansing abilities fade away.
As a conclusion, you need to look for an alternative to it.
Aquarium dwellers The following inhabitants live in my aquarium:
1) Som Antsitrus – the very first resident, settled on the launch day, despite all the prohibitions and warnings. Moved great!
My little son’s favorite fish!
2) Angelfish – the main in the aquarium, periodically chasing everyone, fish with character.
3) Swordsmen – 5 pcs.
4) Algae – just a wonderful fish, bringing a lot of benefits to the aquarium.
5) Apistogram ramiresi – a beautiful and unusual little innocent Tsykhlida.
6) Chery shrimps – I don’t know exactly how many pieces there are at the moment, because they are rarely even seen one by one. There is a fear that the scalar is hunting for shrimp.
7) Ampularia – 2 pcs., Got into my tank in a very neglected state – the greenest! Their husband brought from the kindergarten aquarium where he works. I even scared to imagine what kind of water there is!
A month later, both snails are almost completely pretty orange!
There were 2 Gourami – Honey and Marble. Marble did not grow at all and died before my eyes, and Medovaya lived for a long time behind the filter, her other aquarium inhabitants somehow didn’t complain much, and then suddenly and completely disappeared (she didn’t know that this was the case).
Difficulties after launching the aquarium During the first two days after the launch of the aquarium, a part of the floating plants turned yellow and Cryptocorynes began to actively stratify. I did not place any fertilizer for plants in the aquarium, so I immediately ran to the store and bought Aqua Bio Start and PlantaMin. The first, opening 1 capsule, I sprinkled into the water, and the second poured as indicated in the instructions 5 ml per 100 liters.
I do not know how effective these actions were, but a month later half of Kryptocoryn died (apparently, they started Kryptocorynous disease).
Today, 3.5 months after the launch of the aquarium, the state of the plants is as follows:
– Cryptocoryne narrow-leaved hilinkie and especially do not multiply.
– Pistia was gone, apparently Limnobium squeezed it out.
– Fern Thailand on the last breath.
– There are almost no red plants.
– Javanese moss barely holds on.
– The Indian fern breeds and grows.
– Limnobium is growing.
– Anubiasas nano is growing slowly but surely.
Aquarium care problems. My observations.
The problem of lighting and alga Blackbeard
The worst news in the second month, after the launch of my aquarium, was the appearance of one of the nastiest algae – Black beard. After reading the recommendations on FF and other resources, I took action.
After 2 weeks, only short, whitish hairs remained from the terrible long hairs of the Blackbeard, barely visible on a couple of plants. I hope there will be no relapse.
I analyzed and realized my mistakes, I mean the reasons for the appearance of such an unpleasant aquarium guest.
As I guess, as a result of poor lighting, the plants in my tank felt bad. Therefore, 2.5 months after launch, I replaced one ordinary one with a special Sval Aquastar F18W / T8 / G13 special aqualamp. At first, for joy, I left the lighting for 10 hours with a break of 2 hours.
After 3 days, all plants turned brown – reduced daylight hours to 6 hours. Honestly, I did not see any positive changes.
The plant grows poorly (in my opinion it is even worse than before), the red ones did not turn red, and besides, the pleasure of observing the aquarium is much less, because the illumination is only 6 hours. What to do? I don’t know yet.
But, I will definitely follow the instructions of this article. Aquarium lighting and choice of lamps.
Pleasant surprises and impressions from the new hobby At the end of the second month of my aquarium life, my husband and I made an installation for supplying CO2, using the instruction. The result is very pleased – the plants are significantly accelerated in growth.
For a long time I did not dare to acquire an aquarium, not only due to financial reasons, but also as a result of doubts: “Can I?”, “Do I have enough time for that, because I have a small child?”, “Is it enough patience? ” I could! Enough of everything!
Care of the aquarium takes a little time. I have about 1 hour a week. Of course, it is possible to replace water faster and siphon a primer, but I get tremendous pleasure when picking up plants, replanting them, so I do everything slowly.
At the same time, I do the cleaning of the aquarium not when the child sleeps, but with it. He likes to click on the siphon’s pump so that some water begins to flow, sit and wash his hands in a bucket or touch the remains of plants.
Time can always be found. After all, it’s still better to care for the fish with your child than to sit in front of the TV.
Sometimes the aquarium helps me a lot when I need to distract my son for a while, I start asking: “Where’s the catfish?”, “Show me a new fish that we bought yesterday?”, “What do snails now do?”. The child instantly runs to the aquarium and can get stuck near it even for a few minutes!
And for a young mother with a huge pile of cases every minute counts!
My child is not yet two years old, until she speaks, but she is perfectly distinguished by the names of the fish – what is not developing a lesson with a baby?
The aquarium fell in love with our whole family, even the husband who bukhtel, that it is expensive, where to put it, when you take care of it, that you fall into childhood, sometimes it puts a chair in the aquarium and sits watching television.
The aquarium has become part of the life of our entire family! I would like to thank Oleg once again – adminaff and all concerned forum members who gave me the opportunity to enter such a mysterious and magical world of aquarism!