maintenance, care, compatibility
Run the aquarium from scratch. Preparation and proper launch of a new aquarium: step by step instructions
Starting the aquarium from scratch should start with the choice of the tank itself. If the aquarist is a beginner, it is preferable to choose medium-sized models, the volume of which varies from 80 to 200 liters.
Such a step makes it easy to maintain biological balance in comparison with small containers. The step-by-step start-up of the aquarium, described below, will help to avoid problems.
The heater-thermostat, pump with filter are brought to the aquarium. Technique remains unconnected.
Water can be used the most simple – plumbing. It must be allowed to stand in order for the chlorine to completely evaporate.
If you do not want to wait, you can buy bottled drinking water.
To prevent erosion of the soil, a saucer is placed on its bottom. The flow of incoming water should fall on him.
Aquarium is full. Then you can turn on the equipment. It is necessary to immediately check how the filters function, heating, what temperature level is established in the system.
The filter should work all the time, it can not be disabled. After a few weeks, the inside of the device creates its own bacterial environment, which becomes a biological filter.
If you turn it off, the bacteria will quickly die without oxygen and fresh water. Their place will immediately be replaced by anaerobic microorganisms that produce hydrogen sulphide and methane – from them the whole system will cease to function.
The final check should take place seven days after launch. In the first days of work, the water in the aquarium will become muddy, as part of the plants will die off, and the bacteria will begin to multiply rapidly.
The activity of microorganisms normalizes this process over time, and it will be possible to talk about the stabilization of the internal biosystem. Only then the tank is ready to receive fish. It will take about a month to complete the formation of an environment where every resident will feel well.
One fish should be about 10 liters of water.
A week after the start of the launch, it is desirable to increase the lighting time of the aquarium to 12 hours. At this time, you can run unpretentious species of fish in an amount not exceeding one third of the allowable for such a population size.
It is important that with the proper launch of the fish at this time should remain hungry – it is absolutely harmless for them. Feeding can disrupt the nitrogen cycle, resulting in the need to restart.
Food fish will be able to get after four days.
A few days later, the aquarium may be populated by half of the population. During this period, you can run more capricious fish.
After seven days you can run all the fish.
If the house has soft water, you should choose those inhabitants who prefer this pH level, and vice versa. The aquarium, the photo of which is presented below, is launched absolutely correctly and delights with its beauty.
Starting a new aquarium may be difficult if it is of a marine type. All stages are similar to the previous ones, but water requires special preparation.
It must be treated with reverse osmosis, and then settled for three days. After that, the salt concentration is brought to the required level.
When the optimum salt balance, density and temperature of water are reached, you can fill up the ground: sand or coral chips. Further, in the system, you can place live stones, plant corals, decorate the bottom with shells.
A week later, you should check the performance of nitrite and ammonium in water. A month after the water preparation, it is possible to launch the fish in the marine aquarium.
The rapid launch of the aquarium in 99% of cases does not lead to the desired results, it is often necessary to repeat the cycle of preparation. A beginner aquarist must be patient in order for the system to stabilize and fully function.
The question of how to prepare an aquarium for launching has become very relevant lately. Many families want to get beautiful fish that will swim surrounded by vegetation.
However, the maintenance of the system requires a certain amount of effort from the owner, which is better to take into account at the stage of making the decision to install an aquarium. In addition, we must not forget about the need for fixed costs for the maintenance of the system, including the purchase of fish food, replacement filters, etc.
This device maintains a comfortable temperature for all participants in the system. Manufacturers also indicate the recommended volume on the packaging.
When starting the aquarium from scratch, the choice is usually not difficult.
A special beam spectrum is an important condition for the full existence of aquatic plants. They grow well under special-purpose lamps with intense lighting.
On average, one liter of water requires a power of 0.6 V, that is, at least 60 V per one hundred liters, and all 90 is better.
When there is a launch of the aquarium from scratch, it should be noted that the daylight should be the same. Automation perfectly copes with this (special timers).
In the daytime, carbon dioxide is necessary for all the vegetation of the system to grow, especially if there are a lot of fish there. It is recommended to pay close attention to CO2 parameters.
It is recommended to establish a saturation system after stabilization of biological equilibrium, including when there is a launch of an aquarium with plants.
The product must be durable. Weight stolitrovogo aquarium is 140 kg. You can purchase a special cabinet or adapt existing furniture.
The aquarium, the photo of which is presented below, is installed on the cabinet correctly.
First of all, it is necessary to determine if the tank is leaking. To do this, it is placed in the bath, preferably on a flat surface. The aquarium is filled with running water up to half the volume, after a day it is completely filled.
Such a test is carried out in any capacity vessels – only this way it can be understood if the glass will burst and the product will carry the first launch. After checking the water is drained, it is better to wash the tank.
The aquarium is installed on the cabinet.
Starting the aquarium from scratch: step-by-step instructions for creating a new aquarium
From admin: About ten months ago, Irene appeared on the site FanFishka.ru Iren2321 – a girl with a kind and sympathetic heart, dreaming with all her soul about her first aquarium. It was communication with her that finally shaped my opinion then that the key to success of any site is: kindness, love for everything that you do and selfless help to your neighbor.
Now, FF is a huge circle of friends, it is a lively, interesting communication, it is an exchange of experience and emotions, AND THIS MEANS THAT THE STRATEGY OF RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IS TRUE!
The following article is a report of Irina, the result of the help of all members of the forum of FF set out in this forum thread – / forum / 4-243-1.
* * * The last 5 years, one of my most cherished wishes was to acquire an aquarium! I really wanted to see – this is a “murmuring gurgling” miracle, with bright inhabitants and beautiful design inside. Sit in the kitchen, drink tea and admire.
And so! Dreams Come True! Thanks to the forum users of our beloved FF, I decided to purchase an aquarium.
At once I will say that pleasure is not cheap, so having a fairly limited budget I tried and I can try to balance my own as much as possible.
The aquarium itself can be bought cheaply, but everything, even the most necessary, equipment and accessories will fly into a pretty penny.
The first thing that I pushed off when choosing the shape and size of the aquarium is the place where it will stand. Based on the recommendations of Feng Shui equipment, personal preferences and maximum efficiency of space use, the only place in our small apartment that was suitable for an aquarium was only the kitchen.
It is quite large and spacious, moreover, there was a free space between two windows with a width of 70 cm.
In my opinion, quite a good option:
1. Kitchen – it is always convenient to maintain the aquarium.
2. The flow of the filter does not interfere with sleep (as a result, it turned out to be noiseless).
3. A great place to properly admire the aquarium – just opposite the dining table. The center of the aquarium is at eye level.
It turns out that you need an aquarium that would fit in the width between the windows, but was not too small to be in harmony with the interior of the kitchen.
The second thing I was thinking about for a very long time was how much I could properly equip the aquarium without having the slightest experience in aquarism.
After much deliberation, consultations with experienced aquarists, I stopped at an aquarium of an average volume of 100 liters. This is not much, but not enough. A larger aquarium will be of unacceptable size for me, and a smaller one will cause a lot of difficulties in setting up a biosystem.
The next question is the shape of the aquarium.
I liked the traditional rectangular shape of the aquarium and the lens (with a convex front glass). The decisive factor in determining the shape of the aquarium was the financial aspect. To save money, I decided to order the manufacture of an aquarium, so the choice fell on a rectangle.
He glued him not a professional (as I understood later), but simply a man who had already pasted several aquariums and had succeeded.
The size of the aquarium is 70 * 35 * 40 cm, i.e. in fact, not even 100 liters, but 90 liters.
Yes, it came out cheaper than buying an aquarium in a store, but there are still some flaws. Stiffeners were glued at the top of the aquarium with a height of 7 cm, which visually and functionally reduced its height. Self-adhesive was glued poorly and during transportation scratches were made on the glass.
All this, of course, made me very upset, but this is my FIRST aquarium. After 3 months, no problems with the quality of glued seams have arisen, which means that everything is not so bad! 🙂
Installation of an aquarium For the time being, she adapted an old Soviet book table as a pedestal for the aquarium: they removed the castors and extendable supports, put pieces of linoleum under the legs, checked both sides of the table with a level. A piece of polystyrene 5 cm high was put under the aquarium (which house they found).
Later disguised him with MDF sheets. Already 3 months is so aquarium, the table cover is not bent.
Preparing to start the aquarium Aquarium washed without diligence, i.e. without washing and cleaning, filled with water for a day to check the quality of the seams. All is well!
Lighting The question of coverage was my husband. He took out a Soviet lamp from the bins and glued it to the glass, the dimensions of which corresponded to the width of the aquarium, but less than its depth, so that there would be a gap for the wires and the possibility of feeding the fish.
To the inside of the lamp pasted mirror as reflector. The luminaire has built-in 2 LD fluorescent lamps of 20 W each (which were also available).
Equipment While I was waiting for the aquarium, I ordered the most necessary equipment in the online store:
one. Internal filter, Aquael FAN 3 Plus.
2 Thermostat Xilong AT-700, 200 watts.
3 Timer Feron TM12 – timer daily electro-mechanical compact.
four. The background is two-sided.
The filter, in my humble experience of a novice aquarist, copes well with cleaning 100 liters of water.
The timer is a necessary thing, you can buy it at an electrical appliance store, it costs 5 cu very helpful. Set the lighting time and the light turns on and off when needed.
With gluing the background did not work out. The background was pasted together with her husband in a hurry, they hurried to launch the aquarium.
Husband insisted glue on the soap, he just knew how to do it. Glued from the outside of the aquarium.
– the background never stuck.
– there were terrible soap stains, which were perfectly visible in the foreground of the aquarium.
In the end, I watched this unpleasant picture for another month, and then spat – peeled off the background, rubbed the back wall dry and glued it on the sides with adhesive tape, temporarily. It became easier for me, even if the terrible white divorces are not visible.
Conclusion: you need to glue the background correctly and from inside the aquarium. See the article on FF – here.
The choice of soil and its preparation. Errors made.
Soil I chose the black basalt fines. I needed 20 kg of soil for my volume of aquarium, which is, of course, right next to it, and a little more.
Soil I washed 3 times. Tired and decided that would be enough.
Was wrong. After she poured water into the aquarium, a terrible murk rose and settled on its walls.
Dirt had to tear off around the perimeter of the aquarium, which, in turn, settled on the equipment and plants. The spectacle is not pleasant!
. The soil must be washed until the water is completely clean.
In addition, for good plant growth, you need to fill the top dressing layer in the ground. I did not do this, which I later regretted.
Decor Though I am a novice, I did not imagine artificial decorations in my aquarium. I dream of a chic herbalist, created by hand.
Therefore, a beautiful snag, entwined with moss – the most it!
One snag, I ordered via the Internet, already ready for placement in the aquarium, and the second my husband and I decided to do it ourselves.
Since I was just delighted with somics (and later it turned out that all the other family members, too) chose a vine for this purpose. Her husband cleaned and brought me for further processing.
I boiled a snag in a solution of salt for half a day, and after two days I soaked it in water.
Selection and planting plants For me, an aquarium without live plants is not an aquarium, so I read information about plants for beginners, which were not particularly demanding in terms of water parameters and lighting, I had seen photos and descriptions of aqua design and acquired the following plants:
1.Parthorn Thailand – 2pcs.
2. Cryptocoryne (I don’t know which one) – 10 pcs. (I don’t remember exactly).
3. Moh javanese – 1 sp. Box (attached to the snag)
4. Anubias -nana – 3 pcs. (attached to snags)
5. Indian Indian – 2 pcs. (while floating on the surface)
6. Limnobium – 5pcs.
7.Pissures – 3pcs.
I filled the soil in the aquarium, as it should be – to the back wall the ground level is higher than in the foreground (to enhance the effect of the depth and volume of the aquarium). Filled the aquarium up to half defended water, with the addition of Tetra AquaSafe. She weaved a snag with a fishing line, securing Yavan moss on it and planted the plants.
Completely filled the aquarium with water.
A week later, I became the happy owner of a whole bucket of plants that our beloved admin Oleg sent me.
There were the following plants:
1. Cryptocoryne – 8 pcs.
2. Vallisneria – a lot.
3. Echinodorius – 1 pc.
4. Ludwig red.
All gladly landed.
Basic aquarium accessories After the launch of the aquarium in the next few days in the store of my city, I bought the following accessories for the aquarium, without which one can not do:
1. Thermometer – JERO sticker (the most expensive one that was in the store).
4. Magnetic brush.
The only thing I am pleased with is a net, but, strictly speaking, there are no serious technical requirements for it.
Due to my inexperience, I did the stupid thermometer – I stuck it inside the aquarium, not outside. I learned about that much later after I threw such an expensive purchase in my product category into the urn.
Placed in the water, he showed it is not clear that, one could only guess, at the same time several temperature indicators were glowing at once. Behind him was going to the dirt, which terribly annoyed me. As a result, I peeled it off, but he did not stick back … threw it out.
At the moment there is no thermometer in the aquarium. I repent, I forget to buy, I hope for the excellent work of the thermostat.
Siphon bought the only one that was in the store – the cheapest for 35 UAH., There was no choice. I am not happy with it. I plan to buy this:
From the magnetic brush, I was at first simply delighted with a calf. After she quickly cleaned all the dirt that had accumulated from the start of the aquarium, I considered it one of the most successful inventions of mankind. Then I noticed that all this mud settled on plants, soil and decor.
This sight resembled the terrain near a metallurgical plant. Fortunately, the filter did not let us down and in a few days cleared everything up.
After a while, I made this brush scratches on the inside of the glass. If even the slightest little cave, even the most imperceptible will fall between the teeth of the brush – all terrible scratches on the glass are inevitable.
And to my utter disillusionment with this device, I noticed that as it was used, its cleansing abilities fade away. As a conclusion, you need to look for an alternative to it.
Aquarium dwellers The following inhabitants live in my aquarium:
1) Som Antsitrus – the very first resident, settled on the launch day, despite all the prohibitions and warnings. Moved great!
My little son’s favorite fish!
2) Angelfish – the main in the aquarium, periodically chasing everyone, fish with character.
3) Swordsmen – 5 pcs.
4) Algae – just a wonderful fish, bringing a lot of benefits to the aquarium.
5) Apistogram ramiresi – a beautiful and unusual little innocent Tsykhlida.
6) Chery shrimps – I don’t know exactly how many pieces there are at the moment, because they are rarely even seen one by one. There is a fear that the scalar is hunting for shrimp.
7) Ampularia – 2 pcs., Got into my tank in a very neglected state – the greenest! Their husband brought from the kindergarten aquarium where he works. I even scared to imagine what kind of water there is!
A month later, both snails are almost completely pretty orange!
There were 2 Gourami – Honey and Marble. Marble did not grow at all and died before my eyes, and Medovaya lived for a long time behind the filter, her other aquarium inhabitants somehow didn’t complain much, and then suddenly and completely disappeared (she didn’t know that this was the case).
Difficulties after launching the aquarium During the first two days after the launch of the aquarium, a part of the floating plants turned yellow and Cryptocorynes began to actively stratify. I did not place any fertilizer for plants in the aquarium, so I immediately ran to the store and bought Aqua Bio Start and PlantaMin. The first, opening 1 capsule, I sprinkled into the water, and the second poured as indicated in the instructions 5 ml per 100 liters.
I do not know how effective these actions were, but a month later half of Kryptocoryn died (apparently, they started Kryptocorynous disease).
Today, 3.5 months after the launch of the aquarium, the state of the plants is as follows:
– Cryptocoryne narrow-leaved hilinkie and especially do not multiply.
– Pistia was gone, apparently Limnobium squeezed it out.
– Fern Thailand on the last breath.
– There are almost no red plants.
– Javanese moss barely holds on.
– The Indian fern breeds and grows.
– Limnobium is growing.
– Anubiasas nano is growing slowly but surely.
Aquarium care problems. My observations.
The problem of lighting and alga Blackbeard
The worst news in the second month, after the launch of my aquarium, was the appearance of one of the nastiest algae – Black beard. After reading the recommendations on FF and other resources, I took action. After 2 weeks, only short, whitish hairs remained from the terrible long hairs of the Blackbeard, barely visible on a couple of plants.
I hope there will be no relapse. I analyzed and realized my mistakes, I mean the reasons for the appearance of such an unpleasant aquarium guest.
As I guess, as a result of poor lighting, the plants in my tank felt bad. Therefore, 2.5 months after launch, I replaced one ordinary one with a special Sval Aquastar F18W / T8 / G13 special aqualamp. At first, for joy, I left the lighting for 10 hours with a break of 2 hours.
After 3 days, all plants turned brown – reduced daylight hours to 6 hours. Honestly, I did not see any positive changes. The plant grows poorly (in my opinion it is even worse than before), the red ones did not turn red, and besides, the pleasure of observing the aquarium is much less, because the illumination is only 6 hours.
What to do? I don’t know yet.
But, I will definitely follow the instructions of this article. Aquarium lighting and choice of lamps.
Pleasant surprises and impressions from the new hobby At the end of the second month of my aquarium life, my husband and I made an installation for supplying CO2, using the instruction. The result is very pleased – the plants are significantly accelerated in growth.
I didn’t dare to acquire an aquarium for a long time, not only due to financial reasons, but also as a result of doubts: Can I ?, Do I have enough time for that, because I have a small child ?, is there enough patience ?. I could!
Enough of everything! Care of the aquarium takes a little time.
I have about 1 hour a week. Of course, it is possible to replace water faster and siphon a primer, but I get tremendous pleasure when picking up plants, replanting them, so I do everything slowly.
At the same time, I do the cleaning of the aquarium not when the child sleeps, but with it. He likes to click on the siphon’s pump so that some water begins to flow, sit and wash his hands in a bucket or touch the remains of plants. Time can always be found.
After all, it’s still better to care for the fish with your child than to sit in front of the TV.
Sometimes the aquarium helps me a lot when I need to distract my son for a while, I begin to ask: Where’s the catfish ?, Show me the new fish we bought together yesterday ?, And what are the snails doing now? The child instantly runs to the aquarium and can get stuck near it even for a few minutes!
And for a young mother with a huge pile of cases every minute counts!
My child is not yet two years old, until she speaks, but she is perfectly distinguished by the names of the fish – what is not developing a lesson with a baby?
The aquarium fell in love with our whole family, even the husband who buhtel, that it is expensive, where to put it, when you take care of it, that you fall into childhood, sometimes puts a chair to the aquarium and sits watching TV.
The aquarium has become part of the life of our entire family! I would like to thank Oleg once again – adminaff and all concerned forum members who gave me the opportunity to enter such a mysterious and magical world of aquarism!
Proper preparation of the aquarium will help to avoid many problems associated with fish farming. That is why you should take this issue seriously.
Preparation of an aquarium for fish takes place in several stages.
Aquarium should be thoroughly washed with baking soda before settling. Do not use soap and various synthetic detergents, since the remnants of these substances can remain in the putty and the seams of the aquarium for quite a long time.
Subsequently, they will be released into the water and may cause the death of the inhabitants of the aquarium.