maintenance, care, compatibility
How to soften the water in the aquarium? Hard water in the aquarium
Water hardness is one of the most common and complex problems that aquarists have. It negatively affects all types of fish, other inhabitants of the aquarium and aquatic plants.
There are several ways to help soften the water.
The easiest and most gentle way to mitigate is to plant special plants in an aquarium — for example, a comforum or elodia. They are able to reduce the concentration of salts of magnesium and calcium, which will lead to the elimination of excessive rigidity.
Another method involves the use of rainwater or distilled water. Soft water that can be added to an aquarium can be bought at pet stores, pharmacies, or in the poultry market. If you decide to use rainwater, then you should first clean it of debris and strain.
The amount of water depends on the level of hardness, but most often 2 soft water is added to 1 liter of hard water.
How to soften the water in the aquarium using special tools? Install a membrane in the aquarium, which can be purchased at any pet store.
It will help rid the water of harmful impurities; in addition, ion exchange resins, which also soften the water, can be acquired.
If you are filling the aquarium for the first time, then do not immediately pour water from the tap – let it stand for a few days and then boil it. This method is not recognized by all aquarists, as it can only soften the water a little.
If the water is very hard, then boiling will not bring results.
The most effective way that many experienced aquarium owners use is specialty chemicals for aquariums that are sold at pet stores. The hard water in the aquarium thanks to these means is considerably softened.
However, these substances do not have any effect on fish and aquarium plants. They only affect the layers that create increased water hardness.
If you resort to the help of chemical agents, then the purified water will not differ from the usual soft water: harmful substances will evaporate.
Each aquarist chooses his own ways of dealing with the hardness of water: someone prefers natural, gentle, while others recognize only radical chemicals; the main thing is that this choice should be correct and effective, and all inhabitants of the aquarium should not experience discomfort. Be sure to monitor the condition of the water in the aquarium and reduce its hardness in time.
How to prepare water for the aquarium at home
Freshly tap water is not suitable for animal settlement. Reptiles, fish, amphibians and snails can adapt to it, but on condition that it infuses for several days. Fresh, domestic water from the tap will destroy animals, because chlorine compounds are toxic to the sensitive organism of small creatures.
On certain days, tap water contains different amounts of volatile substances, experts recommend turning on a shower and checking the steam and the presence of chlorine to check. If the smell is harsh, water should not be collected on this day.
Regardless of the season, weather and air temperature, domestic water will be different. Be observant if you want to settle the animals in clean water from impurities. Infused tap water is recommended for many pets and plants, it has an acceptable level of acidity: pH 7.0.
It forms an active reaction, creating an alkaline and acidic aqueous medium. The reaction is determined using litmus paper, which is sold in pet stores.
Infusing water should not be in plastic containers; it is better to use glass jars with the lid open. The main thing is that in the prepared water, while it insists, do not get dust and insects.
See how to test the water.
You can use baking soda to raise the pH to the required level. Peat is recommended to lower the pH. Sometimes before the launch of a new aquarium in the water put samples of trees, reducing the acidity of water.
The aquarium can be filled not only with tap water, but also distilled water, which is sold in pharmacies or in auto shops. It is filled with small aquariums, but with an experienced razvodchiki warned that such water is poor in the mineral components necessary for animals.
Rarely use a liquid from another aquarium, in which there is a stable biological equilibrium for normal life.