maintenance, care, compatibility
Aquarium for beginners: care, content, useful video
The motivation for writing this article was the frequent appeal of newcomers to aquarism at FORUM FanFishka.ru. Almost every day, newly minted owners of the aquarium world ask their questions to which they either do not know the answers, or need advice, or have problems after the first launch of the aquarium.
All who asked for help on the forum, did not go unheeded! Even if the newcomer had gross or absurd mistakes, I never scolded him, and tried to explain what was what planned.
But, at some stage, I realized that I would not be enough for everyone and that I needed methodological material for beginners!
Looking at the already written materials from the site FanFishka.ru, I saw a sufficient number of articles – “about the first steps into the aquarium kingdom”. But, all of them were scattered and only mutually complementary.
After analyzing further similar materials on the Internet, my desire to write a decent, systematic material, only intensified!
For constructive conversation, let’s break down the article into sections:
1. AQUARIUM FOR BEGINNERS: arrangement, launch, frequent questions, problems.
2. FISHING AND PLANTS FOR BEGINNERS: what are the issues that are necessary, problems.
3. NUANS OF YOUNG AQUARIUM: rules that will help to avoid problems with the aquarium.
AQUARIUM FOR BEGINNERS
arrangement, launch, frequent questions, problems
To create an aquarium world, you need not only the aquarium itself, but also related products. Many beginners make the mistake of buying only the minimum part of the necessary equipment.
And then they begin to run in a hurry in search of a product.
Remember, as Captain Vrungel said: “How do you call a ship, so it will sail.” The first launch of the aquarium should be perfect – and this will be the key to the joy and pleasure from aquarium contemplation, eliminates possible problems and difficulties, and most importantly will give you invaluable experience.
In the future, you can miss something, lazy … but not now!
Below are links to articles in this section, in bold, priority articles are highlighted:
Running Aquarium from A to Z
An example of an aquarium design 100 liters
Which aquarium is better
WHAT NEED TO AQUARIUM
I WANT TO GO TO FISH: how to equip the first aquarium.
AQUARIUM BEGINNING: the basics of the aquarium, the basics of aquarium
FIRST AQUARIUM DAYS: Start the creation of the aquarium world of fish!
INVENTORY FOR AQUARIUM AND DEVICES
BOTTOM and GROUND of the AQUARIUM
CHANGE OF WATER IN THE AQUARIUM! WHAT WATER IS NEEDED FOR THE AQUARIUM?
Boiled thawed or distilled water for aquarium
Seashells in the aquarium
SMALL AQUARIUM merits and demerits!
LACK OF THE AQUARIUM, but are these fish really necessary?
AQUARIUM FOR CHILDREN
Other questions on the forum …
Here’s another, for convenience, as a reminder – I give a list of what ponabitsya for a novice aquarist:
– lighting, if not included;
– aquatic organisms: fish, plants, mollusks, etc .;
– food for prospective fish;
– inventory: net, siphon, aquarium silicone, sponges, buckets. Secondary – hoses, valves, windshield wipers, other;
Plus, I recommend to all beginners to buy immediately a means to stabilize the aquarium water. It is called the water stabilizer.
Different brands have different names, here are some of them: Tetra Aqua Safe, Sera aquatan, Sera bio nitrivec … others. Read about them here AQUARIUM CHEMISTRY.
The above articles fully disclose all the nuances of buying, installing and running an aquarium. Below are the blitz answers to the most frequent questions of novice aquarists.
one. Question: Is it possible to put the aquarium on the furniture? In the kitchen?
Bath and so on?
Answer: Can. It is important that the surface of the furniture was solid and withstand the weight of the aquarium with water, soil and decorations. The aquarium can be placed anywhere, as long as direct sunlight does not fall on it.
Cooking, bathing does not interfere with the life of the fish.
2 Question: After the launch of the aquarium, the water turned cloudy – became whitish!?
Answer: Nothing wrong with that. When you first fill the aquarium with water for the first time, the reservoir’s biobalance is not yet tuned, because This is a long process.
Primary adaptation processes of aquarium water occur. The whiteness of the water will pass itself in 3-7 days.
3 Question: What kind of water to pour into the aquarium? How often should it be changed?
Answer: It is necessary to fill in at least a day separated water. Otherwise, you can run into trouble, for example, gas embolus.
Yes … you can fill the aquarium with tap water – but, counting on it at random.
The substitution of aquarium water is purely individual and depends on the size of the aquarium, the number of fish and plants, and other factors. In general, it is customary to replace water once a week.
But, as the poll on our site shows, this is not a dogma.
“How often do you change aquarium water to fresh water?”
four. Question: Is it possible to decorate an aquarium with statuettes, shells, beads, etc.
Answer: Can. But, you must make sure that the material from which the decor is made is not soluble in water. The same shells undergo a gradual dissolution in aquarium water, which increases, albeit slightly, the rigidity of aquarium water.
Painted, plastic items are best not to use. Metal – are prohibited.
FISHING AND PLANTS FOR BEGINNERS
what is necessary, issues issues
Giving advice on choosing fish for a novice aquarist, you can immediately get rid of him with the phrase: “Choose unpretentious in the content, small fish, for example, from the family of petsilievi – guppies, swordtails, radishes, etc.”.
But who thought it up that it is impossible to immediately start large, beautiful fish – the same tsikhlazom: severum, diamond or black-striped? If you properly care for them, then there will be no problems.
And if you do not follow the aquarium and let everything go to chance, then the guppies will die in a week.
Perhaps the main qualification when choosing aquarium fish are your abilities and desires.
The opposite situation is with aquarium plants. It’s not so simple. The success of plant maintenance is LIGHT + SUPPLY + CO2.
Their deficiency leads to the death or poor health of plants.
Unfortunately, in the aquarium covers that come with, as a rule, there are 15-18 watt light bulbs, the power of which is insufficient for the normal existence of aquarium plants. Therefore, before you start a plant you need to study everything and prepare in advance.
The initial way out of this situation may be unpretentious, resistant aquarium plants that are not pretentious to the conditions of detention.
Below are the articles that fully and comprehensively disclose this section.
Aquarium Fish Compatibility
COMPATIBILITY OF GOLDEN FISHES
ALL about AQUARIUM FISHES
TOP: The most beautiful aquarium fish and fish!
The most unpretentious little aquarium fish
WHAT FISHES LIVE WITHOUT OXYGEN
What fish live in the aquarium. What kind of fish to get?
AQUARIUM FISHING OF ALL FLOWERS
Purchasing Transplant Fish Transportation
AQUARIUM PLANTS: let’s talk about the benefits of plants for your aquarium!
CO2 for aquarium
The benefits and dangers of CO2 in an aquarium
Why in the aquarium …
YOU CAN AQUARIUM: all the answers
Fish and snails: enemies or friends!
How much are the fish or the price of aquarium fish!
How much can the fish in the aquarium
Perhaps the most important thing when choosing fish is to take into account their compatibility and the volume of “living space”. Do not chase the quantity!
Frequently asked questions by novice aquarists in this section:
one. Question: Did the fishes get covered with white dots, bumps?
Answer: This is ichthyophthiriosis or “semolina” fish. It is treated with Tetra Contral or Sera Kostapur. Read more here:
Ichthyotiria how to treat semolina in aquarium fish
Discussion on the forum
2 Question: Fish die, why, what to do?
Why die fish or the sad fate of goldfish!
The first symptoms of fish disease
WHAT TO DO IF FISHES ARE DISEASE OR SUSTAINABLE
We also recommend you to see the colorful brochure. Popular types of aquarium fish. This brochure contains all the popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.
(to view or download, click on the image)
NUANS OF YOUNG AQUARIUM
rules that will help to avoid problems with the aquarium
DON’T BELIEVE SELLERS.
Unfortunately, they have such a job – to smell you as much as possible. Often the sellers’ advice is wrong and aimed only at one greedy enrichment at your expense.
READ, LEARN, ASK QUESTIONS.
Actually this rule follows from the previous one – it is your weapon in the fight against lies. Your own opinion based on what you read is the key to success not only in aquarism.
Read several materials on the topic of interest, for comparison and analysis.
DO NOT HURRY, AND THEN SUCCEED.
Do not rush, do everything thoroughly. It is impossible to get ahead of time – everything that was done in a hurry will collapse soon.
DO NOT OVERDO IT.
Feed the fish once a day, “do not rub” the aquarium daily, do not fill the aquarium with fish and plants. In fact: aeration, filtration, normal water temperature and feed – these are the basic living conditions of the fish.
STUDY AND USE AQUARIUM CHEMISTRY.
This will give you the opportunity to quickly adjust the bio balance of the aquarium, to keep it clean, and in the case of illness of pets – to take action on time.
BONUS: VIDEO FOR BEGINNERS AQUARIUS ”
Before acquiring a tank for fish, it is necessary to carefully consider its design and shape so that it fits into the interior of the room as naturally as possible, does not interfere with its basic purpose and is located in a place convenient for viewing.
By design, aquariums are on a stand, on legs, suspended, angled, frame and frameless. In form, they are represented by more than a wide choice, the main of which are:
- spherical (round);
- cubic (square);
- parallelepipedal (rectangular);
- parallelepipedal with convex viewing glass (panoramic);
- prismoidal (with a regular polygon of the bottom, as a rule, high, for a floor installation);
- pyromidoidal (triangular, for closed-type aquariums).
The main parameters for choosing a tank for keeping fish in a novice aquarist are the following factors:
- correct installation, which should allow various manipulations during operation (removal or installation of the cover and backlight, feeding fish, planting plants, cleaning the filter, bottom siphon, etc.);
- the exclusion of direct sunlight on its surface;
- the number and size of the aquarium population (the required volume of the aquarium depends on this. If there is no certainty for specific fish, then take at least 1 liter of water per 1 cm of adult fish, i.e. if you want to contain 10 fish 8 cm long, you need an aquarium more than 80 liters, it will avoid overcrowding and allow it to develop well and feel comfortable for its inhabitants).
The optimal soil that can be laid in an aquarium is a small pebble. Such an approach will make it easier to adjust the gas exchange in the domestic pond. Most effectively looks dark tones.
Too bright bottom layer of the aquarium will hide the natural beauty of aquarium fish, for beginners to get involved in an aquarium of children, this will dramatically reduce the interest in underwater pets.
It is very good when the aquarium for beginners looks natural. Despite the fact that artificial plants facilitate the care of an aquarium, a natural underwater garden is preferable.
Whether it is worth putting large shells of sea rapans as decorative elements in a freshwater aquarium, decide for yourself. But, of course, if you care about the development of good taste in a child, there is no question about letting bubbles of miniature scuba divers!
Aquarium can wonderfully decorate the terraces of stones and specially prepared snags.
Before we talk about the rules of care for an aquarium, it is useful to understand what it is for. Most people keep it for beauty. Many have a rest, admiring the change of pictures behind the glass bank.
Someone keeps him in the apartment to humidify the air. Just listed is enough for the aquarium to take place in our home.
The main thing, probably, lies in the fact that caring for an aquarium opens up for many children the path to knowledge in science, where fish faithfully serve medicine, biology, and fisheries. An experienced aquarist will always find application in this industry.
It is also very important that the aquarium is a model of the terrestrial biosphere. So, in your house decided to start fish.
Where to start? With a choice of aquarium, of course.
They are glass, prefabricated (metal frame, glass walls) and plastic. The first are good because they are always at hand: any jar can be turned into an aquarium. It is better to take rectangular cans.
Round and spherical distort the shape of its inhabitants. In addition, glass aquariums have a small volume.
They can not show all the variety of colors of the water world because of the relatively small number of inhabitants, which is provided by larger prefabricated aquariums.
But do not strive to acquire a very large aquarium – more than 10 buckets. In the event of a leak, you can flood your own and neighboring housing.
It is accepted to divide prefabricated aquariums into very thin – “pictures”, a little thicker – “screens” and usual ones with a ratio of width to depth approximately one to one, and two to one lengths to them. Plastic aquariums for the constant maintenance of fish are uncomfortable: plastic quickly loses its transparency.
They are only good for transporting fish.
Choosing an aquarium, do not forget to get the necessary equipment: nets, a rubber hose for making siphons, a water thermometer, a basin, a bucket, banks of different sizes for storing feed and temporary keeping of fish, a reflector for lighting and heating water with a lamp not exceeding 10 watts for every 10 liters of volume. To hurry with the acquisition of more complex equipment: thermostats, filters, aerators – novice aquarist should not.
Over time, having gained experience and knowledge, everyone will decide how much, when and what new devices and automatons should be installed.
At home, you need to choose a place for an aquarium, then proceed to the preparatory work on its settlement with plants, clams and fish. First of all, check whether the acquired or made aquarium is flowing.
Fill it with tap water to the brim. If everything is in order, you can do the washing of the aquarium. Putty and glass in a new fish house may contain harmful substances.
They are removed during the week, daily replacing tap water. Water from local water bodies can only be used after pasteurization: two to three times heating to 80–90 degrees, in order not to introduce pathogens or parasites into the aquarium.
Last time, wash it with soap and rinse well.
The next stage is laying the ground. It is made of well-washed sand or pebbles. The soil should be 4 to 5 centimeters thick.
Pebbles can be put on its surface, better dark, to create a resemblance to a natural bottom. Now you can purchase plants. They are bottom and floating on the surface or in the water column.
First landing is best done before filling the aquarium with water. Large dark green plants should be planted in the corners and along the back wall, light – in its center, and along the front glass – plants with beautiful patterned leaves.
When planting it is important to ensure that the roots in the ground are properly located. After planting is completed, the aquarium is filled with settling tap water. She is defended for five days to get rid of chlorine.
A few days later, when the bottom plants take root, you can put floating species into the aquarium and start up clams.
By this time, the aquarium comes to life. It forms the complex world of bacteria, the smallest algae, fungi and protozoa.
Plants, releasing oxygen into the water, created favorable conditions for them. Such an aquarium is ready to meet fish or other large aquatic animals.
Aquarists contain not only fish, they have shrimps, turtles and other exotic inhabitants of the waters.
Those who take the first steps in the creation of an aquarium should begin with the most undemanding inhabitants: with cold-water goldfish or some viviparous, such as guppies.
Novice aquarists often do not know the rules for selecting fish for living together. Remember that you should not keep together cold-water and warm-water fish, predatory and peaceful, large and very small.
The density of the inhabitants of the aquarium should be optimal. When determining it, we recommend focusing on the following indicators. When keeping cold-water fish and very large heat-loving ones, take two liters of water for every centimeter of body length.
The rest of the fish need to allocate at least a liter.
What is a healthy aquarium? This is clear water, bright greens, joyful behavior of the fish. He over the years does not need a complete change of water.
In cold-water fish (they are big muddy) need to be cleaned once a week. In warm-water – once or twice a month.
Cleaning begins with cleaning the glass of bacterial algal plaque. Then remove dead and excess plant sprigs (in the event that there are too many). In a well-lit aquarium, they can take up to half the volume of water.
After completing these operations, siphon is removed from the bottom of the sludge, dirt, remnants of food. Purify water is added to a clean aquarium to the level of the previous level.
For warm-water fish, the constancy of the temperature regime is very important: temperature fluctuations during the day should not be allowed more than one degree. Although, of course, you can gradually accustom these fish to life at unusual temperatures (16 – 18 degrees), but it is still better to maintain 23 – 26 degrees in an aquarium – their living conditions in their native waters.
Very important for the normal health of pets has them proper feeding. Feed the fish should be once or twice a day. Leftovers after 10 – 15 minutes must be removed.
They pollute the environment and contribute to the appearance of putrefactive bacteria in the aquarium. If there are signs of deterioration of water, it is necessary to make a thorough cleaning, replacing up to half the volume of water in the aquarium. If this does not help, catch fish, take out plants, rinse both them and the ground.
In short, start over.
For feeding use dry, live, granulated factory feed. Try to feed the fish last, gradually adding live food.
Best of all, he was homemade.