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Aquarium from scratch

maintenance, care, compatibility

Run the aquarium from scratch. Preparation and proper launch of a new aquarium: step by step instructions

This device maintains a comfortable temperature for all participants in the system. Manufacturers also indicate the recommended volume on the packaging.

When starting the aquarium from scratch, the choice is usually not difficult.

A special beam spectrum is an important condition for the full existence of aquatic plants. They grow well under special-purpose lamps with intense lighting.

On average, one liter of water requires a power of 0.6 V, that is, at least 60 V per one hundred liters, and all 90 is better.

When there is a launch of the aquarium from scratch, it should be noted that the daylight should be the same. Automation perfectly copes with this (special timers).

The appearance of aqua world has been happening for thousands of years, so it is not possible to instantly create an optimal microclimate in the aquarium. It is not enough to buy a rack with specialized chemicals and equipment.

Starting the aquarium from scratch: step-by-step instructions for creating a new aquarium

From admin: About ten months ago, Irene appeared on the site FanFishka.ru Iren2321 – a girl with a kind and sympathetic heart, dreaming with all her soul about her first aquarium. It was communication with her that finally shaped my opinion then that the key to success of any site is: kindness, love for everything that you do and selfless help to your neighbor.
Now, FF is a huge circle of friends, it is a lively, interesting communication, it is an exchange of experience and emotions, AND THIS MEANS THAT THE STRATEGY OF RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IS TRUE!
The following article is a report of Irina, the result of the help of all members of the forum of FF set out in this forum thread – / forum / 4-243-1.

* * *
The last 5 years, one of my most cherished wishes was to acquire an aquarium! I really wanted to see – this is a “murmuring gurgling” miracle, with bright inhabitants and beautiful design inside.

Sit in the kitchen, drink tea and admire. And so! Dreams Come True!

Thanks to the forum users of our beloved FF, I decided to purchase an aquarium. At once I will say that pleasure is not cheap, so having a fairly limited budget I tried and I can try to balance my own as much as possible.
The aquarium itself can be bought cheaply, but everything, even the most necessary, equipment and accessories will fly into a pretty penny.

Choice Aquarium
The first thing that I pushed off when choosing the shape and size of the aquarium is the place where it will stand. Based on the recommendations of Feng Shui equipment, personal preferences and maximum efficiency of space use, the only place in our small apartment that was suitable for an aquarium was only the kitchen.

It is quite large and spacious, moreover, there was a free space between two windows with a width of 70 cm.

In my opinion, quite a good option:
1. Kitchen – it is always convenient to maintain the aquarium.
2. The flow of the filter does not interfere with sleep (as a result, it turned out to be noiseless).
3. A great place to properly admire the aquarium – just opposite the dining table. The center of the aquarium is at eye level.
It turns out that you need an aquarium that would fit in the width between the windows, but was not too small to be in harmony with the interior of the kitchen.

The second thing I was thinking about for a very long time was how much I could properly equip the aquarium without having the slightest experience in aquarism.
After much deliberation, consultations with experienced aquarists, I stopped at an aquarium of an average volume of 100 liters. This is not much, but not enough. A larger aquarium will be of unacceptable size for me, and a smaller one will cause a lot of difficulties in setting up a biosystem.

The next question is the shape of the aquarium.
I liked the traditional rectangular shape of the aquarium and the lens (with a convex front glass). The decisive factor in determining the shape of the aquarium was the financial aspect. To save money, I decided to order the manufacture of an aquarium, so the choice fell on a rectangle.

He glued him not a professional (as I understood later), but simply a man who had already pasted several aquariums and had succeeded.
The size of the aquarium is 70 * 35 * 40 cm, i.e. in fact, not even 100 liters, but 90 liters.
Yes, it came out cheaper than buying an aquarium in a store, but there are still some flaws. Stiffeners were glued at the top of the aquarium with a height of 7 cm, which visually and functionally reduced its height. Self-adhesive was glued poorly and during transportation scratches were made on the glass.

All this, of course, made me very upset, but this is my FIRST aquarium. After 3 months, no problems with the quality of glued seams have arisen, which means that everything is not so bad! 🙂
Installation of an aquarium For the time being, she adapted an old Soviet book table as a pedestal for the aquarium: they removed the castors and extendable supports, put pieces of linoleum under the legs, checked both sides of the table with a level. A piece of polystyrene 5 cm high was put under the aquarium (which house they found). Later disguised him with MDF sheets.

Already 3 months is so aquarium, the table cover is not bent.

Preparing to start the aquarium Aquarium washed without diligence, i.e. without washing and cleaning, filled with water for a day to check the quality of the seams. All is well!

Water leaked.

Lighting The question of coverage was my husband. He took out a Soviet lamp from the bins and glued it to the glass, the dimensions of which corresponded to the width of the aquarium, but less than its depth, so that there would be a gap for the wires and the possibility of feeding the fish.

To the inside of the lamp pasted mirror as reflector. The luminaire has built-in 2 LD fluorescent lamps of 20 W each (which were also available).

Equipment While I was waiting for the aquarium, I ordered the most necessary equipment in the online store:
one. Internal filter, Aquael FAN 3 Plus.
2 Thermostat Xilong AT-700, 200 watts.
3 Timer Feron TM12 – timer daily electro-mechanical compact.
four. The background is two-sided.
The filter, in my humble experience of a novice aquarist, copes well with cleaning 100 liters of water.
The timer is a necessary thing, you can buy it at an electrical appliance store, it costs 5 cu very helpful. Set the lighting time and the light turns on and off when needed.
With gluing the background did not work out. The background was pasted together with her husband in a hurry, they hurried to launch the aquarium. Husband insisted glue on the soap, he just knew how to do it.

Glued from the outside of the aquarium.
Result:
– the background never stuck.
– there were terrible soap stains, which were perfectly visible in the foreground of the aquarium.
In the end, I watched this unpleasant picture for another month, and then spat – peeled off the background, rubbed the back wall dry and glued it on the sides with adhesive tape, temporarily. It became easier for me, even if the terrible white divorces are not visible.
Conclusion: you need to glue the background correctly and from inside the aquarium. See the article on FF – here.

The choice of soil and its preparation. Errors made. Soil I chose the black basalt fines.

I needed 20 kg of soil for my volume of aquarium, which is, of course, right next to it, and a little more.
Soil I washed 3 times. Tired and decided that would be enough.

Was wrong. After she poured water into the aquarium, a terrible murk rose and settled on its walls.

Dirt had to tear off around the perimeter of the aquarium, which, in turn, settled on the equipment and plants. The spectacle is not pleasant!
. The soil must be washed until the water is completely clean.
In addition, for good plant growth, you need to fill the top dressing layer in the ground. I did not do this, which I later regretted.

Decor Though I am a novice, I did not imagine artificial decorations in my aquarium. I dream of a chic herbalist, created by hand.

Therefore, a beautiful snag, entwined with moss – the most it!
One snag, I ordered via the Internet, already ready for placement in the aquarium, and the second my husband and I decided to do it ourselves.
Since I was just delighted with somics (and later it turned out that all the other family members, too) chose a vine for this purpose. Her husband cleaned and brought me for further processing.

I boiled a snag in a solution of salt for half a day, and after two days I soaked it in water.

Selection and planting plants For me, an aquarium without live plants is not an aquarium, so I read information about plants for beginners, which were not particularly demanding in terms of water parameters and lighting, I had seen photos and descriptions of aqua design and acquired the following plants:
1.Parthorn Thailand – 2pcs.
2. Cryptocoryne (I don’t know which one) – 10 pcs. (I don’t remember exactly).
3. Moh javanese – 1 sp. Box (attached to the snag)
4. Anubias -nana – 3 pcs. (attached to snags)
5. Indian Indian – 2 pcs. (while floating on the surface)
6. Limnobium – 5pcs.
7.Pissures – 3pcs.

I filled the soil in the aquarium, as it should be – to the back wall the ground level is higher than in the foreground (to enhance the effect of the depth and volume of the aquarium). Filled the aquarium up to half defended water, with the addition of Tetra AquaSafe. She weaved a snag with a fishing line, securing Yavan moss on it and planted the plants.

Completely filled the aquarium with water.
A week later, I became the happy owner of a whole bucket of plants that our beloved admin Oleg sent me.
There were the following plants:
1. Cryptocoryne – 8 pcs.
2. Vallisneria – a lot.
3. Echinodorius – 1 pc.
4. Ludwig red.
All gladly landed.

Basic aquarium accessories After the launch of the aquarium in the next few days in the store of my city, I bought the following accessories for the aquarium, without which one can not do:
1. Thermometer – JERO sticker (the most expensive one that was in the store).
2. Net.
3. Siphon.
4. Magnetic brush.

The only thing I am pleased with is a net, but, strictly speaking, there are no serious technical requirements for it.
Due to my inexperience, I did the stupid thermometer – I stuck it inside the aquarium, not outside. I learned about that much later after I threw such an expensive purchase in my product category into the urn. Placed in the water, he showed it is not clear that, one could only guess, at the same time several temperature indicators were glowing at once.

Behind him was going to the dirt, which terribly annoyed me. As a result, I peeled it off, but he did not stick back … threw it out. At the moment there is no thermometer in the aquarium.

I repent, I forget to buy, I hope for the excellent work of the thermostat.
Siphon bought the only one that was in the store – the cheapest for 35 UAH., There was no choice. I am not happy with it. I plan to buy this:
From the magnetic brush, I was at first simply delighted with a calf. After she quickly cleaned all the dirt that had accumulated from the start of the aquarium, I considered it one of the most successful inventions of mankind. Then I noticed that all this mud settled on plants, soil and decor.

This sight resembled the terrain near a metallurgical plant. Fortunately, the filter did not let us down and in a few days cleared everything up.

After a while, I made this brush scratches on the inside of the glass. If even the slightest little cave, even the most imperceptible will fall between the teeth of the brush – all terrible scratches on the glass are inevitable.

And to my utter disillusionment with this device, I noticed that as it was used, its cleansing abilities fade away. As a conclusion, you need to look for an alternative to it.

Aquarium dwellers The following inhabitants live in my aquarium:
1) Som Antsitrus – the very first resident, settled on the launch day, despite all the prohibitions and warnings. Moved great!

My little son’s favorite fish!
2) Angelfish – the main in the aquarium, periodically chasing everyone, fish with character.
3) Swordsmen – 5 pcs.
4) Algae – just a wonderful fish, bringing a lot of benefits to the aquarium.
5) Apistogram ramiresi – a beautiful and unusual little innocent Tsykhlida.
6) Chery shrimps – I don’t know exactly how many pieces there are at the moment, because they are rarely even seen one by one. There is a fear that the scalar is hunting for shrimp.
7) Ampularia – 2 pcs., Got into my tank in a very neglected state – the greenest! Their husband brought from the kindergarten aquarium where he works. I even scared to imagine what kind of water there is!

A month later, both snails are almost completely pretty orange!
There were 2 Gourami – Honey and Marble. Marble did not grow at all and died before my eyes, and Medovaya lived for a long time behind the filter, her other aquarium inhabitants somehow didn’t complain much, and then suddenly and completely disappeared (she didn’t know that this was the case).


Difficulties after launching the aquarium During the first two days after the launch of the aquarium, a part of the floating plants turned yellow and Cryptocorynes began to actively stratify. I did not place any fertilizer for plants in the aquarium, so I immediately ran to the store and bought Aqua Bio Start and PlantaMin. The first, opening 1 capsule, I sprinkled into the water, and the second poured as indicated in the instructions 5 ml per 100 liters.
I do not know how effective these actions were, but a month later half of Kryptocoryn died (apparently, they started Kryptocorynous disease).

Today, 3.5 months after the launch of the aquarium, the state of the plants is as follows:
– Cryptocoryne narrow-leaved hilinkie and especially do not multiply.
– Pistia was gone, apparently Limnobium squeezed it out.
– Fern Thailand on the last breath.
– There are almost no red plants.
– Javanese moss barely holds on.
– The Indian fern breeds and grows.
– Limnobium is growing.
– Anubiasas nano is growing slowly but surely.

Aquarium care problems. My observations.
The problem of lighting and alga Blackbeard
The worst news in the second month, after the launch of my aquarium, was the appearance of one of the nastiest algae – Black beard. After reading the recommendations on FF and other resources, I took action.

After 2 weeks, only short, whitish hairs remained from the terrible long hairs of the Blackbeard, barely visible on a couple of plants. I hope there will be no relapse.

I analyzed and realized my mistakes, I mean the reasons for the appearance of such an unpleasant aquarium guest.
As I guess, as a result of poor lighting, the plants in my tank felt bad. Therefore, 2.5 months after launch, I replaced one ordinary one with a special Sval Aquastar F18W / T8 / G13 special aqualamp.

At first, for joy, I left the lighting for 10 hours with a break of 2 hours. After 3 days, all plants turned brown – reduced daylight hours to 6 hours.

Honestly, I did not see any positive changes. The plant grows poorly (in my opinion it is even worse than before), the red ones did not turn red, and besides, the pleasure of observing the aquarium is much less, because the illumination is only 6 hours. What to do?

I don’t know yet. But, I will definitely follow the instructions of this article. Aquarium lighting and choice of lamps.

Pleasant surprises and impressions from the new hobby
At the end of the second month of my aquarium life, my husband and I made an installation for supplying CO2, using the instruction. The result is very pleased – the plants are significantly accelerated in growth.

I didn’t dare to acquire an aquarium for a long time, not only due to financial reasons, but also as a result of doubts: Can I ?, Do I have enough time for that, because I have a small child ?, is there enough patience ?. I could! Enough of everything!

Care of the aquarium takes a little time. I have about 1 hour a week. Of course, it is possible to replace water faster and siphon a primer, but I get tremendous pleasure when picking up plants, replanting them, so I do everything slowly.

At the same time, I do the cleaning of the aquarium not when the child sleeps, but with it. He likes to click on the siphon’s pump so that some water begins to flow, sit and wash his hands in a bucket or touch the remains of plants.

Time can always be found. After all, it’s still better to care for the fish with your child than to sit in front of the TV.
Sometimes the aquarium helps me a lot when I need to distract my son for a while, I begin to ask: Where’s the catfish ?, Show me the new fish we bought together yesterday ?, And what are the snails doing now? The child instantly runs to the aquarium and can get stuck near it even for a few minutes!

And for a young mother with a huge pile of cases every minute counts!
My child is not yet two years old, until she speaks, but she is perfectly distinguished by the names of the fish – what is not developing a lesson with a baby?
The aquarium fell in love with our whole family, even the husband who buhtel, that it is expensive, where to put it, when you take care of it, that you fall into childhood, sometimes puts a chair to the aquarium and sits watching TV.
The aquarium has become part of the life of our entire family! I would like to thank Oleg once again – adminaff and all concerned forum members who gave me the opportunity to enter such a mysterious and magical world of aquarism!

Launching a new aquarium is a complex process that requires careful preparation. In order to properly organize the launch of a new aquarium for fish, you need to prepare the aquarium itself, plants for it, decorations, a filtration system, a backlight, and a compressor with a spray. After purchasing all the equipment, it is installed, then water is poured.

But that is not all. In the aquarium should be formed favorable biological environment of beneficial bacteria.

Now you need to prepare equipment for the aquarium. Determine where it is better to put the compressor with air ducts, how to connect the lighting and the water heater. Consider where you can leave the net for transportation, the siphon with the hose, the scraper and the water collection tank.

If you have thought about where you will install the equipment, you can lay the soil substrate.

Decide in advance on the type of soil – it can be gravel, pebbles or sand. Soil needs to be processed, wash out all suspended particles and remnants of large fragments. Some types of soil need to be treated with boiling water, in any case detergent.

After preparing the ground, the next day you can plant unpretentious aquarium plants in it, such as valisneria, anubias, hornolistnik, elodeya and others.

Watch the video with recommendations for choosing aquarium soil.

Next you need to pour prepared water into the tank. You can not pour the water recruited from the tap, it is harmful and toxic.

Let her stand for 3-4 days to get chlorine fumes out of it. It will heat to room temperature.

Take measurements of water parameters using indicators. When all indicators meet the standards, you can pour water.

Later, place stones, rocks, caves, earthenware pots and treated wood snags in the tank. Attach the filtration system (external or internal filter), aerator, heating system, thermometer.

If the equipment manual allows, you can install mechanisms after the water inlet. For a decorative aquascape, all parts must be as hidden as possible.

With the help of large stones, driftwood and bushes of plants you can cover the installation.


After all the preparations, the water can be poured in little by little, so that the soil does not become washed out and the water does not become cloudy. On a layer of soil you can put a ceramic plate, and pour water directly on it. Then turn on all devices and check their performance.

Inspect the tank for damage.

Start the aquarium correctly – the first task of the aquarist

Preparation of the aquarium for launch begins with the introduction of soil into it

The added tap water for some time should just be left in the aquarium so that it will settle. The duration of this period for supporters of traditional methods is several days.

At the same time, there are special modern tools, adding which you can shorten this period to one day and carry out a quick launch of the aquarium.

Then the water is inhabited by microorganisms that are involved in the processes occurring in the water. To make this process faster, it is recommended to turn on the filter and saturate the water with air.

After the water is saturated with the simplest life, unpretentious plants are planted in the ground. And although some types of plants are quite acceptable to transfer the landing before filling the aquarium with water, it is better to do it after.

Plants should not be much.

Together with the planting of plants, you can begin to turn on the light for a short time: 4-6 hours.

A day later it will be possible to launch snails into the aquarium. Thanks to the products of their vital activity, the number of bacteria will increase, which will help establish equilibrium in the nitrogen cycle.

Only in 3 weeks from the moment of launch it will be possible to land half of the total planned “green spaces”. At this time, there will already be enough light for them, and they can no longer upset the balance.

Launching the aquarium, each owner is looking forward to the moment when it will be possible to run fish into it. After a few days from the very beginning of the process, it is possible to increase the lighting time of the aquarium to 9 or even 12 hours. At the same time, unpretentious types of fish are launched.

Their number should not exceed one third of the population allowed for the selected aquarium volume. With the proper start of the aquarium, it is very important not to feed the fish at this time.

It will not suffer from such a forced starvation diet, but it is easy to break the forming nitrogen cycle by feeding, which will lead to the need to restart the aquarium. It will be possible to organize food for the fish only 4 days after their stay in the emerging ecosystem.

A few days after the launch of the first fish, you can populate the aquarium with fish in half of their estimated number. At this time, it is already possible to release more capricious species of fish – the threat to them is minimal.

At the same time, it is already worth replacing one-fifth of the water, and at the same time siphoning the primer. It is also time to rinse the filter.

A week later, all the fish will be planted, the same amount of water will be replaced again, the filter cleaned and the soil cleaned.

The decomposition products of fish and other macro-organisms living in an aquarium, when decomposed, are converted into ammonia, which is dangerous for them at even low concentrations. This is such a toxic compound that its concentration at the level of 0.2-0.5 mg / l is fatal for the inhabitants of the reservoir, and when the content of ammonia in the water in a proportion of 0.01-0.02 mg / l in fish, immunity is significantly reduced.

As a result, they become very vulnerable to all sorts of diseases and parasites.

Proper start-up of the aquarium is aimed at ensuring that microorganisms inhabiting the water could process the entire volume of ammonia. Then it practically will not be in the aquarium, which can be verified with the help of special tests.

It is decided that we will have an aquarium! He has already been selected and purchased, the equipment is waiting for the coolest next to him in beautiful boxes, the bottom is already filled with bright red brilliant, terribly spectacular soil, and there is a ceramic crocodile on it that will blow bubbles. Now we pour water and, while she stands up for an hour or two, let’s go to the pet shop and buy the best fish there – those with long fins, and other yellow ones with red dots (whatever they are called? However, it doesn’t matter, the main thing is beautiful) …

Stop! No matter how commendable is the desire to join the fascinating world of aquarism, this process should not be forced, otherwise the first experience may be so deplorable that one does not want to continue.

Let’s tolerate a little more and see what should happen to a glass jar full of water in order for it to become an aquarium.

Aquarium is a balanced biological system in which many living organisms coexist. These are not only fish and plants planted by the host, but also self-inhabited small invertebrates, protozoa, algae, bacteria. And in order for the aquarium to be beautiful and comfortable for life, the whole system must be in balance.

Substances entering it from the outside should be processed without deteriorating the vital indicators of water and not causing death or, on the contrary, uncontrolled outbreak of the number of any inhabitants, and then removed from the system during water changes and cleaning the aquarium.

Above, we wrote that for the reproduction of beneficial bacteria need nutrition and substrate. And, of course, the initial number of the bacterial colony matters.

Thus, in order to accelerate the maturation of the biofilter and, accordingly, the launch of the aquarium, you can immediately add a significant amount of bacteria to the artificial reservoir and prepare a large area substrate for them (there is enough nutrition for the bacteria in the starting aquarium).

Bacteria are introduced with the help of industrial starter culture (we also mentioned about them above) or with water, soil, filter filler from the existing, safe aquarium. To ensure a sufficient area of ​​the substrate for bacteria, it is recommended to use filters with fillers made of porous ceramics or filters of considerable volume with other fillers, plant plants with narrow, feathery leaves, and use fine gravel of even size as the soil.

All these surfaces will inhabit nitrifying bacteria.

Startup control of the aquarium greatly facilitates the use of tests for aquarium water for ammonia and nitrite. These tests are produced by different manufacturers and are not uncommon in pet stores.

With their help, you can track the level of these toxic compounds in the water and adjust the population of fish in the running aquarium.

As you can see, the correct launch of the aquarium takes not so much time – it is quite possible to suffer two or three weeks. It does not require a colossal amount of strength and special academic knowledge.

But it helps to avoid many problems in the future, preserves the life and health of the fish, and therefore, the nerves and good mood to their owner.

О admin

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