maintenance, care, compatibility
The red-necked turtle spends most of its life (25-30 years) in the aquatic environment. Heat-loving, capricious representative of tropical reservoirs, so with their own hands will have to issue a quality aquarium that will serve her for many years.
The maintenance of a turtle involves the installation of an aquarium (aquaterrarium) with a volume of 150 liters per adult. In the tank, the water should be 40 cm deep, but proportional to the size of the pet – small turtles swim poorly, water can be less.
It is important that it is freely located in water, and the liquid completely covers the shell. On the aquarium there should be a cover with holes for the access of air, so that after the water swimming the reptile will go to the land to take a sip of air and warm up.
In the aquatic environment, you need to monitor the parameters of water: the water temperature is 22-28 degrees – at low temperature, the turtle will become slow-moving, lethargic, give up feed and can get sick. River representatives of this species fall asleep in the water for the winter, but it is not necessary to force the pet into a state of hibernation.
The acidity and hardness of water are recommended medium, the animal can live in infused water from the tap. For settlement of several turtles a spacious aquarium is required, not less than 200 liters, with a water surface and a coastal embankment.
Watch a video about the content of red-eared turtles.
Maintain cleanliness in the aquarium for the red-eared turtle can be either with your own hands, or with the help of an internal filter, which is often used in aquariums with fish. It is recommended to update the water 1-2 times a week, depending on the degree of water pollution. Turtles eat under water, so cloudiness, the formation of foam and silt are possible.
Harmful organic compounds are harmful to their health. With the accumulation of nitrates and ammonia in the water, it begins to produce an unpleasant odor. New water should be the same parameters as the previous one, but in no case fresh from the tap (only infused).
To illuminate the pond, you can put an ultraviolet lamp.
The longha turtle prefers not only swimming, but also swimming in the sun. Be sure to build a shore, land – with your own hands make a small ledge of pebbles (but not shallow), attaching stones to each other using aquarium sealant.
Do not install wood planks – they quickly get wet, grow moldy, parasites infest. Place a lamp above the land – due to the heat on the tortoise’s body, the parasites “die out”, it is heated.
Water is heated with a special heating device (some distributors use a tube with an integrated thermostat).
What else can you install in the aquarium with your own hands
Aquaterrarium for the eared turtle – content care photo description.
A properly equipped aquarium with adequate size is necessary for keeping domesticated turtles at home. It would be more correct to call it aquaterrarium, since such a reservoir contains not only water space, but also an island of land.
Buy housing for turtles can be in the spec. stores or do it yourself.
Since the reptile is quite demanding to the place of residence, you need to know how to properly equip an aquarium for a red-eared turtle. Your pet’s home should be as close as possible to its natural habitat.
Only in this case, your ward will be healthy and happy in its own way.
Approach to the choice of an aquarium should be based on the size of your red-eared pet or (if you have a young individual) take immediately “for growth”. Keep in mind. that in a few years a tiny little turtle the size of a peach seed will turn into an adult individual the size of a saucer.
The optimal size of the aquarium, depending on the size of the turtle:
- babies from 3 to 10 cm – 50 liters;
- young turtles from 10 to 16 cm – 80 liters;
- big turtles from 17 to 25 cm – 150 liters;
- adult animals – from 150 liters.
In order to prevent the runner from escaping, the top of the aquaterrarium should be covered with a lid that allows air to pass through well.
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Domestic turtle at home: content from A to Z
For almost everyone who wants to have a turtle, the first problem is to find an adequate capacity and purchase equipment. And then they begin to understand that the content is more complex than they imagined.
And very often the owners simply do not buy what they need, and then the animal suffers and dies.
There is even such a simple thing, how to put a terrarium on can cause problems. Aquarium for a red-eared turtle from 150 liters, plus water, equipment, shore.
The output will be more than three hundred pounds, and not just a table stand it.
A more spacious aquarium will allow your aquatic turtle to remain more active and healthy. Attention!
Remember – if you keep the tortoise in crush, it will not remain small! This is a common misconception that also applies to aquarium fish and other animals.
She will be sick, twisted, but not small!
Since the red-eared turtle is a water species, it spends most of its time in water, so monitoring its quality is very important. Turtles eat, sleep and empty into the water, so filter, change it often.
Dirty water is one of the sources of discomfort, disease and infection.
The minimum water level in the aquarium is such that the tortoise could roll over if it suddenly finds itself on its back. That is not less than the width of its shell.
However, if possible, you need to keep it higher, because the more water, the more stable it is and the cleaner it remains. When this access to the shore of a turtle should be free, it should be able at any time to climb on it and warm up.
The water must be set aside for at least 24 hours, so that chlorine leaves it and it acquires room temperature. Attention!
The temperature of the water in the aquarium with a red-eared turtle should be 22-28 ° C and not fall below 20, if you have this possible, then it should be heated with a heater. Be sure to use a thermometer, do not trust your feelings! The cleanliness of the water is very important, as the turtles eat and empty in it.
Very quickly accumulate harmful substances, ammonia and nitrates, the water begins to stink. To avoid this, the water in the aquarium with a red-ear turtle is replaced once or twice a week. You can also use an internal or external filter, however, this does not cancel the water change.
For a turtle, internal filters are too thin, and external filters are good, but are quite expensive.
How long can a turtle live without water? For a long time, it happens that they run away from the aquarium and the owners find them only after a few days, sluggish, but alive.
In general, a day or two she will live in peace, but will suffer from drying out.
Feeding the red-eared turtle with vegetable feed
So, you decided to have a red-eared tortoise. You can just go to the market or to the pet store and choose the first one.
And it can be more difficult, first read, learn, create conditions, buy and take it to the vet. What for?
Vendors often keep them in inappropriate conditions, and the vet will check the tortoise for wounds, infections, tightness, and illness.
If you already have turtles, it is best to keep them in quarantine for 3 months. You can not keep together the young and adult turtles, so it is fraught with accidental and deliberate injuries!
Only similar in size and conditions of housing turtles can live together.
After the purchase and change of residence, it may take several days to adapt. During this time, the red-eared tortoise can be both inhibited and very active, it is better to leave it alone, but do not forget to feed and watch.
After you hold the tortoise in your hands, wash them with soap! This is especially important for children, because despite the fact that the red-eared turtle is domestic, it lives in a different environment and there are other bacteria.
It is especially important to monitor the cleanliness of the aquarium and the freshness of the feed, since the red-eared turtles can tolerate salmonellosis.
Ideally, any animal in the house should not have access to the kitchen and to the places where food is prepared. Avoid washing the turtle in the kitchen sink, and do not wash the aquarium and accessories there.
Most turtles appearing in a home aquarium are still young. They are still very gentle and it is important to ensure that they eat well and are comfortable.
They have a high mortality rate, are susceptible to disease and can die for no apparent reason.
If you notice something on the plastron of your turtle, then it may be a yolk sac. Freshly hatched turtles consume nutrients from it and should not be removed or touched.
They may refuse food during the first time, and begin to eat after the yolk sac has completely resolved.
Try not to hold small turtles on your hands. They are, of course, beautiful and elegant, but at the same time they can be frightened, fall into stress and get sick.
Do not stand over the aquarium and do not knock on the glass, let them grow thin for a few days, start eating. It is very important that the temperature of water and air (sushi) be stable.
It is impossible to put an aquarium with a shepherd turtle in direct sunlight or in a draft. Make sure that it has free access to land and this place is heated with a special lamp.
The temperature of the content for cubs should be slightly higher than for adult turtles! This is 26-27С for water and up to 32С for sushi.
Water should be as clean as possible and if there is no good filter, then replace every couple of days. Feeding – branded feed for turtles with calcium, their benefit is now a wide choice. As already mentioned, do not keep young and adult turtles together.
Remember, most problems can be avoided simply by creating the necessary conditions.
Aquatic turtles – a description of popular species, sharing with fish
Aquatic turtles – a description of popular species, sharing with fish
The relevance of this topic is raised by many newcomers to the aquarium world and not only by them.
Often, on the Internet you come across a funny video where turtles swim peacefully with fish, and on the forums you can see photos of the joint content of fish and turtles with forest reviews.
Also, the interest of friends is fueled by the interest that guppies offend their soft-bodied tortoise !?
Having watched and read all this, the aquarist thinks about it – and that’s true. Why not. After all, in the natural – natural conditions turtles, fish, frogs, snakes and other reptiles live together – in the same area!
So all this can be recreated at home?
Well, let’s take a closer look at this issue and see real examples of turtles living together with fish!
So, for a start it is worth noting that a turtle is a turtle! Therefore, we propose to consider four types of turtles that are in demand among fans of aquarium-terrarium living creatures.
Pond turtle and aquarium fish
This species of turtles is often called the sea eared red tortoise. I emphasize that this turtle has never been a marine turtle.
This is a completely freshwater resident.
Contrary to the expectations of many who want to have this kind of turtles, these individuals require a fairly wide space to move. For one or two such Tartill requires an aquarium of at least 100 liters.
Also, the aquarium should be equipped with an island for recreation, and a powerful filter. Aeration is not required, as the turtles breathe atmospheric air, crawling to the surface. In pet stores sell special islands for turtles, which are installed at the bottom of the aquarium.
70% of the island is under water. For the convenience of landfall there is a smooth rise to the surface, which has a rather rough surface with protrusions so that the legs of the tortoise have something to cling to.
It is equally important to remember that the tallest part of the island should be about 20-30 cm from the lid, depending on the size of the pet. in diameter shell. These representatives of armor-clad despite the external slowness and awkwardness very much like to arrange shoots from the paternal house, therefore, in order to avoid searching for a pet throughout the apartment, the requirement to locate the island is better observed.
Most of the day turtles spend in the water, they crawl out to the island to rest and warm up. That is why it is necessary to equip the house of the turtle with an incandescent lamp, which will be directed to the islet. At the same time, the water temperature should not exceed 26 degrees, warm water is detrimental to the turtle and entails not only poor health, but also the formation of various fungal diseases.
At lower temperatures (up to 18 degrees), the turtle feels comfortable.
It is necessary to change water in turtles no more than once a month, as they are rather clean and do not need frequent water changes, which is very convenient for their owners.
The diet of the red-eared turtle for the most part includes animal feed. They are fed with bloodworms, a pipe worker and special granules of dry food, sometimes fed with lettuce or young cabbage. Adults should be given Gamarus (water crustaceans) dry and raw.
Also, red-eared turtles like to feast on boiled fish, or shreds of chicken and beef meat.
Considering all the above, VERDICT – it’s absolutely impossible to keep this turtle together with fish! The conditions of detention and the parameters (quality) of water in almost all freshwater fish species are fundamentally different from the conditions of housing of the red-eared turtle, by almost all criteria.
Cohabitation will be painful. But the most important reason why you should never keep a bug in an aquarium with fish is because turtles are predators.
Floppy, sluggish, funny and safe on land, in the water of the turtle turn into excellent swimmers with an unrivaled sense of prey. If a young turtle is possible and will not hunt for fish, then growing up … all scaly inhabitants of the aquarium will turn into a high-class food for it.
For more doubters. Here is a marginal video (censorship) on the same topic. Marsh turtle and fish
Under the conditions of the content, the marsh turtle does not differ much from the red-eared. But this is a larger species of turtles and therefore one or two individuals require at least 150 liters.
In marsh turtles, calcium deficiency is not rarely observed; therefore, in addition to the incandescent lamp, it is necessary to equip an aquarium with an ultraviolet lamp and supplement the ration with crushed eggshell. The rest of their dining table is almost a mirror image of a red-eared turtle’s table.
The marsh turtle is even more aggressive than its red-ear relative. Here and the video is not needed.
They bite, with it, quite sensitive and an adult individual can bite through the skin of a person, so taking such a pet is not recommended.
Thus, we can conclude that this breed of turtles is even smaller than the previous one is suitable for sharing with aquarium fish.
Trionix turtle and fishTrionix is a soft-bodied turtle.
Its shell is a thick leathery cover.
Unlike the above described species of turtles, the Trionixes practically do not need an island. For them, a small building with a smooth rise, which does not necessarily have its beginning right on the bottom, may well suit.
This is a fully aquatic turtle. An elongated spout allows them to get the necessary oxygen on the surface of the water without any difficulty, and after that they do not need it for a long time.
But at the same time, the aquarium should be equipped with continuous filtration and aeration, since this species of turtles needs clean water and can receive oxygen without rising to the surface. This is a very active and fun creation. Thrionyxes like to dig in shallow soil or sand, leaving only a small elongated face on the surface.
Comfortable water temperature for them is 24-26 degrees, although experts have noticed that without harm to health, they live in temperatures ranging from 20 to 30 degrees. The required volume of a house for Trionix should be at least 150 liters per individual.
In its natural habitat it is a strong and dangerous predator, eating fish, small crustaceans. Not infrequently, this type of shellfish loves to feast on the laying of eggs by a negligent bird, which nests not on the shore of a pond, river or lake, where these “vandals” live.
The mouth of Thronex is equipped with a teeth saw, and therefore its bites to the human hand may not like even more than the bites of a marsh turtle.
However, under the conditions of keeping this turtle is more suitable for sharing with the fish and therefore it is not rare to be found in the general aquarium. BUT! There are a few key points:
– No plants planted in the ground will not survive familiarity with Trionix. If you care for your green spreads, you will have to give up Thrionix.
Harmful tortoise pulls out plants with a root, digs up the ground wherever possible, and where it is impossible, it digs up it three times more actively. Small decorative elements also forever interfere with this type of turtles.
– This is a predator. Very fast, both in water and on land, unlike other types of turtles.
– If, however, the above written does not cool your fervor in acquiring this miracle, it is worth noting that this turtle can settle down with fish only if you take it in the most possible, young age, and follow the rich and varied food menu.
And in conclusion, it would be a crime not to say that even if you follow all the precautions, it does not guarantee that Trionix will never look to your fish. Experienced aquarists know that all fish, even of one species, have their own character.
The same can be said about turtles. There are no guarantees that the predator’s instinct embedded in this tiny creation does not emerge.
One phrase can say: “these turtles can be kept in an aquarium with fish, but only at a young” young “age.” Then you still need to seat!
Here is a video for reflection !!
The author of the video called him: “Turtle (Trionix) – Lucy frightened fish”
Double-tailed tine aquatic turtle
This species of turtles is very similar to the sea counterparts, however, it is freshwater. It can also live in slightly brackish water.
Perhaps this is the only species of turtles that can live peacefully and without incident with any fish, since for the most part this beauty is a vegetarian. Unpretentious, need a temperature of 23-27 degrees.
Filtration and aeration are naturally necessary, but they do not require any additional equipment.
They say about these turtles that they do not swim, but fly around the aquarium. Having a pretty good looks, this miracle pleases the eye.
But there are a number of significant drawbacks:
– Space. If a young turtle of this species (up to two years) can live in a volume of 200 to 500 liters, then an adult turtle needs at least 1000l.
Double-eared turtles grow up to 50 cm in diameter of the shell.
– Price. From $ 200 to $ 800, which is significantly different from the prices of the types described above.
This species is still little studied, little common for sale, but already popular with aquarists. And according to this, all the “experiments” with this turtle remain on the conscience of the owner.
So let’s summarize. For the most part, keeping together completely different aquatic inhabitants like fish and turtles is not worth it.
There are lots of attractive alternatives to diversify your aquarium. Humanity knows an incredible number of species of turtles, and so few of those that can be kept at home.
And this suggests that even these few species need their own home, equipped especially for them and only for them. You should not try the fate of their pets, checking their tails and abdomen for strength.
Finally – here is a good video about fish and turtles. But, alas, here are the comments left by the author of the video in YouTube: Eugene Karpenko 3 years ago, all the Swordtails have long been gone 🙂 but the catfish is already much more than turtles. even until recently, the barbus lived quite well. half a year somewhere. recently disappeared somewhere too 🙂 Smileys of the author, can be replaced by bitter oops)))
the author of the article – Jan Terekhov,
for the provided material and cooperation!
Aquarium turtles are prominent representatives of one of four existing reptile groups. You can not confuse them with any other animals because of their extraordinary appearance. All types of aquarium turtles, as, indeed, the other representatives, are wearing a solid protection – horny or leather shell.
In order to maintain a turtle at home, you need to choose only those that live in freshwater bodies of water.
The future owner will have to not only acquire an aquarium, but also think about the arrangement of the islands of the suspended structure. And it should be done in such a way that the “new residents” would be comfortable to climb on them.
There are several types of aquarium turtles that you can wind up at home. In the photo you can see the most common.
Red-eared aquarium turtle: features and conditions of detention
The most frequent among our compatriots in aquariums for turtles can be found marsh, snake, and red-eared turtle. These kinds of species are common among fans of these animals.
Aquariums for the red-eared turtle are especially popular in pet stores. This aquarium turtle is popular for its simple care and its bright color.
These animals grow quite quickly. It takes only five years for the shell of a small turtle to reach 30 centimeters in diameter.
How many red-eared turtles live in an aquarium? At home, they live long enough – at least 30 years.
However, for this they need the right care. The males have a long tail, wide at the base, but the females cannot boast such an impressive tail part.
Just look at the photo to determine another characteristic feature of the males – long claws on the front paws.
The first thing you need is an aquarium for a red-eared turtle. For young individuals of small size, you can choose aquariums in the pet store, and you can also buy a terrarium. However, in such a “pond” fit only small turtles.
For adults, the habitat will have to be made to order.
When ordering an aquarium you need to consider that it should be quite roomy – at least 200 liters. Only a spacious “abode” will allow the tortoise to feel comfortable. Do not, however, forget to close the aquarium lids.
Otherwise, she can escape.
Most of the time animals spend in water. But when arranging the reservoir, you need to take care that in the aquarium for turtles was a small island.
Animals will have to climb it effortlessly. The surface of the water should warm up well.
For this, a lamp is placed directly above the island, which will warm the air to 28-30 degrees.
A large aquarium for a water turtle must be equipped with a special filter for water purification. Change the water in a large aquarium should be as it is polluted, in the small – no more than once a month.
Feed the red-eared tortoise should be plant and animal food, but the diet should be varied so that the animal does not get sick. Young individuals feed on a daily basis, but after three years of age it is enough to feed them three times a week.
The maintenance of turtles, especially red-eared, requires special attention. So, animals tolerate very cold.
In the winter, in order to warm the turtles use a special ultraviolet lamp. Warmed up the turtle in the winter you need 3 times a week.
In the summer, everything is much simpler, it is enough to provide natural light, for which aquariums are placed in fresh air, but do not allow direct sunlight.
This species does not often enter aquarium turtle aquariums. More often, compatriots choose “overseas friends” than a resident of the reservoirs of our country.
Photos clearly demonstrate that the marsh turtle is aquatic, which means that it needs an aquarium with water. The nutrition of such an animal deserves great attention.
The aquatic species is a pronounced predator, so it cannot eat only greens, it will weaken and become sick from such food.
You should not release a pet for an independent walk around the house or apartment. After such walks, the animal is very often sick because of the drafts in the house. Yes, and in the dark on a turtle, you can easily step on.
In one terrarium can not contain several turtles of different sizes.
How to equip an aquarium for eared turtles :: aquarium for turtles photos :: Other pets
The red-skin turtle is a species of American freshwater turtles, which is very popular with reptile lovers all over the world. With proper maintenance, these animals can live up to 60 years.
Question “Snowy turtles.” – 3 answers
- – heater for aquarium;
- – UV lamp;
- – aquarium filter for water;
- – snags or plastic shelves to create a plot of land.
1. Get an aquarium. An adult turtle needs a reservoir of 150-200 liters.
If you want to have a pair of reptiles, the size of the aquarium should be doubled. Be sure to take care of the water heating system. Comfortable temperature for eared turtles is 25-28 ° C. Water can not be allowed to cool below 20 ° C.
2. Ponds need to bask regularly on land. It supports their immunity. Therefore, 25-30% of the surface of the aquarium should be allocated to the land.
Many aquarists have snags and other decorative elements so that they protrude above the water. You can also place a special plastic shelf at one of the walls of the aquarium, imitating the bank of the reservoir. It is not necessary to fill it with pebbles or small gravel, because turtles will ingest this material, which may cause intestinal obstruction.
Also, do not use pebbles and gravel in the design of the bottom.
3. Place a source of ultraviolet light over the improvised land to create a substitute for natural sunlight.
4. Take care of cleanliness in the aquarium. In the dirty water, pathogens that can cause various diseases in turtles actively proliferate. The water in the aquarium should be changed 1-2 times a week.
To facilitate the care of the dry eagles, you can install an electric filter with a pump.
5. Design your own aquarium. Please note that all decorative objects and plants should be safe for eared turtles.
Discard plastic algae. The turtle can bite off and swallow a piece of plastic, which in turn can lead to blockage of the intestine. Live plants should be non-poisonous.
Do not place stones with sharp edges in the aquarium to prevent the tortoise from getting hurt.
Land species of turtles do not need special equipment for swimming, as well as an island on which the tortoise could warm up. For them, it is enough to choose an aquarium suitable for the size, although for some tropical species it may be necessary to install a small “cupola” in which the turtle could refresh itself.
The size of a suitable terrarium is quite simple. Its length and width are set based on the size of the pet.
So, the length can be from 2 to 6 lengths of the tortoise, and the width can be from 2 to 6 measurements of its width in the most voluminous place of the shell. Also, if you plan to keep several animals together, the size of the terrarium increases in direct proportion to the number of turtles.
The height of a suitable container for animals should be selected in such a way that after pouring soil into the aquarium (layer from 2 to 5 cm), there is still a board 10–12 cm high, or one that the turtle cannot climb over.
In the aquarium for the tortoise, it is necessary to arrange ventilation. Holes for it can be located on the walls of the terrarium, in the lid or floor.
Also note that some turtles do not recognize glass surfaces, so the three walls of the aquarium can be glued with a special background, leaving only the front part transparent. The terrarium must be equipped with a lid to avoid pets escaping.
From what else is needed for a turtle aquarium, proper lighting is a must. It is equipped with a ceiling light up to 60 watts.
The lamp is located in one corner of the terrarium, where the feeder is also installed and, if the turtle is tropical, a “kupalka”. The temperature in this corner of the tortoise’s dwelling should be 28–32 ° C. The opposite – cold – angle should not be heated above 22-24 ° C.
This is the right place to equip a turtle hut.
For aquatic turtles, aquariums are rectangular in shape, since these animals swim not in depth, but in length. Its longest side should be about 7 times longer than the length of the turtle shell, and the width is half the length.
The height of the water column in the aquarium should be at least three lengths of a turtle, while high walls must remain high enough so that the turtle cannot leave the aquarium on its own.
For the maintenance of aquatic turtles, it is imperative to arrange a land area in the aquarium where they could bask. It should be gentle enough for turtles to freely climb on the island.
Above it is installed a ceiling lamp for heating. The ratio between the size of land in the water space in such aquariums is approximately 20% to 80%.
Aquatic turtles feel good in water at a temperature of 26–32 ° С. Ordinary tap water can be used for an aquarium; one has only to let it stand for a while so that chlorine and other volatile compounds used for cleaning can leave.
In the water in this terrarium, you can place a decorative soil, plant algae, which will give the aquarium a more beautiful appearance. It is also better to glue its back walls with a decorative background. If an aquarium with a lid is used, then a ventilation system should be installed in it, although for water turtles living in an open aquarium is quite acceptable.
The water in it should be changed as it is polluted, but at least once a month, although some turtle breeders recommend changing a certain amount of water weekly and adding new water in order to avoid radical cleaning as long as possible.