maintenance, care, compatibility
Scalaria (lat. Pterophyllun scalare) is one of the most popular aquarium fish of the Cichlid family. Many species of this fish were removed from South American reservoirs, while others were bred by breeding one or more forms.
The common angelfish is perhaps an example of a classic aquarium fish – a disc-shaped body shape, tall and slightly short, with lush sail-like fins. At first glance, it is not so easy to keep such a pet in an aquarium, but this opinion is wrong. They have a peaceful nature, non-aggressive.
They can settle different types of fish of the same calm and medium in size: discus, festivals, crayfish, gourami.
It so happens that novice aquarists acquire a scalar without learning the main rules for caring for them. Run into a new aquarium, where the biological balance of the environment has not stabilized.
Improper temperature, high acidity, hard water will quickly ruin the health of the angelfish. The presence of nitrates, nitrites, ammonia, and non-evaporated chlorine in water also negatively affects the quality of life of pets.
With the fluctuations of such substances the scalars can not cope. This also applies to the parameters of the water in the spawning aquarium, where you have to follow the rules of keeping producers and their brood.
Watch the video story about the content of the scalar.
Therefore, it is important for scalar to maintain a temperature regime. As endemics of tropical freshwater, they are accustomed to warm water. Lowering the temperature of the aquatic environment leads to lethargy, disease, and, as a consequence, death.
Hypothermia or too high a temperature is also harmful, as well as a sudden change of water to a new one. To maintain a full life of a pet, it is necessary to regulate the temperature of the water in the aquarium constantly.
Angelfish came to us from the warm-water rivers of South America, where heat reigns, so a heating system should be installed in the aquarium. The permissible minimum water temperature is 24 degrees Celsius, the maximum is 30 degrees. Overheating is undesirable, heat accelerates metabolic processes in the body, it quickly wears out and grows old.
However, some types of scalar need temperatures above 27 degrees (black scalar), and 30 degrees when spawning. Increased to spawning speed up the process of ripening eggs.
The optimum temperature in the aquarium will provide sufficient space. The tighter the tank, the faster it heats up the water. The more fish live in it, the less free space to find a cooler corner.
The flow of water should be average, many plants will provide them comfort.
The tank should be in a quiet, lighted place, so that no loud sounds or sudden movements in the room would come to it. Stress leads to a loss of bright color.
Place with direct sunlight is not suitable. Lighting LB lamps provide the desired light and temperature.
Sudden fluctuations in water temperature should not occur. Short-term lowering of the fish will survive, but such a risk can lead to hypothermia.
When replacing water, it is necessary to monitor the conservation of the level to, so that the new water matches the old one.
Conclusions: in the general aquarium, the optimal temperature threshold for scalars is 24-30 degrees Celsius. Water should not get very hot and cool.
Make every effort to prevent sudden changes in all parameters of the environment.
See how to quickly calibrate aquarium thermometer.
Angelfish begin to multiply with a gradual increase in water temperature in spawning. Temperature from 27 to 28 degrees – optimal for breeding almost all types of scalar. With her, the eggs will ripen faster, and the fry in such water will develop comfortably.
Within a few weeks, the male and female will get used to the new parameters that will encourage spawning. After 2 weeks they will produce eggs on the surface of a stone or a plant. A few more days, the roe will ripen, then the fry will hatch.
Unfortunately, at low temperature, the roe slowly ripens, or the larvae of the fry never appear. To avoid this, make measurements to water with a special thermometer.
Having raised the temperature a little, some fry of an angelfish will be born.
In Europe, the little angelfish was called “angel”, while also becoming quite popular as an inhabitant of aquariums among Europeans. Such fame of these fish is explained not only by the exotic shape and color.
It is known that most aquarium fish do not live long: no more than two years, however, an angelfish is considered to be a long-lived, living in aquariums up to 10 years (with special care this period can last up to 20 years). The life span of an angelfish directly depends on the aquarist and his professionalism. Despite the fact that this fish belongs to non-hazardous species, it also requires proper care and a qualified approach to creating habitat conditions.
Aquarists should not forget that this exotic baby comes from the southern continent and is used to living in an environment with dense vegetation. Therefore, the first condition contributing to an increase in the life span of the angelfish in an aquarium is their content in a properly organized habitat.
It is easy to care for these fish, the main thing is to observe a number of conditions for their comfortable stay in the aquarium:
- saturation of the underwater environment with the necessary flora to create conditions close to natural ones;
- organization of proper nutrition in compliance with the basic principles and dosage regimen;
- the optimal neighborhood of a small scalar with other inhabitants of the aquarium world.
How many other representatives in the aquarium will depend on the volume of the water basin.
The scalar feels perfectly in the dense thickets of underwater flora, as its flat body allows it to easily move between plants. However, we should not forget that the empty space of this motley baby is vital, especially if the owner wants to grow a scalar of a larger size.
Under normal conditions, this aquarium fish grows in length up to 15 centimeters, while maintaining the potential to achieve a 26-centimeter length. Those who are interested in large scalars should take care that the aquarium is large enough – up to 100 liters.
At the same time, the height of this water house should be about 50 centimeters.
An important role in creating comfort for the angelfish has a water temperature in the aquarium. In principle, it is considered acceptable within a considerable range, however, for a comfortable state, the scalars need a water temperature of 22 to 26 degrees.
At the same time, experienced aquarists are confident that these fish feel good when the temperature in the aquarium drops to 18 degrees, and even for some time they live without problems in an aquatic environment with such a temperature index.
The maintenance of such fish provides not only the creation of habitat, timely care and cleaning of the aquarium itself, but also the organization of proper nutrition of fish.
Angelfish has the glory of undemanding and unpretentious fish. Besides the fact that it does not impose excessive demands on the creation of habitat on its owner, it is also completely picky in nutrition. The solution to the problem, than to feed the scalar, as a rule, does not cause difficulties: this fish willingly eats both dry food and live food.
In order to correctly determine the appropriate feed for scalar, it is worth remembering the specifics of the body of the fish. Since her body has a flat shape, it is difficult for her to get food from the bottom, therefore, the most suitable for scalar is such a food that stays on the surface of the water for a long time. Approaches to the choice of live food are standard – this fish eats without damage to the health and bloodworms, and the pipe worker, and any other live food.
Some experts prefer to feed these fish crushed seafood: shrimp, mussel meat.
It is recommended to observe the feeding regime of the angelfish the same as for most other aquarium fish: 2-3 times a day. At the same time, proper care of the fish in the aquarium provides one unloading day per week: on this day, the fish are not fed.
It is not recommended to give feed to scalars more than three times a day, as this will inevitably lead to obesity. Feed should be given as much as the fish eat, without increasing the dosage, as not eaten feed will pollute the water in the aquarium.
It is believed that the scalar reach readiness for reproduction by 10 years. Keeping these fish in the same tank in preparation for spawning can create a number of problems.
Both male and female will do everything possible to protect the territory with deferred caviar, which will lead to conflicts between the inhabitants of the aquarium.
It is worthwhile to watch the scalars, as they spend a fairly visual and difficult period of preparation for spawning. Vigilant care of the aquarium will allow you not to miss this important period and in time to send the fish to another temporary dwelling of up to 80 liters. The water in it should be warm, the aquarium can be equipped with large-leaved plants to create optimal conditions for spawning.
A few days later the fry appear in the water, after which the parents should be sent out from the babies. Little angelfish live in a separate aquatic environment until they grow up and get stronger, feed on ciliates or “living dust”.
It is recommended to feed babies as much as adults feed: up to 3 times a day.
Among experienced aquarists there is a perception that the angelfish is quite a peaceable inhabitant of the aquarium. However, her love of peace has boundaries: getting on with other inhabitants is that the scalar occupies a certain area in the aquarium and tries to chase away the rest of the aquatic inhabitants. For this colorful fish, it is advisable to organize in the aquarium several special zones:
- In different corners of the aquarium is to plant several plants with wide leaves. Such a technique will significantly reduce the level of conflict in the water monastery.
- The interior of the aquarium is complemented by mini-caves, large stones, and snags. This will allow the scalars to find shelter without harming the other inhabitants.
- The central part of the aquarium should be left as free as possible to create conditions for the free movement of fish.
- Colorful fish are quite shy: they are frightened by bright light, sharp flashes, therefore it is advisable to distribute the plants floating on the surface through the aquarium. This will create an additional blackout effect, making the fish content more comfortable.
Most often, the angelfish takes a place near the trough, and therefore drives away from her all the fish that are smaller in size, and can even eat very small ones. The angelfish and big fish live together quite peacefully, as the motley baby cannot drive them away from the feeder, and therefore does not conflict with them. It is advisable to breed a lot of angelfish in one aquarium, which very quickly break up into pairs and begin to “redistribute” the area near the feeder.
While they are “dividing the territory”, the rest of the inhabitants of the aquarium have unhindered access to the feeder.
Angelfish: content, compatibility, care, breeding, species, photo-video review
angelfish in the aquarium black and white photo beautiful
From 100 l., In such an aquarium, you can put one, maximum two scalar. Under good conditions, they grow into fish of impressive size, and given their wide fins, it is better to buy an aquarium from 250 liters for them.
About how much you can keep fish in X liters of aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).
The above process is a reference example of breeding scalar. Often, because of the neighborhood with other fish in the general aquarium, producers stress and fry too.
Of course, this does not lead to anything good. There have even been cases where parents, under stress from their neighbors, ate their offspring.
In addition, due to the fact that in the commercial breeding of the angelfish, they use the method of jigging of caviar, it is now difficult to find a bona fide pair of producers who would be able to independently produce offspring. This is considered a miracle.
With this in mind, usually immediately after spawning, the angelfish, with the leaf on which it is located, are transplanted into another aquarium of 10–20 l. In this case, all parent functions are shifted to your shoulders.
Protecting eggs from fungal diseases, methylene blue is added to the water, whitish dead eggs are regularly removed with a pipette, and a sprayer with a very very weak aerated water stream is placed under the leaf.
Interesting about scalar
Fashionable trend today Glofish not passed and scalar
here is an example of a photo of fluorescent scalar
Recommended literature and books about scalars
A. N. Gurzhiy “Skalyarii” 2009
Kochetov Sergey “Skalyarii” 2005